ChadOfficial Name: Republic of Chad
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
Yes, obtain in advance
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
Declare amounts over 10 million CFA ($10,800)
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Embassies and Consulates
See our Fact Sheet on Chad for information on U.S. - Chad relations.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
Requirements for Entry:
- Obtain your visa before traveling.
- Visit the Embassy of Chad website or the nearest Chadian embassy or consulate for the most current visa information
- Contact the National Police if you need to extend your visa.
- World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination.
First time tourist or humanitarian/aid workers:
- Obtain a registration stamp through the National Police within 72 hours of arrival.
- Bring two additional passport size photos for registration.
- Re-register if you are issued a new passport.
Once registered, any subsequent visits using the same passport do not require a registration stamp.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Chad.
Safety and Security
Various terrorist organizations are active along the border regions and have crossed into Chad to conduct attacks on civilians and government interests. The volatile security environment is exacerbated by the presence of over 300,000 refugees and 150,000 displaced Chadians. Because of the unpredictable security situation, the U.S. Embassy limits and monitors the travel of official government personnel.
N’Djamena/Lake Chad Threats: Chad remains vulnerable to attacks by Boko Haram, an extremist group based in northeast Nigeria, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – West Africa, (ISIL-WA). Explosions targeting a police station, police school, and an open-air market killed over 60 people in N’Djamena in 2015.
A State of Emergency for the Lake Chad region was issued after attacks by ISIL-WA/Boko Haram. ISIL-WA/Boko Haram has also targeted foreigners and government leaders in Cameroon’s Far North Region, which borders Chad in proximity to N’Djamena.
Northern Threats: Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb and al-Murabitun remain active throughout the Sahel.
- Be vigilant if traveling outside of N’Djamena and avoid all travel along border areas.
- Maintain caution at large gatherings and any area frequented by foreigners
- Monitor local news and consular messages.
Zakouma National Park: Heed all instructions given by guides and trackers. Poachers may be armed and dangerous.
Roadblocks/checkpoints: Security forces may set up roadblocks, often spontaneous, especially after dark, to conduct vehicle searches and check passengers for identity papers.
- Remain inside your vehicle with doors locked and open the window slightly to communicate.
- Carry color photocopies of your passport and other identity documents.
- Show documents through windows without opening the window fully.
- Comply with the Chadian authorities and remain courteous and calm.
- Report any incident to the U.S. Embassy in N’Djamena.
Crime: Armed bandits are active on roads in all areas of the country. Carjacking, burglary, and vehicle thefts are common. Pickpockets, purse snatching, and theft from vehicles occur in market and commercial areas frequented by foreigners.
- Avoid walking alone, especially after dark.
- Do not display cash or valuables.
- Dress conservatively.
- Drive with doors locked and windows closed.
- Travel with a copy of your U.S. passport and Chadian visa/ permit and keep the original documents in a secure location.
Victims of Crime: Legal response or recourse for victims of crime is extremely limited.
Report crimes to the local police at 2020 throughout Chad (French/Arabic) and contact the U.S. Embassy at (235) 22 51 70 09.
Local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
- help you find appropriate medical care
- assist you in reporting a crime to the police
- contact relatives or friends with your written consent
- explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
- provide a list of local attorneys
- provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
- provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical
- support in cases of destitution
- help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
- replace a stolen or lost passport
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance, however our role in local legal matters is limited. If you are in immediate danger, first contact the local police at 20 20.
For further information:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
- Call 1-888-407-4747 toll-free in the United States and Canada or 1-202-501-4444 from other countries from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
- See the Department of State's travel website for Worldwide Caution, Travel Warnings, and Travel Alerts.
- Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
- See traveling safely abroad for travel tips.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. You may be taken in for questioning by the police if unable to produce acceptable forms of identification. Convictions for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs result in long prison sentences and heavy fines. Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Photography: All photography requires a permit issued by the Ministry of Public Security and Immigration. It is illegal to take pictures of military sites, official buildings, airports, and public monuments. Such sites are not always clearly marked. You could be fined, have your photographic equipment confiscated without notice, and risk detention and arrest. Do not take photos of Chadians without their permission.
Satellite Phones: Thuraya satellite phones are illegal and no permits are available; travelers using these satellite phones risk seizure of phones and arrest. Iridium satellite phones are legal.
Phone Service: Cellular phones are the norm. It may be possible to purchase a SIM card locally and use a U.S.-compatible unlocked cell phone. The two major cellular phone providers are Tigo and Airtel. Telecommunications systems outside of N’Djamena are unreliable or non-existent.
Currency: The Central African CFA franc (XAF) is the official currency. Because of the potential for fraud and other criminal activity, avoid using credit cards. ATMs are unreliable. There are several Western Union and Money Gram offices in N’Djamena.
Exporting local currency is prohibited and the export of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared upon arrival.
Travel authorization (“autorisation de circuler”): Before traveling to a humanitarian zone or refugee camp, NGO humanitarian workers must submit a request for a “circuler” to the Ministry of Public Security and Immigration via the “Commission Nationale pour l’Accueil et la Reinsertion des Refugies et Rapatries” (CNARR). Allow 3-4 days for processing. The request should include:
- Visitor’s or institution’s request letter
- Copies of the passport’s biographical and visa pages
- CNARR application form
Military Service for Dual U.S. – Chadian citizens: Article 51 of the Chadian Constitution states that military service is obligatory. The conditions for fulfillment of this duty are determined by local authorities.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
- Faith-Based Travel Information
- International Religious Freedom Report– see country reports
- Human Rights Report– see country reports
- Best Practices for Volunteering Abroad
LGBTI Travelers: While there are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events, there are social and cultural strictures against homosexuality and no known LGBTI organizations in the country. The law does not define “unnatural acts”, which has been used against LGBTI persons in the past. No other specific laws apply to LGBTI persons.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Persons with disabilities face limited access to transportation, public buildings, hotels, and communication accommodations. There are few sidewalks and no curb-cuts, and most buildings lack elevators.
Women Travelers: While the law prohibits marriage before the age of 18, forced marriage of girls remains a serious problem. Girls who object to being forcibly married often are physically assaulted by their family members and husbands. The law also prohibits female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), but the practice remains widespread with rates as high as 90 to 100 percent in some rural regions.
Although the law prohibits violence against women, domestic violence, including spousal abuse, is widely reported. Wives have limited legal recourse in cases of abuse. There is no reliable data on the extent of sexual assault though it is a problem. Rape cases usually are not tried.
See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Consult the CDC website for Chad prior to travel.
Medical facilities are limited throughout the country. In the capital, International SOS and Europ-Assistance offer U.S. standard medical and emergency care including ambulances, referrals and medical evacuation. Membership is required. There are five hospitals. Hopital de la Renaissance is the only one recommended for use by U.S. citizens; however it suffers from shortages at times. Some medical equipment is nonoperational, and medical supplies and medical personnel can vary. Adequate care is thus contingent upon personnel availability.
You are responsible for all medical costs. U.S. Medicare does not cover you overseas. Most care providers require payment in cash CFA before treatment is performed.
Medical Insurance: If your health insurance plan does not provide coverage overseas, we strongly recommend supplemental medical insurance and medical evacuation plans.
Carry medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription and consider a breathing mask to protect against desert dust.
Malaria is widespread. Use CDC recommended mosquito repellents including DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus or IR-3535. Sleep under insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets. Chemoprophylaxis is recommended for all travelers even for short stays.
The following diseases are prevalent:
- African trypanosomiasis
- diarrheal illnesses
- hepatitis A
- upper respiratory infections
Further health information:
Travel & Transportation
Road Conditions and Safety: In N’Djamena, only main roads are paved; others have large ruts and potholes. Poor maintenance, lighting, and missing road signs make driving conditions dangerous, especially at night. During the rainy season, mid-June to mid-September, many roads become impassable. Other driving risks include excessive speed, erratic driving habits, cyclists and pedestrians, wheelchairs, and animals.
When driving outside of N’Djamena, travel during daylight hours only and use convoys of multiple vehicles to mitigate the threat of roadside hoodlums and carjacking. Carry additional fuel, spare tires, and provisions. Fuel is scarce and of inferior quality in rural areas. Professional roadside assistance service is not available.
Traffic Laws: You will need an international driving permit to drive. Use of cell phones while driving is prohibited.
Accidents: Remain inside the vehicle and call for police. Although it is illegal to move your vehicle before police arrive, if a hostile mob forms or you feel your safety is in danger, leave the scene and proceed directly to the nearest police station to report the incident.
Public Transportation: There is no public transportation recommended for tourists. Privately operated minibuses are often not properly maintained and dangerous. Hire private transport from a reliable source; travel agencies and local hotels may be able to arrange private transport on your behalf. Although, taxis are available throughout N’Djamena, they are unsafe and should not be used
See our Road Safety page for more information.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Chad, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.