Travel.State.Gov > International Travel > Country Information > Thailand International Travel Information
U.S. Embassy Bangkok
95 Wireless Road
Telephone: + (66) (2) 205-4049, 02-205-4049 (within Thailand)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(66) (2) 205-4000, 02-205-4000 (within Thailand)
Fax: +(66) (2) 205-4103, 02-205-4103 (within Thailand)|
U.S. Consulate General Chiang Mai
387 Witchayanond Road
Chiang Mai 50300
Telephone: +(66) (53) 107-777, 053-107-777 (within Thailand)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(66) 81-881-1878, 081-881-1878 (within Thailand)
Fax: +(66) (53) 252-633, 053-252-633 (within Thailand)
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Thailand for additional information on U.S.-Thailand relations.
Visit the Royal Thai Embassy website for the most current visa information.
We strongly recommend that you carry a copy of your U.S. passport identification page and current Thai visa to help avoid detention by the Thai immigration police.
Thailand’s entry/exit information is subject to change without notice. For the most current information, please see the list of Thai embassies and consulates worldwide and The Royal Thai Police Immigration Bureau.
You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website.
HIV/AIDS restrictions. Some HIV/AIDS entry restrictions exist for visitors to and foreign residents of Thailand. However, these restrictions are generally not enforced. Please verify with the Royal Thai Embassy before you travel.
Periodic acts of violence in Thailand remain a concern. Several small-scale bombings occurred near some tourist locations in the Southern provinces in August 2016. In August 2015, an explosion near the Erawan Shrine in downtown Bangkok killed at least 20 people and injured more than 100. The State Department assesses that there is a continued risk of terrorism in Southeast Asia, including in Thailand.
The ruling National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) has banned political gatherings and placed restrictions on the media, freedom of speech, and freedom of assembly. U.S. citizens may encounter a heightened military presence throughout Thailand. Security forces have additional powers, including the right to control movement and search for weapons. Individuals—including foreigners—may be detained for publicly criticizing the NCPO or the monarchy. U.S. citizens are advised to stay alert, exercise caution, and monitor international and Thai media. Avoid areas where there are protest events, demonstrations, large gatherings, or security operations, and follow any instructions and restrictions that local authorities issue.
If a protest or demonstration is expected to pass near the U.S. Embassy or Consulate facilities, Embassy and Consulate entrances and functions may be restricted. The U.S. Embassy in Bangkok’s website, Facebook, and Twitter sites and the U.S. Consulate General in Chiang Mai’s website, Facebook, and Twitter sites post information about local events that may affect Embassy functions. Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security and safety messages.
Far Southern Thailand: Periodic violence directed mostly at government interests by a domestic insurgency continues to affect security in the southernmost provinces of Yala, Pattani, Narathiwat, and Songkhla. U.S. citizens are at risk of death or injury due to the possibility of indiscriminate attacks in public places. Martial law is in force in this region.
The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in these provinces. Travel to this region by U.S government employees must be reviewed and approved in advance. For more information on terrorist threats against U.S. citizens worldwide and steps to take as a result of these threats, please see the Worldwide Caution.
Victims of Crime:
Report crimes to the local police by calling 191 or the Tourist Police at 1155 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +66 (0) 2-205-4000 or Consulate at +(66) (53) 107-777. Remember that only local officials have the authority to investigate and to prosecute a crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy or Consulate for assistance.
For further information:
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws when traveling abroad. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy or Consulate immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Lèse majesté (Royal Insult): Thais hold the monarchy in the highest regard. Making a critical or defamatory comment about the royal family is punishable by a prison sentence of up to 15 years per offense. As an example, purposely tearing Thai bank notes, which carry an image of the King, may be considered a lèse majesté offense.
Prostitution is illegal in Thailand. Serious consequences include criminal conviction and imprisonment, particularly in the case of child prostitution.
Commercial surrogacy is banned.
Personal use of even non-lethal military equipment, such as protective vests and night vision scopes, is prohibited.
Illegal drugs carry severe penalties. Expect long jail sentences under harsh conditions, heavy fines, or even execution for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs.
Shoplifting can result in large fines and lengthy detention followed by deportation.
Domestic Issues: Local police are reluctant to become involved in domestic issues. You may call the Family Services Emergency hotline by dialing 1300 from any Thai phone.
Political gatherings are banned. There are restrictions on the media, freedom of speech, and freedom of assembly.
Adventure tourism, such as zip lining, bungee jumping, rock climbing, and off-roading, is popular in Thailand. However, safety standards, inspections, and training may not be equivalent to those in the United States. Travelers should check the safety records of operators.
Possessing counterfeit or pirated goods is a crime in Thailand. For more information see the intellectual property section of the U.S. Department of Justice website.
Customs may enforce strict regulations on Buddha images, firearms, explosives, drugs, radios, books, and recordings, which might be cultural property and/or considered harmful to the public interest.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: There are no known legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Thailand. However, LGBTI groups report that in the case of sexual crimes, police tend to downplay sexual abuse claims from LGBTI victims.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Sidewalks and street crossings are not suitable for travelers with mobility issues. Newly constructed buildings, facilities, and transportation equipment should be accessible for persons with mobility issues. However, enforcement of these provisions is not uniform.
Women Travelers: Some victims of sexual assault or domestic violence find that Thai authorities do not handle such cases with as much sensitivity or consideration for privacy as they would expect in the United States. See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Medical treatment is generally adequate in Thailand’s urban areas. In Bangkok, Chiang Mai, and Pattaya, good facilities exist for routine, long-term, and emergency health care. Basic medical care is available in rural areas, but English-speaking providers are rare.
Medical tourism is an established and rapidly growing industry. You should consult with your local physician before traveling and also refer to information on medical tourism from CDC.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept upfront payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
Medicine for personal use is allowed as long as the amount does not exceed a 30-day supply and you bring the medicine with you. Do not mail medicine to Thailand without first confirming it will be allowed into the country. You can find customs and permit information from Thailand Customs and the Thailand Food and Drug Administration.
The following diseases are present:
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Air Quality: The Royal Thai Government reports air quality data from monitoring stations nationwide. The reported air quality index (AQI) does not correspond to U.S. EPA standards. In Chiang Mai, annual agricultural burning, approximately February through March, causes days with poor air quality. In 2016, air quality in Khon Kaen, Chiang Mai, Nan, Lampang, Bangkok, and Samut Sakhon exceeded Thai government standards for fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) 15% of the time.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety:
See our Road Safety page for more information.
Rail Safety: While millions of people utilize the State Railway system within Thailand every year, poor track maintenance, outdated equipment and rails, and unmarked train crossings have caused accidents, train derailments, and delays.
Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Thailand’s Civil Aviation Authority as not being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Thailand’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Thailand should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at www.marad.dot.gov/msci. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website (https://homeport.uscg.mil), and the NGA broadcast warnings website https://msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal (select “broadcast warnings”