Birth of U.S. Citizens and Non-Citizen Nationals Abroad

COVID-19 Update: Know Before You Apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad

We are temporarily unable to process Consular Reports of Birth Abroad due to COVID-19-related restrictions.  If you are currently overseas with a newborn and have an urgent need to travel or require proof of citizenship for your child, please contact the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate to apply for an emergency passport.

Last Updated: May 29, 2020

If you are a U.S. citizen (or non-citizen national) and have a child overseas, you should report their birth at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as possible so that a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) can be issued as an official record of the child’s claim to U.S. citizenship or nationality.

CRBAs are issued to both U.S. citizens and non-citizen nationals. A CRBA is not intended to serve as proof of the identity of the child’s legal parents. Therefore, in general, the name or names listed on the CRBA are the U.S. national’s parent(s) and have a biological connection to the child. A second parent may be listed on the CRBA if the second parent demonstrates a legal parental relationship to the child under local law. The CRBA does not, however, serve as a record of that individual’s status.

For instructions on how to apply for a CRBA, please check the webpage for the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate in the country where your child was born and navigate to the American Citizens Service section.


Learn more about the CRBA

  • The Department only issues CRBAs to children born abroad who acquired U.S. citizenship or nationality at birth and, in general, are under the age of 18 at the time of the application.
  • The U.S. embassy or consulate will provide one original copy of an eligible child’s CRBA.
  • You may replace, amend or request additional copies of a CRBA at any time.
  • Individuals who acquired U.S. nationality by virtue of their birth in one of the following current or former territories or outlying possessions of the United States during the relevant time periods below are not eligible for a CRBA because these individuals are not considered to have been born abroad. When applying for a U.S. passport, individuals born in these locations during the relevant times may establish acquisition of U.S. nationality, based upon the applicable agreement or statute, by producing their birth certificate issued from the local vital records office along with any other evidence required to establish acquisition. 
  • The locations and time periods include:
    •     Puerto Rico after April 10, 1899
    •     U.S. Virgin Islands after January 16, 1917
    •     American Samoa after February 15, 1900
    •     Guam after December 23, 1952
    •     Swains Island after March 3, 1925
    •     The Panama Canal Zone before October 1, 1979
    •     The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands after January 8, 1978 (8PM EST)
    •    The Philippines before July 4, 1946