Exercise increased caution in Togo due to crime and civil unrest
Violent crime, such as carjacking, is common. Organized criminal activity, such as armed robbery, is also common. Criminals themselves are sometimes targeted for vigilante justice or lynching.
There are frequent demonstrations in Togo, during which protesters and security force members have been injured, and some killed. Police have used tear gas to disperse demonstrations that caused traffic disruptions in city centers and along National Route 1, and arrested demonstrators. Security forces have at times used excessive force to disperse crowds. Authorities have interrupted internet and cellular data services during past protests, making communication difficult and unpredictable.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Togo:
Togo is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Convention countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations, as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Togo.
There are two types of adoptions in Togo: plenary (irrevocable) and simple (revocable). Only plenary adoptions are valid for immigration purposes. Since February 1, 2010, all new adoption cases in Togo must be completed under the Hague Adoption Convention process.
Note: Special transition provisions apply to adoptions initiated before February 1, 2010. Read about Transition Cases.
To bring an adopted child to the United States from Togo, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements. USCIS determines who is suitable and eligible to adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law.
Additionally, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States with an IH-3 or IH-4 immigrant visa.
In addition to the U.S. requirements, prospective adoptive parents need to meet Togo’s requirements to adopt a child from Togo:
Because Togo is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, children from Togo must meet the requirements of the Convention in order to be eligible for adoption. For example, the Convention requires that Togo attempt to place a child with a family in-country before determining that a child is eligible for intercountry adoption. In addition to Togo's requirements, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee for you to bring him or her back to the United States.
In order to be eligible for adoption under Togolese law, a child must have been pronounced abandoned or relinquished by the Togolese Lower Court.
WARNING: Togo is party to the Hague Adoption Convention. Do not adopt or obtain legal custody of a child in Togo before a U.S. consular officer issues an “Article 5 Letter” in the case. Read on for more information.
Ministère de l'Action Sociale et de la Solidarité Nationale
Comité National d'Adoption d'Enfants au Togo (CNAET) - National Adoption Committee for Children in Togo.
Note: If you have an approved, unexpired Form I-600A or filed a Form I-600 filed before February 1, 2010, your adoption may be considered a transition case. For more information, read about Transition Cases.
Because Togo is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, adopting from Togo must follow a specific process designed to meet the Convention’s requirements. A brief summary of the Convention adoption process is given below. You must complete these steps in the following order to meet all necessary legal requirements. Adoptions completed out of order may result in the child not being eligible for an immigrant visa to the United States.
The recommended first step in adopting a child from Togo is to select an adoption service provider in the United States that has been accredited or approved to provide services to U.S. citizens in Convention cases. Only accredited or approved adoption services providers may act as the primary provider in your case. The primary adoption service provider is responsible for ensuring that all adoption services in the case are done in accordance with the Hague Adoption Convention and U.S. laws and regulations. Learn more about Agency Accreditation.
After you choose an accredited or approved adoption service provider, you must apply to be found eligible to adopt by the responsible U.S. government agency, the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), by submitting Form I-800A. Read more about Eligibility Requirements.
Once USCIS determines that you are “eligible” and “suited” to adopt by approving the Form I-800A, your adoption service provider will provide your approval notice, home study, and any other required information to the adoption authority in Togo as part of your adoption dossier. Togo’s adoption authority will review your application to determine whether you are also eligible to adopt under Togo’s law.
If both the United States and Togo determine that you are eligible to adopt, and the central authority for Convention adoptions has determined that a child is available for adoption and that intercountry adoption is in that child’s best interests, the Comité National d’Adoption des Enfants au Togo (CNAET) may provide you with a referral for a child. The referral is a proposed match between you and a specific child based on a review of your dossier and the needs of a specific child in Togo. The CNAET will provide a background study and other information, if available, about the child to help you decide whether to accept the referral or not. Each family must decide for itself whether or not it will be able to meet the needs and provide a permanent home for a particular child. If you accept the referral, the adoption service provider communicates that to the adoption authority in Togo. Learn more about this critical decision.
After you accept a match with a child, you will apply to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for provisional approval for the child to immigrate to the United States (Form I-800). USCIS will make a provisional determination as to whether the child meets the definition of a Convention Adoptee and will be eligible to enter the United States and reside permanently as an immigrant.
After provisional approval of Form I-800, your adoption service provider or you will submit a visa application to the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy in Lome, Togo, that is responsible for issuing immigrant visas to children from Togo. A consular officer will review the Form I-800 and the visa application for possible visa ineligibilities and advise you of options for the waiver of any noted ineligibilities.
WARNING: The consular officer will send a letter (referred to as an “Article 5 Letter”) to Togo’s Central Authority in any intercountry adoption involving U.S. citizen parents and a child from Togo where all Convention requirements are met and the consular officer determines that the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States. This letter will inform the Togo’s Central Authority that the parents are eligible and suited to adopt, that all indications are that the child may enter and reside permanently in the United States, and that the U.S. Central Authority agrees that the adoption may proceed.
Do not attempt to adopt or obtain custody of a child in Togo before a U.S. consular officer issues the Article 5 Letter in any adoption case.
Remember: The consular officer will make a final decision about a child’s eligibility for an immigrant visa later in the adoption process.
Note: The Togolese government will not issue a Togolese passport or identity card to your child after an adoption is finalized, and the United States cannot issue a U.S. passport until your child has entered the United States. Therefore, in order for your child to travel, you will need to apply for and receive a Togolese identity card and passport before the adoption process is completed.
In order for your child to travel once the adoption is complete, they will need travel documents. Please note: The Togolese government will not issue a Togolese passport or identity card to your child once an adoption is finalized, and the United States cannot issue a U.S. passport until your child has entered the United States. In order for your child to travel, you will need to apply for and receive a Togolese passport and identification card before the adoption process is completed.
Your child is not yet a U.S. citizen, so he/she will need a travel document. To apply for a passport, your child needs to have a Togolese identity card. To apply for the card, you will need to present:
Applications are accepted Monday through Friday from 7:30 at Commissariat Central. Once the Identity Card is issued, you may apply for a passport for the child.
To apply for your child’s passport, you will need to present:
Applications can be dropped off between 7:30 a.m. and noon and 2:30 p.m. and 5 p.m., Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at:
Direction Générale de la documentation Nationale
Service des Passeports
01 BP 4871
Adopt (or obtain legal custody) of child in Togo:
Remember: Before you adopt (or obtain legal custody of) a child in Togo, you must have completed the above four steps. Only after completing these steps, can you proceed to finalize the adoption or grant of custody for the purposes of adoption in Togo.
The process for finalizing the adoption (or obtaining legal custody) in Togo generally includes the following:
Note: CNAET will not accept simple or scanned copies of documents. All documents will have to be either originals or certified copies of the originals and should be accompanied by a French translation. You or your adoption service provider may choose to use a private translator or the CNAET translator. The current local cost for translation is CFA 10,000 ($20) per page and remains the same from one translator to another. A list of private translators is available on the website of the U.S. Embassy in Lomé. The CNAET translator’s fee should be paid in local currency via money transfer to the CNAET translator directly. Information about the translator is available from CNAET.
The adoption application must include:
Note: Additional documents may be requested.
Now that your adoption is complete, there are a few more steps to take before you can head home. Specifically, you need to apply for three documents before your child can travel to the United States:
If you have finalized the adoption in Togo, you will firstneed to apply for a birth certificate for your child so that you can later apply for a passport.
If you have been granted custody for the purpose of adopting the child in the United States, the birth certificate you obtain will, in most cases, not yet include your name.
To receive a new birth certificate for your child, submit the adoption decree to the “etat-civil” of the city where the adoption took place. There will be a CFA 5,000 (approximately $10) fee. It takes about one week to receive a new birth certificate (Acte de Naissance).
Your child is not yet a U.S. citizen, so he/she will need a travel document or passport from Togo. As noted above, an identity card and Togolese passport must be obtained before the adoption is complete. See instructions above.
U.S. Immigrant Visa
After you obtain the new birth certificate and passport for your child, you also need to finalize your application for a U.S. visa for your child from the U.S. Embassy in Lome, Togo. After the adoption is granted, visit the U.S Embassy for final review of the case, issuance of a U.S. Hague Adoption Certificate or Hague Custody Certificate, final approval of Form I-800, and to obtain your child’s immigrant visa. This immigrant visa allows your child to travel home with you. As part of this process, the consular officer must be provided the “panel physician’s” medical report on the child if it was not provided during the provisional approval stage. Read more about the Medical Examination.
Child Citizenship Act
For adoptions finalized abroad prior to the child’s entry into the United States: A child will acquire U.S. citizenship upon entry into the United States if the adoption was finalized prior to entry and the child otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.
U.S. citizens are required by law to enter and depart the United States on a valid U.S. passport. Only the U.S. Department of State has the authority to grant, issue, or verify U.S. passports.
Getting or renewing a passport is easy. The Passport Application Wizard will help you determine which passport form you need, help you to complete the form online, estimate your payment, and generate the form for you to print—all in one place.
In addition to a U.S. passport, you may also need to obtain a visa. A visa is an official document issued by a foreign country that formally allows you to visit. Where required, visas are affixed to your passport and allow you to enter a foreign nation. To find information about obtaining a visa for Togo, see the Department of State’s Country Specific Information.
Before you travel, it is always a good practice to investigate the local conditions, laws, political landscape, and culture of the country. The Department of State provides Country Specific Information for every country of the world about various issues, including the health conditions, crime, unusual currency or entry requirements, and any areas of instability.
When traveling during the adoption process, we encourage you to enroll with the Department of State. Enrollment makes it possible to contact you if necessary. Whether there is a family emergency in the United States or a crisis in Togo, enrollment assists the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in reaching you.
Enrollment is free and can be done online via the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).
Post-Adoption/Post-Placement Reporting Requirements
For the first three years after an adoption, the CNAET requires the adoption agency to submit an annual report concerning the child’s well-being. Thereafter, until the child reaches 18 years, reports are due based on the following schedule: after the sixth year after adoption (three years after the third report), the 11th year after adoption (four years after the fourth report), and the 16th year after adoption (five years after the fifth report). The adoption agency should transmit the reports directly to the CNAET; alternatively, the CNAET will address the request through the U.S. Central Authority.
We urge you to comply with Togo’s post-adoption requirements in a timely manner. Your adoption agency may be able to help you with this process. Your cooperation will contribute to that country’s history of positive experiences with U.S. citizen parents.
Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and private nonprofit post-adoption services available for children and their families. There are also numerous adoptive family support groups and adoptee organizations active in the United States that provide a network of options for adoptees who seek out other adoptees from the same country of origin. Take advantage of all the resources available to your family, whether it is another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services.
Here are some places to start your support group search:
Note: Inclusion of non-U.S. government
U.S. Embassy in Togo
Address: 4332 Blvd. Eyadema
Tel: (228) 22 61 54 70.79
Fax: (228) 22 61 55 01
Consular Fax: (228) 261 54 99
Togo’s Adoption Authority
Comite National d’Adoption des Enfants au Togo (CNAET)
Tel. (228) 22 20 47 03
Tel: (228) 22 39 98 90
Fax: (228) 22 20 47 03
Embassy of Togo
Address: Embassy of the Republic of Togo, 2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008;
Tel: (202) 234-4212
Fax: (202) 232-3190
Togo also has consulates in: New York, NY, and Chatsworth, CA.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
For questions about filing a Form I-800A or I-800 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
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