Travel.State.Gov > Intercountry Adoption > Country Information > Turkey Intercountry Adoption Information
Exercise increased caution when traveling to Turkey due to terrorism and arbitrary detentions. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.
Do not travel to:
Reconsider travel to:
Terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Turkey. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, local government facilities, hotels, clubs, restaurants, places of worship, parks, major sporting and cultural events, educational institutions, airports, and other public areas. Terrorists have also previously targeted Western tourists and expatriates.
Security forces have detained tens of thousands of individuals, including U.S. citizens, for alleged affiliations with terrorist organizations based on scant or secret evidence and grounds that appear to be politically motivated. U.S. citizens have also been subject to travel bans that prevent them from departing Turkey. Participation in demonstrations not explicitly approved by the Government of Turkey, as well as criticism of the government, including on social media, can result in arrest.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Turkey:
Areas near the Syrian and Iraqi Borders – Level 4: Do Not Travel
Do not travel near the Turkey/Syria and Turkey/Iraq borders due to the continued threat of attacks by terrorist groups, armed conflict, and civil unrest. Terrorist attacks, including suicide bombings, ambushes, car bomb detonations, and improvised explosive devices, as well as shootings, and illegal roadblocks leading to violence have occurred in these areas.
Specific Areas in Eastern and Southeastern Turkey – Level 3: Reconsider Travel
Reconsider travel to specific areas in eastern and southeastern Turkey where the U.S. government has very limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens. These areas are the provinces of Batman, Bingol, Bitlis, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Hakkari, Hatay, Kilis, Mardin, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sirnak, Tunceli, and Van, as the U.S. government restricts its employees from traveling to these provinces without prior approval.
Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.
Last Update: Reissued after periodic review with updates to a risk indicator and the Travel Advisory Level.
Turkey is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations; as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Turkey.
Adoptions from Turkey by foreign nationals are rare. Turkey gives priority to Turkish residents. Children available for intercountry adoption are generally older and special needs children. Prospective adoptive parents, including Turkish-U.S. citizen dual nationals, Turkish relatives in the United States, and U.S. citizens living in Turkey, should contact Turkey’s Adoption Authority, listed below, for applicable laws and procedures.
Note: Turkish law requires prospective adoptive parents to spend a year caring for and bonding with the child in Turkey prior to finalizing the adoption. Although Turkish law allows for a child to leave Turkey during the one-year bonding period,the prospective adoptive family is not granted legal custody during this period. Since Turkey does not provide grants of custody during this bonding period, prospective adoptive parents are expected to remain in Turkey until the bonding period is over and the adoption is finalized.
The recommended first step in adopting a child from Turkey is to select an adoption service provider in the United States that has been accredited or approved to provide services to U.S. citizens in Convention cases. Only accredited or approved adoption services providers may act as the primary provider in your case. The primary adoption service provider is responsible for ensuring that all adoption services in the case are done in accordance with The Hague Adoption Convention and U.S. laws and regulations. Learn more about Agency Accreditation.
WARNING: Do not attempt to adopt or obtain custody of a child in Turkey before a U.S. consular officer issues the Article 5 Letter in any adoption case. If you bypass the Hague adoption process you are required to spend two years with the child in Turkey before the child qualifies for an IR-2 Immigrant Visa. The Consular Officer will send the letter to Turkey’s Central Authority in any intercountry adoption involving U.S. citizen parents and a child from Turkey where all Convention requirements are met and the consular officer determines that the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States. This letter will inform Turkey’s Central Authority that the parents are eligible and suited to adopt, that all indications are that the child may enter and reside permanently in the United States, and that the U.S. Central Authority agrees that the adoption may proceed.
Remember: The Consular Officer will make a final decision about a child’s eligibility for an immigrant visa later in the adoption process.
Turkey’s Adoption Authority:
Ministry of Family and Social Policies
General Directorate of Children’s Services
Eskişehir Yolu Söğütözü Mah.
2177 Sokak No:10/A Kat.10.11.12.13
Çankaya, Ankara 06510
To bring an adopted child to the United States from Turkey, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements. USCIS determines who is suitable and eligible to adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law.
Additionally, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States with an IH-3 or IH-4 immigrant visa.
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