GuyanaOfficial Name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Six Months from arrival date
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
One page required for entry stamp
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Embassies and Consulates
100 Young & Duke Streets
Telephone: +(592) 225-4900/9
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(592) 623-1992
Fax: +(592) 227-0221
Guyana is a developing nation on the northern coast of South America. Few tourist facilities exist other than hotels in the capital city of Georgetown and a small number of eco-resorts in the rugged interior of the country. The vast majority of the Guyanese population lives along the coast, leaving the interior largely unpopulated and undeveloped. Travel within the interior of Guyana can be difficult; many interior regions can only be reached by plane or boat, and the few roads are often impassable in the rainy seasons. English is the national language. Read the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Guyana for additional information on U.S.- Guyana relations.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
U.S. citizen travelers will need a valid U.S. passport to enter and depart Guyana. Upon arrival, Guyanese immigration generally grants U.S. visitors a stay of thirty days. Passports must have at least six months of remaining validity. Travelers planning to stay longer than thirty days must may request an extension of stay from the Ministry of Home Affairs at 60 Brickdam Street in Georgetown. The Central Office of Immigration on Camp Street in Georgetown must also note the extension in traveler’s passport. If the purpose of your trip is not solely tourism, you should contact either the Ministry of Home Affairs or the Guyana Embassy in Washington, DC for information about requirements for work permits and extended stays. If you are a U.S.-Guyanese dual national departing Guyana for the United States using a Guyanese passport, you must present to Guyanese authorities a U.S. passport, Certificate of Naturalization, or other document establishing that you may legally enter the United States. U.S. citizens with dual nationality are not eligible for U.S. visas and must use their U.S. passports to enter and depart the United States.
For further information about entry, exit and customs requirements, please consult the Embassy of Guyana at 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008, telephone (202) 265-6900, the Consulate General in New York City, or honorary consuls in California, Florida, Ohio, and Texas. Visit the Embassy of Guyana website for the most current visa information.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors or foreign residents of Guyana.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
Demonstrations and protests are not uncommon in Georgetown. Though U.S. citizens have not been the targets of past demonstrations, U.S. citizens in Guyana should nevertheless remain alert and take prudent personal security measures. Avoid areas where crowds have congregated and maintain a low profile when moving about Georgetown. The U.S. Embassy recommends exercising particular caution in the neighborhoods of Buxton, Stabroek, and Bourda; in and around the National Park; and along the sea wall west of the Pegasus Hotel and east of the Shell station on Rupert Craig Highway.
Demonstrations and protests can occur more frequently during election seasons. The Embassy reminds U.S. citizens to be cautious and vigilant, particularly near any sites associated with political activity. Limited transportation and communications may hamper the ability of the U.S. Embassy to assist in an emergency situation.
To stay connected:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program so we can keep you up to date with important safety and security announcements.
- Follow the Bureau of Consular Affairs on Twitter and Facebook.
- Bookmark the Bureau of Consular Affairs website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.
- Follow the U.S. Embassy in Guyana on Twitter and visiting the Embassy’s website.
- In the event of an emergency, contact us at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free within the United States and Canada, or via a regular toll line, 1-202-501-4444, from other countries.
- Take some time before traveling to consider your personal security and checking for useful tips for traveling safely abroad.
CRIME: Serious crime, including murder and armed robbery, is a major problem in Guyana. The per capita murder rate in Guyana is three times higher than that of the United States.
Armed robberies can occur in business and shopping districts. Hotel room break-ins also occur; use caution when opening your hotel room doors and keep your valuables in the hotel safe. When traveling in a vehicle, keep the doors locked and be aware of your surroundings at all times.
Pick-pocketing, purse snatching, assault, and robbery can occur in all areas of Georgetown. Crimes often occur along the sea wall and the adjacent areas. Visitors are advised to avoid this area after dark. Avoid leaving any valuables in vehicles left unattended and remember to lock your vehicle at all times. The National Park in Georgetown and the sea wall from Sheriff Road to UG Road are frequented by joggers, dog walkers, and families and are generally considered safe during daylight hours, but are not recommended after dusk.
Petty crimes also occur in the general area of Stabroek Market and to a lesser extent in the area behind Bourda Market. Safeguard your personal property when shopping in these markets. There are pickpockets in the area around St. George's Cathedral, and you should avoid the area after dark. Guyana's commercial downtown between Main Street and Water Street from Lamaha Road to Stabroek Market, including "Tiger Bay," is largely deserted outside of business hours and should also be avoided after dark.
Avoid walking around Georgetown alone, even in the main areas and especially after dark. Although bandits have been known to attack taxis, they are generally safe and remain the safest means of getting around town and to and from the airport. Only use taxis that are connected to major hotels or are painted yellow. All yellow taxis are registered with the Government of Guyana's licensing office. Exercise constant vigilance, and prior to entering any taxi, make note of the vehicle's license plate. This can be used to track down the driver in the event you are overcharged or if your luggage is lost. Using public minibuses is discouraged due to widespread unsafe driving and poor maintenance.
Use caution traveling to and from Cheddi Jagan International Airport, especially at night. In 2014, the Embassy received several reports of U.S. citizens followed home from the Cheddi Jagan International Airport at night and robbed as they entered their residences. Take care not to widely announce your arrival plans, and arrange for taxi pick-up prior to arrival. The Department of State recommends that Embassy staff use official vehicles when traveling this route between dusk and dawn.
Local law-enforcement authorities are generally cooperative but lack the resources to respond effectively to serious criminal incidents. We encourage crime victims to contact the police as well as the American Citizens Services Unit of the U.S. Embassy's Consular Section.
Don't buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are these goods illegal in the United States, buy buyers may also be breaking local law.
VICTIMS OF CRIME: If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. We can:
- Replace a stolen passport.
- Help you find appropriate medical care if you are the victim of violent crimes such as assault or rape.
- Put you in contact with the appropriate police authorities, and if you want us to, contact family members or friends.
- Help you understand the local criminal justice process and direct you to local attorneys, although it is important to remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
The local equivalent to the "911" emergency line in Guyana is 911.
Please see our information for victims of crime, including possible victim compensation programs in the United States.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: While you are traveling in Guyana, you are subject to its laws. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. Persons violating Guyanese laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Guyana are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. If you break local laws in Guyana, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution.
There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. You can be prosecuted in the United States for engaging in sexual conduct with children or for using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country regardless of the legality of these activities under that country’s laws. Counterfeit and pirated goods are illegal in the United States and if you purchase them in a foreign country, you may be breaking local law as well.
Arrest notifications in host country: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in that country, others may not. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES: Air Travel: Flights on all airlines can be delayed, rerouted, or canceled without notice. Air travel within Guyana generally depends on demand, and therefore domestic airlines may cancel flights that are not full or passengers may be expected to pay for the empty seats. In addition, due to the risks of checked baggage being lost, delayed, or rifled through, you should hand carry medications, valuables, and perishable items and make sure to carry a prescription for any needed medications.
Illegal Drugs:Travelers to the United States from Guyana have found narcotics planted in their luggage, both in bags registered under their names and in items they were carrying for others. Travelers should never carry any items not personally purchased and packed, and should take care that no additional bags are registered in their name. Every year several U.S. citizens are arrested at the airport attempting to carry drugs to the United States. Drug laws in Guyana are strict, pre-trial detention can last for years, and final sentences are lengthy.
Travel in the Interior: The interior of the country is largely not policed and emergency services are generally not available. There is no cellular phone reception in much of the interior. Travelers visiting the interior should consider bringing their own safety gear, such as life jackets, first aid kits, and communications equipment (e.g., satellite phone).
Flooding: There are two main rainy seasons in Guyana (December - January and May - July). However, even at other times of the year, heavy rains are possible and flash flooding can occur. The incidence of waterborne diseases increases during periods of flooding.
Drinking Water: The water supply system throughout the country should be considered contaminated, and travelers should treat or boil water before consumption, or purchase bottled water.
Changing Currency and Credit Card Use: You should have enough cash or travelers checks to meet your expenses. Although credit cards are accepted at certain institutions in Georgetown, travelers should consider the risk of using credit cards and ATM cards to withdraw cash from an overseas account, due to a high risk of stolen PIN data.
You are advised to exchange currency only with banks, hotels, and licensed money exchange houses ("cambios"). Many foreigners who opt to exchange money on the streets, lured by promises of higher exchange rates, become victims of fraud or receive counterfeit currency. Foreigners have been mugged after completing bank transactions. There is no legal recourse unless the police are successful in apprehending the perpetrator; even then there is no guarantee that the money will be recovered.
Firearms: Guyanese customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation into or export from Guyana of items such as firearms. If you plan to take your firearms or ammunition to or through Guyana, you should contact officials at the Embassy of Guyana to learn about local regulations and fully comply with those regulations before traveling. Even harmless items like jewelry that looks like ammunition could result in arrest. You may consult the U.S. Customs and Border Protection web site for information on importing firearms into the United States.
Wildlife: Many plants and animals common in Guyana are globally threatened or endangered species protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). More information may be found at the CITES web site. The Guyanese Ministry of Agriculture will grant an export permit for taking an exotic bird out of the country only to those persons who have been legally residing in Guyana for more than one year. There have been several U.S. citizens arrested for attempting to leave Guyana carrying birds without having obtained an export permit.
If you have legally resided in Guyana for more than a year and plan to take back to the United States any birds or animals, including pets that are listed in CITES Appendices I, II, and III, you must also have an appropriate U.S. import permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). This is a U.S. regulation that applies regardless of distinctions among the three CITES Appendices. Fact sheets and permit applications can be obtained from the USFWS Office of Management Authority, Branch of Permits, 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA 22203, telephone (703) 358-2104, fax (703) 358-2281.
WOMEN TRAVELER INFORMATION: If you are a woman traveling abroad, please review our travel tips for Women Travelers.
LGBT RIGHTS: The laws of Guyana define marriage as a legal union between a man and a woman; there is no explicit protection from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity under the Constitution of Guyana.
Consensual same-sex sexual relations are criminalized in Guyana for men. A male who commits “any act of gross indecency with another male person,” if found to be guilty, can be imprisoned for up to a maximum of two years. Anal intercourse is punishable with a maximum sentence of life in prison. Although the U.S. Embassy is not aware of any recent arrests or prosecutions for such activities, they remain illegal. There are no laws concerning same-sex sexual activity between women. It is common for police to use the law to intimidate men who are gay or perceived to be gay. LGBT persons who are victims of crime in Guyana are sometimes afraid to file police reports because they are fearful that charges could be brought against them because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. For more detailed information about LGBT rights in Guyana you may review the State Department’s annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. For further information on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) travel, please read our LGBT Travel Information page.
ACCESSIBILITY: While in Guyana, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from that in the United States. The constitution mandates the state to take measures to protect persons with disabilities but there is no law that mandates provision of access for such persons. There is also a lack of appropriate infrastructure that provides access to both public and private facilities.
Medical care in Guyana does not meet U.S. standards. Care is available for minor medical conditions, although quality is very inconsistent. Emergency care and hospitalization for major medical illnesses or surgery are very limited, due to a lack of appropriately trained specialists, below standard in-hospital care, and poor sanitation.
There are very few ambulances in Guyana. Ambulance service is limited to transportation without any medical care and is frequently not available for emergencies.
In the event of an emergency, the number for an ambulance is 913, but this number is not always operational and an ambulance may not be available.
You are advised to bring prescription medicine sufficient for your length of stay. Also, please note that Guyana's humid climate may affect some medicines. Some prescription medicines (mainly generic rather than name-brand) are available.
Special attention should be paid to HIV/AIDS in Guyana. In addition to elevated infection rates among high-risk populations such as commercial sex workers, and mobile populations such as miners or loggers, data from the World Health Organization estimate that Guyana has among the highest prevalence rates in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Insect-borne illnesses are common and include malaria, dengue, Leishmaniasis, Chikungunya, and Chagas disease. Insect precautions and anti-malarial chemoprophylaxis are encouraged for visitors traveling outside of Georgetown.
You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website, which contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern in Guyana. For further information, please consult the CDC's information on TB.
Zika Virus: Zika virus is a mosquito-borne illness that can be spread from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby as well as through sexual contact. The CDC has concluded that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects in some fetuses and babies born to infected mothers. For additional information about Zika, including travel advisories, visit the CDC website.
Chikungunya and Dengue are mosquito-borne illnesses that are becoming more frequent in tropical and equatorial climates around the world. Symptoms can include fever, rash, severe headache, joint pain, and muscle or bone pain. There are no specific treatments for Chikungunya or Dengue and vaccines are still in the developmental phase. Preventing mosquito bites is the most important way to prevent these illnesses. Avoidance and prevention techniques include: reducing mosquito exposure by using repellents, covering exposed skin, treating clothing and tents with permethrin and sleeping in screened or air conditioned rooms. You can also reduce exposure through mosquito control measures, including emptying water from outdoor containers and spraying to reduce mosquito populations. The Aedes mosquitos that carry these illnesses are primarily day biting and often live in homes and hotel rooms especially under beds, in bathrooms and closets. Travelers should carry and use CDC recommended insect repellents containing either 20% DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus or IR3535, which will help diminish bites from mosquitoes as well as ticks, fleas, chiggers, etc., some of which may also carry infectious diseases. For further information, please consult the CDC's Chikungunya Virus Website and Dengue Virus Website).
Travel & Transportation
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: While in Guyana, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. Drivers use the left side of the road in Guyana. Driving in Guyana can be hazardous , and the rate of traffic accident fatalities in Guyana is significantly higher than in the United States. Cars, large commercial vehicles, horse drawn carts, bicyclists, motorcycles, free range livestock, stray dogs, pedestrians, and aggressive "mini-buses" all share narrow, poorly maintained roads. Aggressive, speeding vehicles on the same roads with slow-moving vehicles makes driving in Guyana especially dangerous. Driving at unsafe speeds, tail-gating, quick stops without signaling, passing at intersections, and passing on crowded streets is commonplace. Driving at night poses additional concerns as many roads are not lit, some drivers do not lower high beam lights, livestock sleep on the road and many pedestrians congregate by the roadside. You should exercise caution at all times while driving and avoid driving outside of Georgetown at night when possible.
The Traffic Division of Guyana's National Police Force is responsible for road safety but is ill-trained and ill-equipped. The Department of State recommends that Embassy staff travel in groups of two or more vehicles when traveling outside Georgetown.
Penalties for drivers involved in an accident resulting in injury or death are severe, including life imprisonment. If involved in an accident, call 911 for police and 913 for an ambulance. Please note, however, that these numbers are not always operational, police may be slow to respond, and an ambulance may not be available.
Seatbelt use is required by law and is enforced; failure to use a seatbelt when riding in the front seat of any vehicle can result in a fine. Currently, Guyana has no laws concerning child car seats, but the use of age-appropriate seats is strongly recommended for child passengers. Both drivers of and passengers on motorcycles must wear protective helmets that meet certain specifications. Talking on cellular telephones while driving is illegal; however, it is legal if a driver uses a hands free set.
Mini-buses (small 12- to 15-passenger vans) ply various routes both within and between cities. Mini-bus drivers have come under severe criticism from the government, press, and private citizens for speeding, aggressive and reckless driving, overloading of vehicles, poor vehicle maintenance and repair, and offensive remarks directed at passengers. Mini-buses have been involved in the majority of fatal vehicular accidents in recent years, and official U.S. government personnel are barred from using them. Travelers should use taxis for transportation.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Guyana, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Guyana’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Caribbean Airlines and Surinam Airways, both not registered in Guyana, are the only two scheduled airlines with direct service to the United States from Guyana. Further information may be found on the FAA's safety assessment page.