U.S. Visas

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U.S. Visa: Reciprocity and Civil Documents by Country

Russian Federation

Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None A B Multiple 36 Months
A-2 None B Multiple 36 Months
A-3 1 None Multiple 12 Months
B-1 None Multiple 36 Months
B-2 None Multiple 36 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 36 Months
C-1 None Multiple 24 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 24 Months
C-2 None One 3 Months
C-3 None One 3 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 24 Months
E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months
F-1 None  Multiple 12 Months
F-2 None  Multiple 12 Months
G-1 None Multiple 24 Months
G-2 None Multiple 12 Months
G-3 None Multiple 12 Months
G-4 None Multiple 12 Months
G-5 1 None One 12 Months
H-1B None Multiple 24 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 24 Months 3
H-2A None N/A N/A 3
H-2B None N/A N/A 3
H-2R None Multiple 24 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 24 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 24 Months 3
I None D Multiple 12 Months
J-1 4 None C Multiple 36 Months
J-2 4 None C Multiple 36 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 24 Months
L-2 None Multiple 24 Months
M-1 None C Multiple 36 Months
M-2 None C Multiple 36 Months
N-8 None Multiple 24 Months
N-9 None Multiple 24 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 24 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 24 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 24 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 24 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 24 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 24 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 24 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3
R-1 None Multiple 24 Months
R-2 None Multiple 24 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8

Country Specific Footnotes

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes

  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Civil documents, except as noted below, are available in the Russian Federation. Individuals may request replacement copies of their civil records from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies of civil documents except as a replacement for lost or destroyed documents. Documents that have been certified by ZAGS or a local notary office can be affixed with an apostille by the Ministry of Justice or other selected offices empowered to do so. The apostille is accepted in all countries that are parties to the Hague Convention on the Abolition of Legalization of Documents. Documents that bear an apostille need not be authenticated by a U.S. consular officer for use in the United States.

In the United States, Russian documents can be requested through the Russian Embassy in Washington, DC, or the Russian Consulates General in New York or Seattle. The process often takes several months.

Some civil records were destroyed during World War II. Local authorities generally will issue a certificate to that effect, although again, the process may take several months. A replacement statement of identity is also available from local authorities when the birth certificate is unavailable.

The U.S. Embassy in Moscow and the Consulates General in Vladivostok and Yekaterinburg, cannot assist in obtaining civil documents or verifying the accuracy of civil records in the Russian Federation.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth Certificates

Available

Fees: There are no fees

Document Name: свидетельство о рождении (Birth Certificate)

Issuing Authority: Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Varies depending on date of issuance.  The modern version is printed on a green certificate with security features.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title: Director of ZAGS

Registration Criteria: There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining:  The person to whom a civil record pertains may obtain a replacement copy of the record from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies of civil documents except as a replacement for a lost or destroyed document.

Certified Copies:  Certified copies are not available. To obtain a replacement copy, see “Procedure for Obtaining” above. 

Exceptions: None

Comments:  If a Russian citizen legally changes his or her name (excluding name changes due to marriage or divorce), a new birth certificate will be issued under the new name and the old record purged.
 

Death Certificates

Available

Fees: There are no fees

Document Name: свидетельство о смерти (Certificate of Death)

Issuing Authority: Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Varies depending on date of issuance.  The modern version is printed on a brown certificate with security features.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title: Director of ZAGS

Registration Criteria: There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: The surviving spouse or child of the deceased may obtain a replacement copy of the record from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies of civil documents except as a replacement for a lost or destroyed document.

Certified Copies:  Certified copies are not available.  To obtain a replacement copy, see “Procedure for Obtaining” above. 

Alternate Documents: There are no alternate documents

Exceptions: None

Comments:  None

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage Certificates

Available

Fees:  There are no fees

Document Name: Свидетельство о заключении брака (Certificate of Marriage)

Issuing Authority: Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Varies depending on date of issuance.  The modern version is printed on a red certificate with security features.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title: Director of ZAGS

Registration Criteria: There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: The person to whom a civil record pertains may obtain a replacement copy of the record from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies of civil documents except as a replacement for a lost or destroyed document.

Certified Copies: Certified copies are not available. In case of loss,  see above instructions to obtain a replacement copy.

Alternate Documents: There are no alternate documents

Exceptions: None

Comments: Same-sex marriages are not recognized in Russia. Religious marriage ceremonies are not valid in Russia, unless a civil ceremony and registration is also conducted at ZAGS.

Crimea and occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansk:  Marriages and divorces in occupied Crimea or in the non-government controlled areas of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts (the “Donetsk People’s Republic” [DPR] and the “Luhansk People’s Republic” [LPR]) are not legally recognized in Ukraine and therefore do not establish a valid legal relationship for U.S. immigration purposes.  Only marriages and divorces performed by Ukrainian authorities and evidenced by official documents issued by the Ukrainian authorities are valid. 

As marriages and divorces performed in Crimea or in the non-government controlled areas of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts are not legally recognized, individuals will need to legally marry outside Crimea or the non-government controlled areas of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts to create a legal relationship.   

Divorce Certificates

Available

Fees:  There are no fees

Document Name: Свидетельство о расторженнии брака (Certificate of Divorce)

Issuing Authority: Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Varies depending on date of issuance.  The modern version is printed on a blue certificate with security features.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title: Director of ZAGS

Registration Criteria:  There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: The person to whom a civil record pertains may obtain a replacement copy of the record from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies of civil documents except as a replacement for a lost or destroyed document.

Certified Copies: Certified copies are not available.  In case of loss  see above for instructions to obtain a replacement copy.

Alternate Documents: There are no alternate documents

Exceptions: None

Comments: Same-sex marriages are not recognized in Russia. Religious marriage ceremonies are not valid in Russia, unless a civil ceremony and registration is also conducted at ZAGS.

Adoption Certificates

Available

Fees: There are no fees

Document Name: свидетельство об усыновлении (удочерении) (Certificate of Adoption)

Issuing Authority: Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) of the locality having custody of the records

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Varies depending on date of issuance.  The modern version is printed on a blue certificate with security features.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title:  Director of ZAGS

Registration Criteria:  There is no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: The person to whom a civil record pertains may obtain a replacement copy of the record from the local office of the Bureau of Acts of Civil Status (ZAGS) in the event of loss of the original document. ZAGS will not issue certified duplicate copies of civil documents except as a replacement for a lost or destroyed document.

Certified Copies:  Certified copies are not available. In case of loss, see above for instructions to obtain a replacement.

Alternate Documents:  There are no alternate documents

Exceptions: None

Comments:  None

Identity Card

Available

Fees: There are no fees

Document Name:  Passport of a Citizen of the Russian Federation

Issuing Authority: Russian Federal Migration Service

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format:  Dark red passport; inside is the stamp of the Federal Migration Service, a bio page with a photo and Machine-readable zone

Issuing Authority Personnel Title: There is no issuing authority personnel title

Registration Criteria: There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: Russian citizens are issued internal passports at age 14; new passports are issued at age 20, and again at age 45

Certified Copies: Certified copies are not available

Alternate Documents: None

Exceptions: None

Comments:  All Russian citizens are issued internal passports at age 14, which is their National ID. Internal passports show where the bearer is legally registered, any marriages or divorces, any children under age 14, and information about military service, if applicable.  It also shows information about any external (travel) passports issued to the bearer.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Certificates / Prison Records

Available

Fees: There are no fees

Document Name: СПРАВКА (Police Clearance)

Issuing Authority: Ministry of the Interior

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Original police certificate will have the stamp of the issuing MVD office and the signature of the official

Issuing Authority Personnel Title:  There is no issuing authority personnel title

Registration Criteria:  There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: Russian law (MVD Order no. 965, dated November 1, 2001) mandates that the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) provide police certificates both to Russian citizens and to foreigners who have lived or are living in Russia. The law states that in Russia, MVD offices must provide the certificate within 30 days of application. Those residing outside of Russia, both Russian citizens and non-citizens, may either delegate a Power-of-Attorney to apply for the certificate on their behalf in Russia, or apply directly to the Russian Consulate where they reside. Police certificates should note all names that the person has used in Russia, and should note the MVD branches in all locations that were queried.

Certified Copies: Certified copies are available

Alternate Documents:  There are no alternate documents

Exceptions None

Comments:

  •  Send a copy of the police certificate to the National Visa Center.
  • Under Russian law, a prior conviction is listed as "expunged" in the MIC's databank after a specified period of time has passed following the completion of the sentence. For "grave" crimes the period is six years; for "especially grave" crimes it is eight years. On November 7, 2011, the Russian Ministry of Interior issued Ordinance No. 1121, requiring a new format for police certificates that includes the notation of expunged records. Thus, if an applicant committed a grave crime and more than six years have passed since the completion of his/her sentence, a police certificate issued prior to November 2011 will not show a record of this crime.

Military Records

Available

Fees:  There are no fees

Document Name:  военный билет (Military book)

Issuing Authority: The regional military Kommissar

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Contains information on the length of service and circumstances of discharge.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title: The regional military Kommissar

Registration Criteria:  There is no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining: If lost, a military book can generally not be replaced.

Certified Copies:  Certified copies are not available

Alternate Documents: Those exempt from the draft may have a military “white book” showing their exemption, usually related to education responsibilities.

Exceptions:  None

Comments: Those who have served in the military may also have this information reflected in their Russian internal passports.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

Types Available: Regular, Diplomatic and Official

Fees: There are fees associated with obtaining a passport

Document Name: Passport

Issuing Government Authority: Federal Migration Service

Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: Since 2010, Russia has issued 10-year ICAO/EU compliant passports with enhanced security features, such as holographic images on the hard plastic biographic data page.  However, Russian citizens still have the option of receiving a five-year passport of the previous style, which contains a photograph laminated to a bio-data page and fewer and less sophisticated security features. As of January 2015, all 10-year biometric passports issued in the Russian Federation must include fingerprint data.

Issuing Authority Personnel Title:  There is no issuing authority personnel title

Registration Criteria:  There are no registration criteria

Procedure for Obtaining:  In Russia, Russian passports can be obtained from the Federal Migration Service.  Outside of Russia, Russian embassies and consulates provide passport services.

Alternate Documents:  There are no alternate documents

Exceptions: None

Comments: None

Other Documents Available: There are no other documents available

Other Records

Internal Residence Documents

Available

Comments: There are four types of documents with which a person may reside in the Russian Federation:

  1. Internal passport;
  2. Temporary certification in lieu of an internal passport;
  3. Foreigner’s residence permit; and
  4. Residence permit for stateless persons.

Visa Issuing Posts

Post Title: U.S. Embassy Moscow, Russia
Address:

Bolshoy Deviatinsky Pereulok No. 8
Moscow 121099, Russian Federation           

Phone Number: +7 (495)728-5000

 

Post Title: U.S. Consulate General Vladivostok, Russia
Address:

32 Pushkinskaya St.
Vladivostok 690001, Russian Federation

Phone Number: +7 (4232) 30 00 70



Post Title:
U.S. Consulate General  Yekaterinburg, Russia
Address:

15 Gogal Street  Yekaterinburg,
620151 Russian Federation

Phone Number: 343-379-3001

 

Comments / Additional Information: None

 

Visa Services

Location

Areas Serviced

Moscow

Immigrant visas: All areas of the Russian Federation. Crimea is in the consular district of U.S. Embassy Kyiv.  All IV and K applicants, irrespective of citizenship, who are residents of Crimea, must apply in Kyiv.

Nonimmigrant Visas: Those parts of the Russian Federation not contained within the consular districts of St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg or Vladivostok.

 

Vladvostok

Nonimmigrant Visas (except K): Regions, autonomous republics, and cities of:

  • Amur
  • Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Magadan
  • Primorskiy
  • Sakhalin
  • Sakha (Yakutia)

 

Yekaterinburg

Nonimmigrant Visas (except K):

  • The Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Kurgan, Tyumen and Perm Oblasts
  • The Republics of Bashkortostan and Udmurtia
  • The autonomous okrugs of Khanty-Mansisk, Yamal-Nenetsk and Komipermski