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International Travel

English

Country Information

Belarus

Country Information

Belarus
Republic of Belarus
Last Updated: March 2, 2017
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Embassy Messages

Minsk

 

Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

Must be valid for at least 3 months beyond scheduled departure date

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

Two blank pages when presented to Belarusian immigration authorities

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Yes, if planning to stay more than 5 calendar days or if you  enter or exit at border crossings other than the Minsk Airport. Please see below.

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

USD $10,000

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

USD $10,000

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Minsk

46 Starovilenskaya St.
Minsk 220002, Belarus
Telephone: +(375) (17) 210-1283
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(375) (29) 676-0134
Fax: +(375) (17) 334-7853 or +(375) (17) 217-7160 (consular section)

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Belarus for information on U.S. - Belarussian relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

As of February 12, 2017, visitors traveling to Belarus, entering through the international airport and staying for no more than 5 days, including the days of arrival and departure, do not need a visa.”

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that visa-free movement through the airport does not extend to persons coming from the Russian Federation or intending to fly to the airports of the Russian Federation,(such flights are considered internal flights and do not have border control restrictions).

Travelers using a diplomatic, official or service, and other special passports still require a visa.

U.S. citizens wishing to enter Belarus for five days without a visa must have:

  • a valid passport;
  • financial means: at least 25 Euro (or equal amount in dollars or Belarusian rubles) for each day of stay;
  • medical insurance of at least 10,000 Euros with coverage for all of Belarus

All U.S. citizens visiting more than seven calendar days or residing in Belarus are required to register with the local office of the Citizenship and Migration Department of the Ministry of Interior (formerly OVIR) within five business days of arrival. 

  • A passport and a visa are required to enter and transit Belarus, unless you are entering through the international airport and staying less than 5 calendar days
  • We recommend you obtain a visa prior to traveling to Belarus
  • Foreigners cannot stay more than 90 days a year on a temporary visa, starting the day they enter Belarus
  • Airport Visas may be obtained in some cases, but we recommend you obtain a visa prior to traveling. A consular officer at the airport has the authority to refuse a visa application without explanation. You will be deported if your application is refused. Visa fees are not refundable.
  • You must show proof of valid health insurance when applying for a visa. An original copy of the policy must be submitted to the consular officer at the time of visa application as proof of purchase. You should carry a copy of the policy with you at all times.

Visit the Belarusian Embassy web site for the latest visa information.

Transiting Schengen Countries: 

  • Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay if you plan on transiting a Schengen country.  
  • You will need sufficient proof of funds and a return airline ticket.
  • For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to Belarus on a 30-day visit. Long-term residents (more than 90 days a year) or students must obtain an HIV/AIDS test in Belarus and submit the results to the Department of Citizenship and Migration when applying for an extension of stay or residency in Belarus. Please verify this information with the Embassy of Belarus before you travel.

Find information on dual nationality, prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

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Safety and Security

Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks. All European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.

Demonstrations intended to be peaceful can sometimes become confrontational. For this reason, it is recommended that U.S. citizens avoid all demonstrations and protest gatherings.

  • Demonstrations, both organized and spontaneous, are infrequent in Belarus. Localized street disturbances relating to political events are more likely in Minsk or larger cities than in smaller towns and villages.
  • Authorities have used force to disperse demonstrators, including those who are peacefully demonstrating.
  • Bystanders, including foreign nationals, may face the possibility of arrest or detention.

Foreigners may be placed under surveillance. Hotel rooms, telephones, and fax machines may be monitored, and personal possessions in hotel rooms may be searched.

Taking photographs of anything that could be perceived as being of military or security interest may result in problems with authorities; these sites are not always clearly marked and application of these restrictions is subject to interpretation.

Crime: Belarus has a low rate of street crime. Violent crime against foreigners is rare; criminals have been known to use force if met with resistance from victims.

  • Common street crime, such as mugging and pickpocketing, occurs most frequently near public transportation venues, near hotels frequented by foreigners, and/or at night in poorly-lit areas.
  • Exercise caution when visiting night clubs because the drugging of drinks is not uncommon.
  • Prostitutes at hotels may attempt to open hotel room doors in search of customers.
  • Local and transnational organized criminal activity exists in Belarus. Most casinos and adult clubs are operated by criminal elements.
  • Theft of vehicle parts and car vandalism is common. Sport-utility and luxury vehicles tend to be the most sought-after. Parking in a secure area overnight is highly recommended.

Internet-Dating Schemes and Cyber-Crime: "Internet brides" are advertised on several websites and are not always legitimate. Often, potential suitors in the United States lose thousands of dollars when they send money to people they have never met and never hear from them again. A growing variant on this theme is: the suitor is invited to Belarus to visit a “friend,” who arranges lodging and transportation for him (at hugely inflated prices) and disappears when the money has changed hands.

Cyber-crime is well developed in Belarus. Merchandise orders with fraudulent credit cards, ID theft, hacking/blackmail schemes, and advance-fee fraud are gaining in popularity. If doing business with persons or firms in Belarus electronically, proceed with extreme caution.

  • Avoid using credit and debit cards, except at ATMs located inside major banks.
  • Electronic fraud is common at ATMs and grocery stores.
  • Please note that transferring funds from abroad, replacing stolen traveler's checks or airline tickets, or canceling credit cards can be difficult and time consuming, especially due to the lack of English-speaking tourist agencies and an undeveloped tourism industry in Belarus.

Counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines.

Sophisticated criminal investigations may be inconclusive because of a lack of resources and/or political will.

Harassment of U.S. citizens at border crossings has been reported. We recommend that you report any crimes immediately to the local police and to the U.S. Embassy in Minsk.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police by dialing 102 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +375-17-210-1283. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.

The local equivalents to the “911” emergency lines in Belarus are: 101 for Fire and Rescue Squad; 102 for Police; and 103 for Ambulance (Medical Emergency).

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical
  • support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. 

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Under local law, any agency that detains a foreigner should inform the local Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) within 24 hours from the time of detention. The MFA, in its turn, has to notify the respective embassy as soon as possible. The time of such notifications has varied from several hours to several weeks. Therefore, we recommend that if travelers have a chance to inform friends or relatives about their arrest, they should advise them to notify the U.S. Embassy as soon as possible on their behalf.

SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES

Currency:

  • Belarusian banks provide limited cash withdrawals in Belarusian rubles from major credit cards. Please see notes on cyber-crime, above, regarding security of ATMs.
  • Authorized currency exchange centers are widely available throughout major cities. 
  • It is a criminal offense to exchange payment in U.S. dollars to firms or individuals without a special license.
  • Only a few large firms are licensed to accept U.S. dollars. Travelers are advised to only use widely available licensed exchange locations.
  • ATMs are available for use, and it has become easier to use credit and debit cards.
  • There have been reports of U.S. citizens having their ATM or credit cards skimmed and then having money stolen from their account or finding fraudulent charges on their cards.

Identification: 

  • Non-Belarusian visitors should carry their passports at all times.
  • Police can stop you and request your identification. If you fail to provide your ID, you may be detained by the police until your identity is established.

Radiation:

  • The 1986 release of nuclear material from the Chernobyl nuclear station in Ukraine affected Belarus. The city of Minsk was mostly spared, but other areas of Belarus were badly contaminated. Several years of monitoring have shown that radiation levels in Minsk have not exceeded internationally acceptable standards, and periodic testing of foodstuffs from various locations in Belarus has not revealed a level of radiation that would be considered harmful.

Marriages in Belarus:

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: Same-sex relations are not illegal in Belarus, but discrimination against members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community is widespread, and harassment against LGBT individuals has occurred in the past. For more detailed information about LGBT rights in Belarus, you may review the State Department’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our  Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Many existing buildings as well as public transportation systems are less adapted to individuals with disabilities. Check ahead with your hotel/destination to learn more about options to accommodate disabled traveler needs before visiting Belarus.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

Medical care in Belarus is neither modern nor easily accessible. Hospitals and medical facilities in Belarus are below Western and U. S. standards and lack basic supplies. Trauma care is well below U.S. standards; Belarus lacks the level of care and competence to deal with these injuries.

  • U.S. health insurance plans are not accepted in Belarus.
  • Ambulances are poorly equipped and unreliable.  It is not unusual to wait 30 minutes for an ambulance.
  • Consider purchasing medical evacuation insurance prior to traveling to Belarus.
  • There are no air ambulance services in Belarus. 
  • The government requires all visitors to purchase local health insurance. You may purchase the local health insurance at the points of entry. 
  • The medical emergency number for Belarus is 103

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

Medical Insurance: The government requires all visitors to purchase local health insurance. You may purchase the local health insurance at the points of entry. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Belarus, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs to ensure your  medication is legal in Belarus. Always carry your prescription medication in the original packaging with your doctor’s written prescription. 

The following diseases are prevalent: Tuberculosis (TB) is an increasingly serious health concern in Belarus. For further information, please consult the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) information on TB.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Generally, roads in Belarus are in good condition, but modern cars share the highways with tractors, horse-drawn carts, and pedestrians.

  • Driving under the influence is common despite a zero-tolerance driving under the influence law. 
  • Remain at the scene of an accident until police arrive, unless your personal safety is in danger.
  • Drive with caution at all times. Potholes, unlit or poorly lit streets, and dark-clothed pedestrian walking on roads are common dangers.
  • Drivers are expected to yield to pedestrians at road signs and intersections not controlled by traffic signals or road police.
  • Belarus has a toll system which requires payment for using certain identified roads in Belarus. Passenger motor vehicles registered outside the Eurasian Customs Union countries (Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia) must pay for use of a number of major roads. Detailed information regarding toll roads, distribution points, penalties for not paying tolls can be found at Bell Toll website

Traffic Laws:   

  • Fines vary for driving under the influence. Repeat offenders within 365 days may be subject to criminal prosecution and possibly sentenced for to up to six months in prison or up to two years of corrective labor.
  • Using hand-held mobile devices while driving is prohibited.   

Public Transportation: When traveling on public transportation of any kind, be wary of pickpocketing and other petty crime. There are several rental car agencies currently operating in Minsk; however, rental-car networks are not well developed.

  • Radio-dispatched taxi services are metered, generally reliable, arrive promptly, and usually offer the lowest fare.
  • Uber currently operates in Belarus.
  • The use of informal, unregistered taxis is not recommended.
  • Minsk has a clean, safe, and efficient subway system that reaches out of the city center. 

See our Road Safety page for more information. Visit the website of Belarus’ national tourist office and national authority responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Belarus, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Belarus’ Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
No
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Minsk

46 Starovilenskaya St.
Minsk 220002, Belarus
Telephone: +(375) (17) 210-1283
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(375) (29) 676-0134
Fax: +(375) (17) 334-7853 or +(375) (17) 217-7160 (consular section)

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General Information

For information concerning travel to Belarus, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Belarus.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

 

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Hague Abduction Convention

Belarus acceded to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) on January 12, 1998; however, the United States and Belarus are not yet treaty partners.  Until Belarus and the United States establish a treaty relationship per Article 38 of the Convention, parents whose children have been abducted from the United States to Belarus or wrongfully retained in Belarus are unable to invoke the Convention to pursue their children’s return or to seek access to them.

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Return

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  The government of Belarus maintains information about custody, visitation, and family law on the Internet here.  (The Code of the Republic of Belarus on Marriage and Family).  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Belarus and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances. 

The Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues provides assistance in cases of international parental child abduction.  For U.S. citizen parents whose children have been wrongfully removed to or retained in countries that are not U.S. partners under the Hague Abduction Convention, the Office of Children’s Issues can provide information and resources about country-specific options for pursuing the return of or access to an abducted child.  The Office of Children’s Issues may also coordinate with appropriate foreign and U.S. government authorities about the welfare of abducted U.S. citizen children.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance.

Contact information:

Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website: travel.state.gov/

 

Email: AskCI@state.gov 

Parental child abduction is not a crime in Belarus.  This is in accordance with the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, which is available here at (Russian only).

 

Parents may wish to consult with an attorney in the United States and in the country to which the child has been removed or retained to learn more about how filing criminal charges may impact a custody case in the foreign court.  Please see Possible Solutions - Pressing Criminal Charges for more information. 

 

 

 

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Visitation/Access

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Belarus and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.

The Office of Children’s Issues may be able to assist parents seeking access to children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States.   Parents who are seeking access to children who were not wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States should contact the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Belarus for information and possible assistance.

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Retaining an Attorney

Neither the Office of Children’s Issues nor consular officials at the U.S. Embassy or Consulates in Belarus are authorized to provide legal advice.

The U.S. Embassy in Minsk, Belarus, posts a list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms included in this list.  Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

Mediation is a possible remedy for both abduction and access cases. According to the Law on Mediation of the Republic of Belarus, Russian only), mediation is performed by a licensed mediator provided both parties agree to the process of mediation.  Mediation is voluntary. The registry of licensed mediators is maintained by the Ministry of Justice.  The Law on Mediation in Belarus will come into legal force on August 26, 2014.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
Yes
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Belarus is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations, as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Belarus.

PLEASE NOTE: The Government of Belarus has not processed any U.S. adoptions of Belarusian children since October 2004. The Government of Belarus changed its adoption procedures between 2004 and 2005, requiring an agreement of cooperation between the central authorities of a foreign state and the Republic of Belarus. The United States and Belarus have not entered into such agreement.

U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Belarus who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should contact Belarus’ Central Authority. See contact information below.

Please visit the Department’s Country Specific Information for more information on travelling to Belarus and the U.S. Embassy in Minsk website for information on consular services.

Belarus’ Adoption Authority
Belarusian National Adoption Center of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus.

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Who Can Adopt
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Who Can Be Adopted
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How to Adopt
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Traveling Abroad
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After Adoption
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Contact Information

U.S. Embassy in Belarus
46 Starovilenskaya St
Minsk, Belarus
220002
Tel: 375-17-2101283
Fax: 375-17-2177160
Email: ConsularMinsk@state.gov
Internet: https://by.usembassy.gov/embassy/minsk/

Belarus’s Adoption Authority
Belarusian National Adoption Center
Ms. Natalia Pospelova, Director
Platonova Str. 22, 11 th Floor
Minsk, BELARUS
Tel: 375-17-232-6701
Fax: 375-17-231-0617
Email: 7651042@tut.by

Embassy of Belarus
1619 New Hampshire Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20009
Tel: (202) 986-1606
fax: (202) 986-1805
Email: usa@mfa.gov.by  
Internet: usa.mfa.gov.by/

Belarus also has a Consulate at its UN Mission in New York

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street, N.W.
SA-29
Washington, D.C. 20520
Tel: 1-888-407-4747
Email: AdoptionUSCA@state.gov
Internet: adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
Internet: uscis.gov

For questions about filing a Form I-800A or I-800 petition:
National Benefits Center
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
Email: NBC.Adoptions@DHS.gov

Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
 
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 24 Months A
A-2 None Multiple 24 Months
A-3 1 None One 3 Months
B-1 None Multiple 12 Months
B-2 None Multiple 12 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-1 None Multiple 12 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 12 Months
C-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-3 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 12 Months
E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 12 Months
F-1 None Multiple 12 Months
F-2 None Multiple 12 Months
G-1 None Multiple 12 Months
G-2 None Multiple B 12 Months
G-3 None Multiple 12 Months
G-4 None Multiple 12 Months
G-5 1 None One 3 Months
H-1B None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-2A None N/A N/A3
H-2B None N/A N/A3
H-2R None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3
I None Multiple 12 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 12 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 12 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 12 Months
L-2 None Multiple 12 Months
M-1 None Multiple 12 Months
M-2 None Multiple 12 Months
N-8 None Multiple 12 Months
N-9 None Multiple 12 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 12 Months 3
R-1 None Multiple 12 Months
R-2 None Multiple 12 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Country Specific Footnotes

  1. Diplomatic couriers may be issued A-1 visas valid for multiple applications for entry within 12 months, or one entry for three months, depending on the request of the host government. A-1 TDY visas are valid for three months and one entry.

  2. G-2 applicants from Belarus who would otherwise be subject to INA 212(f) but are exempt for travel to the UN should receive a single-entry visa annotated with the phrase "Traveler to remain within a 25-mile radius of UN Headquarters, NYC."

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Civil documents, except as noted below, are available in Belarus. Certified copies as well as originals of available documents may be exported. The person to whom the record pertains obtains a certified copy at a local notary office, then has the document apostiled either at the Ministry of Justice (judicial records), the Ministry of Education (educational records), the Archive Committee (all archive records) or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (all other records). Alternatively, the notary's seal and signature may be authenticated at the Ministry of Justice, and then that seal may be authenticated at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In the U.S., Belarusian documents can be requested through the Belarusian Embassy in Washington, D.C. which is located at 1619 New Hampshire Ave., N.W. or the Consulate General in New York, 708 Third Avenue, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10017.

Some civil records were destroyed during World War II and may not be available. Local authorities generally will issue a certificate to that effect. A replacement statement of identity is also available from local authorities when a birth certificate is unavailable.

The Embassy in Minsk cannot assist in obtaining civil documents or verifying the accuracy of civil records in Belarus.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Death/Burial

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Divorce

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Adoption Certificates

Unavailable.

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Identity Card
  1. National passport (both an internal ID and travel document issued to all at the age of 14, or under the age of 14 for travel purposes),
  2. Foreigner's Residence Permit (Vid na Zhitel'stvo Inostrannogo Grazhdanina),
  3. Stateless Person's Residence Permit (Vid Na Zhitel'stvo Litsa Bez Grazhdanstva),
  4. Temporary Certification in Lieu of Passport (Spravka).

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Available for the period an applicant resided in Belarus. Applications should be made in person to the respective regional office of the Center for Information and Analysis of the Ministry of Interior. If an applicant lives outside Belarus, an application should be filed with the respective Belarusian diplomatic mission abroad. The maximum waiting period on applications made in the country is two weeks. For applications made abroad, there are no standard time limits.

Court Records

Unavailable.

Prison Records

Available for the period an applicant resided in Belarus. Applications should be made in person to the respective regional office of the Center for Information and Analysis of the Ministry of Interior. If an applicant lives outside Belarus, an application should be filed with the respective Belarusian diplomatic mission abroad. The maximum waiting period on applications made in the country is two weeks. For applications made abroad, there are no standard time limits.


Military Records

Available and mandatory for immigrant visa applicants except for those who have a PP series passport (passport of a citizen permanently residing abroad). According to Belarusian legislation, all Belarusian citizens residing abroad should exchange their MP (MC, KH, BM, HB, AB, KB) series passport for a PP series passport. To obtain the PP series passport, a Belarusian citizen must return his military record book, his labor record book and some other documents to the Belarusian state. Most travelers, however, continue to travel on their MP (MC, KH, BM, HB, AB, KB) series passport and should have their military records.

Passports & Other Travel Documents
  1. National passport is dark blue with the words "Republic of Belarus" and "Passport" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The seal of Belarus also appears on the front cover. The passport's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are beige, and, if held to the light, reflect the Cyrillic letters P and B for the Republic of Belarus, which are visible in a block pattern running horizontally and vertically. UV light reveals a picture of a fern leaf on each page. Older version of the passport has a glued-in picture, the current version has a digitalized image. Passport validity varies depending on the age of the passport holder in which the passport was issued: from one year to 55 years (if obtained at the age of 45). In mid 2012, Belarus began to issue 10 year validity passports only.
  2. Diplomatic passport is dark green with the words "Republic of Belarus" and "Diplomatic Passport" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The seal of Belarus also appears on the front cover. The passport's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are beige, and, if held to the light, reflect the Cyrillic letters P and B for the Republic of Belarus, which are visible in a block pattern running horizontally and vertically. UV light reveals a picture of a fern leaf on each page. Older version of the passport has a glued-in picture, the current version has a digitalized image.
  3. Official (service) passport is red burgundy with the words "Republic of Belarus" and "Official Passport" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The seal of Belarus also appears on the front cover. The passport's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are beige, and, if held to the light, reflect the Cyrillic letters P and B for the Republic of Belarus, which are visible in a block pattern running horizontally and vertically. UV light reveals a picture of a fern leaf on each page. Older version of the passport has a glued-in picture; the current version has a digitalized image.
  4. Travel Document is light brown with words "Republic of Belarus" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The document's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are light blue, and, if held to the light, reflect an image of a snowflake, which are visible in a bee cell pattern throughout the page. UV light reveals an ornamented page number in the middle of each page. Older version of the travel document has a glued-in picture; the current version has a digitalized image. The document is issued in lieu of the national passport to stateless persons residing in Belarus.

Other Records

Not applicable.

Visa Issuing Posts

Minsk, Belarus

PSC 78, Box B
APO AE 09723

Visa Services

Visas processing is limited to applicants over 70 and applicants for F, M and J visas. For more information on where to obtain a visa, please click here.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 986-1606 (202) 986-1805

New York, NY (212) 682-5392 (212) 682-5491

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Minsk
46 Starovilenskaya St.
Minsk 220002, Belarus
Telephone
+(375) (17) 210-1283
Emergency
+(375) (29) 676-0134
Fax
+(375) (17) 334-7853 or +(375) (17) 217-7160 (consular section)
Belarus Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

Country Information

Belarus
Republic of Belarus
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Embassy Messages

Minsk

 

Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

Must be valid for at least 3 months beyond scheduled departure date

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

Two blank pages when presented to Belarusian immigration authorities

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Yes, if planning to stay more than 5 calendar days or if you  enter or exit at border crossings other than the Minsk Airport. Please see below.

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

USD $10,000

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

USD $10,000

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Minsk

46 Starovilenskaya St.
Minsk 220002, Belarus
Telephone: +(375) (17) 210-1283
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(375) (29) 676-0134
Fax: +(375) (17) 334-7853 or +(375) (17) 217-7160 (consular section)

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Belarus for information on U.S. - Belarussian relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

As of February 12, 2017, visitors traveling to Belarus, entering through the international airport and staying for no more than 5 days, including the days of arrival and departure, do not need a visa.”

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that visa-free movement through the airport does not extend to persons coming from the Russian Federation or intending to fly to the airports of the Russian Federation,(such flights are considered internal flights and do not have border control restrictions).

Travelers using a diplomatic, official or service, and other special passports still require a visa.

U.S. citizens wishing to enter Belarus for five days without a visa must have:

  • a valid passport;
  • financial means: at least 25 Euro (or equal amount in dollars or Belarusian rubles) for each day of stay;
  • medical insurance of at least 10,000 Euros with coverage for all of Belarus

All U.S. citizens visiting more than seven calendar days or residing in Belarus are required to register with the local office of the Citizenship and Migration Department of the Ministry of Interior (formerly OVIR) within five business days of arrival. 

  • A passport and a visa are required to enter and transit Belarus, unless you are entering through the international airport and staying less than 5 calendar days
  • We recommend you obtain a visa prior to traveling to Belarus
  • Foreigners cannot stay more than 90 days a year on a temporary visa, starting the day they enter Belarus
  • Airport Visas may be obtained in some cases, but we recommend you obtain a visa prior to traveling. A consular officer at the airport has the authority to refuse a visa application without explanation. You will be deported if your application is refused. Visa fees are not refundable.
  • You must show proof of valid health insurance when applying for a visa. An original copy of the policy must be submitted to the consular officer at the time of visa application as proof of purchase. You should carry a copy of the policy with you at all times.

Visit the Belarusian Embassy web site for the latest visa information.

Transiting Schengen Countries: 

  • Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay if you plan on transiting a Schengen country.  
  • You will need sufficient proof of funds and a return airline ticket.
  • For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to Belarus on a 30-day visit. Long-term residents (more than 90 days a year) or students must obtain an HIV/AIDS test in Belarus and submit the results to the Department of Citizenship and Migration when applying for an extension of stay or residency in Belarus. Please verify this information with the Embassy of Belarus before you travel.

Find information on dual nationality, prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

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Safety and Security

Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks. All European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.

Demonstrations intended to be peaceful can sometimes become confrontational. For this reason, it is recommended that U.S. citizens avoid all demonstrations and protest gatherings.

  • Demonstrations, both organized and spontaneous, are infrequent in Belarus. Localized street disturbances relating to political events are more likely in Minsk or larger cities than in smaller towns and villages.
  • Authorities have used force to disperse demonstrators, including those who are peacefully demonstrating.
  • Bystanders, including foreign nationals, may face the possibility of arrest or detention.

Foreigners may be placed under surveillance. Hotel rooms, telephones, and fax machines may be monitored, and personal possessions in hotel rooms may be searched.

Taking photographs of anything that could be perceived as being of military or security interest may result in problems with authorities; these sites are not always clearly marked and application of these restrictions is subject to interpretation.

Crime: Belarus has a low rate of street crime. Violent crime against foreigners is rare; criminals have been known to use force if met with resistance from victims.

  • Common street crime, such as mugging and pickpocketing, occurs most frequently near public transportation venues, near hotels frequented by foreigners, and/or at night in poorly-lit areas.
  • Exercise caution when visiting night clubs because the drugging of drinks is not uncommon.
  • Prostitutes at hotels may attempt to open hotel room doors in search of customers.
  • Local and transnational organized criminal activity exists in Belarus. Most casinos and adult clubs are operated by criminal elements.
  • Theft of vehicle parts and car vandalism is common. Sport-utility and luxury vehicles tend to be the most sought-after. Parking in a secure area overnight is highly recommended.

Internet-Dating Schemes and Cyber-Crime: "Internet brides" are advertised on several websites and are not always legitimate. Often, potential suitors in the United States lose thousands of dollars when they send money to people they have never met and never hear from them again. A growing variant on this theme is: the suitor is invited to Belarus to visit a “friend,” who arranges lodging and transportation for him (at hugely inflated prices) and disappears when the money has changed hands.

Cyber-crime is well developed in Belarus. Merchandise orders with fraudulent credit cards, ID theft, hacking/blackmail schemes, and advance-fee fraud are gaining in popularity. If doing business with persons or firms in Belarus electronically, proceed with extreme caution.

  • Avoid using credit and debit cards, except at ATMs located inside major banks.
  • Electronic fraud is common at ATMs and grocery stores.
  • Please note that transferring funds from abroad, replacing stolen traveler's checks or airline tickets, or canceling credit cards can be difficult and time consuming, especially due to the lack of English-speaking tourist agencies and an undeveloped tourism industry in Belarus.

Counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines.

Sophisticated criminal investigations may be inconclusive because of a lack of resources and/or political will.

Harassment of U.S. citizens at border crossings has been reported. We recommend that you report any crimes immediately to the local police and to the U.S. Embassy in Minsk.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police by dialing 102 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +375-17-210-1283. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.

The local equivalents to the “911” emergency lines in Belarus are: 101 for Fire and Rescue Squad; 102 for Police; and 103 for Ambulance (Medical Emergency).

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical
  • support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. 

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Under local law, any agency that detains a foreigner should inform the local Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) within 24 hours from the time of detention. The MFA, in its turn, has to notify the respective embassy as soon as possible. The time of such notifications has varied from several hours to several weeks. Therefore, we recommend that if travelers have a chance to inform friends or relatives about their arrest, they should advise them to notify the U.S. Embassy as soon as possible on their behalf.

SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES

Currency:

  • Belarusian banks provide limited cash withdrawals in Belarusian rubles from major credit cards. Please see notes on cyber-crime, above, regarding security of ATMs.
  • Authorized currency exchange centers are widely available throughout major cities. 
  • It is a criminal offense to exchange payment in U.S. dollars to firms or individuals without a special license.
  • Only a few large firms are licensed to accept U.S. dollars. Travelers are advised to only use widely available licensed exchange locations.
  • ATMs are available for use, and it has become easier to use credit and debit cards.
  • There have been reports of U.S. citizens having their ATM or credit cards skimmed and then having money stolen from their account or finding fraudulent charges on their cards.

Identification: 

  • Non-Belarusian visitors should carry their passports at all times.
  • Police can stop you and request your identification. If you fail to provide your ID, you may be detained by the police until your identity is established.

Radiation:

  • The 1986 release of nuclear material from the Chernobyl nuclear station in Ukraine affected Belarus. The city of Minsk was mostly spared, but other areas of Belarus were badly contaminated. Several years of monitoring have shown that radiation levels in Minsk have not exceeded internationally acceptable standards, and periodic testing of foodstuffs from various locations in Belarus has not revealed a level of radiation that would be considered harmful.

Marriages in Belarus:

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: Same-sex relations are not illegal in Belarus, but discrimination against members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community is widespread, and harassment against LGBT individuals has occurred in the past. For more detailed information about LGBT rights in Belarus, you may review the State Department’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our  Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Many existing buildings as well as public transportation systems are less adapted to individuals with disabilities. Check ahead with your hotel/destination to learn more about options to accommodate disabled traveler needs before visiting Belarus.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

Medical care in Belarus is neither modern nor easily accessible. Hospitals and medical facilities in Belarus are below Western and U. S. standards and lack basic supplies. Trauma care is well below U.S. standards; Belarus lacks the level of care and competence to deal with these injuries.

  • U.S. health insurance plans are not accepted in Belarus.
  • Ambulances are poorly equipped and unreliable.  It is not unusual to wait 30 minutes for an ambulance.
  • Consider purchasing medical evacuation insurance prior to traveling to Belarus.
  • There are no air ambulance services in Belarus. 
  • The government requires all visitors to purchase local health insurance. You may purchase the local health insurance at the points of entry. 
  • The medical emergency number for Belarus is 103

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

Medical Insurance: The government requires all visitors to purchase local health insurance. You may purchase the local health insurance at the points of entry. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Belarus, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs to ensure your  medication is legal in Belarus. Always carry your prescription medication in the original packaging with your doctor’s written prescription. 

The following diseases are prevalent: Tuberculosis (TB) is an increasingly serious health concern in Belarus. For further information, please consult the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) information on TB.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Generally, roads in Belarus are in good condition, but modern cars share the highways with tractors, horse-drawn carts, and pedestrians.

  • Driving under the influence is common despite a zero-tolerance driving under the influence law. 
  • Remain at the scene of an accident until police arrive, unless your personal safety is in danger.
  • Drive with caution at all times. Potholes, unlit or poorly lit streets, and dark-clothed pedestrian walking on roads are common dangers.
  • Drivers are expected to yield to pedestrians at road signs and intersections not controlled by traffic signals or road police.
  • Belarus has a toll system which requires payment for using certain identified roads in Belarus. Passenger motor vehicles registered outside the Eurasian Customs Union countries (Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia) must pay for use of a number of major roads. Detailed information regarding toll roads, distribution points, penalties for not paying tolls can be found at Bell Toll website

Traffic Laws:   

  • Fines vary for driving under the influence. Repeat offenders within 365 days may be subject to criminal prosecution and possibly sentenced for to up to six months in prison or up to two years of corrective labor.
  • Using hand-held mobile devices while driving is prohibited.   

Public Transportation: When traveling on public transportation of any kind, be wary of pickpocketing and other petty crime. There are several rental car agencies currently operating in Minsk; however, rental-car networks are not well developed.

  • Radio-dispatched taxi services are metered, generally reliable, arrive promptly, and usually offer the lowest fare.
  • Uber currently operates in Belarus.
  • The use of informal, unregistered taxis is not recommended.
  • Minsk has a clean, safe, and efficient subway system that reaches out of the city center. 

See our Road Safety page for more information. Visit the website of Belarus’ national tourist office and national authority responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Belarus, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Belarus’ Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
No
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Minsk

46 Starovilenskaya St.
Minsk 220002, Belarus
Telephone: +(375) (17) 210-1283
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(375) (29) 676-0134
Fax: +(375) (17) 334-7853 or +(375) (17) 217-7160 (consular section)

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General Information

For information concerning travel to Belarus, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Belarus.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

 

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Hague Abduction Convention

Belarus acceded to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) on January 12, 1998; however, the United States and Belarus are not yet treaty partners.  Until Belarus and the United States establish a treaty relationship per Article 38 of the Convention, parents whose children have been abducted from the United States to Belarus or wrongfully retained in Belarus are unable to invoke the Convention to pursue their children’s return or to seek access to them.

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Return

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  The government of Belarus maintains information about custody, visitation, and family law on the Internet here.  (The Code of the Republic of Belarus on Marriage and Family).  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Belarus and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances. 

The Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues provides assistance in cases of international parental child abduction.  For U.S. citizen parents whose children have been wrongfully removed to or retained in countries that are not U.S. partners under the Hague Abduction Convention, the Office of Children’s Issues can provide information and resources about country-specific options for pursuing the return of or access to an abducted child.  The Office of Children’s Issues may also coordinate with appropriate foreign and U.S. government authorities about the welfare of abducted U.S. citizen children.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance.

Contact information:

Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website: travel.state.gov/

 

Email: AskCI@state.gov 

Parental child abduction is not a crime in Belarus.  This is in accordance with the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, which is available here at (Russian only).

 

Parents may wish to consult with an attorney in the United States and in the country to which the child has been removed or retained to learn more about how filing criminal charges may impact a custody case in the foreign court.  Please see Possible Solutions - Pressing Criminal Charges for more information. 

 

 

 

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Visitation/Access

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Belarus and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.

The Office of Children’s Issues may be able to assist parents seeking access to children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States.   Parents who are seeking access to children who were not wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States should contact the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Belarus for information and possible assistance.

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Retaining an Attorney

Neither the Office of Children’s Issues nor consular officials at the U.S. Embassy or Consulates in Belarus are authorized to provide legal advice.

The U.S. Embassy in Minsk, Belarus, posts a list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms included in this list.  Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

Mediation is a possible remedy for both abduction and access cases. According to the Law on Mediation of the Republic of Belarus, Russian only), mediation is performed by a licensed mediator provided both parties agree to the process of mediation.  Mediation is voluntary. The registry of licensed mediators is maintained by the Ministry of Justice.  The Law on Mediation in Belarus will come into legal force on August 26, 2014.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
Yes
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Belarus is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations, as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Belarus.

PLEASE NOTE: The Government of Belarus has not processed any U.S. adoptions of Belarusian children since October 2004. The Government of Belarus changed its adoption procedures between 2004 and 2005, requiring an agreement of cooperation between the central authorities of a foreign state and the Republic of Belarus. The United States and Belarus have not entered into such agreement.

U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Belarus who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should contact Belarus’ Central Authority. See contact information below.

Please visit the Department’s Country Specific Information for more information on travelling to Belarus and the U.S. Embassy in Minsk website for information on consular services.

Belarus’ Adoption Authority
Belarusian National Adoption Center of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus.

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Who Can Adopt
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Who Can Be Adopted
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How to Adopt
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Traveling Abroad
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After Adoption
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Contact Information

U.S. Embassy in Belarus
46 Starovilenskaya St
Minsk, Belarus
220002
Tel: 375-17-2101283
Fax: 375-17-2177160
Email: ConsularMinsk@state.gov
Internet: https://by.usembassy.gov/embassy/minsk/

Belarus’s Adoption Authority
Belarusian National Adoption Center
Ms. Natalia Pospelova, Director
Platonova Str. 22, 11 th Floor
Minsk, BELARUS
Tel: 375-17-232-6701
Fax: 375-17-231-0617
Email: 7651042@tut.by

Embassy of Belarus
1619 New Hampshire Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20009
Tel: (202) 986-1606
fax: (202) 986-1805
Email: usa@mfa.gov.by  
Internet: usa.mfa.gov.by/

Belarus also has a Consulate at its UN Mission in New York

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street, N.W.
SA-29
Washington, D.C. 20520
Tel: 1-888-407-4747
Email: AdoptionUSCA@state.gov
Internet: adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
Internet: uscis.gov

For questions about filing a Form I-800A or I-800 petition:
National Benefits Center
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
Email: NBC.Adoptions@DHS.gov

Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
 
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 24 Months A
A-2 None Multiple 24 Months
A-3 1 None One 3 Months
B-1 None Multiple 12 Months
B-2 None Multiple 12 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-1 None Multiple 12 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 12 Months
C-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-3 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 12 Months
E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 12 Months
F-1 None Multiple 12 Months
F-2 None Multiple 12 Months
G-1 None Multiple 12 Months
G-2 None Multiple B 12 Months
G-3 None Multiple 12 Months
G-4 None Multiple 12 Months
G-5 1 None One 3 Months
H-1B None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-2A None N/A N/A3
H-2B None N/A N/A3
H-2R None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3
I None Multiple 12 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 12 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 12 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 12 Months
L-2 None Multiple 12 Months
M-1 None Multiple 12 Months
M-2 None Multiple 12 Months
N-8 None Multiple 12 Months
N-9 None Multiple 12 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 12 Months 3
R-1 None Multiple 12 Months
R-2 None Multiple 12 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Country Specific Footnotes

  1. Diplomatic couriers may be issued A-1 visas valid for multiple applications for entry within 12 months, or one entry for three months, depending on the request of the host government. A-1 TDY visas are valid for three months and one entry.

  2. G-2 applicants from Belarus who would otherwise be subject to INA 212(f) but are exempt for travel to the UN should receive a single-entry visa annotated with the phrase "Traveler to remain within a 25-mile radius of UN Headquarters, NYC."

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Civil documents, except as noted below, are available in Belarus. Certified copies as well as originals of available documents may be exported. The person to whom the record pertains obtains a certified copy at a local notary office, then has the document apostiled either at the Ministry of Justice (judicial records), the Ministry of Education (educational records), the Archive Committee (all archive records) or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (all other records). Alternatively, the notary's seal and signature may be authenticated at the Ministry of Justice, and then that seal may be authenticated at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In the U.S., Belarusian documents can be requested through the Belarusian Embassy in Washington, D.C. which is located at 1619 New Hampshire Ave., N.W. or the Consulate General in New York, 708 Third Avenue, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10017.

Some civil records were destroyed during World War II and may not be available. Local authorities generally will issue a certificate to that effect. A replacement statement of identity is also available from local authorities when a birth certificate is unavailable.

The Embassy in Minsk cannot assist in obtaining civil documents or verifying the accuracy of civil records in Belarus.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Death/Burial

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Divorce

Available. Original certificates can be exported out of the country. However, Belarusian authorities recommend against exporting original documents, and suggest Belarusian emigrants obtain copies (Belarusian Form-DIZ) certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Copies can be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS).

Adoption Certificates

Unavailable.

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Identity Card
  1. National passport (both an internal ID and travel document issued to all at the age of 14, or under the age of 14 for travel purposes),
  2. Foreigner's Residence Permit (Vid na Zhitel'stvo Inostrannogo Grazhdanina),
  3. Stateless Person's Residence Permit (Vid Na Zhitel'stvo Litsa Bez Grazhdanstva),
  4. Temporary Certification in Lieu of Passport (Spravka).

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Available for the period an applicant resided in Belarus. Applications should be made in person to the respective regional office of the Center for Information and Analysis of the Ministry of Interior. If an applicant lives outside Belarus, an application should be filed with the respective Belarusian diplomatic mission abroad. The maximum waiting period on applications made in the country is two weeks. For applications made abroad, there are no standard time limits.

Court Records

Unavailable.

Prison Records

Available for the period an applicant resided in Belarus. Applications should be made in person to the respective regional office of the Center for Information and Analysis of the Ministry of Interior. If an applicant lives outside Belarus, an application should be filed with the respective Belarusian diplomatic mission abroad. The maximum waiting period on applications made in the country is two weeks. For applications made abroad, there are no standard time limits.


Military Records

Available and mandatory for immigrant visa applicants except for those who have a PP series passport (passport of a citizen permanently residing abroad). According to Belarusian legislation, all Belarusian citizens residing abroad should exchange their MP (MC, KH, BM, HB, AB, KB) series passport for a PP series passport. To obtain the PP series passport, a Belarusian citizen must return his military record book, his labor record book and some other documents to the Belarusian state. Most travelers, however, continue to travel on their MP (MC, KH, BM, HB, AB, KB) series passport and should have their military records.

Passports & Other Travel Documents
  1. National passport is dark blue with the words "Republic of Belarus" and "Passport" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The seal of Belarus also appears on the front cover. The passport's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are beige, and, if held to the light, reflect the Cyrillic letters P and B for the Republic of Belarus, which are visible in a block pattern running horizontally and vertically. UV light reveals a picture of a fern leaf on each page. Older version of the passport has a glued-in picture, the current version has a digitalized image. Passport validity varies depending on the age of the passport holder in which the passport was issued: from one year to 55 years (if obtained at the age of 45). In mid 2012, Belarus began to issue 10 year validity passports only.
  2. Diplomatic passport is dark green with the words "Republic of Belarus" and "Diplomatic Passport" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The seal of Belarus also appears on the front cover. The passport's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are beige, and, if held to the light, reflect the Cyrillic letters P and B for the Republic of Belarus, which are visible in a block pattern running horizontally and vertically. UV light reveals a picture of a fern leaf on each page. Older version of the passport has a glued-in picture, the current version has a digitalized image.
  3. Official (service) passport is red burgundy with the words "Republic of Belarus" and "Official Passport" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The seal of Belarus also appears on the front cover. The passport's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are beige, and, if held to the light, reflect the Cyrillic letters P and B for the Republic of Belarus, which are visible in a block pattern running horizontally and vertically. UV light reveals a picture of a fern leaf on each page. Older version of the passport has a glued-in picture; the current version has a digitalized image.
  4. Travel Document is light brown with words "Republic of Belarus" in English, Belarusian and Russian in gold lettering on the outside front cover. The document's number is perforated on the first 16 pages of the 32-page passport. The inside back page contains biographical data covered by a plastic laminate and the page appears to be machine-readable. The pages are light blue, and, if held to the light, reflect an image of a snowflake, which are visible in a bee cell pattern throughout the page. UV light reveals an ornamented page number in the middle of each page. Older version of the travel document has a glued-in picture; the current version has a digitalized image. The document is issued in lieu of the national passport to stateless persons residing in Belarus.

Other Records

Not applicable.

Visa Issuing Posts

Minsk, Belarus

PSC 78, Box B
APO AE 09723

Visa Services

Visas processing is limited to applicants over 70 and applicants for F, M and J visas. For more information on where to obtain a visa, please click here.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 986-1606 (202) 986-1805

New York, NY (212) 682-5392 (212) 682-5491

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Minsk
46 Starovilenskaya St.
Minsk 220002, Belarus
Telephone
+(375) (17) 210-1283
Emergency
+(375) (29) 676-0134
Fax
+(375) (17) 334-7853 or +(375) (17) 217-7160 (consular section)
Belarus Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.