Reciprocity By Country Search
Russia Reciprocity Schedule
A-1 None A B Multiple 36 Months A-2 None B Multiple 36 Months A-3 1 None Multiple 12 Months B-1 None Multiple 36 Months B-2 None Multiple 36 Months B-1/B-2 None Multiple 36 Months C-1 None Multiple 24 Months C-1/D None Multiple 24 Months C-2 None One 3 Months C-3 None One 3 Months CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months D None Multiple 24 Months E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months F-1 None Multiple 12 Months F-2 None Multiple 12 Months G-1 None Multiple 24 Months G-2 None Multiple 12 Months G-3 None Multiple 12 Months G-4 None Multiple 12 Months G-5 1 None One 12 Months H-1B None Multiple 24 Months 3 H-1C None Multiple 24 Months 3 H-2A None Multiple 24 Months 3 H-2B None Multiple 24 Months 3 H-2R None Multiple 24 Months 3 H-3 None Multiple 24 Months 3 H-4 None Multiple 24 Months 3 I None D Multiple 12 Months J-1 4 None C Multiple 36 Months J-2 4 None C Multiple 36 Months K-1 None One 6 Months K-2 None One 6 Months K-3 None Multiple 24 Months K-4 None Multiple 24 Months L-1 None Multiple 24 Months L-2 None Multiple 24 Months M-1 None C Multiple 36 Months M-2 None C Multiple 36 Months N-8 None Multiple 24 Months N-9 None Multiple 24 Months NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A O-1 None Multiple 24 Months 3 O-2 None Multiple 24 Months 3 O-3 None Multiple 24 Months 3 P-1 None Multiple 24 Months 3 P-2 None Multiple 24 Months 3 P-3 None Multiple 24 Months 3 P-4 None Multiple 24 Months 3 Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3 R-1 None Multiple 24 Months R-2 None Multiple 24 Months S-5 7 None One 1 Month S-6 7 None One 1 Month S-7 7 None One 1 Month T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A T-2 None One 6 Months T-3 None One 6 Months T-4 None One 6 Months T-5 None One 6 Months T-6 None One 6 Months TD 5 N/A N/A N/A U-1 None Multiple 48 Months U-2 None Multiple 48 Months U-3 None Multiple 48 Months U-4 None Multiple 48 Months U-5 None Multiple 48 Months V-1 None Multiple 120 Months V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8 V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
Country Specific Footnotes
Diplomatic Couriers - Multiple Number of Applications - Valid 12 Months
Diplomatic Personnel on TDY - Multiple Number of Applications - Valid 12 Months
Full-validity, multiple-entry "I" visas may only be issued to journalists on long-term assignment. Journalists on TDY assignments should be issued three-month, single-entry only.
Visa Category Footnotes
The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:
- G-1 through G-4
- NATO 1 through NATO 6
An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.
Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.
The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.
Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.
There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.
Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.
In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).
However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.
Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.
Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.
Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.
Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.
Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.
No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.
V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.
Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:
- T-2 (spouse)
- T-3 (child)
- T-4 (parent)
The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.
The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.
The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.
Civil documents, except as noted below, are available in the Russian Federation. Certified copies of available documents may be exported. The person to whom a civil record pertains may obtain a replacement copy of the record from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies od civil documents except as a replacement for a lost or destroyed document. Documents which have been certified by ZAGS or a local notary office can be affixed with an apostille by the Ministry of Justice or other selected offices empowered to do so. The apostille is accepted in all countries that are parties to the Hague Convention on the Abolition of Legalization of Documents. Documents that bear an apostille need not be authenticated by an American consular officer for use in the United States.
In the United States Russian documents can be requested through the Russian Embassy in Washington, DC, or the Russian Consulates General in San Francisco, New York, or Seattle. The process often takes several months.
Some civil records were destroyed during World War II. Local authorities generally will issue a certificate to that effect, although again, the process may take several months. A replacement statement of identity is also available from local authorities when the birth certificate is unavailable.
The Embassy in Moscow and the Consulates General in St. Petersburg, Vladivostok and Yekaterinburg, cannot assist in obtaining civil documents or verifying the accuracy of civil records in the Russian Federation.
Birth, Death, Burial Certificates
Birth and Death Certificates
Available. Certified copies of these documents may be obtained by applying to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records.
Marriage, Divorce Certificates
Marriage and Divorce Certificates
Available. Certified copies of these documents may be obtained by applying to the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records. Posts should note that same sex marriages are not recognized in Russia.
Please check back for update
Please check back for update
Police, Court, Prison Records
Police and Prison Records
- Available/Unavailable: Available
- Fees: No fee
- Document Name: СПРАВКА; Police Clearance
- Issuing Authority: Ministry of the Interior
- Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: N/A
- Issuing Authority Personnel Title: N/A
- Registration Criteria: N/A
- Procedure for Obtaining: Russian law (MVD Order no. 965, dated November 1, 2001) mandates that the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) provide police certificates both to Russian citizens and to foreigners who have lived or are living in Russia. The law states that in Russia, MVD offices must provide the certificate within 30 days of application. Those residing outside of Russia, both Russian citizens and non-citizens, may either delegate a Power-of-Attorney to apply for the certificate on their behalf in Russia, or apply directly to the Russian Consulate where they reside. Police certificates should note all names that the person has used in Russia, and should note the MVD branches in all locations that were queried.
- Certified Copies Available: Yes
- Alternate Documents: N/A
- Exceptions: N/A
- Please do not send the police certificate to the National Visa Center. You must bring your police certificate on the day of the interview.
- Under Russian law, a prior conviction is listed as "expunged" in the MIC's databank after a specified period of time has passed following the completion of the sentence. For "grave" crimes the period is six years; for "especially grave" crimes it is eight years. On November 7, 2011, the Russian Ministry of Interior issued Ordinance No. 1121, requiring a new format for police certificates that includes the notation of expunged records. Thus, if an applicant committed a grave crime and more than six years have passed since the completion of his/her sentence, a police certificate issued prior to November 2011 will not show a record of this crime.
Available. Individuals who have served in the military are issued a military service document (voyenniy bilet) which contains information on the length of service and circumstances of discharge. Those who have served in the military may also have this information reflected in their Russian internal passports.
Passports & Other Travel Documents
Russian Travel Documents
Available. The Russian Federation (and many of the other former republics of the Soviet Union) continues to issue foreign travel passports which are virtually indistinguishable in design from the old-style Soviet passports. These 'regular' passports will be valid until the stated expiration date, or some future announcement of a complete changeover.
The Russian Federation began issuing "Russian Federation" official and diplomatic passports on September 16, 1996. The old-style Soviet official and diplomatic passports are no longer valid.
With implementation of the new exit/entry law in 1993, citizens are no longer required to obtain exit permission from the Office of Visas and Registration (OVIR) before traveling abroad. Citizens who are emigrating permanently must obtain a passport endorsed for permanent emigration from OVIR.
Under the present regulations, OVIR has sole authority to issue regular foreign travel passports, although the Foreign Ministry has been authorized to continue issuance of such passports on an interim basis. Passports are not routinely issued to children under the age of sixteen. They are usually included in the passport of a parent or other adult with whom they are traveling. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has sole authority to issue diplomatic and official passports.
Internal Residence Documents
There are four types of documents with which a person may reside in the Russian Federation:
- Internal passport;
- Temporary certification in lieu of an internal passport;
- Foreigner’s residence permit; and
- Residence permit for stateless persons.
The internal passport is issued to all citizens fourteen and older by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The document contains information on the bearer's civil status, lists bearer's children, and contains a residence registration stamp (propiska). There is now only one mode in circulation, a purple Russian Federation document. These documents are obtained from the bearer's local politsiya precinct.
Location Areas Serviced
Immigrant visas: All areas of the Russian Federation. Crimea is in the consular district of U.S. Embassy Kyiv. All IV and K applicants, irrespective of citizenship, who are residents of Crimea must apply in Kyiv.
Nonimmigrant Visas: Those parts of the Russian Federation not contained within the consular districts of St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg or Vladivostok.
Nonimmigrant Visas (except K): Regions, autonomous republics, and cities of:
- Arkhangelsk Oblast
- Kaliningrad Oblast
- Leningrad Oblast
- Murmansk Oblast
- Nenets Autonomous Okrug
- Novgorod Oblast
- Pskov Oblast
- Republic of Karelia
- St. Petersburg
- Vologda Oblast
Nonimmigrant Visas (except K): Regions, autonomous republics, and cities of:
- Sakha (Yakutia)
Nonimmigrant Visas (except K):
- The Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Kurgan, Tyumen and Perm Oblasts
- The Republics of Bashkortostan and Udmurtia
- The autonomous okrugs of Khanty-Mansisk, Yamal-Nenetsk and Komipermski
Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.