AzerbaijanOfficial Name: Republic of Azerbaijan
Must be valid at time of entry
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
Two pages are required for entry stamp
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
Travelers may bring in any amount of foreign currency into Azerbaijan, as long as they declare it on their customs declarations form upon arrival. Further information may be found on the website of the Azerbaijani State Customs Committee
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Travelers may depart Azerbaijan with up to $50,000 in cash as long as they previously declared it on their customs declaration form upon arrival. Further information may be found on the website of the information Azerbaijani State Customs Committee.
Embassies and Consulates
111 Azadliq Prospecti
AZ1007 Baku, Azerbaijan
Telephone: +(994) (12) 488-3300
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(994) (12) 488-3300
Fax: +(994) (12) 488-3695
Azerbaijan is a constitutional republic with a developing economy. Western-style amenities are found in the capital, Baku, but infrastructure and access to goods and services outside the city, while improving, are below Western standards. Read the Department of State’s Fact sheet on U.S.–Azerbaijan relations for further information.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
You need a passport and a visa to enter Azerbaijan. Get your visa before you travel, and make sure the visa validity dates correspond with your travel. With limited exceptions (persons with invitations from high-ranking officials of the Government of Azerbaijan), you cannot get a visa upon arrival at an airport in Azerbaijan. Neither can you get a visa at the land borders with Georgia, Russia, Turkey, or Iran.
Currently, U.S. citizens may apply for a single- or double-entry visitor’s visa valid for up to 90 days or a one-year multiple-entry business visa. The cost is 160 USD. For either type of visa, you must have an invitation from a person or company in Azerbaijan. That invitation must be certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan in Baku. U.S. citizen tourists booking accommodations through a licensed Azerbaijani travel agency may receive a voucher that entitles them to receive a single-entry tourist visa valid for 30 days, which costs 20 USD. The Embassy of Azerbaijan in Washington, D.C. uses a visa courier service that charges 21 USD for processing and service fees in addition to the basic cost of the visa. Visa applicants are required to use this service. Please see the website of the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Washington, D.C. for more details. The Embassy of Azerbaijan states that visas take 10 business days to process, but travelers are encouraged to apply for their visas early to avoid possible delays, especially in the summer months.
Azerbaijan requires foreign visitors to register with the State Migration Service of Azerbaijan within three days of arrival. Visitors staying fewer than three days need not register. You must submit a completed registration form, a copy of the biographic page of your passport, and a copy of your visa to the State Migration Service either in person, by mail, or via e-mail. The required form (available only in Azerbaijani) should be e-mailed to firstname.lastname@example.org. Mailing the form via local mail may result in a delay in processing the registration. The form and additional information about the registration process may be found at the State Migration Service website (www.migration.gov.az).
Under a law passed in December 2014, foreigners and stateless persons, who have the right to stay in the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan for up to 90 days, may work without a work permit in certain specializations. These specializations include: all mining industries; all processing industries; electric power, gas, and steam supply, as well as air-conditioning; information and communication; finance and insurance; education; transportation; and water supply, sewage treatment, and waste management. Questions about any restrictions related to this law should be addressed to the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Washington.
Major hotels assist their guests with the registration process, but travelers staying in personal homes, private apartments, or smaller hotels must register themselves. Every individual traveler is responsible for ensuring that the registration has been done. Registration is free, but failure to register or registering late may result in a fine of between 300-400 AZN (380-500 USD). Travelers may be denied permission to depart Azerbaijan until they pay the fine and secure an exit permit from the State Migration Service. Exit permits are valid for 48 hours.
A valid visa is required in order to depart Azerbaijan. If your visa is expired, or you have exceeded the duration of stay authorized by your visa, you must pay a fine of between 300 – 400 AZN (380 – 500 USD). Travelers may be denied permission to depart Azerbaijan until they pay the fine and secure an exit permit from the State Migration Service.
Travelers may apply for exit permits at several State Migration Service locations. The main branch is located at 202 Binagadi Highway, 3123 Block, Binagadi District, Baku; tel: (994-12) 562-5623. The Baku regional branch is located at 53 Ataturk Avenue, Baku; tel: (994 12) 561-8754. There is also a branch office at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku that is open 24 hours. Travelers departing Azerbaijan overland via train to Georgia should secure an exit visa in Baku, or they will be removed from the train and must visit the regional office in Agstafa, located at 4 Heydar Aliyev Prospekti, Agstafa; tel: (994-22) 225-2736.
We recommend you carry at least a photocopy of your current passport and valid visa with you at all times if you do not normally carry your passport.
If you plan on staying in Azerbaijan more than the duration of stay indicated on your visa or wish to work in Azerbaijan, you must apply for a residency permit and work authorization card through the State Migration Service. Part of the application process is the submission of translated copies and originals of many state-issued civil documents like birth certificates and marriage certificates, as well as university diplomas. In order to translate such documents, local notaries require an apostille with these documents. Each state has its own procedures for providing an apostille. Please note that the U.S. Embassy is unable to provide an apostille or certify university transcripts.
U.S. citizens of Armenian ancestry – or even those with Armenian last names – have had their visa applications denied by the Government of Azerbaijan on the grounds that their safety cannot be guaranteed. In 2013, a traveler with an Armenian visa in his passport had his Azerbaijani visa application refused to be accepted for processing.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any restriction on entry to Azerbaijan for travelers with HIV/AIDS. However, medical tests, which must be performed at designated clinics in Azerbaijan, are required for those applying for temporary or permanent residence permits. Applications by people with health issues, including HIV/AIDS, are reviewed by the State Migration Service and approved on a case-by-case basis.
Information about dual nationality and the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. Azerbaijan does not recognize dual citizenship, and dual U.S.-Azerbaijani citizens could encounter problems living and traveling in Azerbaijan. Furthermore, the Azerbaijani national parliament recently passed a law which obliges Azerbaijani citizens to inform the proper authorities within one month of becoming a citizen of another country. Failure to do so may result in punishment under the Azerbaijani criminal code.
For additional information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
In light of ongoing global and regional threats against U.S. and foreign interests, U.S. citizens are advised to remain vigilant, particularly in public places frequented by or associated with westerners. In the past, spontaneous demonstrations and riots have happened and some have been suppressed with force.
Separatists, with Armenia’s support, continue to control most of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other Azerbaijani territories. The final status of Nagorno-Karabakh remains the subject of international mediation by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group, co-chaired by Russia, the United States, and France, and a cease-fire regime has been in effect since 1994. However, travelers need to be aware there are frequent violations.
Hostilities continue along the Nagorno-Karabakh Line of Contact separating Azerbaijani and Armenian positions, often resulting in injuries and death. Consular services are not available to U.S. citizens in Nagorno-Karabakh or the occupied territories surrounding it. You should avoid travel to these areas. Travel across the Azerbaijan-Armenia international border is also not possible due to ongoing hostilities. Travelers should remain clear of the border areas and comply with Azerbaijani checkpoints set up to keep travelers from hazardous areas.
Also, although de-mining operations have been conducted, land mines remain in some areas in and near the conflict zones along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border and the Line of Contact, as well as inside Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories. Land mines result in a handful of deaths and injuries each year.
Traveling to the region of Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories via Armenia without the consent of the Government of Azerbaijan, is unlawful and could make a traveler ineligible to visit Azerbaijan in the future. Engaging in any commercial activities in the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories, whether directly or through business subsidiaries, without the consent of the Government of Azerbaijan, can result in criminal prosecution and/or other legal action being taken against individuals and/or businesses in Azerbaijan. It may also affect your ability to travel to Azerbaijan in the future.
If you are of Armenian ancestry, travel to Azerbaijan presents risks. The Government of Azerbaijan has stated it is unable to guarantee your safety, though the U.S. Embassy has not received reports of threats to U.S. citizen travelers’ safety based solely on their Armenian heritage.
You should exercise caution when travelling to the culturally conservative and unrest-prone region of Nardaran, located 45 km from Baku on the Absheron Peninsula. Nardaran has been the site of several volatile anti-American and anti-Israel sentiments protests in the last several years.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: While you are traveling in Azerbaijan, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws, legal systems, and criminal penalties can be vastly different from our own; for instance, religious proselytizing by foreigners is illegal in Azerbaijan, and possession or use of illegal drugs of any kind carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Despite the differences between the American and Azerbaijani legal systems, there is a great deal of overlap between the two countries’ prohibitions. Trafficking in pirated goods in Azerbaijan is now prosecutable under local laws and may be prosecutable under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Azerbaijan, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It is very important to know the local laws of your destination.
Azerbaijan’s security apparatus is sensitive to photography, so both professional and tourist photographers have been stopped for taking photographs of facilities that may not appear to be sensitive, including oil fields, buildings, and public squares. It is strictly forbidden to take pictures of military installations and of military equipment. Photographing or visiting military depots or equipment can lead to arrest. If police stop you for taking photographs, you should cooperate. If your photographic equipment is confiscated, you should contact the U.S. Embassy to report the incident.
Arrest Notifications in Azerbaijan: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in that country, others may not. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES: Azerbaijan has compulsory military service for males ages 18 to 35. Men who currently have U.S. citizenship and who previously held Azerbaijani citizenship and have not completed their military requirement could face fines or arrest unless they have officially renounced their Azerbaijani citizenship. Dual citizens may renounce their Azerbaijani citizenship at any Azerbaijani Embassy or Consulate.
Azerbaijan has a mostly cash economy. Traveler’s checks are accepted only in some hotels and banks. Credit cards are becoming more widely used, but as their usage rises, there has been a corresponding increase in credit and debit card-related crime (see Crime section). Azerbaijani customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation into or export from Azerbaijan of items such as firearms, religious materials, antiquities (including carpets), medications, and caviar. Under the law on currency regulation and the currency regulations of the National Bank of Azerbaijan, non-residents may take out currency resources not exceeding the equivalent of 50,000 USD in compliance with customs regulations. Non-residents can also take out currency resources not exceeding the equivalent of 10,000 USD without filling out a customs declaration form. Visitors who purchase carpets will generally require an export permit issued by the State Museum of Azerbaijan Carpet and Applied Art; many carpet shops will obtain that permit for the buyer for a fee. It is advisable to contact the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Washington for specific information regarding customs requirements.
Please see our Customs Information for additional information.
WOMEN TRAVELER INFORMATION: If you are a woman traveling abroad, please review our travel tips for Women Travelers.
LGBT RIGHTS: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are not specifically enumerated in antidiscrimination laws. There are instances of societal intolerance, discrimination, and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity. While there are no legal impediments to the organization of LGBT events, strong societal intolerance generally prevents these events from being organized. LGBT individuals have reported that although the law prohibits dismissal of employees for reasons related to sexual orientation, employers find other reasons to dismiss them. One of the main concerns for the local LGBT community is the perceived failure of law enforcement agencies to act on violations of LGBT individuals’ rights. For more detailed information about LGBT rights in Azerbaijan, you may review the State Department’s Human Rights Report. For further information on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender travel, please read our LGBT Travel Information page.
ACCESSIBILITY: While in Azerbaijan, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from in the United States. There are no laws mandating access to public or other buildings, information, or communications for persons with disabilities. Accessibility for those with disabilities, including stores, sidewalks, road crossings, most tourists spots, and public transportation, is lacking throughout the country. Many older buildings, including buildings visited by tourists, do not have elevators or facilities to accommodate handicap access. Outside of major international hotels in Baku, there are few handicap-accessible toilets. Authorities still fail to recognize many neurological and developmental disorders, such as autism, as a form of disability.
There is one Western-type medical clinic operating in Baku, run by International SOS, which provides 24-hour care of quality comparable to that in Western countries. It is adequate for urgent care and minor acute medical problems only. Surgeries, unless urgent for life-saving problems, are not advisable in Azerbaijan. Bring adequate amounts of prescription medicines for the duration of your visit, as pharmacies often do not carry all brands or doses.
You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website, which also contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information. Tuberculosis (TB), especially in multi drug-resistant forms, is an increasingly serious health concern in Azerbaijan. For further information, please consult the CDC's information on TB.
Contact Information for Local Hospitals and Clinics
SOS INTERNATIONAL: A private urgent care clinic staffed by Western doctors 24/7. SOS can assist in emergency medical evacuation. Payment is in Azerbaijani Manats or credit cards. Billing receipts are insurance-ready.
Location: 30 Rashid Behbudov Street
Tel: (994-12) 493-4089; (994-12) 493-7354; mobile (994-50) 212-6921
Fax: (994-12) 493-9644
CENTRAL CLINICAL HOSPITAL: A private clinic and hospital with a large Turkish influence and 24/7 emergency room. This is an adequate basic care hospital with excellent care in cardiology. Some doctors speak English. Cash only, in Azerbaijani Manats. Equipment is new; however, skill in using and interpreting results may be rudimentary.
Hospital Location: 76 Parliament Prospect
Ambulatory: 5 Zarifa Aliyeva Street
Tel: (994-12) 492-1092
MEDI CLUB: Primary health care clinic that also provides basic emergency care and some pediatric care and can do minor surgery. Best emergency pediatrics.
Location: 45 U. Hajibayov Street
Tel: (994-12) 497-0911
Travel & Transportation
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: While in Azerbaijan, U.S. citizens may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. Fatalities from traffic accidents are high and continue to rise each year. The information below concerning Azerbaijan is provided for general reference only and may not be totally accurate in a particular location or circumstance.
Azerbaijan is rebuilding its roadway system. Although the newer sections of the road system are a marked improvement, the older sections are poorly constructed and poorly lighted. There are unfinished road sections that are extremely dangerous due to lack of proper construction and hazard signage.
Driving hazards, such as open manholes, debris, and potholes, are common in Baku. Many drivers do not pay attention to traffic regulations, signals, lane markings, pedestrians, or other drivers. Drivers often travel at extremely high speeds, and accidents are frequent and often serious. Pedestrians often do not use crosswalks to cross the street and often stand in the median between lanes of traffic, even at night. Driving in Baku should be considered extremely hazardous. Outside the city, even where roads are present, conditions are similar. Roads are often in poor repair and unlighted, and they lack lane markings, traffic signs, and warnings. Many rural roads are largely unpaved.
Throughout Azerbaijan, traffic police enforce traffic laws inconsistently, and routine traffic stops are common. If stopped, drivers should have all required documents with them, including passport or local registration documents, driver’s license, vehicle registration documents, and proof of insurance. Talking on a cell phone while driving carries a fine of AZN 50 (64 USD). Driving under the influence carries a fine of AZN 80-100 (102-128 USD) and 5 points. If you get 10 points in one year, the fine is AZN 120-150 AZN (153-191 USD) and two years’ suspension of your driver’s license.
Most taxis in Baku are not metered, so visitors should negotiate the fare before entering a taxi. Asking for a reasonable fare is expected and appropriate. The 189 telephone taxi service provides the fare in advance and specifies the license number of the taxi to be dispatched. The purple London-style taxi cabs (*9000) have been introduced in Baku. All purple London-style taxis are metered, but passengers should confirm that the fare meter is activated appropriately. Unmarked taxis, “gypsy cabs,” should be avoided.
The Baku metro system is an inexpensive and good option for transportation, with three new stations planned to open by 2015. Security cameras provide excellent coverage of all metro platforms throughout the metro system. There are police units at each metro station, and bag checks may be carried out at the entrance to each station. Although the city of Baku has invested in new buses, and the quality of its underground metro system is very good, public transportation throughout the remainder of the country remains overcrowded and poorly maintained.
Sidewalks and pedestrian plazas often use marble paving stones. Marble is particularly slippery when wet and during icy conditions. Falling on paving stones can cause serious injury. Therefore, extreme care should be taken when walking during rainy or icy conditions.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Azerbaijan’s State Civil Aviation Administration is in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
Travelers on regional airlines in the Caucasus may experience delays and sudden cancellations of flights. Even basic safety features such as seat belts are sometimes missing. Air travel to Azerbaijan on international carriers via Europe is typically more reliable.