Reciprocity By Country Search
Vietnam Reciprocity Schedule
A-1 None Multiple 12 Months A-2 None Multiple 12 Months A-3 1 None Multiple 12 Months B-1 None Multiple 12 Months B-2 None Multiple 12 Months B-1/B-2 None Multiple 12 Months C-1 None Multiple 12 Months C-1/D None Multiple 12 Months C-2 None Multiple 12 Months C-3 None Multiple 12 Months CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months D None Multiple 12 Months E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A E-2C 12 None Multiple 12 Months F-1 None Multiple 12 Months F-2 None Multiple 12 Months G-1 None Multiple 12 Months G-2 None Multiple 12 Months G-3 None Multiple 12 Months G-4 None Multiple 12 Months G-5 1 None Multiple 12 Months H-1B None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-1C None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-2A None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-2B None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-2R None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3 I None Multiple 12 Months J-1 4 None Multiple 12 Months J-2 4 None Multiple 12 Months K-1 None One 6 Months K-2 None One 6 Months K-3 None Multiple 24 Months K-4 None Multiple 24 Months L-1 None Multiple 12 Months L-2 None Multiple 12 Months M-1 None Multiple 12 Months A M-2 None Multiple 12 Months A N-8 None Multiple 12 Months N-9 None Multiple 12 Months NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A O-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3 O-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3 O-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3 Q-1 6 None Multiple 12 Months 3 R-1 None Multiple 12 Months R-2 None Multiple 12 Months S-5 7 None One 1 Month S-6 7 None One 1 Month S-7 7 None One 1 Month T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A T-2 None One 6 Months T-3 None One 6 Months T-4 None One 6 Months T-5 None One 6 Months T-6 None One 6 Months TD 5 N/A N/A N/A U-1 None Multiple 48 Months U-2 None Multiple 48 Months U-3 None Multiple 48 Months U-4 None Multiple 48 Months U-5 None Multiple 48 Months V-1 None Multiple 120 Months V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8 V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
Country Specific Footnotes
M validity cannot exceed the length of the student's course of study.
Visa Category Footnotes
The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:
- G-1 through G-4
- NATO 1 through NATO 6
An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.
Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.
The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.
Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.
There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.
Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.
In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).
However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.
Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.
Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.
Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.
Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.
Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.
No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.
V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.
Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:
- T-2 (spouse)
- T-3 (child)
- T-4 (parent)
The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.
The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.
The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.
Vietnam has no centralized national system for vital records. Many records have been lost through war and inconsistent record keeping, but larger cities may have old documents on file, and records from the north are generally available. Registrars will sometimes certify that certain documents were lost or destroyed. Records for Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)-Cholon since 1953 are kept at the Central Registrar's office of the Ministry of the Interior (Phong Ho Tich So Tu Phap) in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). Some pre-1954 records from Haiphong, former North Vietnam are now at the Central Court of Records in HCMC and are available for extracting. Fraudulent civil documents are common in Vietnam and it has been relatively easy to establish false identities both before and after 1975.
When primary documents are unavailable, secondary evidence regarding Vietnamese who fled their country beginning in April 1975 may be available from the individual and his or her refugee record. If the applicant received first asylum in Taiwan, contact AIT - Taipei; if elsewhere in east or southeast Asia, contact the U.S. Consulate General Ho Chi Minh City.
Birth, Death, Burial Certificates
Vietnamese law does not distinguish between children born out of wedlock and legitimate children. If the father recognizes the child either parent may file the birth certificate, which must be registered within 30 days at the People's Committee of the village, ward or district capital where at least one parent is resident. Late registration is permitted with reason. A court must resolve claims or denials of paternity after a certificate has been issued. Legally, two U.S. citizens not resident in Vietnam may register the births of their children born there, but in practice local authorities have denied requests unless one parent is legally resident. Birth certificate designs have changed three times since 2006. Originals have one line listing the registration date. Extracts list both registration and extract dates.
Families or responsible agencies (for foreigners, certain hospitals) must report deaths within 24 hours to the People's Committee of the village, district capital or ward where the deceased resided. The People's Committee can issue the death certificate, as can a hospital or the investigating police. Provincial Justice Department issues official Death Certificates for foreigners.
Marriage, Divorce Certificates
Non-Vietnamese nationals married in Vietnam and now seeking a record of the marriage should write to the provincial Justice Department (So Tu Phap)where the marriage/divorce took place. The request should include the date and location of the marriage. The Department will usually respond, but without friends or relatives to follow up, the process may be lengthy.
Common Law Marriages and Marriage of Relatives
Vietnamese law does not recognize common law marriages. Authorities do issue certificates verifying cohabitation but these do not constitute legal marriages. Vietnamese law prohibits marriage between blood siblings, half siblings, first cousins or any two persons related closer than three degrees of separation. The legal age for marriage is 20 for men and 18 for women.
Divorce records are maintained by the courts where they were issued.
Documents relating to adoptions in Vietnam, such as birth certificates, abandonment reports, relinquishment agreements, and investigative reports are generally issued by orphanage directors, local People's Committees, Provincial Departments and the Ministry of Justice, Department of Adoptions (MOJ/DA). The facts asserted in these documents are not verified by the issuing officials. Therefore, all documents issued by the authorities listed above and any other documents containing information not verified by the issuing authority cannot be considered adequate evidence of the facts claimed and, at best, may be used in conjunction with primary and contemporaneous secondary evidence or must be independently verified by U.S. officials in Vietnam before they can be considered valid for immigration purposes.
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Police, Court, Prison Records
Required for immigrant visa applicants only.
For Vietnamese residents, Vietnamese non-residents, and foreigners who currently reside in Vietnam:
Request for a "Justice Record Check #2" (Phieu Ly Lich Tu Phap So 2) must be made at the Department of Justice office located in the district where applicant currently resides, or at applicant's official residence. The official residence is registered in the "household registry" (Ho Khau) issued by the district police. The processing fee to request this document is 200.000VND per applicant, and the record check takes approximately 10 working days to complete. Applicant has to apply in person and cannot grant authority to someone else to apply on his/her behalf.
Applicant should be prepared to present two (2) sets of the following documents at the time of the request:
- Completed application form (Form 03/TT-LLTP.) Please check the box Justice Record Check #2;
- Applicant's National Identification Card or passport;
- Proof of residence location and length of time applicant has resided in Vietnam, such as the household registry book (Ho Khau), the temporary residence registry book, the permanent residence card or a residence certification from the local People's Committee of applicant's residence.
For foreigners who formerly resided in Vietnam and no longer reside in Vietnam
Request for a "Justice Record Check #1" (Phieu Ly Lich Tu Phap So 1) must be made at the National Center of Criminal Records - Vietnamese Ministry of Justice in Hanoi. Contact information is as follows:
National Center of Criminal Records
Address: 58 - 60 Tran Phu Street, Ba Ðinh District, Hanoi.
The processing fee to request this document is 200.000VND per applicant, and the record check takes approximately 10 working days to complete. If applicant cannot present himself/herself at the National Center of Criminal Records, he/she can grant authority to someone else to apply on his/her behalf as long as he/she provides a Letter of Attorney which is legalized/ authenticated by Vietnamese Consulate General or Vietnamese Embassy at the city of their current residence.
Applicant should be prepared to present two (2) sets of the following documents at the time of the request:
Completed application form (Form 03/TT-LLTP.) if applicant can apply in person, or completed application form (Form 04/TT-LLTP) if applicant cannot apply in person and authorizes someone else to apply on his/her behalf;
- Applicant's passport;
- Proof of residence location and length of time applicant resided in Vietnam, such as his/her old entry-exit permit detailing the length of time applicant resided in Vietnam, the permanent residence card, if any, or a residence certification from the local People's Committee of applicant's residence.
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Vietnamese military records are not required for NVC pre-processing of immigrant visa cases. Vietnamese military records may be requested at the time of visa interview.
Passports & Other Travel Documents
The following are considered to meet the requirements of INA 101(a)(30):
- A Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) passport (ho chieu).
- A laissez-passer (giay thong hanh).
Passports are generally valid for ten years (except for children under 14 years of age's passports which are valid for five years) and are made of green plastic-laminated paper with gilt print on the cover. Official passports are dark green, while diplomatic passports are maroon and are generally valid for five years. The bearer's photo is on an inside page, with a clear plastic laminate over the photo and bio page. The issuance page shows the signature, name and "stamp of office" of one of several issuing authorities.
Extracts of Birth, Marriage, and Death Certificates
Residents: Requests for extracts of previously issued certificates are made at the registrar's office where they were issued, and should include the document registration number, date and place of registration. Without this information, fees may be higher and it is less likely the document will be found.
Non-Residents: Only relatives resident in Vietnam may request extracts of documents for their overseas relatives. Documents cannot be requested through a Vietnamese diplomatic mission, nor can a request be sent to a local office from overseas.
Every person residing in Vietnam must be listed on a household registry (Ho Khau), maintained by the Public Security Bureau.
Copies of old registries are sometimes available. Mention of a spouse or child in a registry does not prove legal marriage or blood relationship. Cohabitants and foster children can appear as spouses and children.
Visa Issuing Posts
Hanoi, Vietnam (Embassy) -- Nonimmigrant Visas
170 Ngoc Khanh Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel: 011 (84) (4) 3850-5000
Fax: (84) (4) 3850-5010
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (Consulate General) -- All categories
4 Le Duan Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Tel: 011 (84-8) 3520-4200
Fax: 011 (84-8) 3520-4242
Embassy Hanoi processes nonimmigrant visas only. Ho Chi Minh City processes both immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.