Below is the limited adoption information that the Department has obtained from the adoption authority of Guinea-Bissau. U.S. citizens adopting children in rare adoption cases from Guinea-Bissau, as well as U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Guinea-Bissau who would like to adopt from the United States or from a third country, should contact the adoption authority of Guinea-Bissau to inquire about applicable laws and procedures. See contact information below.
PLEASE NOTE: The U.S. Embassy in Dakar, Senegal issues immigrant visas for Bissau-Guinean citizens, including adopted orphans.
Caution: Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are adoptable. In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when this becomes possible. In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to their child(ren)’s adoption.
There are two types of adoptions in Guinea Bissau: 1) simple adoption (adopcao restrita) and 2) full adoption (adopcao plena). Simple adoption is a form of legal custody that may specifically permit immigration of the child and adoption abroad. In a simple adoption, the birth family is usually still living and the child may continue to have contact with his or her birth family. The birth family must have consented to the simple adoption, and the adopting family must have met the prerequisite care requirements before obtaining guardianship of the child. Simple adoptions are revocable, but can be converted to full adoptions if the requirements for full adoption are met. Prospective adoptive parents should be aware a child must meet the definition of orphan under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States on an IR-3 or IR-4 immigrant visa.
In contrast, full adoptions are irrevocable and are granted when one or both birth parents have died and/or any living biological parent has severed ties with the child, or when simple adoptions are converted to full adoptions after the biological parents consent and the child has been in the care of the adopting family for at least 12 months. In these cases, the child will take the last name of the adopting parents and be considered their legitimate child. Adoption lawyers and authorities in Guinea-Bissau should be aware that only full adoption is legally equivalent to an adoption in the United States. In order to adopt, the prospective adoptive parents must have a local lawyer and meet the eligibility requirements.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) For questions about filing a Form I-800A application or a Form I-800 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center (NBC):
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-913-275-5480 (local); Fax: 1- 913-214-5808
For general questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS Contact Center
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
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