See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Oman for information on U.S.- Oman relations.
See the government of Oman’s website for visa information.
Requirements for Entry:
Penalties for expired passports or visas include fines and/or imprisonment.
Avoid Travel to Yemen: We strongly advise U.S. citizens against travel to Yemen. Crossing the Yemen-Oman border can be dangerous, and U.S. citizens who do so are routinely detained by Omani authorities. The Department of State and U.S. embassies abroad will not facilitate entry of U.S. citizens into Yemen. See our Yemen Crisis webpage and Yemen’s Travel Advisory for further information.
Oman does not recognize dual nationality. Omani authorities may confiscate your U.S. passport if you have Oman/U.S. dual nationality. Should this happen, contact the U.S. Embassy. This does not constitute loss of U.S. citizenship.
Children of Omani fathers automatically acquire Omani citizenship at birth and must enter and exit Oman on their Omani passports.
Omani/U.S. dual nationals are subject to all Omani laws, including those placing special obligations on citizens of Oman.
Expect considerable delays if your U.S. passport is lost or stolen. Before receiving a replacement passport, Omani law requires that you:
Report the loss/ theft to the Royal Oman Police
place an advertisement in local papers about the lost/stolen passport
For further details, see the Royal Oman Police website.
Yellow fever vaccinations are required if you are coming from a country with yellow fever outbreaks.
HIV/AIDS entry restrictions apply to visitors and foreign residents. HIV/AIDS testing is required upon arrival for people on work or immigrant visas. Oman does not accept U.S. HIV/AIDS testing. Verify this information with the Government of Oman before traveling.
Potential for Terrorist Activity: To date, there have been no terrorist attacks against U.S. citizens in Oman. Regionally, terrorists continue to target U.S. and Western interests in the Middle East and North Africa. Please review the Worldwide Caution and the Travel Advisory for Oman before traveling.
MARAD Report: According to the United States Maritime Administration (MARAD), U.S. flag vessels in the Gulf of Oman, North Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and the Bab el Mandeb regions face an elevated risk of attacks by violent extremists.
U.S. flag vessels should report suspicious activity to:
COMUSNAVCENT battle watch captain at 011-973-1785-3879
U.S. Coast Guard National Response Center at 1-800-424-8802 (toll-free), 202-267-2675, or 202-267-4477 (TDD).
See the complete advisory at the MARAD website.
Crime: There is minimal street crime in Oman, and violent crime is rare.
Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault should first contact the U.S. Embassy. U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.
Report crimes to the local police at 9999.
Contact the U.S. Embassy at +968 2464-3400.
Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
For further information:
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. Omani authorities typically do not permit foreigners accused of crimes to leave the country while cases are open.
See our webpage for further information.
Carry your passport at all times, or you could be detained.
It is illegal to photograph certain buildings.
Alcohol and Drugs: You may be arrested for possession of alcohol or driving under the influence. Drinking is permitted in hotels, bars, homes, and some restaurants.
Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs include lengthy jail sentences and heavy fines.
Motor Vehicle Violations: Traffic laws are strictly enforced and carry heavy penalties, such as a $1200 fine and/or one year in jail for running a red light. Remote traffic cameras are extensively used to monitor speeding and stop light infractions.
Immigration officials have ready access to information on traffic offenses, and violators cannot depart Oman unless all fines have been paid in full.
Personal Defamation charges:
Cultural Heritage Items: To avoid prosecution, check first with Omani authorities before taking “cultural heritage items” such as archaeological artifacts, meteorites, or stones.
Notary Services: All foreign public documents (Birth, Marriage, Death, Divorce, academic records, etc.), such as for employment qualification or residency visas, need to be apostilled for use in Oman,. The U.S. Embassy in Oman cannot apostille any documents issued in the U.S. See our website for designated authorities in the U.S. that can issue an apostille.
Employment in Oman: Although a common practice, it is illegal for Omani employers to retain your passport. Such retention could grant undue leverage to your employer in case of a dispute. U.S. passports are the property of the U.S. government.
We cannot intervene in labor disputes. At the beginning of any employment, obtain a contract that clearly states the terms of employment. Try to resolve disputes privately with your employer. If this fails, consult our list of lawyers.
Dress Code: Be sensitive to Islamic culture and do not wear sleeveless shirts, halter-tops, or shorts. Only wear athletic clothing in public when engaged in sports activities.
Currency: U.S. bills printed before 2006 are often not accepted. Local currency is easily available from ATMs or currency exchange counters.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: Consensual same-sex sexual conduct is illegal and subject to a jail term of six months to three years. See our LGBTI Travel page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.
Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Public transportation is generally inaccessible. Handicapped parking spaces are scarce.
Most medical facilities and public buildings in cities have wheelchair ramps and elevators. Outside of urban areas, access is greatly reduced.
Omanis will generally try to accommodate reasonable requests for assistance.
Women Travelers: Women travelers are more likely to be affected by religious and cultural beliefs of the foreign countries they visit and may face greater obstacles, especially when travelling or living overseas alone. See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Modern medical facilities and Western-style pharmacies are available. Local medical treatment varies from quite good to inadequate, depending on location.
Hospital emergency treatment is available.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not cover costs overseas.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
Medications: Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. Check with the Government of Oman to ensure the medication is legal.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Road Conditions: Road conditions in cities and along major highways are good. Road conditions in rural areas range from good to poor. During rare instances of rain, roads are prone to flash flooding.
Travel between cities can be dangerous due to poor lighting, wandering livestock, and speeding drivers.
Public Transportation: Public transportation is generally safe, although vehicles may swerve to pick up passengers without warning.
The following traffic violations may result in jail sentences, fines, and/or deportation:
When involved in a traffic violation, cooperate with police officers and do not attempt to negotiate payment.
If you are involved in traffic accident that involves injuries, death, or material damage to vehicles, do not move your vehicle until the police give you permission. Moving your car may be interpreted as an admission of guilt. For minor traffic accidents with no damage or injuries, you may move your vehicle to the side of the road.
For further information on minor traffic accidents, see that section on the Royal Oman Police website.
Driving License Requirements:
Short-term visitors with a U.S. driver’s license may drive rental vehicles, but not privately registered cars.
Residents must have an Omani driver's license.
To obtain an Omani license, you must take a vision test and either have a U.S. license (with proof of being licensed for at least two years) or take a driving test.
Insure rental cars against death, injury, and loss or damage.
Residents may insure their vehicles outside the Sultanate; however, third party liability insurance must be purchased locally.
Emergency Services: Ambulance service is generally adequate, with response times that vary. When possible, drive to the nearest hospital or clinic rather than waiting for an ambulance.
For all traffic-related emergencies, call the Royal Oman Police at 9999. Have an Arabic speaker call when giving directions to a location, since English-speaking operators are not always available.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Oman, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Oman’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. See the FAA’s safety assessment page for further information.