IraqOfficial Name: Republic of Iraq
Minimum of six months remaining on entry
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
One page required for entry stamp
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
None required. Vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
No more than $10,000 USD
Embassies and Consulates
Telephone: 301-985-8841, ext. 4293 or 2413 (U.S. dial numbers that ring in Baghdad)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(964) 770-443-1286 or +(964) 770-030-4888 from the U.S. or 0770-443-1286 or 0770-030-4888 from within Iraq.
Basrah, Iraq (near Basrah International Airport)
At this time, U.S. Consulate General Basrah does not provide non-emergency consular services; please contact the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad for assistance
413 Ishtar, Ankawa Erbil, Iraq
Telephone:240-364-3467, ext. 4554
U.S. Citizen Emergency After-Hours Telephone: 240-264-3467 from within the United States or 066-211-4000 from within Iraq, and ask for the duty officer
U.S. Consulate Kirkuk no longer has a physical presence in Kirkuk and does not provide non-emergency consular services. Please contact the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad for assistance. The International Zone (IZ) is a restricted-access area. Iraqi authorities control access to the IZ. U.S. citizens seeking to enter the IZ to obtain consular services at the U.S. Embassy should email the American Citizens Services unit for IZ entry information.
The work week in Iraq is Sunday through Thursday.
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Iraq for additional information on U.S. – Iraq relations.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
Required Travel Documents:
- Passport: Valid for at least six months after dates of travel.
- Visa: Apply with the Embassy of Iraq in Washington, D.C.,
Within 10 days of the date of entry into Iraq, most travelers must:
- Obtain an arrival sticker
- Submit a blood test (does not apply to tourist visa holders)
- Obtain a residency stamp
Arrival Sticker: The arrival sticker is available at a Residency Office in Iraq. Visitors who exceed the 10-day period can be fined USD $420 (subject to change).
Blood Test: All visitors and new residents to Iraq, with the exception of those travelling on a tourist visa, must have a blood test for HIV and hepatitis within 10 days of arrival or face a USD $125 fine. The test must then be repeated every 90 days while in Iraq. Guidance on where to go for the blood test is available at the airport upon arrival. In the Kurdistan Region, travelers only need to have this blood test if staying for more than 15 days.
Residency Stamp: There is a USD $420 penalty for visitors who do not obtain the required residency stamp within their first 10 days in country. Visitors staying less than 10 days do not require this stamp. A U.S. citizen who plans to stay longer than two months must apply at the Residency Office for an extension.
Exit Stamp: Before departing the country, U.S. citizens must obtain an exit stamp at a residency office. Contractors in the International Zone (IZ) may also obtain exit stamps at the Karadah Mariam Police Station (available Sunday and Wednesday, 10:00-14:00). Exit stamp fees vary from USD $20 to USD $500, depending on length of stay, type of entry visa, and other factors. Travelers who hold a tourist passport with no visa or an expired visa are required to purchase an exit visa for USD $80 and pay a fine of USD $45 for a total of USD $125 (subject to change). The requirement and cost of an exit stamp may differ if the U.S. citizen passport holder has Iraqi ancestry. Visitors who arrive via official aircraft but depart on commercial airlines must pay a USD $82 (subject to change) single entry visa departure fee at the airport. Visitors who intend to return to Iraq will require a re-entry visa, also available through a local residency office.
U.S. Government Contractors: The Government of Iraq’s requirements for entry and residency for U.S. government contractors differ. Persons traveling to Iraq to work on U.S. government contracts should check with their contracting company and contracting officer’s representative to determine entry and residency procedures and requirements. Contractors receive an Iraqi visa tied specifically to the contract and will be in violation of Iraqi immigration law if found to be violating the terms of the visa, including by overstaying. The process for obtaining these visas can be lengthy, so such individuals should apply early and remain in close contact with their contracting company during the visa process.
Private U.S. Citizens Traveling for Work: U.S. citizens traveling to Iraq for the purpose of employment should check with their employers and with the Embassy of Iraq in Washington, D.C. for any special entry or exit requirements related to employment.
Residency Offices: Each province has a Residency Office in the provincial capital. In Baghdad, the main Residency Office is located near the National Theater. In Basrah, the Residency Office is located on Kuwait Street in Ashar. In Erbil, the Residency Office is located on 100 Meter Street, next to the General Directorate of Passport and Nationality, opposite Royal Empire Towers.
Iraqi Kurdistan Region (IKR) Entry/Exit Requirements: As of the date of this report, immigration officials in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region (IKR) were routinely allowing U.S. citizens to enter Iraq without a valid Iraqi visa; however, the airport-issued IKR visa is not valid outside the IKR, and U.S. citizens are not permitted to travel within the rest of Iraq with only the IKR-issued visa. This visa is valid only in the IKR for a period of 15 days. U.S. citizens who plan to stay for longer than 15 days require an extension to their visa; this can be obtained by visiting the local residency office. In addition, it is difficult for U.S. citizens to obtain residency authorization outside the IKR without first obtaining a valid Iraqi visa.
Embassy of Iraq, Washington, D.C.: Visit the Embassy of Iraq for the most current visa information. The Embassy of Iraq is located at 3421 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20007; phone number is 202-742-1600; fax number is 202-333-1129.
HIV/AIDS: Iraq has imposed HIV/AIDS travel restrictions on all visitors and new residents must have an HIV blood test during their first 10 days in country or face a USD $125 fine. At this time, there is no waiver available for this ineligibility. Please verify this information with the Embassy of Iraq before you travel.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
Risk of Violence to U.S. Citizens: U.S. citizens in Iraq remain at high risk for kidnapping and terrorist violence. The U.S. Embassy warns U.S. citizens to avoid all but essential travel to Iraq and advises citizens to read the State Department’s Iraq Travel Warning.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is conducting a widespread, active insurgency in many parts of Iraq and Syria. It commits violent atrocities and targets U.S. citizens. Additionally, criminal gangs and local militias pose a potential threat to U.S. citizens. Sectarian and terrorist violence has increased since the beginning of 2013 in Iraq, most notably in the provinces of Anbar, Babil, Baghdad, Kirkuk, Ninewa, Salah ad Din, and Diyala. (Please see the Iraq Travel Warning for a further description of the types of violence occurring in Iraq at present.)
U.S. Government Security: The U.S. government considers the potential threat to U.S. government personnel in Iraq to be serious enough to require them to live and work under strict security guidelines. All U.S. government employees under the authority of the U.S. Chief of Mission must follow strict safety and security procedures when traveling outside the Embassy.
Private Security: State Department guidance to U.S. businesses in Iraq advises the use of protective security details. Detailed security information is available at the U.S. Embassy website.
Avoid Border Areas: U.S. citizens should avoid border areas, especially near the Syrian, Turkish, and Iranian borders in northern Iraq, which are especially dangerous and not always clearly defined. For more information, please see the Iraq Travel Warning, and Country Specific Information for Iraq’s neighboring countries: Iran, Jordan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Syria.
Mosul Dam: The Government of Iraq has begun to take measures to improve the structural integrity of the Mosul Dam. A dam failure could cause significant flooding and interruption of essential services from Mosul to Baghdad. While it is impossible to accurately predict the likelihood of the dam failing, the Embassy has made contingency plans to relocate its personnel in such an event. The Embassy recommends that U.S. citizens in Iraq, especially those who reside in the floodplain of the Tigris River, prepare their own contingency plans and stay informed of local media reports and Embassy security messages for updates.
Crime: Petty theft is common in Iraq; this includes pick-pocketing in busy areas (e.g. markets), as well as the theft of money, jewelry, or other valuables from hotel rooms and private residences. Historically, carjacking by armed thieves has been very common, even during daylight hours, and particularly on the highways from Jordan and Kuwait to Baghdad. Foreigners, Iraqi citizens, and especially dual U.S.-Iraqi citizens are targets of kidnapping. Kidnappers often demand money but have also carried out kidnappings for political/religious reasons. Many hostages have been killed.
Reports of murder increased sharply in 2014 and stayed relatively high in 2015 due to terrorism, tribal and family disputes, and religious/sectarian tensions.
Victims of Crime: If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. We can:
- Replace a stolen passport.
- Help you find appropriate medical care if you are the victim of violent crimes such as assault or rape.
- Put you in contact with the appropriate police authorities, and if you want us to, contact family members or friends.
- Help you understand the local criminal justice process and direct you to local attorneys, although it is important to remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.
The local equivalent to the “911” emergency line in Iraq is “130” from both mobile and fixed line telephones. Please note that responders do not speak English.
Please see our information for victims of crime, including possible victim compensation programs in the United States.
To Stay Connected:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
- Call us in Washington at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free in the United States and Canada or 1-202-501-4444 from other countries from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
- See the State Department's travel website for Worldwide Caution, Travel Warnings, and Travel Alerts.
- Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
- See State’s Traveler’s Checklist for useful travel tips.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Special Circumstances: The ability of the U.S. Embassy to provide consular services to U.S. citizens outside Baghdad is extremely limited given the security environment. Host government emergency services and support are limited.
ISIL controls a significant portion of Iraq’s territory. Within areas under ISIL control, the Iraqi government has little or no ability to exercise control and ensure public safety. People belonging to religious and ethnic minorities, LGBT persons, and people who express support for the government of Iraq or Western institutions are at grave risk in these areas and may face kidnapping, imprisonment, or execution.
Iraq continues to suffer from serious deficiencies in public services. For instance, many areas have only a few hours of electricity per day. Many families supplement their state-provided electricity through local cooperatives that share generators.
Travelers should be aware that Iraqi fire and rescue services are still developing, and hotels may not be fully equipped with fire safety equipment. When staying in a hotel, you should request a room on a lower floor and make sure you have identified the exits nearest your room.
Telephone (landline) service is very limited; however, calls may be made from hotels, restaurants, and shops. While cellular service (mobile wireless) has expanded rapidly into urban areas, reliability can vary by region. Even in urban areas, users may frequently experience dropped calls. Internet service is available through Internet cafes, but broadband Internet service to homes is currently limited.
Large wire transfers may require Central Bank of Iraq approval due to measures in place to combat money laundering. Such approvals can be obtained by the sending bank if a customer provides information on the origin of the funds and the reason for their transfer. Additional information on banking in Iraq is available on the Central Bank of Iraq’s website.
Customs officers have the broad authority to search persons or vehicles at Iraqi ports of entry. Officers may confiscate any goods they deem may pose a threat to the peace, security, health, environment, or social order of Iraq. Starting in January 2014, Iraq began implementing Tariff Law No. 22, a new schedule of tariffs ranging from zero to eighty percent. Antiquities or cultural items suspected of being illegally exported may also be confiscated, as with goods that are not declared. Visitors may also be ordered to return such goods, at their expense, to the jurisdiction from which they came.
The banking and financial infrastructure is underdeveloped, as transactions in Iraq remain largely cash-based. Hotels usually require payment in foreign currency. Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) are extremely rare in most of Iraq, but the Trade Bank of Iraq (TBI) provides ATM services in Iraqi dinars at all of its branches in Iraq as well as in USD at its main branch in central Baghdad.
Women Travelers: Please review our travel tips for Women Travelers.
LGBTI Travelers: The law prohibits discrimination based on race, disability, or social status, but it does not address the issue of sexual orientation or gender identity. Societal discrimination in employment, occupation, and housing based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and unconventional appearance is common in Iraq. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: While in Iraq, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from what you find in the United States. The law prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities in employment, education, access to health care, and other state services. The government enforces the law in the public sector, but not in the private sector. Access for persons with disabilities to buildings and in educational and work settings remains inconsistent. Public and government buildings, as well as public bathrooms, may not be accessible.
Medical Insurance: We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare and Medicaid does not apply overseas. Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation by air ambulance.
Prescription Medication: Always carry your prescription medication in the original packaging with your doctor’s prescription and in sufficient supply for your entire stay.
Medical Care: Basic modern medical care and medicines are not widely available in Iraq. Conflict has left some medical facilities non-operational and medical stocks and supplies severely depleted. The facilities in operation do not meet U.S. standards, and the majority lack medicines, equipment, and supplies. A limited number of companies facilitate medical evacuations. Blood banks exist in Iraq, though blood supply may not be sufficient in the event of an emergency and likely has not been tested under U.S. standards for infectious disease. In addition, many areas suffer rolling power outages and generators are not always available for back-up.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further Health Information:
Travel & Transportation
Road Conditions and Safety: Vehicular travel in Iraq can be extremely dangerous. There have been attacks on civilian vehicles as well as Iraqi military and security convoys on roads and highways throughout Iraq, both in and outside metropolitan areas. Attacks occur throughout the day, but travel at night is more dangerous and should be avoided. Such attacks are unpredictable, and have involved small arms fire and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) capable of destroying the average vehicle.
Public Transportation: Buses run irregularly and frequently change routes. Poorly-maintained city transit vehicles are often involved in accidents. Long-distance buses are available, but are often in poor condition and drive at unsafe speeds.
Traffic Laws and Practice: Drivers usually do not yield to pedestrians at crosswalks and ignore traffic lights (if available), traffic rules, and regulations. Jaywalking is common. Roads are congested. Some cars do not use lights at night and urban street lights may not be functioning. Some motorists drive at excessive speeds, tailgate, and force other drivers to yield the right of way.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.
Aviation Safety Oversight: There is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers certificated in Iraq; however, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Iraq’s Civil Aviation Authority to be in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. The Model Civil Aviation Safety Act and the Model Regulations are published by the FAA to assist governments in carrying out their aviation safety oversight responsibilities. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page. The FAA prohibits U.S. civil flight operations over or within Iraq, with certain exceptions for overflights and other circumstances specified in Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 77. In addition, travel for mission personnel through Basrah Airport remains prohibited and travel through the Baghdad International Airport (BIAP) is limited.
Assistance for U.S. Citizens
U.S. Embassy Baghdad
- Telephone 0760-030-3000
- Telephone 301-985-8841, ext. 4293 or 2413 (U.S. dial numbers that ring in Baghdad)
- Emergency After- Hours Telephone +(964) 770-443-1286 or +(964) 770-030-4888 from the U.S. or 0770-443-1286 or 0770-030-4888 from within Iraq.
- Website U.S. Embassy Baghdad