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International Travel

English

Country Information

Finland

Country Information

Finland
Republic of Finland
Last Updated: October 20, 2017
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

Six months recommended

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

Two pages per stamp

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

None required

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

10,000 Euros (or equivalent)

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

10,000 Euros (or equivalent)

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Helsinki

Itäinen Puistotie 14B
00140 Helsinki
Finland
Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Fax: +(358) 9-174-681

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Finland for information on U.S.-Finland relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

Finland is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U.S. citizens may enter Finland for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. You need sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet. Visit the Embassy of Finland website for the most current visa information.

  • Students and prospective students must apply for a residence permit if you plan to study at a Finnish educational institution for more than 90 days. More detailed information is available on the Finnish Immigration Service website.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Finland. 

Find information on dual nationalityprevention of international child abduction, and customs regulations on our websites.

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Safety and Security

Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks; however, all European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.

Crime: Crime remains low compared to other developed countries.

  • Violent crime is rare in Finland, but sexual assaults do occur. You should remain vigilant and aware of your surroundings at all times.
  • Non-violent crimes, such as petty theft and pick-pocketing, are prevalent in Finland. Pay attention to your personal safety and avoid leaving personal possessions unattended.
  • Theft or skimming of ATM/debit/credit card PINs at both ATMs and in stores has increased significantly. Be aware of your environment when using debit/credit cards, and guard your PIN numbers.
  • Organized crime groups operating in the former Soviet Union and eastern Europe are present in Finland. Remain vigilant with regard to your personal security and exercise caution.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police by dialing 112, and contact the U.S. Embassy at + (358) 9-616-250.

Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Commercial and financial transactions in Finland are increasingly automated and online. Cash is almost always accepted (the currency is the euro), and most major credit cards are widely accepted. ATMs are very common, and many U.S.-issued bankcards are compatible with them.

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Finland.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights Report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Laws mandating access to buildings for persons with disabilities are generally enforced, but many older buildings remain inaccessible. Some public transportation systems are less adapted to individuals with disabilities. You should check ahead with your hotel/destination to learn more about options to accommodate disabled traveler needs before visiting Finland.

  • Most forms of public transportation are accessible, but geographically-isolated areas can be especially problematic for travelers with disabilities.
  • Call ahead to restaurants, museums, and other facilities to find out if they are wheel-chair accessible.
  • Assistance for train travelers is available at most stations but must be requested in advance. For more information, visit the Finnish National Tourist Board’s website.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

Medical facilities and staff are generally excellent and widely available for emergency services. English is commonly spoken by Finnish medical personnel. The public hospital system and many private hospitals honor foreign credit cards, but be prepared to pay cash if necessary.

  • Local medical centers, clinics, or first-aid stations are located at hospitals and will provide a full range of services to tourist and temporary visitors.
  • Dial 112 for emergency medical services throughout Finland.

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Finland to ensure the medication is legal in Finland. Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription.

  • You may bring a 90-day supply of most personal prescription drugs with a formal doctor’s note.
  • Prescribed narcotics are more restricted and may only be brought into Finland for your personal use for a maximum of 14 days and must be accompanied by a medical certificate stating why you need them.
  • Finnish customs regulations prohibit you from receiving medications from abroad after having arrived in Finland. Local physicians may be reluctant to prescribe equivalent quantities or dosages. For more detailed information, please visit the Finnish National Tourist Board website or contact the Embassy of Finland.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Finland has an extensive network of highways and excellent public transportation services throughout the country. Driving in Finland is on the right side.

  • A valid U.S. driver’s license may be used while visiting Finland, but drivers must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Traffic approaching from the right has priority, even if entering a primary roadway from a secondary one; as such, stop signs are rarely used in Finland.
  • It is common practice in Finland, including in large cities, to turn off traffic lights at certain intersections in the early morning hours.
  • Some roads in Helsinki designated as two-way are narrow, making passing difficult. Road signs use standard international symbols and Finnish text.
  • Many urban streets have traffic lanes reserved for public transportation only.

Winter driving in Finland can be hazardous. Daylight hours are very short and drivers should be comfortable driving in darkness.

  • Icy road conditions are common.
  • Your vehicle must have snow tires from December through February. Engine heaters are strongly recommended.
  • When driving at night, drivers must be alert to moose wandering onto major roadways. Striking a moose can severely damage a vehicle and even fatally injure its occupants.
  • If you are in a car accident, you must have your insurance paperwork with you.

Traffic Laws: Unless otherwise noted on traffic signs, the speed limit varies from 30 to 40 km/h in urban areas, 80 km/h on open roads, and 120 km/h on expressways during summer (100 km/h in winter).

  • Vehicles must use headlights at all times.
  • Use of seatbelts is mandatory for drivers and all passengers.
  • Children under 135 cm (approximately 53 inches) in height must be seated in approved child or booster seats or use appropriate safety equipment as stated on the Finnish Police website and the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications fact sheets.
  • Drunk driving laws are strict.
    • Police strictly enforce all traffic laws and institute random roadside breath-analyzer tests. Drivers who register a 0.05% or higher blood-alcohol content are subject to immediate arrest. For more information, please review the Finnish Police website.

Public Transportation: Public transportation in Finland is of good quality and is the recommended method of travel.

  • Passenger trains, intercity buses, and air flights provide regular service over longer distances.
  • Public transportation in urban centers, includes buses, subways, trams, suburban trains, and taxis.
  • Taxis are more expensive than in major U.S. cities.
  • Most local residents use public transport in Helsinki as parking is expensive and can be hard to find. The bus, train, and subway systems are safe and easy to use.

See our Road Safety page for more information. Visit the Finland National Tourist Board and the Finnish Road Safety Council.

Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Finland’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Finland’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Finland should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at www.marad.dot.gov/msci. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website (https://homeport.uscg.mil), and the NGA broadcast warnings website https://msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal (select “broadcast warnings”).

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Helsinki

Itäinen Puistotie 14B
00140 Helsinki
Finland
Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Fax: +(358) 9-174-681

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General Information

Finland and the United States have been treaty partners under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) since August 1, 1994.

For information concerning travel to Finland, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Finland.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

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Hague Abduction Convention

The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention.  In this capacity, the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizen Services, Office of Children's Issues facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Finland.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.

Contact information:

U.S. Department of State 
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's Issues
CA/OCS/CI 
SA-17, 9th Floor 
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website:  travel.state.gov

The Finnish Central Authority (FCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Ministry of Justice (MOJ).  The MOJ reviews Hague applications to ensure they are adequately completed.  The FCA will confirm receipt of an application with a faxed letter to the USCA and, if necessary, request any additional information or documentation.  Once the application is deemed complete, the FCA will forward the application to the applicant's Finnish attorney or directly to the appropriate court.  If appropriate, the attorney will contact the taking-parent to inform him or her of the pending Hague return application and ask if he or she would agree to return the child voluntarily.

The FCA can be reached at:

Ministry of Justice
Unit for International Judicial Administration
Eteläesplanadi 10
PO Box 25
FI-00023 GOVERNMENT
Finland
Telephone: +358 (29) 516001
Fax: +358 (9) 1606 7524
Email: central.authority@om.fi
Website: Ministry of Justice

To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to, a child in Finland, the USCA encourages a parent or guardian to review the eligibility criteria and instructions for completing the Hague application form located at the Department of State website and contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the FCA.  The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to the FCA, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes. 

There are no fees for filing Hague applications with either the U.S. or Finnish central authorities.

In Hague proceedings concerning the return of a child, the applicant can request the taking-parent pay the travel and other expenses for the return of the child.

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Return

A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained in, Finland.  The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.

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Visitation/Access

A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Finland.  The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country.  The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.

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Retaining an Attorney

If the applicant parent decides not to explore a voluntary return, or if such attempts do not succeed, the applicant parent must retain a Finnish attorney to represent him or her in the Hague case. If the applicant parent does not have an attorney, the FCA can suggest an attorney willing to represent the applicant. Applicants are responsible for all legal fees; however, they can apply for legal aid through their attorney. 

The U.S. Embassy in Helsinki, Finland, has a link on its website for the Finnish Bar Association's list of attorneys, some of whom specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms.  Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

The FCA does not offer mediation services in international parental child abduction cases. Typically, the local Finnish Social Office provides mediation services in child custody cases. Parents interested in mediation should submit their request for mediation to their Finnish attorney.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
Yes
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Both adoptions to the United States from Finland and from the United States to Finland are possible.
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Finland is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, adoptions between Finland and the United States are governed by the requirements of the Convention and the laws and regulations implementing the Convention in both the United States and Finland.

The Department of State does not maintain files on the adoption process in Finland because adoptions from Finland are rare. Fewer than five adoptions by American citizen parents have taken place since 2000. Please visit the Department's Country Specific Information sheets for more information on travelling to Finland and the website of U.S. Embassy Helsinki for information on consular services.

The Finnish Board of Intercountry Adoption Affairs, of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health is the Central Authority for the purposes of the Hague Adoption Convention in Finland. American Citizens living in Finland who wish to adopt from the U.S. or a third country should contact the the Finish Central Authority to learn about Finish requirements that may apply to their adoption. Contact information for the Finish Central Authority is available on their website http://www.stm.fi.

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Who Can Adopt
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Who Can Be Adopted
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How to Adopt
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Traveling Abroad
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After Adoption
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Contact Information
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Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 60 Months
A-2 None Multiple 60 Months
A-3 1 None Multiple 24 Months
B-1 None Multiple 120 Months
B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
C-1 None Multiple 60 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 60 Months
C-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-3 None Multiple 60 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 60 Months
E-1 2 None Multiple 24 Months
E-2 2 None Multiple 24 Months
E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months
F-1 None Multiple 60 Months
F-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-1 None Multiple 60 Months
G-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-3 None Multiple 60 Months
G-4 None Multiple 60 Months
G-5 1 None Multiple 24 Months
H-1B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2A None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2R None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
I None Multiple 24 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 60 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 60 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 60 Months
L-2 None Multiple 60 Months
M-1 None Multiple 60 Months
M-2 None Multiple 60 Months
N-8 None Multiple 60 Months
N-9 None Multiple 60 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3
R-1 None Multiple 60 Months
R-2 None Multiple 60 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Please check back for update.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. Virkatodistus/Extract from the population information system in Finland, also in English can be obtained online  ja väestötieto or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti/Magistrate) for a nominal fee. 

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Death/Burial

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. (Virkatodistus) in English can be obtained by mail or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti). Fee: 3,70 Euro.

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. (Virkatodistus) in English can be obtained by mail or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti). Fee: 3,70 Euro.

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Divorce

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. (Virkatodistus) in English can be obtained by mail or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti). Fee: 3,70 Euro.

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Adoption Certificates

Unavailable.

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Identity Card

Unavailable.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Available. Extract from the Criminal Records (Rikosrekisteriote) is issued by the Legal Register Center in Hameenlinna, Finland for a nominal fee. The request must be submitted online.

Note: The police record is valid only for 3 months.

Court Records

Unavailable.

Prison Records

Unavailable.

Military Records

Available. A person can obtain his military record (Palvelusaikatodistus) from the military district (Sotilaslaani) online. Original military passport (Sotilaspassi) may also be presented instead of the above-mentioned document.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

A Finnish passport is similar to the current machine-readable U.S. passport. The Finnish (European Union) passport has a burgundy red cover and contains 42 pages. The older version has a dark blue cover and contains 32 pages. Normal validity is ten years. Since August 2006, Finland has issued e-passports valid for five (5) years. In addition to regular, official and diplomatic passports for Finnish citizens, Finland also issues two types of travel documents for foreigners.

A green refugee travel document (Matkustusasiakirja/ travel document) is issued to a person residing in Finland under the terms of the United Nations convention of 28 July 1951.

A gray foreigner's travel document (Muukalaispassi/alien's passport) is issued to a non-Finnish citizen who cannot or will not obtain his/her own national passport. This document does not guarantee reentry to Finland without a valid Finnish residence permit.

Other Records

Not applicable.

Visa Issuing Posts

Helsinki, Finland (Embassy)

Street Address:
Itäinen Puistotie 14 B, FIN-00140
Helsinki, Finland

Mailing Address:
Amembassy Helsinki
PSC 78 Box H
APO AE 09723

Visa Services

All visa categories for all of Finland.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 298-5800 (202) 298-6030

Los Angeles, CA (310) 203-9903 (310) 481-8981

New York, NY (212) 750-4400 (212) 750-4418

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Helsinki
Itäinen Puistotie 14B
00140 Helsinki
Finland
Telephone
+(358) 9-616-250
Emergency
+(358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Fax
+(358) 9-174-681
Finland Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

Country Information

Finland
Republic of Finland
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

Six months recommended

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

Two pages per stamp

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

None required

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

10,000 Euros (or equivalent)

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

10,000 Euros (or equivalent)

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Helsinki

Itäinen Puistotie 14B
00140 Helsinki
Finland
Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Fax: +(358) 9-174-681

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Finland for information on U.S.-Finland relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

Finland is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U.S. citizens may enter Finland for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. You need sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet. Visit the Embassy of Finland website for the most current visa information.

  • Students and prospective students must apply for a residence permit if you plan to study at a Finnish educational institution for more than 90 days. More detailed information is available on the Finnish Immigration Service website.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Finland. 

Find information on dual nationalityprevention of international child abduction, and customs regulations on our websites.

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Safety and Security

Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks; however, all European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.

Crime: Crime remains low compared to other developed countries.

  • Violent crime is rare in Finland, but sexual assaults do occur. You should remain vigilant and aware of your surroundings at all times.
  • Non-violent crimes, such as petty theft and pick-pocketing, are prevalent in Finland. Pay attention to your personal safety and avoid leaving personal possessions unattended.
  • Theft or skimming of ATM/debit/credit card PINs at both ATMs and in stores has increased significantly. Be aware of your environment when using debit/credit cards, and guard your PIN numbers.
  • Organized crime groups operating in the former Soviet Union and eastern Europe are present in Finland. Remain vigilant with regard to your personal security and exercise caution.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police by dialing 112, and contact the U.S. Embassy at + (358) 9-616-250.

Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Commercial and financial transactions in Finland are increasingly automated and online. Cash is almost always accepted (the currency is the euro), and most major credit cards are widely accepted. ATMs are very common, and many U.S.-issued bankcards are compatible with them.

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Finland.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights Report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Laws mandating access to buildings for persons with disabilities are generally enforced, but many older buildings remain inaccessible. Some public transportation systems are less adapted to individuals with disabilities. You should check ahead with your hotel/destination to learn more about options to accommodate disabled traveler needs before visiting Finland.

  • Most forms of public transportation are accessible, but geographically-isolated areas can be especially problematic for travelers with disabilities.
  • Call ahead to restaurants, museums, and other facilities to find out if they are wheel-chair accessible.
  • Assistance for train travelers is available at most stations but must be requested in advance. For more information, visit the Finnish National Tourist Board’s website.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

Medical facilities and staff are generally excellent and widely available for emergency services. English is commonly spoken by Finnish medical personnel. The public hospital system and many private hospitals honor foreign credit cards, but be prepared to pay cash if necessary.

  • Local medical centers, clinics, or first-aid stations are located at hospitals and will provide a full range of services to tourist and temporary visitors.
  • Dial 112 for emergency medical services throughout Finland.

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Finland to ensure the medication is legal in Finland. Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription.

  • You may bring a 90-day supply of most personal prescription drugs with a formal doctor’s note.
  • Prescribed narcotics are more restricted and may only be brought into Finland for your personal use for a maximum of 14 days and must be accompanied by a medical certificate stating why you need them.
  • Finnish customs regulations prohibit you from receiving medications from abroad after having arrived in Finland. Local physicians may be reluctant to prescribe equivalent quantities or dosages. For more detailed information, please visit the Finnish National Tourist Board website or contact the Embassy of Finland.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Finland has an extensive network of highways and excellent public transportation services throughout the country. Driving in Finland is on the right side.

  • A valid U.S. driver’s license may be used while visiting Finland, but drivers must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Traffic approaching from the right has priority, even if entering a primary roadway from a secondary one; as such, stop signs are rarely used in Finland.
  • It is common practice in Finland, including in large cities, to turn off traffic lights at certain intersections in the early morning hours.
  • Some roads in Helsinki designated as two-way are narrow, making passing difficult. Road signs use standard international symbols and Finnish text.
  • Many urban streets have traffic lanes reserved for public transportation only.

Winter driving in Finland can be hazardous. Daylight hours are very short and drivers should be comfortable driving in darkness.

  • Icy road conditions are common.
  • Your vehicle must have snow tires from December through February. Engine heaters are strongly recommended.
  • When driving at night, drivers must be alert to moose wandering onto major roadways. Striking a moose can severely damage a vehicle and even fatally injure its occupants.
  • If you are in a car accident, you must have your insurance paperwork with you.

Traffic Laws: Unless otherwise noted on traffic signs, the speed limit varies from 30 to 40 km/h in urban areas, 80 km/h on open roads, and 120 km/h on expressways during summer (100 km/h in winter).

  • Vehicles must use headlights at all times.
  • Use of seatbelts is mandatory for drivers and all passengers.
  • Children under 135 cm (approximately 53 inches) in height must be seated in approved child or booster seats or use appropriate safety equipment as stated on the Finnish Police website and the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications fact sheets.
  • Drunk driving laws are strict.
    • Police strictly enforce all traffic laws and institute random roadside breath-analyzer tests. Drivers who register a 0.05% or higher blood-alcohol content are subject to immediate arrest. For more information, please review the Finnish Police website.

Public Transportation: Public transportation in Finland is of good quality and is the recommended method of travel.

  • Passenger trains, intercity buses, and air flights provide regular service over longer distances.
  • Public transportation in urban centers, includes buses, subways, trams, suburban trains, and taxis.
  • Taxis are more expensive than in major U.S. cities.
  • Most local residents use public transport in Helsinki as parking is expensive and can be hard to find. The bus, train, and subway systems are safe and easy to use.

See our Road Safety page for more information. Visit the Finland National Tourist Board and the Finnish Road Safety Council.

Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Finland’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Finland’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Finland should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at www.marad.dot.gov/msci. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website (https://homeport.uscg.mil), and the NGA broadcast warnings website https://msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal (select “broadcast warnings”).

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Helsinki

Itäinen Puistotie 14B
00140 Helsinki
Finland
Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Fax: +(358) 9-174-681

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General Information

Finland and the United States have been treaty partners under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) since August 1, 1994.

For information concerning travel to Finland, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Finland.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

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Hague Abduction Convention

The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention.  In this capacity, the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizen Services, Office of Children's Issues facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Finland.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.

Contact information:

U.S. Department of State 
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's Issues
CA/OCS/CI 
SA-17, 9th Floor 
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website:  travel.state.gov

The Finnish Central Authority (FCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Ministry of Justice (MOJ).  The MOJ reviews Hague applications to ensure they are adequately completed.  The FCA will confirm receipt of an application with a faxed letter to the USCA and, if necessary, request any additional information or documentation.  Once the application is deemed complete, the FCA will forward the application to the applicant's Finnish attorney or directly to the appropriate court.  If appropriate, the attorney will contact the taking-parent to inform him or her of the pending Hague return application and ask if he or she would agree to return the child voluntarily.

The FCA can be reached at:

Ministry of Justice
Unit for International Judicial Administration
Eteläesplanadi 10
PO Box 25
FI-00023 GOVERNMENT
Finland
Telephone: +358 (29) 516001
Fax: +358 (9) 1606 7524
Email: central.authority@om.fi
Website: Ministry of Justice

To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to, a child in Finland, the USCA encourages a parent or guardian to review the eligibility criteria and instructions for completing the Hague application form located at the Department of State website and contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the FCA.  The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to the FCA, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes. 

There are no fees for filing Hague applications with either the U.S. or Finnish central authorities.

In Hague proceedings concerning the return of a child, the applicant can request the taking-parent pay the travel and other expenses for the return of the child.

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Return

A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained in, Finland.  The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.

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Visitation/Access

A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Finland.  The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country.  The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.

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Retaining an Attorney

If the applicant parent decides not to explore a voluntary return, or if such attempts do not succeed, the applicant parent must retain a Finnish attorney to represent him or her in the Hague case. If the applicant parent does not have an attorney, the FCA can suggest an attorney willing to represent the applicant. Applicants are responsible for all legal fees; however, they can apply for legal aid through their attorney. 

The U.S. Embassy in Helsinki, Finland, has a link on its website for the Finnish Bar Association's list of attorneys, some of whom specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms.  Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

The FCA does not offer mediation services in international parental child abduction cases. Typically, the local Finnish Social Office provides mediation services in child custody cases. Parents interested in mediation should submit their request for mediation to their Finnish attorney.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
Yes
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Both adoptions to the United States from Finland and from the United States to Finland are possible.
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Finland is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, adoptions between Finland and the United States are governed by the requirements of the Convention and the laws and regulations implementing the Convention in both the United States and Finland.

The Department of State does not maintain files on the adoption process in Finland because adoptions from Finland are rare. Fewer than five adoptions by American citizen parents have taken place since 2000. Please visit the Department's Country Specific Information sheets for more information on travelling to Finland and the website of U.S. Embassy Helsinki for information on consular services.

The Finnish Board of Intercountry Adoption Affairs, of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health is the Central Authority for the purposes of the Hague Adoption Convention in Finland. American Citizens living in Finland who wish to adopt from the U.S. or a third country should contact the the Finish Central Authority to learn about Finish requirements that may apply to their adoption. Contact information for the Finish Central Authority is available on their website http://www.stm.fi.

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Who Can Adopt
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Who Can Be Adopted
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Traveling Abroad
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After Adoption
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Contact Information
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Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 60 Months
A-2 None Multiple 60 Months
A-3 1 None Multiple 24 Months
B-1 None Multiple 120 Months
B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
C-1 None Multiple 60 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 60 Months
C-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-3 None Multiple 60 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 60 Months
E-1 2 None Multiple 24 Months
E-2 2 None Multiple 24 Months
E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months
F-1 None Multiple 60 Months
F-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-1 None Multiple 60 Months
G-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-3 None Multiple 60 Months
G-4 None Multiple 60 Months
G-5 1 None Multiple 24 Months
H-1B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2A None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2R None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
I None Multiple 24 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 60 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 60 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 60 Months
L-2 None Multiple 60 Months
M-1 None Multiple 60 Months
M-2 None Multiple 60 Months
N-8 None Multiple 60 Months
N-9 None Multiple 60 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3
R-1 None Multiple 60 Months
R-2 None Multiple 60 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Please check back for update.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. Virkatodistus/Extract from the population information system in Finland, also in English can be obtained online  ja väestötieto or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti/Magistrate) for a nominal fee. 

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Death/Burial

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. (Virkatodistus) in English can be obtained by mail or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti). Fee: 3,70 Euro.

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. (Virkatodistus) in English can be obtained by mail or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti). Fee: 3,70 Euro.

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Divorce

Family Record for Genealogical Research

Available. (Virkatodistus) in English can be obtained by mail or in person from the Civil Registry Office (Maistraatti). Fee: 3,70 Euro.

Records before September 30, 1999 are also available from local Lutheran or Orthodox church officials (kirkkoherranvirasto).

Adoption Certificates

Unavailable.

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Identity Card

Unavailable.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Available. Extract from the Criminal Records (Rikosrekisteriote) is issued by the Legal Register Center in Hameenlinna, Finland for a nominal fee. The request must be submitted online.

Note: The police record is valid only for 3 months.

Court Records

Unavailable.

Prison Records

Unavailable.

Military Records

Available. A person can obtain his military record (Palvelusaikatodistus) from the military district (Sotilaslaani) online. Original military passport (Sotilaspassi) may also be presented instead of the above-mentioned document.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

A Finnish passport is similar to the current machine-readable U.S. passport. The Finnish (European Union) passport has a burgundy red cover and contains 42 pages. The older version has a dark blue cover and contains 32 pages. Normal validity is ten years. Since August 2006, Finland has issued e-passports valid for five (5) years. In addition to regular, official and diplomatic passports for Finnish citizens, Finland also issues two types of travel documents for foreigners.

A green refugee travel document (Matkustusasiakirja/ travel document) is issued to a person residing in Finland under the terms of the United Nations convention of 28 July 1951.

A gray foreigner's travel document (Muukalaispassi/alien's passport) is issued to a non-Finnish citizen who cannot or will not obtain his/her own national passport. This document does not guarantee reentry to Finland without a valid Finnish residence permit.

Other Records

Not applicable.

Visa Issuing Posts

Helsinki, Finland (Embassy)

Street Address:
Itäinen Puistotie 14 B, FIN-00140
Helsinki, Finland

Mailing Address:
Amembassy Helsinki
PSC 78 Box H
APO AE 09723

Visa Services

All visa categories for all of Finland.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 298-5800 (202) 298-6030

Los Angeles, CA (310) 203-9903 (310) 481-8981

New York, NY (212) 750-4400 (212) 750-4418

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Helsinki
Itäinen Puistotie 14B
00140 Helsinki
Finland
Telephone
+(358) 9-616-250
Emergency
+(358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Fax
+(358) 9-174-681
Finland Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.