Travel.State.Gov > Intercountry Adoption > Country Information > Chad Intercountry Adoption Information
Reconsider travel to Chad due to crime, terrorism, and minefields.
Violent crimes, such as armed robbery, carjacking, and muggings, have been reported. There was a significant increase in these crimes in 2018. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting foreigners, local security forces, and civilians. They can easily cross borders, including in the Lake Chad region; borders may close without notice.
There are unmapped and undocumented minefields along the borders with both Libya and Sudan.
The U.S. government has extremely limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in Chad as U.S. government employees must obtain special authorization to travel outside of the capital, including the Lake Chad Basin.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page
If you decide to travel to Chad:
· Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.
Last Update: Reissued after periodic review with minor edits.
Chad is not a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention). Under the Intercountry Adoption Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 (UAA), which became effective on July 14, 2014, the accreditation requirement and standards, which previously only applied in Convention cases, now also apply in non-Convention (“orphan”) cases under section 101(b)(1)(F) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. The UAA requires that an accredited or approved adoption service provider acts as a primary provider in every case, and that adoption service providers providing adoption services on behalf of prospective adoptive parents be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider. Adoption service providers and prospective adoptive parents should review the State Department’s Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 webpage for further information. Intercountry adoptions of children from non-Convention countries continue to be processed under the Orphan Process with the filing of the Forms I-600A and I-600. However, adoption service providers should be aware of the information on the USCIS website on the impact on Form I-600A and Form I-600 adjudications under the UAA, including the requirement that all home studies, including home study updates and amendments, comply with the Convention home study requirements, which differ from the orphan home study requirements that were in effect before July 14, 2014.
Chad is not considered a country of origin for intercountry adoption. While adoption is legally possible, children from Chad are not generally placed for intercountry adoption. No child from Chad has received a U.S. adoption immigrant visa relating to an intercountry adoption in the past five fiscal years. The information provided is intended primarily to assist in extremely rare adoption cases from Chad, including adoptions of Chad’s children by relatives in the United States, as well as adoptions from third countries by U.S. citizens living in Chad.
U.S. citizens interested in adopting children from Chad should contact the adoption authority of Chad to inquire about applicable laws and procedures. U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Chad who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact Chad’s adoption authority. See contact information below.
The Government of Chad does allow intercountry adoptions, however, prospective adoptive parents should be aware that the lack of clear legal procedures for adopting in Chad can, and often does, result in protracted, difficult, and expensive adoption proceedings. Presently two sorts of adoptions are available in Chad; adoption simple and adoption pleinière. The adoption simple appears to be a form of traditional adoption whereby parents who are not able to provide for their child(ren) allow them to live with locally-based adoptive parents who can provide for the child(ren). The adoption simple does not allow the adoptive parents to change the adoptive child’s legal name. An adoption pleinière appears to be a fuller and more finalized form of adoption in Chad. The adoption pleinière does permit adoptive parents to change their adoptive child’s legal name. Prospective adoptive parents should not consider an adoption simple as final or irrevocable for custody and immigration purposes. Chad’s Tribunal de la Première Instance appears to have final jurisdiction when determining adoption cases for immigration and custody purposes. All questions should be directed to the Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice at +220.127.116.11.67.
Caution: Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are eligible for adoption. In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when this becomes possible. In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to the adoption of their child(ren).
Please visit the Department of State’s Country Specific Information for more information on travelling to Chad and the U.S. Embassy N’Djamena’s website for information on consular services.
To bring an adopted child to the United States from Chad, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements. USCIS determines who is suitable and eligible to adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law.
Additionally, a child must meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States with an IR-3 or IR-4 immigrant visa.
U.S. Embassy in Chad
Avenue Felix Eboue
Tel: +(235) 2251-62-11, 2251-70-09, 2251-77-59, 2251-90-52, 2251-92-18 and 2251-92-33
Fax: +(235) 2251-56-54
Chad’s Adoption Authority
Ministry of Justice
Embassy of Chad
2401 Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC 20008
Tel: (202) 652-1312
Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20522-1709
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about filing a Form I-800A application or a Form I-800 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center (NBC):
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-913-275-5480 (local); Fax: 1- 913-214-5808
For general questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS Contact Center
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
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