Travel.State.Gov > Intercountry Adoption > Country Information > Myanmar Intercountry Adoption Information
Reissued after periodic review with updates to wrongful detention and health information.
Do not travel to Burma due to civil unrest and armed conflict. Reconsider travel to Burma due to limited and/or inadequate healthcare resources. Exercise increased caution due to wrongful detentions and areas with land mines and unexploded ordnance.
COUNTRY SUMMARY: The Burmese military detained and deposed elected government officials in a February 2021 coup d'état. Protests and demonstrations against military rule occur. The military often responds to these protests by arbitrarily arresting individuals and with the indiscriminate use of deadly force against protesters and bystanders.
The Department of State has determined that the risk of wrongful detention of U.S. nationals by the military regime exists.
The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services in Burma as U.S. government employees must obtain special authorization to travel outside of Rangoon. Dependents under the age of 21 cannot accompany U.S. government employees who work in Burma.
Civil unrest and armed conflict occur throughout Burma. The level of civil unrest and armed conflict varies significantly between and within states and regions and may change at any time.
Civil unrest and armed violence due to fighting between the Burmese military and various ethnic groups and militia occur in parts of Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Rakhine, and Shan states, as well as in Sagaing, Mandalay, and Magway regions.
In Northern Shan state and parts of Chin, Kachin, and Rakhine states there are land mines and unexploded ordnance; their locations are often not marked or identifiable, and foreign travelers have been injured in the past.
The military regime arbitrarily enforces local laws, including carrying out random and wrongful detentions without due process. U.S. citizens traveling or residing in Burma may be detained without access to U.S. consular services or information about their alleged crime. U.S. citizens may be subject to prolonged interrogations and extended detention without due process of law. Local law enforcement officials may detain and/or deport U.S. citizens for speaking out or protesting against the military regime, including on their personal social media accounts, and for sending private electronic messages critical of the military regime. Facebook and Twitter are banned in Myanmar and cannot be accessed without a VPN; police have sought bribes from individuals using a VPN even though VPNs are not formally illegal.
Burma has limited and/or inadequate healthcare resources due to critical staffing shortages in the public sector health workforce. Importation of medical supplies, including medicine, into Burma is not consistent and medical prescriptions and over-the-counter medicine may not be available.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Burma:
Intercountry adoptions are not currently possible between Burma and the United States. Burmese law does not allow non-Burmese nationals to adopt or have legal custody of Burmese children. The Kittima Adoption Act of 1941, which is still in force in Burma, restricts adoption to Burmese citizens who are Buddhist. The Government of Burma does not recognize dual citizenship.
Burma is not a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention).
U.S. citizens with questions regarding adoption of children from Burma should contact the adoption authority of Burma to inquire about applicable laws and procedures. U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Burma who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact Burma’s adoption authority. See contact information below.
Caution: Prospective adoptive parents should be aware not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are eligible for adoption. In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child will return home when possible. In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to the adoption of their child(ren).
Please visit the Department of State’s country page for more information on travelling to Burma and the U.S. Embassy Rangoon’s website for information on consular services.
Burma’s Adoption Authority
Union Attorney General Office:
Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
Tel: +95 67 404 097
Fax: +95 67 404 106
U.S. Embassy in Rangoon, Burma
110 University Ave.
Tel: +(95) (1) 536-509, ext. 4240
Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street, NW
Washington, DC 20520
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about filing a Form I-600A application or a Form I-600 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center (NBC)
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1- 913-275-5480 (local)
For general questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS Contact Center
1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
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