See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Estonia for information on U.S. - Estonian relations.
HIV/AIDS Restrictions: The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Estonia.
Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks. However, all European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.
Spontaneous demonstrations take place in Estonia from time to time in response to world events or local developments. We remind U.S. citizens that even demonstrations intended to be peaceful can turn confrontational and possibly escalate into violence. U.S. citizens are therefore urged to avoid the areas of demonstrations if possible, and to exercise caution if within the vicinity of any demonstrations. U.S. citizens should stay current with media coverage of local events and be aware of their surroundings at all times. Information regarding demonstrations in Estonia can be found on the U.S. Embassy Estonia website.
You are required by law to wear small reflectors on clothing during the dark, winter months in Estonia.Fines for refusing to wear the reflectors range from $50 to $500 USD.
Crime: Estonia is a relatively safe country, although petty crime in Tallinn’s Old Town is an ongoing concern.
Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police at 112, and contact the U.S. Embassy at +(372) 668-8128. For social welfare emergencies, such as domestic violence or child abuse, dial 112 (English-speaking operators are available). Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
The local equivalent to the “911” emergency line for police, ambulance, or fire in Estonia is 112. Many, but not all, operators speak English.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the embassy for assistance.
For further information:
In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines. The Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Division in the U.S. Department of Justice has more information on this serious problem.
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested, you should ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Special Circumstances: Estonia is part of the Eurozone and only euros are accepted.
Contact the Embassy of Estonia in Washington for specific information regarding customs requirements.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Estonia. Estonian law prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, or other personal characteristics, and the government generally respects these prohibitions. While the law is not specific regarding the forms of sexual orientation and gender identity covered, in practice all are understood to be included. Despite this, many Estonian LGBTI activists report the authorities are unwilling to aggressively prosecute possible misdemeanors under laws involving incitement to hatred.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Estonian law requires that most new public buildings and others with community space (e.g., shopping centers) be accessible for persons with disabilities. However, many older buildings are not required to meet these requirements. In general, public transport is not accommodating to people with mobility disabilities, although select Tallinn public buses, trams, and trolleys are specially equipped to assist persons in wheelchairs.
The English-language website of the Estonian visitor’s bureau contains general information for disabled visitors, with specific information for visually-impaired travelers and those using wheelchairs. In addition, general accessibility information for hotels and other accommodations in Estonia is available.
An Estonian advocacy group for the disabled, Freedom of Movement (Liikumisvabadus), has a site that provides specific accessibility ratings for hundreds of businesses and public buildings in Estonia, as well as other useful information.
Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.
Medical care in Estonia falls short of Western standards outside the larger cities such as Tallinn, Tartu, and Pärnu. Many medical professionals in Estonia are highly-trained, but some hospitals and clinics still suffer from a lack of equipment and resources. Many doctors speak at least some English.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. See the Embassy of Estonia website for proof of health insurance requirements.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
The following diseases are prevalent:
HIV prevalence in Estonia is among the highest in the European Union. Estonia’s epidemic is largely concentrated in Tallinn and Ida-Viru county in the northeast. While transmission from intravenous drug use remains the main infection route, sexual transmission rates are growing, 6% of sex workers are estimated to be HIV infected.
For more information, please see our medical insurance overseas page.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety: If you plan to drive in Estonia, you must have both your valid U.S. driver’s license and a valid International Driving Permit (IDP), which you can obtain from either the American Automobile Association (AAA) or the American Automobile Touring Alliance before departing the United States.
Traffic Laws: Driving while intoxicated is a very serious offense and carries heavy penalties.
Public Transportation: Public transportation is generally considered safe, but travelers are encouraged to select well-marked taxis.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Estonia, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Estonia’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Estonia should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website and the NGA broadcast warnings website (select “broadcast warnings”).