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December 28, 2022

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Intercountry Adoption

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Country Information

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Exercise increased caution in Turkmenistan due to the inconsistent and limited availability of travel options into and out of the country.

Updated due to the increased travel options.

Exercise increased caution in Turkmenistan due to the inconsistent and limited availability of travel options into and out of the country.

Country Summary: International commercial flights have resumed, but demand for the limited available seats is often extremely high and most flights continue to land in cities located hundreds of miles from Ashgabat. Tickets for certain flights may only be available for purchase in-person in Turkmenistan. Please contact individual airlines about ticketing procedures prior to making any reservations online. Non-commercial land border crossings may require prior government approval.

It may be difficult to make travel arrangements in time-sensitive situations and travelers should note that delayed flight times are common when entering and leaving Turkmenistan. Please read the country information page for additional information on travel to Turkmenistan.

If you decide to travel to Turkmenistan:

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Hague Convention Participation

Hague Adoption Convention Country?
No
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Intercountry adoptions from Turkmenistan are possible, but extremely rare. Please consult a local attorney or adoption service provider familiar with laws and regulations regarding intercountry adoption in Turkmenistan. While Turkmen law does allow for non-Turkmen citizens to adopt Turkmen children, the requirements for non-Turkmen prospective adoptive parents are extensive and nebulous. Additionally, in order for a Turkmen child to be eligible for intercountry adoption, there must be no Turkmen family available to domestically adopt the child.

Hague Convention Information

Turkmenistan is not a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention).  However, under the Intercountry Adoption Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 (UAA), which became effective on July 14, 2014, the requirement that adoption service providers be accredited or approved, and therefore meet the accreditation standards, which previously only applied in Convention cases, now also applies in non-Convention (“orphan”) cases under section 101(b)(1)(F) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).  The UAA requires that an accredited or approved adoption service provider act as the primary provider in every Convention or non-Convention intercountry adoption case, and that adoption service providers providing any adoption services, as defined at 22 CFR Part 96.2, on behalf of prospective adoptive parents be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider.  See additional guidance for limited situations when a primary provider may not be required.  Intercountry adoptions of children from non-Convention countries continue to be processed under the Orphan Process with the filing of the Forms I-600A and I 600.  However, adoption service providers should be aware of the information on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) website on the impact of the UAA on Form I-600A and Form I-600 adjudications, including the requirement that all home studies, including home study updates and amendments, comply with the home study requirements listed at 8 CFR 204.311, which differ from the orphan home study requirements that were in effect before July 14, 2014.

U.S. citizens interested in adopting children from Turkmenistan should work with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (contact information below) to contact Turkmenistan’s Child Protection services to inquire about applicable laws and procedures.  U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Turkmenistan who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact Turkmenistan’s adoption authority.  See contact information below.

Caution:  Prospective adoptive parents should be aware not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are eligible for adoption.  In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending the child return home when possible.  In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to the adoption of their child(ren).

Please visit the Department of State’s Country Specific Information for more information on travelling to Turkmenistan and the U.S. Embassy Ashgabat’s website for information on consular services.

Contact Information

TURKMENISTAN’S ADOPTION AUTHORITY:

Turkmenistan does not have a designated adoption authority. Based on the residence of a child and the territory of Turkmenistan that they are located in, Child Protection Services and the appropriate departments of local and district government will be responsible for adoption issues.

For intercountry adoption questions and issues, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the primary contact:
Name: Mr. Annamurat Altyyev, Chief of Consular Department"; US Embassy in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
Tel: +993-12-445-772
Email:  dimprolet@online.tm   

U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
Address: 9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Tel: +(993) (12) 94-0045; Emergency Line: 940045 (Local)
Fax: +(993) (12) 94-2614
Email:  consularashgab@state.gov
Internet: https://tm.usembassy.gov/

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street, NW
SA-17
Washington, DC 20520
Tel:  1-888-407-4747
E-mail:  Adoption@state.gov
http://adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about filing a Form I-800A application or a Form I-800 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center (NBC):
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-913-275-5480 (local); Fax: 1-913-214-5808
Email: NBC.Adoptions@uscis.dhs.gov

For general questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS Contact Center
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
Internet: uscis.gov

 

Last Updated: August 26, 2022

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat
9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone
+(993)(12)94 0045
Emergency
Local calls: 940045;
When calling from the U.S.: +(993)(12)94 0045
Fax
+(993)(12) 94-26-14

Turkmenistan Map