Exercise normal precautions in Slovakia.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Slovakia:
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Slovakia for information on U.S. - Slovakia relations.
Visit the Embassy of Slovakia website for the most current visa information.
Slovakia is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U.S. citizens may enter Slovakia for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. We recommend at least six months of validity. You need sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Slovakia.
Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks; however, all European countries remain vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.
Civil disorder is rare in Slovakia, although strikes and demonstrations may occur. Even demonstrations or gatherins intended to be peaceful can turn confrontational and escalate into violence. You should exercise caution in the vicinity of any large gatherings, protests, or demonstrations. Please see the U.S. Embassy’s website for safety and security messages.
Crime: While crime is relatively low, street crimes against tourists do occur in tourist areas.
Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police by dialing 112 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +(421) (2) 5443-0861 or +(421) (2) 5443-3338. The Embassy’s emergency after-hours number is +(421) 903-703-666.
Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.
For further information:
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: Slovak law prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and classifies crimes based on sexual orientation as hate crimes, though these laws are not always enforced. Prejudice and societal discrimination persist. There are occasional reports of gay slurs or altercations between LGBTI persons and extremists. Pride parades are now annual events in Bratislava and Kosice. The parades have continued without major incident since 2010. Same-sex sexual activity between consenting adults is legal. However, in 2014, the Government of Slovakia adopted a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage, and it does not recognize same-sex unions.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Slovak law requires that public areas be accessible to persons with disabilities. However, regulations have only been in force for about a decade, and many older buildings and areas have not been retrofitted.
Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
The quality and availability of medical facilities varies. A limited number of doctors speak English.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance (our webpage) to cover medical evacuation.
If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Embassy of Slovakia in Washington D.C. or the Slovak Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs to ensure the medication is legal in Slovakia. Always, carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription.
The following diseas is prevalent:
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety: Roads in Slovakia are generally safe and well-maintained. Four-lane highways exist in and around Bratislava. Most roads outside of developed areas, however, are two lanes only. Aggressive drivers attempting to pass at unsafe speeds pose a serious hazard.
Traffic Laws: You must use seatbelts and headlights at all times. It is illegal to use cellular phones while driving.
You must obtain an International Driving Permit (IDP) prior to your arrival if you intend to drive in Slovakia. You can get an IDP in the United States from the American Automobile Association and the American Automobile Touring Alliance.
Public Transportation: Buses, trolleybuses, and trams are mechanically safe and generally reliable. We recommend using clearly marked taxicabs.
See our Road Safety page for more information.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in [country name], the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Slovakia’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
DISCLAIMER: THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY AND MAY NOT BE TOTALLY ACCURATE IN A SPECIFIC CASE. QUESTIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN LAWS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE APPROPRIATE FOREIGN AUTHORITIES OR FOREIGN COUNSEL.
Slovakia is a party to the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extra Judicial Documents in Civil and Commercial Matters. Complete information on the operation of the Convention, including an interactive online request form are available on the Hague Conference website. Requests should be completed in duplicate and submitted with two sets of the documents to be served, and translations, directly to Slovakia’s Central Authority for the Hague Service Convention. The person in the United States executing the request form should be either an attorney or clerk of court. The applicant should include the titles attorney at law or clerk of court on the identity and address of applicant and signature/stamp fields. In its Declarations and Reservations on the Hague Service Convention, Slovakia formally objected to service under Article 10, and does not permit service via postal channels. For additional information see the Hague Conference Service Convention web page and the Hague Conference Practical Handbook on the Operation of the Hague Service Convention. See also Slovakia’s response to the 2008 Hague Conference questionnaire on the practical operation of the Hague Service Convention.
Service on a Foreign State: See also our Service Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) feature and FSIA Checklist for questions about service on a foreign state, agency or instrumentality.
Service of Documents from Slovakia in the United States: See information about service in the United States on the U.S. Central Authority for the Service Convention page of the Hague Conference on Private International Law Service Convention site.
Prosecution Requests: U.S. federal or state prosecutors should also contact the Office of International Affairs, Criminal Division, Department of Justice for guidance.
Defense Requests in Criminal Matters: Criminal defendants or their defense counsel seeking judicial assistance in obtaining evidence or in effecting service of documents abroad in connection with criminal matters may do so via the letters rogatory process.
Slovakia is a party to the Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil and Commercial Matters. The Central Authority for Slovakia for the Hague Evidence Conventiondesignated to receive letters of request for the taking of evidence is the Ministry of Justice. See the Hague Evidence Convention Model Letters of Request for guidance on how to prepare a letter of request. Letters of Request should be prepared in duplicate. Slovakia accepts Letters of Request written in or translated into Slovak, French and English. Requests for compulsion of evidence under the Hague Evidence Convention are transmitted directly from the requesting court or person in the United States to Slovakia’s Central Authority and do not require transmittal via diplomatic channels. See Slovakia’s Declarations and Reservations on the Hague Evidence Convention. See also Slovakia’s response to the 2008 Hague Conference questionnaire on the practical operation of the Hague Evidence Convention.
Requests from Slovakia to Obtain Evidence in the United States: The U.S. Central Authority for the Hague Evidence Convention is the Office of International Judicial Assistance, Civil Division, Department of Justice, 1100 L St., N.W., Room 11006, Washington, D.C. 20530.
Voluntary depositions may be conducted in Slovakia regardless of the nationality of the witness, provided no compulsion is used. Oral depositions or depositions on written questions may be taken by U.S. consular officers or by private attorneys from the U.S. or Slovakia at the U.S. Embassy or at another location such as hotel or office, either on notice or pursuant to a commission. A U.S. consular officer is permitted to administer oaths to witnesses, interpreters and/or stenographers. If the services of a U.S. consular officer are required to administer an oath to the witness, interpreter and stenographer, such arrangements must be made in advance with the U.S. embassy directly. Please contact the U.S. Embassy in Bratislava well in advance to obtain information about fees, as well as to schedule such services. Participants using their own equipment are responsible for obtaining their own clearances from Slovak Customs authorities for bringing equipment into Slovakia. Check with the Consular Section of the Slovak Embassy in the U.S. for details. If you intend to bring equipment to Slovakia for the deposition, it is advisable to contact the Slovak technical support provider with details regarding that equipment to ensure that it is compatible to electrical equipment in Slovakia. After advance arrangements are completed, confirm with the U.S. Embassy a few days in advance of the actual deposition.
Slovakia is a party to the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement for Legalization of Foreign Public Documents. Slovakia’s competent authority for the Hague Apostille Conventionwill authenticate Slovak public documents with Apostilles. For information about authenticating U.S. public documents for use in Slovakia, see the list of U.S. Competent Authorities. To obtain an Apostille for a U.S. Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America, contact the U.S. Department of State, Passport Services, Vital Records Office.
Slovakia and the United States have been treaty partners under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) since February 1, 2001.
For information concerning travel to Slovakia, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Slovakia.
The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA). The report is located here.
The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention. In this capacity, the Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues, facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Slovakia. Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.
United States Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
The Slovak Central Authority for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Centre for International Legal Protection of Children and Youth (CIPC). CIPC discharges the obligations of a central authority under the Hague Abduction Convention, including reviewing Hague applications for completeness, initiating location efforts for missing children, and approaching taking parties about whether or not abduction situations may be resolved voluntarily.
The Slovak Central Authority (SCA) can be reached at:
Centrum pre medzinárodnoprávnu ochranu detí a mládeže
(Centre for International Legal Protection of Children and Youth)
P.O. Box 57
814 99 Bratislava
Tel.: +421 (2) 2046 3208
Fax: +421 (2) 5975 3258
To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to, a child in Slovakia, the USCA encourages a parent or legal guardian to review the eligibility criteria and instructions for completing the Hague application form located at the Department of State website and contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the SCA. The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to the SCA, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes. It is extremely important that each document written in English be translated into Slovak prior to court proceedings. Please note that certified translations are necessary.
There are no fees for filing Hague applications with either the U.S. or Slovak central authorities. Additional costs may include airplane tickets for court appearances and for the return of the child, if so ordered.
A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained in, Slovakia. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Slovakia. The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
The Slovak system does not require parents or legal guardians to retain a private attorney in order to file a Hague Abduction Convention application with a court. Parents or legal guardians may hire a private attorney to assist them with their case and to advise them as to the best course of action for their individual circumstances. A privately hired attorney should contact the SCA and the USCA as soon as possible after the SCA receives the Hague application. The SCA can provide referrals to assist applicants to find a private attorney. The courts in Slovakia offer free legal aid to those who apply and qualify based on income and other financial factors. Please note, however, that legal aid attorneys may be limited in the number of services offered. The SCA’s role is not to assign attorneys to cases but to facilitate the Hague process until such time as an attorney submits the Hague petition to the Slovak court.
The U.S. Embassy in Bratislava, Slovakia, posts a list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.
This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms included in this list. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.
Mediation is available for both abduction and access cases. The SCA provides mediation services directly to parents and legal guardians at no charge, and court mediators are also available. According to Slovak law, charges for non-commercial civil, family, and community matters are set at 20 Euro per hour. Mediation in Slovakia is voluntary and can occur at any stage of the Hague process.
While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located. For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent. Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:
The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.
To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.
For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney.
Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.
For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.
Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction.
Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.
Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.
Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).
Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.
Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.
Persons not physically present in Slovakia may apply for the required documents through Slovakian diplomatic or consular representatives abroad. In case the document needs to be "super-legalized", it must be authenticated by the Slovakian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The application in this case must be made on a form prescribed by the Slovakian authorities and obtainable from the diplomatic representative. Six weeks to six months is the normal time required to obtain public documents after the application has been submitted by the diplomatic representative to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Available. Certificates of birth and death are issued by the local town hall in the place of birth or death. Documents intended for use abroad can be authenticated by an Apostille in compliance with the Hague Convention on Legalization of Foreign Public Documents.
Certificates of marriage are issued by the local town hall in the place of marriage. Documents intended for use abroad can be authenticated by an Apostille in compliance with the Hague Convention on Legalization of Foreign Public Documents.
Each party to a divorce suit, which has taken place before Slovakian courts, may apply for an additional copy of the divorce decree. The original decree is normally delivered to each party provided the address is known. Additional copies of divorce decrees are subject to fees.
Note: Persons not physically present in Slovakia may apply through the Slovak Embassy in Washington www.mzv.sk/washington or on-line directly through the web page of the vital records office in the place of the birth-marriage-death in Slovakia. Normal processing time is 1-2 weeks. The issuance fee can be paid by a deposit to the vital records office bank account.
Please check back for update.
Please check back for update.
Police clearance is available and reliable in Slovakia. Application for police clearance must be accompanied by an identification document, birth certificate and fee. The records are indexed by name, date and place of birth. An application may be filed either in Slovakia or at the Slovak Embassy abroad, and is issued to each applicant over 15 years of age. Police clearances are issued by local regional branches of the Slovak General Prosecution, located in each regional city, at IOMO type post offices and at Municipal offices which has also a Vital Record function. Issuance of records is possible upon request and usually is immediate. If the application is filed from abroad, it takes longer.
A person who served in the Slovak (or previous Czechoslovak military) may request his/her own records. Persons residing outside of Slovakia may apply through the nearest Slovak Embassy.
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All Immigrant and Non-Immigrant visa categories for the Slovak Republic.