Travel.State.Gov > International Travel > Country Information > Armenia International Travel Information
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Armenia for more information on U.S.-Armenia relations.
You need a valid passport to enter Armenia. U.S. citizens are allowed visa-free entry to Armenia for up to 180 days per year. For visits of longer than 180 days, you must apply for a residency permit through the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Visit the website of the Embassy of Armenia for the most current visa information.
Borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan: Land borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan remain closed and are patrolled by armed troops.
Border with Iran: See the Iran travel advisory. The Department of State continues to warn U.S. citizens against all travel to Iran due to arbitrary arrest and detention of U.S. citizens. The Department of State maintains its “Do Not Travel” advisory, noting the “very high risk of arrest and detention of U.S. citizens in Iran, particularly U.S.-Iranian dual nationals.”
HIV/AIDS Entry Restrictions: The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Armenia.
Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks; however, all European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.
Avoid Demonstrations. While most rallies and demonstrations are peaceful, on occasion large political gatherings can become violent.
Natural Disasters: Armenia is prone to earthquakes and landslides.
The Nagorno-Karabakh Area and Conflict:
Crime: Crime is relatively low, and violent crime is sporadic. When police are called they routinely show up; however, they generally do not speak English. Vehicle break-ins and theft are the most common crimes. Police indicate that there is a criminal group in Yerevan that targets foreigners and burglarizes rented apartments when the victims are away.
Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault should first contact the U.S. Embassy at (+374) 10-464-700
Report crimes and requests for emergency services to local authorities by dialing 911. English speaking operators are available. Also contact the U.S. Embassy to report your situation.
Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance. Local resources for victims of domestic violence include shelters, medical assistance, and legal aid. Victims of domestic violence may contact the Women’s Rights Center at + (374) 10-542-828 or (0800) 80-850, 24 hours a day. Other resources include the Women’s Support Center at + (374) 099-887-808, and the Light House shelter at + (374) 93-327-834; + (374) 43-500-503 or “20-80”, preferably during business hours because of lack of fluent English speakers after hours. In case of sexual violence, victims may contact the Women’s Resource Center at + (374) 077-991-280 and (0800) 01-280, from 9:00 AM to midnight.
Tourism: The tourism industry is unevenly regulated, and safety inspections for equipment and facilities do not commonly occur. Hazardous areas/activities are not always identified with appropriate signage, and staff may not be trained or certified either by the host government or by recognized authorities in the field. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is typically available only in/near major cities. First responders are generally unable to access areas outside of major cities and to provide urgent medical treatment. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate them, even unknowingly, you may be arrested or imprisoned.
Please review the State Department’s page on Arrests or Detention of U.S Citizens Abroad. In addition, many people accused of crimes are held in local prisons in pretrial detention for between two and twelve months without the possibility of posting bail while waiting for a court hearing.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our website for further Information. Possession, trafficking, or the uses of drugs, including marijuana, are illegal. A prescription for medical marijuana will not protect you from prosecution. If you are arrested for a drug offense, you could face detention during the investigation and a prison sentence after conviction. There have been recent cases where electronic cigarettes and related paraphernalia have been perceived as drug related. In these cases, arrestees often have been held without bail until forensic tests clear them.
Customs and Exports:
Faith-Based Travelers: See the following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: There are no antidiscrimination laws protecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) individuals in Armenia. There are no hate crime laws or other criminal judicial mechanisms to aid in the prosecution of crimes against members of the LGBTI community. Because of commonly held negative stereotypes, LGBTI individuals face the potential of discrimination and harassment by state and private actors. The Department of State’s 2017 Human Rights Report documents that both politicians and the media engaged in “hate speech” toward members of the LGBTI community in Armenia, and that members of the LGBTI community experienced physical violence, threats of violence, blackmail, and harassment. Police were unresponsive to reports of abuses against the LGBTI community and at times, themselves mistreated LGBTI persons.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Although Armenia signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2007, Armenian authorities have yet to enforce it. Facilities with accommodations for individuals with disabilities are rare and, in rural areas, usually nonexistent.
Women Travelers: Informal taxis or mini-buses pose particular threats to people unfamiliar with local conditions, especially to women traveling alone. There have been occasional reports of taxi drivers sexually harassing single, female travelers. See our travel tips for women travelers.
Outside major cities, medical facilities in Armenia are limited. Medical emergency services at Armenian airports are not on par with U.S. airports. The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of English-speaking doctors. Elderly travelers and those with existing health problems may be at risk from inadequate medical facilities.
We have received reports of cases of brucellosis from unpasteurized dairy products.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.
Most prescription medications are available, but quality varies. Armenian customs officials have sometimes confiscated medication from travelers upon arrival.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety: The information below is provided for general reference only. Road conditions in Armenia differ significantly from those in the United States. Exercise caution when driving in Armenia. Reckless driving is common. Drivers frequently ignore traffic laws.
Public Transportation: Public transportation, while inexpensive, may be unreliable and uncomfortable. Sexual assaults have often been reported on public transportation. Minibuses are dangerous, overcrowded, poorly maintained, lack seatbelts, and are frequently involved in accidents. Traveling by local unregistered taxis without meters can also prove difficult if a price is not negotiated ahead of time.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Armenia, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Armenia’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.