HaitiOfficial Name: Republic of Haiti
Alerts & Warnings
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
1 page per stamp
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
Yes, if intends to stay in country over 90 days
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Embassies and Consulates
Boulevard du 15 October,
Tabarre 41, Route de Tabarre
Telephone: +(509) 2229-8000
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(509) 2229-8000
Fax: +(509) 2229-8027
American Citizens Services Unit office hours are 7:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. The Consular Section is closed on U.S. and local holidays.
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Haiti for information on U.S. – Haiti relations.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
Visit the Embassy of Haiti website for the most current visa information.
All U.S. citizens traveling by air from outside of the United States are required to present a passport to enter or re-enter the United States. Haitian law requires U.S. citizens to have a passport with six months validity to enter and exit Haiti. An undocumented U.S. citizen can experience significant delays for the issuance of a U.S. passport in Haiti, as it is often more difficult to establish identity and citizenship overseas than in the United States. U.S. citizens are encouraged to contact the Embassy of the Republic of Haiti for more details regarding current entry, departure, and customs requirements for Haiti. The Embassy of the Republic of Haiti is located at 2311 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008; the telephone number is (202) 332-4090. There are Haitian consulates in Miami and Orlando, Florida; Atlanta, Georgia; Boston, Massachusetts; New York, New York; Chicago, Illinois; and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Haiti.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
The Department of State has issued a Travel Warning advising U.S. citizens of the lack of security and medical infrastructure. The Embassy has also imposed certain security restrictions on the movements of its employees with regards to place and time. Read more about U.S. relations with Haiti as well as current security information in Department of State’s Travel Warning and Travel Alert for Haiti.
Potential for Terrorist Activity: The State Department’s Security Enviornment Threat List categorizes Haiti as low for terrorism..
Potential for Civicl Disturbances: The Department of State’s Security Enviornment Threat List categorizes Haiti as critical for crime and political violence.
Crime: While hundreds of thousands of U.S. citizens safely visit Haiti every year, be mindful of security. Exercise a high degree of caution and frequently review personal security procedures.
- Violent crime is very common in Haiti.
- While we do not believe that U.S. citizens are specifically targeted, they have been victims of violent crime.
- Arrange airport transfers and hotels in advance or have your host meet you upon arrival.
- Remove yourself from situations where you feel uncomfortable.
- If an armed individual demands your vehicle or valuables, comply. Criminals may kill those who resist.
- Robberies often occur at ATMs.
- Drug traffickers have duped travelers into transporting narcotics aboard commercial airlines.
- Use cameras and videocams only with permission.
- Holidays bring an increase in crime, including in crowds attending street celebrations and festivities.
- Embassy employees are prohibited from entering certain areas due to significant criminal activity. Contact the U.S. Embassy for details.
- Embassy employees are prohibited from using public transportation due to safety and security risks.
- See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.
Victims of Crime:
Haitian authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crime. U.S. citizen victims of crime should contact the police before notifying the U.S. Embassy.
Local police are at (+509) 3838-11 / (+509) 3733-3640; contact the Embassy at (+509) 2229-8900 during business hours and (+509) 2229-8122 after hours.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
- help you find medical care
- assist in reporting crime to the police
- contact relatives or friends with your written consent
- explain local criminal justice processes in general terms
- provide a list of local attorneys
- provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
- If you are destitute, provide emergency loans for repatriation to the United States and/or urgent medical care
- help find shelter and arrange flights home in an emergency
- replace stolen or lost passports
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.
For further information:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
- Call us in Washington at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free in the United States and Canada or 1-202-501-4444 in other countries from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
- See the State Department's travel website for Worldwide Caution, Travel Warnings, and Travel Alerts.
- Follow us on Twitter, Facebook, and the Embassy’s ACS Twitter and Facebook page as well
- See traveling safely abroad for useful travel tips.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Haiti are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
The judicial process in Haiti is extremely slow; progress is often dependent on unrelated factors, including personal disputes. Bond is not usually available to those arrested for serious crimes Detainees have waited years for their cases to be heard. Judges have detained individuals for prolonged periods of time without possibility of release or sentence. U.S. citizens involved in business and property disputes are sometimes arrested without charge and may spend considerable time in pre-trial detention.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Haiti is affected by hurricanes and tropical storms. Hurricane season runs from approximately June 1 - November 30. The Haitian government’s response to storms is hindered by poor rescue services and infrastructure, and roads and bridges made impassible by weather conditions.
The Haitian meteorological service provides hurricane warnings via radio and the Haiti Meteo website. Local media broadcast in Creole or French; information is available from online sources including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Information about natural disaster preparedness is available from the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Real Estate: investments require a high level of caution. Property rights are irregularly enforced and clear title to land is difficult or impossible to obtain. U.S. Citizens have faced lawsuits based on false documentation. Arrests and detention of U.S. citizens have resulted from property disputes. Consult a reputable attorney before signing documents or closing on any real estate transactions. Undeveloped land is vulnerable to legal and physical takeover; absentee owners may be assaulted by squatters when they try to reclaim their property. Litigation and eviction proceedings can take years. The Embassy does not generally attend property dispute hearings.
Faith-Based Travelers: See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report.
LGBTI Travelers: While there are no laws in Haiti restricting the rights of LGBTI individuals or advocacy groups, anti-LGBTI sentiment exists. Persons identified as LGBTI may be targeted for harassment, discrimination, or physical attacks.
Mobility Issues: Businesses rarely accommodate persons with disabilities. Haitian authorities do not enforce laws mandating public access for the disabled. Where pedestrian sidewalks and walkways are present, they are frequently congested by sidewalk commerce and parked cars, and often end abruptly.
Women Travelers: Domestic violence and sexual assault are unfortunately common and not consistently or always vigorously investigated and prosecuted in Haiti reflecting engrained cultural norms concerning gender roles.
See our tips for Women Travelers.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.
Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription.
Zika Virus: Zika virus is a mosquito-borne illness that can be spread from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby as well as through sexual contact. The CDC has concluded that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects in some fetuses and babies born to infected mothers. For additional information about Zika, including travel advisories, visit the CDC website
The following diseases are prevelant:
Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
For further health information, go to:
Medical facilities including ambulance services are scarce and generally sub-standard, especially outside of the capitalLife-threatening emergencies often require evacuation by air ambulance at the patient's expense. We encourage all visitors to purchase medical evacuation insurance prior to arriving in Haiti. A list of air ambulance or charter flight services is available at the Embassy website.
Travel & Transportation
Road Conditions and Safety: Traffic accidents are a major cause of death and injury in Haiti, and extreme caution should be exercised. U.S Citizens have been killed or injured in traffic incidents, a situation exaserbated by inadequate emergency medical services. Those with no knowledge of Haitian roads and traffic customs should hire a driver through a tour company or hotel.
A few roads remain impassable due to damage from the earthquake. People regularly walk on the side of the road and street-side vendors ply their wares on the existing sidewalks. Small and large animal are often encountered in the city and suddenly can cross the road.. Cars are supposed to be driven on the right side of the road in Haiti, but few roads have lane indicators and drivers use whichever side of the road is open to them. Traffic is extremely chaotic and congested in urban areas.
Heavy rains can cause mudslides and flooding that can quickly make conditions perilous. Keep abreast of weather conditions that affect Haiti at Haiti Meteo.
Traffic is usually chaotic; roads are generally unmarked and detailed and accurate maps are not widely available. Lanes are not marked and signs indicating the direction of traffic flow seldom exist. Huge potholes may cause drivers to execute unpredictable and dangerous maneuvers in heavy traffic. The Haitian government lacks adequate resources to assist drivers in distress or to clear the road of accidents or broken-down vehicles blocking the flow of traffic; if you are involved in an accident do not expect medical or law enforcement assistance. Be prepared to change your own tires.
Traffic Laws: You are advised to contact local authorities in the event of a traffic accident. Local authorities will coordinate with available medical response.
Speeding, aggressive driving, lack of traffic lights and signs, lack of right of way, unlit vechicles, and poor maintenance are the cause of many fatal traffic accidents in Haiti, as are overloaded vehicles on winding, mountainous and degraded roads. Motorcycles weave through traffic at high speeds. Driving under the influence is common at night.
Public Transportation: Public transportation consists of “tap-taps” trucks, private motorcycles for hire, and a few public buses and taxis. We strongly discourage the use of all of the above. There is a significant risk of ejection due to lack of passenger restraints in any accident or even rough driving. the above means of public transport have been the nexus of numerous robberies and kidnappings in the past.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Haiti, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Haiti’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.