Travel.State.Gov > International Travel > Country Information > Spain International Travel Information
U.S. Consulate General Barcelona
Paseo Reina Elisenda de Montcada, 23
08034 Barcelona, Spain
Telephone: (34) 93-280-2227
Emergency after-hours telephone: (34) 91-587-2200
Fax: (34) 93-280-6175
U.S. Consular Agency Fuengirola (Málaga)
Avenida Juan Gómez "Juanito", 8
Edificio Lucía 1º-C
29640 Fuengirola (Málaga), Spain
Telephone: (34) 95-247-4891
Fax: (34) 95-246-5189
U.S. Consular Agency Las Palmas
Calle Los Martinez de Escobar 3, Oficina 7
35007 Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain
Telephone: (34) 92-827-1259
Fax: (34) 92-822-5863
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Spain for information on U.S. – Spain relations.
Spain is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U.S. citizens may enter Spain for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. You must have sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet. Visit the Embassy of Spain website for the most current visa information.
HIV/AIDS RESTRICTIONS: The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Spain.
Spain’s open borders with its Western European neighbors allow the possibility for terrorists to enter and exit the country anonymously. Additionally, Spain’s enclaves in Melilla and Ceuta on the North African coast allow for entry into Spain from the African continent. Spain has taken robust actions to guard against terrorist attacks, including arrests of suspected extremists allegedly involved in terrorist plots. Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue to plot potential attacks in Europe, including Spain. All European countries remain vulnerable to attacks with little or no warning from transnational terrorist organizations or individuals inspired by extremist ideology. U.S. citizens are reminded to remain vigilant with regard to their personal security.
Demonstrations: Large, public demonstrations related to a variety of political and economic issues take place regularly throughout Spain.
Crime: Street crimes against U.S. citizens usually occur in the principal tourist areas across Spain. In particular, Madrid and Barcelona report frequent pickpocketing and theft, as well as occasional violent attacks, some of which have required the victim to seek medical attention.
Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of crimes, including sexual assault, should contact the local police at 112 immediately, and the U.S. Embassy at (34) 91-587-2200. Remember that the local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes. See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence should call the toll-free emergency number in Spain, 016, for assistance, and the U.S. Embassy in Madrid at (34) 91-587-2200. Remember that the local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes. For more information, see http://www.violenciagenero.msssi.gob.es/en/home.htm.
Tourism: The tourism industry is generally regulated and rules with regard to best practices and safety inspections are regularly enforced. Hazardous areas/activities generally are identified with appropriate signage and professional staff is typically on hand in support of organized activities. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy or Consulate General immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Students and Athletes: We want you to stay safe during your study abroad in Spain. There have been reports alleging sexual assaults by a representative of a tour operator based in Seville. According to media reports, this tour operator offered U.S. citizen students tours within and outside Spain and also recruited students to serve as interns to recruit other tour participants. Follow the tips below and exercise caution and good judgment to make your study-abroad experience a positive and safe one. If you are coming to Spain to participate in a sports program, please check with the Embassy of Spain that you have the correct visa to remain in the country during your program.
Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Spain. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Spanish law mandates access to buildings for persons with disabilities. The Spanish government generally enforces these provisions; levels of assistance and accessibility vary across Spain.
Good medical care is available in Spain, however; regulations regarding medications vary from those in the United States. Spanish regulations do not permit the international shipment of medication; do not ship medication from the United States to Spain. Spanish customs authorities will reject and return to the shipper medication mailed from the United States. This may cause a significant delay in receiving your medications.
Medications requiring prescriptions in the United States also require a local doctor’s prescription in Spain. In some instances, a medicine prescribed in the United States will not have a local equivalent. It is important that travelers research this on the European Agency for Medication website prior to travel.
Responsive and reliable emergency services can be contacted using the emergency services phone number, 112. Ambulances and other emergency vehicles are equipped with life support equipment.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas and you will need to secure private health coverage.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance (our webpage) to cover medical evacuation.
If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Embassy of Spain or the nearest Spanish consulate prior to your travel to ensure the medication is legal in Spain. Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety: Road conditions in Spain can differ significantly from those in the United States. Drivers and pedestrians should exercise increased caution, as traffic in Madrid and Barcelona is often faster-paced than in the United States and can be unnerving because of unfamiliar signs and traffic lights and different driving habits, including motorbikes weaving between traffic lanes.
Public Transportation: Public transportation in large Spanish cities is generally excellent.
Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the Government of Spain Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Spain’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Spain should check U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at www.marad.dot.gov/msci. Information may also be posted on the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website, and on the NGA broadcast warnings website where you can view “broadcast warnings.”