Travel.State.Gov > Intercountry Adoption > Country Information > Turkey Intercountry Adoption Information
Reconsider travel to Turkey due to terrorism and arbitrary detentions. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.
Do not travel to:
Areas along the Turkey-Syria border and the southeastern provinces of Hatay, Kilis, Gaziantep, Sanliurfa, Sirnak, Diyarbakir, Van, Siirt, Mus, Mardin, Batman, Bingol, Tunceli, Hakkari, and Bitlis due to terrorism.
Terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Turkey. Terrorist organizations explicitly target Western tourists and expatriates for kidnapping and assassination. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, local government facilities, hotels, clubs, restaurants, places of worship, parks, major sporting and cultural events, educational institutions, airports, and other public areas.
Under the State of Emergency, security forces have detained tens of thousands of individuals, including U.S. citizens, suspected of affiliation with alleged terrorist organizations based on scant or secret evidence and grounds that appear to be politically motivated. U.S. citizens have also been subject to travel bans that prevent them from departing Turkey.
Participation in gatherings, protests, and demonstrations not explicitly approved by the Government of Turkey can result in arrest.
The U.S. government subjects its personnel in Turkey to certain security restrictions that are subject to change.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Turkey:
Southeast Turkey and the Syrian Border – Level 4: Do Not Travel
Southeastern Turkey, including the provinces of Hatay, Kilis, Gaziantep, Sanliurfa, Sirnak, Diyarbakir, Van, Siirt, Mus, Mardin, Batman, Bingol, Tunceli, Hakkari, and Bitlis, is vulnerable to terrorist activities. Terrorist attacks, including suicide bombings, ambushes, car bomb detonations, improvised explosive devices, as well as kidnappings for ransom, shootings, roadblocks, and violent demonstrations have occurred in these areas.
Do not to travel to the large urban centers near the Turkish/Syrian border due to the continued threat of attacks by terrorist groups based in both Turkey and Syria. The government of Turkey prohibits border crossings from Syria into Turkey, even if the traveler previously entered Syria from Turkey.
The U.S. government has very limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens traveling in southeastern Turkey as the U.S. government restricts its employees from traveling to the region.
Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.
Turkey is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations; as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Turkey.
Adoptions from Turkey by foreign nationals are rare. Turkey gives priority to Turkish residents. Children available for intercountry adoption are generally older and special needs children. Prospective adoptive parents, including Turkish-U.S. citizen dual nationals, Turkish relatives in the United States, and U.S. citizens living in Turkey, should contact Turkey’s Adoption Authority, listed below, for applicable laws and procedures.
Note: Turkish law requires prospective adoptive parents to spend a year caring for and bonding with the child in Turkey prior to finalizing the adoption. Although Turkish law allows for a child to leave Turkey during the one-year bonding period,the prospective adoptive family is not granted legal custody during this period. Since Turkey does not provide grants of custody during this bonding period, prospective adoptive parents are expected to remain in Turkey until the bonding period is over and the adoption is finalized.
The recommended first step in adopting a child from Turkey is to select an adoption service provider in the United States that has been accredited or approved to provide services to U.S. citizens in Convention cases. Only accredited or approved adoption services providers may act as the primary provider in your case. The primary adoption service provider is responsible for ensuring that all adoption services in the case are done in accordance with The Hague Adoption Convention and U.S. laws and regulations. Learn more about Agency Accreditation.
WARNING: Do not attempt to adopt or obtain custody of a child in Turkey before a U.S. consular officer issues the Article 5 Letter in any adoption case. If you bypass the Hague adoption process you are required to spend two years with the child in Turkey before the child qualifies for an IR-2 Immigrant Visa. The Consular Officer will send the letter to Turkey’s Central Authority in any intercountry adoption involving U.S. citizen parents and a child from Turkey where all Convention requirements are met and the consular officer determines that the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States. This letter will inform Turkey’s Central Authority that the parents are eligible and suited to adopt, that all indications are that the child may enter and reside permanently in the United States, and that the U.S. Central Authority agrees that the adoption may proceed.
Remember: The Consular Officer will make a final decision about a child’s eligibility for an immigrant visa later in the adoption process.
Turkey’s Adoption Authority:
Ministry of Family and Social Policies
General Directorate of Children’s Services
Eskişehir Yolu Söğütözü Mah.
2177 Sokak No:10/A Kat.10.11.12.13
Çankaya, Ankara 06510
To bring an adopted child to the United States from Turkey, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements. USCIS determines who is suitable and eligible to adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law.
Additionally, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States with an IH-3 or IH-4 immigrant visa.
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