Reciprocity By Country Search
Mexico Reciprocity Schedule
A-1 None Multiple 48 Months A A-2 None Multiple 48 Months A A-3 1 None Multiple 12 Months B-1 None Multiple 120 Months B-2 None Multiple 120 Months B-1/B-2 None Multiple 120 Months BBBCC None Multiple 120 Months C-1 None Multiple 24 Months C-1/D None Multiple 24 Months C-2 None One 3 Months C-3 None One 3 Months CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months D None Multiple 24 Months E-1 2 None Multiple 12 Months E-2 2 None Multiple 12 Months E-2C 12 None Multiple 12 Months F-1 None Multiple 48 Months F-2 None Multiple 48 Months F-3 None Multiple 48 Months G-1 None Multiple 12 Months G-2 None Multiple 12 Months G-3 None Multiple 12 Months G-4 None Multiple 12 Months G-5 1 None Multiple 12 Months H-1B None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-1C None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-2A None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-2B None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-2R None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3 H-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3 I None Multiple 12 Months J-1 4 None Multiple 48 Months J-2 4 None Multiple 48 Months K-1 None One 6 Months K-2 None One 6 Months K-3 None Multiple 24 Months K-4 None Multiple 24 Months L-1 None Multiple 12 Months L-2 None Multiple 12 Months M-1 None Multiple 48 Months M-2 None Multiple 48 Months M-3 None Multiple 48 Months N-8 None Multiple 12 Months N-9 None Multiple 12 Months NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A O-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3 O-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3 O-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-1 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-2 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-3 None Multiple 12 Months 3 P-4 None Multiple 12 Months 3 Q-1 6 None Multiple 12 Months 3 R-1 None Multiple 12 Months R-2 None Multiple 12 Months S-5 7 None One 1 Month S-6 7 None One 1 Month S-7 7 None One 1 Month T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A T-2 None One 6 Months T-3 None One 6 Months T-4 None One 6 Months T-5 None One 6 Months T-6 None One 6 Months TD 5 None Multiple 12 Months TN None Multiple 12 Months U-1 None Multiple 48 Months U-2 None Multiple 48 Months U-3 None Multiple 48 Months U-4 None Multiple 48 Months U-5 None Multiple 48 Months V-1 None Multiple 120 Months V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8 V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
Country Specific Footnotes
For exception to visa requirements for holders of Mexican diplomatic and official passports, see 22 CFR 41.2(g)(4).
Visa Category Footnotes
The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:
- G-1 through G-4
- NATO 1 through NATO 6
An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.
Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.
The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.
Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.
There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.
Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.
In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).
However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.
Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.
Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.
Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.
Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.
Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.
No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.
V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.
Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:
- T-2 (spouse)
- T-3 (child)
- T-4 (parent)
The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.
The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.
The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.
In Mexico the maintenance of public records and the issuance of certificates fall within the jurisdiction of the 31 states and the Distrito Federal (Federal District), which comprise the Republic. An exception applies to military certificates, which are issued by the Secretaria de la Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense) or by the Secretaria de Marina (Ministry of the Navy.)
The rules and regulations regarding the maintenance of public records and the issuance of certificates in the 31 states are similar, with slight modifications to those prevailing in the Federal District. Non-residents are urged to use the Spanish language in their correspondence with Mexican authorities. In order to avoid undue delay, they may also find it advisable, if feasible, to enlist the aid of a resident of Mexico to secure a copy of a public record.
Records of birth, marriages, deaths and divorces are normally recorded in the state capitals and are available from the state Central Civil Registry. Each Central Civil Registry in Mexico can issue birth, death and marriages certificates from other states around the country through the Interconnection Database. The Central Civil Registries are a depository for duplicate copies of documents made at the local registrar in the town, city, or municipality in which the event occurred. In those rare cases where such records are not available, church copies of baptismal and burial certificates are acceptable, as well as certificate of non-existence which can be obtained through the Central Civil Registry. Church marriage certificates are not normally acceptable, as they have no validity in Mexico without a civil ceremony. Frequently a couple will marry in church without the benefit of a civil ceremony.
Birth, Death, Burial Certificates
Available. Birth certificates for births since 1870 are generally available. Births since 1930 have been captured in a central database for most states in Mexico. A letter may be obtained certifying that no record is available, if such is the case (certificate of non-existence). Birth certificates are issued by the appropriate civil registry official. A charge may be made for searching the records.
Civil registries receive delayed birth registrations, based upon the testimony of witnesses. If of recent date, and especially if long delayed, these may be open to question. Baptismal certificates issued by religious authorities are not considered by the Mexican government to be official documents. In cases in which the delay of a birth record raises serious questions regarding identity, however, baptism certificates may be offered as secondary evidence. The most reliable baptism record is a photocopy of the entire page of the baptism book issued under the seal of the parish where the baptism in question is recorded.
Marriage and Death Certificates
Available. Marriage and Death certificates may be obtained from the same source as birth certificates.
In June 2015, Mexico's Supreme Court declared unconstitutional any law prohibiting same-sex marriage. While the court did not explicitly say that same-sex unions were legal, the decision is seen as having the effect of modifying Mexican states’ civil codes concerning same-sex marriage in Mexico, which may vary from state to state. We recommend individuals contact specific state governments for up to date information
After two years of living together, same-sex and different-sex couples in a common-law relationship are entitled to all benefits as if it were a marriage in Mexico City. These couples are able to receive an "acta de convivencia" (cohabitation certificate) from the Civil Registry.
Marriage, Divorce Certificates
Marriage CertificatesSee birth and death certificates section.
Available. Divorce certificates may be obtained from the same source as birth certificates. An annotation will most likely be made to the marriage certificate specifying that the marriage is no longer valid; formats vary per state.
In the late 1990s, the Fraud Prevention Units at U.S. diplomatic posts in Mexico were made aware of fraudulent divorce certificates usually involving individuals who married outside of Mexico but traveled to Mexico for divorce purposes. These certificates were typically signed by impostors claiming to be judges or usurping actual judges’ identities. These certificates have been presented in other countries including Jamaica, Bahamas, and the Philippines.
Any person who believes him/herself to be a victim of one of these fraudulent documents or comes across one of these suspected documents should send a scanned copy to the following email address: MexicoCityF@state.gov
Please check back for update
Please check back for update
Police, Court, Prison Records
Available. There are three main policing agencies in Mexico: Municipal Police (Policía Municipal); State Police (Fiscalia General del Estado de XXX); and Federal Police (Procuraduría General de la Republica). Records are not generally shared between the policing agencies, leading to the requirement for police clearances from all three policing agencies when there are concerns about a subject’s criminal history. In addition, police records will only reflect arrests that resulted in convictions. Subjects that present certificates of No Antecedentes Policiacos or No Antecedentes Penales could still have been arrested as part of an investigation, but they were never convicted of the crime.
Police Records – Local Municipality Records
Available. The Municipal Police (Policía Municipal) are responsible for administrative processes (public intoxication, public disorderly conduct, domestic violence without injuries, etc.). A record for a state or federal crime could exist in their database, but only if the detention was made initially by the Municipal Police.
Individuals may obtain a certificate of No Antecedentes Policiacos (no police record) by visiting the local Police Department. This varies according to the Municipality and sometimes you need to visit the District Attorney’s Office in the state capital to obtain this certificate.
Police Records – State Police Records
Available. The State Police (Fiscalia General del Estado de XXX) are responsible for auto theft, burglary, murder, assault (all types), etc. The State Police can provide a Carta or Certificado De No Antecedentes Penales (while titled the same as the certificate provided by the Federal Police, these are two distinct certificates that reflect different police records).
In Mexico the process and the cost of obtaining a Carta/Certificado de no Antecedentes Penales varies by state; however, there are a few items that usually remain constant. In each case the request must be made at the designated government office in person, copies of birth certificate, official ID, and photographs must be presented along with a payment that could vary from 50.00 Mexican pesos to 265.80 Mexican pesos depending on the state.
In the state of Colima the Carta de no Antecedentes Penales is obtained through a government service kiosk. The state of Sinaloa allows the process and the payment to be completed through the Sinaloa.gob web-site; however, the Carta must be picked up in person at an appropriate government office. Veracruz does not provide this letter to incumbents unless the request originates from a competent authority by sending an official request letterhead including letterhead, name, job title, email address, phone number, and seal of office. There is no charge for this service.
Police Records – Federal Police Records
Available. The Federal Police (Procuraduría General de la Republica- PGR) are responsible for piracy, money laundering, drug charges, and weapon charges. The Federal Police can provide a Carta or Certificado De No Antecedentes Penales (while titled the same as the certificate provided by the State Police, these are two distinct certificates that reflect different police records).
In order to obtain information on how to acquire the Carta, subjects should visit http://www.pgr.gob.mx/.
Available. Individuals may obtain a Carta de Liberación (certificate of time served) in person by visiting the prison where the individual served his/her sentence.
Certificates of time served are usually typed on stationary bearing a faint round seal containing the Mexican coat of arms. The certificate will also bear a rubber stamp seal which includes the coat of arms, date of issue, and issuing entity. The certificate of no criminal records does not take into account pending or current criminal investigations. This document is usually free, and the individual must present a copy of his/her birth certificate, proof of residence, and INE card (Mexican voter ID card).
Available. Military identity cards (cartilla militar) may be accepted in lieu of a record from the Ministry of Defense. However, in the case of individuals who have served, or are serving in a career status, military records may be obtained from the Secretaria de la Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense) in Mexico City.
Passports & Other Travel Documents
Available. The only travel documents issued by Mexican authorities that are considered acceptable for U.S. visa issuance are Mexican passports and Identity and Travel Document (Documento de Identidad y Viaje) issued by “SRE” (Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs).
Identity and Travel Document is issued to allow a documented travel abroad to foreigners who lack of a valid passport because of any of the situations below:
- Foreigners in Mexico who have lost their nationality without acquiring another and consequently, they are considered with undefined nationality or stateless.
- Foreigners in Mexico who have a defined nationality that does not have a diplomatic or consular representation (office) that can issue a passport.
- Foreigners in Mexico who can demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the SRE, that their diplomatic or consular representative refuses to issue a passport.
Visa Issuing Posts
Mexico D.F. (Embassy) :
Post State Visa Categories Ciudad Juarez (Consulate General) Chihuahua All Categories, except E visas Guadalajara (Consulate General) Jalisco NIV only, except E visas Hermosillo (Consulate) Sonora NIV only, except E visas Matamoros (Consulate) Yucatan NIV only, except E visas Merida Yucatan NIV only, except E visas Mexico, D.F. (Embassy) Mexico NIV only and
Monterrey (Consulate General) Nuevo Leon NIV only Nuevo Laredo Tamaulipas NIV only, except E visas Nogales Sonora NIV only, except E visas Tijuana (Consulate General) Baja California Norte NIV only
All categories of immigrant visas for nationals of Mexico are processed by the consulate in Ciudad Juarez. F4 immigrant visas and adoption cases are also processed in Mexico City. Starting July 6, 2012, all E visas applications will be processed in one of three posts (Mexico City, Monterrey or Tijuana).
Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.