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International Travel

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Country Information

Turkmenistan

Country Information

Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Last Updated: November 21, 2016
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

6 months. Because dual citizenship is not recognized, dual nationals are often denied departure from the country.

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

1 page per entry stamp

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Required

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

$10,000

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat

9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone: : +(993) (12) 94 00 45 Consular Information Line: 993 12 94 00 49 (Monday Wednesday Friday, 11am – 1pm)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: : Local calls: 692-688; When calling from the U.S.: +(993) 65 692 688
Fax: +(993) (12) 94-26-14

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Turkmenistan for information on U.S.-Turkmenistan relations.

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

See the Embassy of Turkmenistan’s website for visa information.

Turkmenistan’s Law on Citizenship does not recognize dual citizenship for its citizens. Consequently, U.S.-Turkmen dual citizens are often denied departure from the country until they renounce their Turkmen citizenship, a process that can take six months to a year or more. The ability of the U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat to assist such dual citizens is very limited due to Turkmenistan’s government not recognizing the other citizenship of one of their citizens. We strongly urge all dual U.S.-Turkmen citizens to contact the Embassy for more information before traveling to Turkmenistan.

Please see our travel.state.gov website and our Embassy's page on dual citizenship for further information.

Requirements for Entry:

  • Passport valid for at least six months past the date on your letter of invitation
  • Letter of invitation certified by the Government of Turkmenistan
  • Visa
  • $12 registration fee upon arrival

Letter of invitation: The person or organization inviting you must submit a request to the State Migration Service (SMS), along with a copy of your passport ID page.  Allow at least 15 business days for approval. After receiving the letter of invitation, apply for a visa at the Embassy of Turkmenistan in D.C. or at the airport in Ashgabat upon arrival.

We cannot help private citizens obtain letters of invitation.

If you arrive without a visa or certified letter of invitation, authorities may hold you at the airport until you arrange transportation out of Turkmenistan.

Transit visas are of very short duration and difficult to extend; therefore, we suggest that you travel on a tourist visa.

Visa extensions:  Apply for visa extensions with the SMS in Ashgabat.  If your visa expires, you face fines and possible arrest/deportation.

Required Registration with State Migration Service (SMS). If you are in Turkmenistan more than three working days, you must:

  • Register at an SMS office in Ashgabat, Dashoguz, Mary, Turkmenabat, or Turkmenbashy, depending on where your sponsoring organization is located.
  • Inform the SMS in advance of travel outside the city where you are registered.  You face fines and deportation if you fail to do so.
  • Register your departure with the SMS one day before you leave.  You must register and de-register at the same SMS office.

Failure to register properly can result in fines, arrest, and/or deportation.

If you are deported for these violations, authorities will bar your return to Turkmenistan for up to five years.

HIV/AIDS restrictions:  The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors or residents.

Find information on dual nationality, prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

 

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Safety and Security

Potential for Terrorist Activity: While there has been no known terrorist activity in Turkmenistan, travelers should be aware of the continuing threat that exists in Central Asia. 

Extremist groups such as the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and al-Qaida remain active in Central Asia, and the Turkistan Islamic Party, in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region. These groups have expressed anti-U.S. sentiments and may attempt to target U.S. government or private interests in the region.

Restricted zones: Foreigners are forbidden to travel to “restricted zones” without special permission from the SMS. These areas include:

  • Border areas with Iran, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan
  • All of Dashoguz, including Dashoguz city
  • Some areas along the Caspian coast

The SMS takes at least 10 working days to process requests for special travel permits to restricted zones.  Turkmenistan Airlines (the national airline) requires proof of SMS permission before selling tickets to people traveling to a restricted zone.

Police and military are present in all regions of Turkmenistan.  Security personnel maintain checkpoints on major roads and may place visitors under surveillance.  Hotel rooms, telephones, e-mail, and fax machines may be monitored, and personal possessions in hotel rooms may be searched.

Carry your passport at all times; otherwise, you may be detained.  Police asking to see identity papers are especially aggressive at night and may ask for a bribe.  Ask for identification if you are unsure the person requesting to see your documents is an official.

Crime: The 2015 OSAC Annual Crime Report provides a comprehensive overview of crime in Turkmenistan.

There are limited reports of violent crime in Turkmenistan.  Take normal safety precautions, such as avoiding travel after dark or in deserted/ unfamiliar areas.

Prostitution is illegal.  Authorities will generally consider any woman leaving a club with a foreign man late at night to be a prostitute, and on that basis, the foreigner may be detained.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of rape should first contact the U.S. Embassy.  Report crimes to the local police at 03 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +99369-540011  (local number).  Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law.  For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. Ask before taking pictures of anything of possible military or security interest, including government buildings and food markets.

If you stay overnight in a location other than the one where you are registered with the SMS, you may be arrested.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Money: Turkmenistan has a cash economy.  Most businesses, including airlines, do not accept credit cards.  While there are some ATMs in Ashgabat, getting personal checks cashed can take up to two months.

The official currency in Turkmenistan is the Turkmen Manat. It is illegal to use foreign currencies.  You can obtain Manats in ATM machines.

Customs: Customs regulations are strict, particularly regarding carpets, jewelry, musical instruments, art, archaeological artifacts, antiques, and protected animals. Before purchasing such items for export, see the Embassy of Turkmenistan website for their customs information.

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: Same-sex sexual contact between men is illegal and carries criminal penalties. Social norms in Turkmenistan are extremely conservative, and harassment, detention, and prison sentences are possible.

Both homosexual and heterosexual couples are strongly cautioned against displays of affection in public.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Public transportation, many buildings, and public areas are not wheelchair accessible.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

The U.S. Embassy does not pay medical bills. U.S. Medicare does not provide coverage overseas.

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas.  See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Most doctors and hospitals only accept cash payment.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance (our webpage) to cover medical evacuation.

Medical care is limited and well below U.S. standards. U.S. citizens in Turkmenistan often travel abroad for medical treatment, including many routine procedures.

Basic medical supplies, including disposable needles, anesthetics, and antibiotics, are often in short supply. If you have a serious medical condition, check with your physician before planning travel to Turkmenistan.  Some private clinics have refused to admit patients with serious conditions, regardless of the patient’s ability to pay.

Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions: Traffic accidents involving serious injury to drivers, passengers, and pedestrians are common. Many city roads are hazardous due to potholes, uncovered manholes, poor lighting, and pedestrians ignoring oncoming traffic. Most roads outside of major cities are narrow, unlit, and lacking road signs. Avoid driving at night on rural roads.

Drive defensively and use an abundance of caution. Drivers going down the wrong way on one-way streets or divided highways, sudden lane changes, left-hand turns from the right lane, etc. are common.

There is no roadside assistance in Turkmenistan.

Traffic Laws:  If you drive while intoxicated, you may be fined, imprisoned, and have your license revoked. You may be fined if you don’t use seat belts or if you drive while using a cell phone.

Police at checkpoints (where cars are required to stop and register) may arbitrarily fine motorists. If you do not pay traffic fines within 12 hours, the fine will double every 12 hours up to 72 hours, after which time police may seize your vehicle.

Driving Requirements:  You must have a valid international driving permit. Foreigners residing in Turkmenistan must apply for a local driver's license with the Road Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Turkmenistan. For more specific information about driving in Turkmenistan, contact the Embassy of Turkmenistan at (202) 588-1500.

For specific information concerning driving permits, vehicle inspection, road taxes, and mandatory insurance, contact the Turkmenistan National Tourist Organization offices at 212-472-5921.

See our Road Safety page for more information.

Public Transportation: Most taxis are not regulated and lack basic safety features.  Always negotiate fares in advance with unregulated taxi drivers.

Avoid taking taxis after dark or sharing a taxi with other passengers. When traveling at night, hire a driver through your travel agency or hotel.

The only government-owned/-regulated taxi company operates in Ashgabat (telephone 993-12-760501)

Travel by Ferry: “Ferries” crossing the Caspian sea are cargo ships that also take on passengers as space permits. Food and water is not typically provided, and sleeping and sanitary facilities are basic. Ships arriving in Turkmenbashy may take a week to find a vacant dock.

Airlines: If you transit through Turkmenistan, but miss your connection, you will have to purchase a ticket for an onward flight before being allowed to leave the arrival area.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Turkmenistan, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Turkmenistan’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
No
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat

9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone: : +(993) (12) 94 00 45 Consular Information Line: 993 12 94 00 49 (Monday Wednesday Friday, 11am – 1pm)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: : Local calls: 692-688; When calling from the U.S.: +(993) 65 692 688
Fax: +(993) (12) 94-26-14

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General Information

For information concerning travel to Turkmenistan, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Turkmenistan.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

 

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Hague Abduction Convention

Turkmenistan acceded to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) on December 29, 1997.  The Convention will not enter into force between Turkmenistan and the United States, however, unless the United States accepts Turkmenistan as a Convention partner.  Until Turkmenistan and the United States establish a treaty relationship per Article 38 of the Convention, parents whose children have been abducted from the United States to Turkmenistan or wrongfully retained in Turkmenistan are unable to invoke the Convention to pursue their children’s return or to seek access to them.

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Return

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  The government of Turkmenistan maintains information in Russian about custody, visitation, and family law on the internet here.

Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Turkmenistan and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances. 

The Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues provides assistance in cases of international parental child abduction.  For U.S. citizen parents whose children have been wrongfully removed to or retained in countries that are not U.S. partners under the Hague Abduction Convention, the Office of Children’s Issues can provide information and resources about country-specific options for pursuing the return of or access to an abducted child.  The Office of Children’s Issues may also coordinate with appropriate foreign and U.S. government authorities about the welfare of abducted U.S. citizen children.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance.

Contact information:

Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website

 

Email: AskCI@state.gov

Parental child abduction is not a crime in Turkmenistan

Parents may wish to consult with an attorney in the United States and in Turkmenistan to learn more about how filing criminal charges may impact a custody case in Turkmenistan court.  Please see Possible Solutions - Pressing Criminal Charges for more information.  

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Visitation/Access

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Turkmenistan and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.

The Office of Children’s Issues may be able to assist parents seeking access to children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States.  Parents who are seeking access to children who were not wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States should contact the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan for information and possible assistance.

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Retaining an Attorney

Neither the Office of Children’s Issues nor consular officials at the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan are authorized to provide legal advice.

The U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan posts list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms included in this list. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

The Department is unaware of any mediation programs currently available for abduction cases in Turkmenistan.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country.  It is important for parents to understand that, although a left behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.   For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney when planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
No
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Turkmenistan is not party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, when the Hague Adoption Convention entered into force for the United States on April 1, 2008, intercountry adoption processing for Turkmenistan did not change.

The Department of State does not maintain files on the adoption process in Turkmenistan because adoptions from Turkmenistan are rare. Fewer than five adoptions by American citizen parents have taken place since 1999. Please visit the Department's Country Specific Information sheets for more information on travelling to Turkmenistan and the U.S. Embassy Ashgabat Turkmenistan website for information on consular services

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Who Can Adopt
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Who Can Be Adopted
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How to Adopt
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Traveling Abroad
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After Adoption
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Contact Information
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Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 24 Months A
A-2 None Multiple 24 Months A
A-3 1 None One 12 Months
B-1 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
B-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
B-1/B-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
C-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
C-1/D $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
C-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
C-3 None One 3 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 12 Months
F-1 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
F-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
G-1 None Multiple 12 Months D
G-2 None One 3 Months
G-3 None One 12 Months
G-4 None Multiple 12 Months
G-5 1 None One 12 Months
H-1B $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-1C $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-2A $400.00 N/A N/A 3
H-2B $400.00 N/A N/A 3
H-2R $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-3 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-4 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
I $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
J-1 4 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
J-2 4 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
L-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
M-1 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
M-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
N-8 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
N-9 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
O-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
O-3 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
P-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
P-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3C
P-3 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
P-4 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
Q-1 6 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
R-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
R-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes
  1. Diplomatic Couriers

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    A-1 None Multiple 12 Months
  2. Tiered Fee Schedule

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    B, F, J, M, I None Multiple 3 Months
    B, F, J, M, I $115.00 Multiple 6 Months
    B, F, J, M, I $355.00 Multiple 12 Months
  3. Tiered Fee Schedule

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R None One 1 Month
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R $50.00 Multiple 3 Months
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R $170.00 Multiple 6 Months
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R $400.00 Multiple 12 Months
  4. The above G-1 schedule applies to principal resident representative and immediate family only - all others receive:

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    G-1 None One 3 Months

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

 

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Civil documents, except as noted below, are available in Turkmenistan. Certified copies of available documents may be exported. The person to whom the record pertains must obtain a certified copy at a local notary office, authenticates the notary's seal and signature at the Ministry of Justice.

Some civil records were destroyed during World War II and may not be available. Local authorities generally will issue a certificate to that effect, although the process may take months. A replacement statement of identity is also available from local authorities when the birth certificate is unavailable.

The Embassy in Ashgabat cannot assist in obtaining civil documents or verifying the accuracy of civil records in Turkmenistan.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth and Death Certificates

Available. Unauthenticated and uncertified copies of these documents may be obtained by Turkmen citizens for a nominal fee upon direct application to the Bureau of Registration of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records.

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage and Divorce Certificates

Available. Unauthenticated and uncertified copies of these documents may be obtained by Turkmen citizens for a nominal fee upon direct application to the Bureau of Registration of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records.

Adoption Certificates

Please check back for update.

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Identity Card

Please check back for update.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police and Prison Records

Available upon official written request to the Government of Turkmenistan. Applicants should contact the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat who will make the request on behalf of the applicant. Applicants must provide a copy of the biographic data page and the "registration stamp" page of their passport (if applicable). In addition, applicants must provide their address and place of registration while in Turkmenistan. Police certificates are generally issued within two weeks. Translations are not usually provided.

Police and prison records are kept by the Ministry of Internal Affairs or the Committee on National Security. Court records are generally available for use in countries of the former Soviet Union, but authorities may refuse to permit the export of some records.

Military Records

Unavailable. Military records are kept by the military authorities but are not available for individual use.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

Turkmen Travel Documents

Available. Turkmenistan issued new machine readable e-passports in 2008. There are currently seven types of travel documents in Turkmenistan:

  1. Diplomatic passport (green cover);
  2. Diplomatic e-passport (green cover with e-passport emblem);
  3. Official passport (blue cover);
  4. Official e-passport (blue cover with e-passport emblem);
  5. Tourist passport (green cover);
  6. Tourist e-passport (green cover with e-passport emblem);
  7. Residence Permit for Stateless Persons.

Note: Non e-passports, issued since 1997, show no expiration date. They will remain valid until July, 2013. An expiration date of 01 Jul 2013 should be entered, and the visa should be annotated: PASSPORT SHOWS NO EXPIRATION DATE.

The first four are issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The MFA may also issue tourist passports for persons traveling on official business, exchange visitors, and some high-ranking officials. The passport department of a regional subdivision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR) issues passports for people traveling abroad for private business and pleasure.

All types of passports permit the bearer to re-enter Turkmenistan without a specific entry visa. The Residence Permit for Stateless Persons is not sufficient by itself for re-entry, and must bear a specific entry visa before the bearer will be allowed to return to Turkmenistan.

Other Records

Turkmen Internal Residence Documents

There are three types of Turkmen documents with which a person may reside in Turkmenistan.

  1. Internal passport (pasport),
  2. Foreigner's Residence Permit (Vid Na Zhitel'stvo Dlya inostranstsa),
  3. Residence permit for Stateless Persons (Vid Na Zhitel'stvo Dlya Lits Bez Grazhdanstva).
Visa Issuing Posts

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan (Embassy)

9 Pushkin Street, off Maqtymquly Street

Tel: 993-12-35-00-45

Fax: 993-12-39-26-14

Visa Services

All visa classes for all nationals of Turkmenistan.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 588-1500 (202) 280-1003

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat
9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone
: +(993) (12) 94 00 45 Consular Information Line: 993 12 94 00 49 (Monday Wednesday Friday, 11am – 1pm)
Emergency
: Local calls: 692-688; When calling from the U.S.: +(993) 65 692 688
Fax
+(993) (12) 94-26-14
Turkmenistan Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

Country Information

Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

6 months. Because dual citizenship is not recognized, dual nationals are often denied departure from the country.

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

1 page per entry stamp

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Required

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

$10,000

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat

9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone: : +(993) (12) 94 00 45 Consular Information Line: 993 12 94 00 49 (Monday Wednesday Friday, 11am – 1pm)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: : Local calls: 692-688; When calling from the U.S.: +(993) 65 692 688
Fax: +(993) (12) 94-26-14

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Turkmenistan for information on U.S.-Turkmenistan relations.

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

See the Embassy of Turkmenistan’s website for visa information.

Turkmenistan’s Law on Citizenship does not recognize dual citizenship for its citizens. Consequently, U.S.-Turkmen dual citizens are often denied departure from the country until they renounce their Turkmen citizenship, a process that can take six months to a year or more. The ability of the U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat to assist such dual citizens is very limited due to Turkmenistan’s government not recognizing the other citizenship of one of their citizens. We strongly urge all dual U.S.-Turkmen citizens to contact the Embassy for more information before traveling to Turkmenistan.

Please see our travel.state.gov website and our Embassy's page on dual citizenship for further information.

Requirements for Entry:

  • Passport valid for at least six months past the date on your letter of invitation
  • Letter of invitation certified by the Government of Turkmenistan
  • Visa
  • $12 registration fee upon arrival

Letter of invitation: The person or organization inviting you must submit a request to the State Migration Service (SMS), along with a copy of your passport ID page.  Allow at least 15 business days for approval. After receiving the letter of invitation, apply for a visa at the Embassy of Turkmenistan in D.C. or at the airport in Ashgabat upon arrival.

We cannot help private citizens obtain letters of invitation.

If you arrive without a visa or certified letter of invitation, authorities may hold you at the airport until you arrange transportation out of Turkmenistan.

Transit visas are of very short duration and difficult to extend; therefore, we suggest that you travel on a tourist visa.

Visa extensions:  Apply for visa extensions with the SMS in Ashgabat.  If your visa expires, you face fines and possible arrest/deportation.

Required Registration with State Migration Service (SMS). If you are in Turkmenistan more than three working days, you must:

  • Register at an SMS office in Ashgabat, Dashoguz, Mary, Turkmenabat, or Turkmenbashy, depending on where your sponsoring organization is located.
  • Inform the SMS in advance of travel outside the city where you are registered.  You face fines and deportation if you fail to do so.
  • Register your departure with the SMS one day before you leave.  You must register and de-register at the same SMS office.

Failure to register properly can result in fines, arrest, and/or deportation.

If you are deported for these violations, authorities will bar your return to Turkmenistan for up to five years.

HIV/AIDS restrictions:  The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors or residents.

Find information on dual nationality, prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

 

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Safety and Security

Potential for Terrorist Activity: While there has been no known terrorist activity in Turkmenistan, travelers should be aware of the continuing threat that exists in Central Asia. 

Extremist groups such as the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and al-Qaida remain active in Central Asia, and the Turkistan Islamic Party, in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region. These groups have expressed anti-U.S. sentiments and may attempt to target U.S. government or private interests in the region.

Restricted zones: Foreigners are forbidden to travel to “restricted zones” without special permission from the SMS. These areas include:

  • Border areas with Iran, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan
  • All of Dashoguz, including Dashoguz city
  • Some areas along the Caspian coast

The SMS takes at least 10 working days to process requests for special travel permits to restricted zones.  Turkmenistan Airlines (the national airline) requires proof of SMS permission before selling tickets to people traveling to a restricted zone.

Police and military are present in all regions of Turkmenistan.  Security personnel maintain checkpoints on major roads and may place visitors under surveillance.  Hotel rooms, telephones, e-mail, and fax machines may be monitored, and personal possessions in hotel rooms may be searched.

Carry your passport at all times; otherwise, you may be detained.  Police asking to see identity papers are especially aggressive at night and may ask for a bribe.  Ask for identification if you are unsure the person requesting to see your documents is an official.

Crime: The 2015 OSAC Annual Crime Report provides a comprehensive overview of crime in Turkmenistan.

There are limited reports of violent crime in Turkmenistan.  Take normal safety precautions, such as avoiding travel after dark or in deserted/ unfamiliar areas.

Prostitution is illegal.  Authorities will generally consider any woman leaving a club with a foreign man late at night to be a prostitute, and on that basis, the foreigner may be detained.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of rape should first contact the U.S. Embassy.  Report crimes to the local police at 03 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +99369-540011  (local number).  Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law.  For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. Ask before taking pictures of anything of possible military or security interest, including government buildings and food markets.

If you stay overnight in a location other than the one where you are registered with the SMS, you may be arrested.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Money: Turkmenistan has a cash economy.  Most businesses, including airlines, do not accept credit cards.  While there are some ATMs in Ashgabat, getting personal checks cashed can take up to two months.

The official currency in Turkmenistan is the Turkmen Manat. It is illegal to use foreign currencies.  You can obtain Manats in ATM machines.

Customs: Customs regulations are strict, particularly regarding carpets, jewelry, musical instruments, art, archaeological artifacts, antiques, and protected animals. Before purchasing such items for export, see the Embassy of Turkmenistan website for their customs information.

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: Same-sex sexual contact between men is illegal and carries criminal penalties. Social norms in Turkmenistan are extremely conservative, and harassment, detention, and prison sentences are possible.

Both homosexual and heterosexual couples are strongly cautioned against displays of affection in public.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Public transportation, many buildings, and public areas are not wheelchair accessible.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

The U.S. Embassy does not pay medical bills. U.S. Medicare does not provide coverage overseas.

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas.  See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Most doctors and hospitals only accept cash payment.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance (our webpage) to cover medical evacuation.

Medical care is limited and well below U.S. standards. U.S. citizens in Turkmenistan often travel abroad for medical treatment, including many routine procedures.

Basic medical supplies, including disposable needles, anesthetics, and antibiotics, are often in short supply. If you have a serious medical condition, check with your physician before planning travel to Turkmenistan.  Some private clinics have refused to admit patients with serious conditions, regardless of the patient’s ability to pay.

Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions: Traffic accidents involving serious injury to drivers, passengers, and pedestrians are common. Many city roads are hazardous due to potholes, uncovered manholes, poor lighting, and pedestrians ignoring oncoming traffic. Most roads outside of major cities are narrow, unlit, and lacking road signs. Avoid driving at night on rural roads.

Drive defensively and use an abundance of caution. Drivers going down the wrong way on one-way streets or divided highways, sudden lane changes, left-hand turns from the right lane, etc. are common.

There is no roadside assistance in Turkmenistan.

Traffic Laws:  If you drive while intoxicated, you may be fined, imprisoned, and have your license revoked. You may be fined if you don’t use seat belts or if you drive while using a cell phone.

Police at checkpoints (where cars are required to stop and register) may arbitrarily fine motorists. If you do not pay traffic fines within 12 hours, the fine will double every 12 hours up to 72 hours, after which time police may seize your vehicle.

Driving Requirements:  You must have a valid international driving permit. Foreigners residing in Turkmenistan must apply for a local driver's license with the Road Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Turkmenistan. For more specific information about driving in Turkmenistan, contact the Embassy of Turkmenistan at (202) 588-1500.

For specific information concerning driving permits, vehicle inspection, road taxes, and mandatory insurance, contact the Turkmenistan National Tourist Organization offices at 212-472-5921.

See our Road Safety page for more information.

Public Transportation: Most taxis are not regulated and lack basic safety features.  Always negotiate fares in advance with unregulated taxi drivers.

Avoid taking taxis after dark or sharing a taxi with other passengers. When traveling at night, hire a driver through your travel agency or hotel.

The only government-owned/-regulated taxi company operates in Ashgabat (telephone 993-12-760501)

Travel by Ferry: “Ferries” crossing the Caspian sea are cargo ships that also take on passengers as space permits. Food and water is not typically provided, and sleeping and sanitary facilities are basic. Ships arriving in Turkmenbashy may take a week to find a vacant dock.

Airlines: If you transit through Turkmenistan, but miss your connection, you will have to purchase a ticket for an onward flight before being allowed to leave the arrival area.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Turkmenistan, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Turkmenistan’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
No
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat

9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone: : +(993) (12) 94 00 45 Consular Information Line: 993 12 94 00 49 (Monday Wednesday Friday, 11am – 1pm)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: : Local calls: 692-688; When calling from the U.S.: +(993) 65 692 688
Fax: +(993) (12) 94-26-14

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General Information

For information concerning travel to Turkmenistan, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Turkmenistan.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

 

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Hague Abduction Convention

Turkmenistan acceded to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) on December 29, 1997.  The Convention will not enter into force between Turkmenistan and the United States, however, unless the United States accepts Turkmenistan as a Convention partner.  Until Turkmenistan and the United States establish a treaty relationship per Article 38 of the Convention, parents whose children have been abducted from the United States to Turkmenistan or wrongfully retained in Turkmenistan are unable to invoke the Convention to pursue their children’s return or to seek access to them.

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Return

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  The government of Turkmenistan maintains information in Russian about custody, visitation, and family law on the internet here.

Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Turkmenistan and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances. 

The Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues provides assistance in cases of international parental child abduction.  For U.S. citizen parents whose children have been wrongfully removed to or retained in countries that are not U.S. partners under the Hague Abduction Convention, the Office of Children’s Issues can provide information and resources about country-specific options for pursuing the return of or access to an abducted child.  The Office of Children’s Issues may also coordinate with appropriate foreign and U.S. government authorities about the welfare of abducted U.S. citizen children.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance.

Contact information:

Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website

 

Email: AskCI@state.gov

Parental child abduction is not a crime in Turkmenistan

Parents may wish to consult with an attorney in the United States and in Turkmenistan to learn more about how filing criminal charges may impact a custody case in Turkmenistan court.  Please see Possible Solutions - Pressing Criminal Charges for more information.  

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Visitation/Access

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Turkmenistan and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.

The Office of Children’s Issues may be able to assist parents seeking access to children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States.  Parents who are seeking access to children who were not wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States should contact the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan for information and possible assistance.

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Retaining an Attorney

Neither the Office of Children’s Issues nor consular officials at the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan are authorized to provide legal advice.

The U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan posts list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms included in this list. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

The Department is unaware of any mediation programs currently available for abduction cases in Turkmenistan.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country.  It is important for parents to understand that, although a left behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.   For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney when planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
No
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Turkmenistan is not party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, when the Hague Adoption Convention entered into force for the United States on April 1, 2008, intercountry adoption processing for Turkmenistan did not change.

The Department of State does not maintain files on the adoption process in Turkmenistan because adoptions from Turkmenistan are rare. Fewer than five adoptions by American citizen parents have taken place since 1999. Please visit the Department's Country Specific Information sheets for more information on travelling to Turkmenistan and the U.S. Embassy Ashgabat Turkmenistan website for information on consular services

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Who Can Adopt
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Who Can Be Adopted
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How to Adopt
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Traveling Abroad
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After Adoption
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Contact Information
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Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 24 Months A
A-2 None Multiple 24 Months A
A-3 1 None One 12 Months
B-1 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
B-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
B-1/B-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
C-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
C-1/D $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
C-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
C-3 None One 3 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 12 Months
F-1 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
F-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
G-1 None Multiple 12 Months D
G-2 None One 3 Months
G-3 None One 12 Months
G-4 None Multiple 12 Months
G-5 1 None One 12 Months
H-1B $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-1C $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-2A $400.00 N/A N/A 3
H-2B $400.00 N/A N/A 3
H-2R $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-3 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
H-4 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
I $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
J-1 4 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
J-2 4 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
L-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
M-1 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
M-2 $355.00 Multiple 12 Months B
N-8 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
N-9 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
O-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
O-3 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
P-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
P-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3C
P-3 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
P-4 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
Q-1 6 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months 3 C
R-1 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
R-2 $400.00 Multiple 12 Months C
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes
  1. Diplomatic Couriers

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    A-1 None Multiple 12 Months
  2. Tiered Fee Schedule

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    B, F, J, M, I None Multiple 3 Months
    B, F, J, M, I $115.00 Multiple 6 Months
    B, F, J, M, I $355.00 Multiple 12 Months
  3. Tiered Fee Schedule

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R None One 1 Month
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R $50.00 Multiple 3 Months
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R $170.00 Multiple 6 Months
    C, D, H, L, N, O, P, Q, R $400.00 Multiple 12 Months
  4. The above G-1 schedule applies to principal resident representative and immediate family only - all others receive:

    Visa
    Classification
    Fee Number
    of Applications
    Validity
    Period
    G-1 None One 3 Months

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

 

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Civil documents, except as noted below, are available in Turkmenistan. Certified copies of available documents may be exported. The person to whom the record pertains must obtain a certified copy at a local notary office, authenticates the notary's seal and signature at the Ministry of Justice.

Some civil records were destroyed during World War II and may not be available. Local authorities generally will issue a certificate to that effect, although the process may take months. A replacement statement of identity is also available from local authorities when the birth certificate is unavailable.

The Embassy in Ashgabat cannot assist in obtaining civil documents or verifying the accuracy of civil records in Turkmenistan.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth and Death Certificates

Available. Unauthenticated and uncertified copies of these documents may be obtained by Turkmen citizens for a nominal fee upon direct application to the Bureau of Registration of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records.

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage and Divorce Certificates

Available. Unauthenticated and uncertified copies of these documents may be obtained by Turkmen citizens for a nominal fee upon direct application to the Bureau of Registration of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records.

Adoption Certificates

Please check back for update.

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Identity Card

Please check back for update.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police and Prison Records

Available upon official written request to the Government of Turkmenistan. Applicants should contact the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy in Ashgabat who will make the request on behalf of the applicant. Applicants must provide a copy of the biographic data page and the "registration stamp" page of their passport (if applicable). In addition, applicants must provide their address and place of registration while in Turkmenistan. Police certificates are generally issued within two weeks. Translations are not usually provided.

Police and prison records are kept by the Ministry of Internal Affairs or the Committee on National Security. Court records are generally available for use in countries of the former Soviet Union, but authorities may refuse to permit the export of some records.

Military Records

Unavailable. Military records are kept by the military authorities but are not available for individual use.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

Turkmen Travel Documents

Available. Turkmenistan issued new machine readable e-passports in 2008. There are currently seven types of travel documents in Turkmenistan:

  1. Diplomatic passport (green cover);
  2. Diplomatic e-passport (green cover with e-passport emblem);
  3. Official passport (blue cover);
  4. Official e-passport (blue cover with e-passport emblem);
  5. Tourist passport (green cover);
  6. Tourist e-passport (green cover with e-passport emblem);
  7. Residence Permit for Stateless Persons.

Note: Non e-passports, issued since 1997, show no expiration date. They will remain valid until July, 2013. An expiration date of 01 Jul 2013 should be entered, and the visa should be annotated: PASSPORT SHOWS NO EXPIRATION DATE.

The first four are issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The MFA may also issue tourist passports for persons traveling on official business, exchange visitors, and some high-ranking officials. The passport department of a regional subdivision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR) issues passports for people traveling abroad for private business and pleasure.

All types of passports permit the bearer to re-enter Turkmenistan without a specific entry visa. The Residence Permit for Stateless Persons is not sufficient by itself for re-entry, and must bear a specific entry visa before the bearer will be allowed to return to Turkmenistan.

Other Records

Turkmen Internal Residence Documents

There are three types of Turkmen documents with which a person may reside in Turkmenistan.

  1. Internal passport (pasport),
  2. Foreigner's Residence Permit (Vid Na Zhitel'stvo Dlya inostranstsa),
  3. Residence permit for Stateless Persons (Vid Na Zhitel'stvo Dlya Lits Bez Grazhdanstva).
Visa Issuing Posts

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan (Embassy)

9 Pushkin Street, off Maqtymquly Street

Tel: 993-12-35-00-45

Fax: 993-12-39-26-14

Visa Services

All visa classes for all nationals of Turkmenistan.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 588-1500 (202) 280-1003

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Ashgabat
9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 744000
Telephone
: +(993) (12) 94 00 45 Consular Information Line: 993 12 94 00 49 (Monday Wednesday Friday, 11am – 1pm)
Emergency
: Local calls: 692-688; When calling from the U.S.: +(993) 65 692 688
Fax
+(993) (12) 94-26-14
Turkmenistan Country Map

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Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.