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Iraq

Official Name: Iraq Last Updated: May 1, 2014

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Hague Adoption Convention Country? No

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  • Hague Convention Information


    Iraq is not party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention).  Intercountry adoptions of children from non-Hague countries are processed in accordance with 8 Code of Federal Regulations, Section  204.3 as it relates to orphans as defined under the Immigration and Nationality Act, Section 101(b)(1)(F).

    Under the laws of Iraq, adoption of Iraqi children is not permitted.  U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents considering Iraq are encouraged to read more about seeking guardianship under Islamic Shari'a Law.

    Under limited conditions, the Government of Iraq, through its Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MOLSA), may accord guardianship of an Iraqi child to a member of his or her extended family or a family friend, provided that the guardian is an Iraqi national of the Islamic faith, and that the child will be cared for in Iraq.  Additionally, a family cannot obtain guardianship over a child of a different religious faith.  Foreign citizens cannot be guardians.  Questions regarding the eligibility for guardianship may be directed to the MOLSA.

    U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Iraq who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact MOLSA.  See contact information below. 

    Caution:  U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are adoptable.  In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when conditions permit a family reunion.  In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to their child(ren)’s adoption.

    Please visit the Department of State’s Country Specific Information for more information on travelling to Iraq and the U.S. Embassy Baghdad's website for information on consular services.

    IRAQ’S GUARDIANSHIP AUTHORITY:
    Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MOLSA)