Central African RepublicOfficial Name: Central African Republic
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
One page required for entry stamp
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
Only for Stays Longer than 180 Days
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
All currency must be declared upon entry
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Embassies and Consulates
Avenue Rosa Parks
P.O. Box 817
Telephone: +(237) 22220-1500 ext. 4341/4023 (Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. local time)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(237) 22220-1500
The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world’s least developed nations and is currently experiencing a period of prolonged political instability and lawlessness. In March 2013, the Seleka rebel group overthrew the government in violent clashes with the CAR military and foreign troops. Despite an on-going peace process and election of transitional CAR President Catherine Samba-Panza in January 2014, the security situation remains highly unstable. Armed clashes between Christian and Muslim militias frequently result in bloodshed, and militias have targeted Westerners for attack. Gun fights and looting are on-going and can erupt at any moment. The U.S. Department of State Travel Warning for the Central African Republic strongly warns against all travel to the CAR. Those who choose to remain in the Central African Republic or to visit despite this warning should be aware that the U.S. Embassy in Bangui remains unable to provide assistance or routine consular services to U.S. citizens in the CAR, despite resuming limited operations on September 15, 2014.
U.S. citizens in need of routine consular services should contact the U.S. Embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon by email at YaoundeACS@state.gov.
U.S. citizens in CAR who are in need of emergency assistance should contact the U.S. Embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon; Telephone: 237 2220-1500 ext.4341 / 4023 (Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. local time). Emergencies: 237 2220-1500 ext. 4531 or 237 2222-2589; Email: YaoundeACS@state.gov.
Read the Department of State Fact Sheet on the Central African Republic for additional information on U.S. - CAR relations.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
A valid passport, visa, and evidence of yellow fever vaccination are required for entry. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of the Central African Republic, 2704 Ontario Road, NW, Washington, D.C. 20009, telephone: (202) 483–7800 / 7801, fax: (202) 332–9893. Overseas inquiries should be made to the nearest Central African Republic Embassy or Consulate. NOTE: In any country where there is no Central African Republic diplomatic mission, the French Embassy has authorization to issue a visa for entry into the Central African Republic. The Embassy of the Central African Republic does not have a website.
The Government of Chad closed its border with CAR on May 12, 2014. Only citizens of Chad returning home will be able to cross the Chad-CAR border.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of the Central African Republic.
Information about dual nationality and the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our customs information page.
There are several restrictions on foreigners who wish to travel within the CAR. Both residents and tourists must ensure that they have additional permissions for any travel outside of Bangui and proper paperwork with them at all times. Travel to the southwest in particular requires a permit for all foreign travelers due to the presence of sensitive mining areas. You are encouraged to check with the authorities in Bangui, such as the Gendarmerie National, about possible restrictions in the areas where you wish to travel.
Safety and Security
Indiscriminate violence and looting followed the March 2013 overthrow of the Government of the CAR, and the newly elected transitional government has been unable to provide for security in the capital Bangui or elsewhere in the CAR. Armed clashes between Christian and Muslim militias frequently result in bloodshed. In the absence of basic law and order, criminality has sharply risen. United Nations, French, and European Union peacekeepers are present in CAR, the capital has led to several casualties by stray bullets, and easily accessible hand grenades have been used indiscriminately on civilians.
Spontaneous demonstrations take place in the CAR from time to time in response to world events or local developments. We remind you that even demonstrations intended to be peaceful can turn confrontational and possibly escalate into violence. You are therefore urged to avoid the areas of demonstrations if possible, and to exercise caution within the vicinity of any demonstrations. You should stay current with media coverage of local events and be aware of your surroundings at all times. Armed rebel groups, bandits, and poachers present real dangers, and the Central African government is unable to guarantee the safety of visitors in most parts of the country.
There have been repeated attacks on Central African and expatriate travelers throughout the CAR over the last 10 years. Armed militias have targeted Westerners for attack, along with individuals who are known to work for foreign missions and international organizations. The continued presence of the Lord’s Resistance Army in eastern CAR poses a safety and security threat. Bandits, militias, and armed group activity throughout the country also threaten the security of residents and travelers. Travel in the interior is strongly discouraged.
Bangui itself, in addition to ongoing insecurity, also suffers from severely limited transport and medical options. Armed actors staff checkpoints throughout the city, frequently harassing local and expatriate travelers for bribes, and impeding the work of peace-keeping forces. The U.S. Department of State advises against all travel to the CAR. Please see the Department of State’s Travel Warning for the CAR for more information.
To stay connected:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program so we can keep you up to date with important safety and security announcements.
- Follow the Bureau of Consular Affairs on Twitter and Facebook.
- Bookmark the Bureau of Consular Affairs website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.
- Follow us on Twitter, the Bureau of Consular Affairs page on Facebook, and U.S. Embassy Bangui’s website.
- In the event of an emergency, contact us at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free within the United States and Canada, or via a regular toll line, 1-202-501-4444, from other countries.
- Take some time before travel to consider your personal security and review the Traveler’s Checklist.
CRIME: Crime remains a concern in the capital and has increased since the March 2013 overthrow of the government. You should exercise extreme caution while traveling around the city and its immediate environs. Petty theft remains a problem in large market areas, particularly in the crowded markets near KM 5 on the outskirts of the city. Armed gangs may operate in outlying residential areas. During periods of civil unrest and conflict citizens engage in violent, sometimes deadly, demonstrations which include widespread looting, burning of buildings, and blocking of roads. In the interior of the country, there are frequent reports of armed robbery and kidnapping by highway bandits (called “coupeurs de routes” or “zaraguinas”), especially during the December to May dry season. When a crime does occur in Bangui, the victim may have to pay to send a vehicle to pick up police officers due to the shortage of police vehicles and fuel.
In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines. The Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Division in the U.S. Department of Justice has more information on this serious problem.
VICTIMS OF CRIME: If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. In the CAR, this is the U.S. Embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon, or the French Embassy in Bangui. We can:
- Replace a stolen passport.
- Help you find appropriate medical care if you are the victim of violent crimes such as assault or rape.
- Put you in contact with the appropriate police authorities, and if you want us to, we can contact family members or friends.
- Help you understand the local criminal justice process and direct you to local attorneys, although it is important to remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
The local equivalent to the “911” emergency line in the Central African Republic is 117, and you can call the Gendarmerie at 2161-2200.
Please see our information on victims of crime, including possible victim compensation programs in the United States.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: While you are traveling in the CAR, you are subject to its laws. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. Penalties for breaking the law can be more severe than in the United States for similar offenses. Persons violating Central African Republic laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in the CAR are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in the CAR your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution.
Based on the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, bilateral agreements with certain countries, and customary international law, if you are arrested in the CAR, you have the option to request that the police, prison officials, or other authorities alert the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate of your arrest, and to have communications from you forwarded to the nearest U.S. embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon, or the French Embassy in Bangui. In some cases, U.S. citizens and other foreign nationals have been detained indefinitely without due process.
Photography: Taking photographs of police or military installations, airports, or any other government buildings is prohibited. Unauthorized photography may result in the seizure of photographic equipment by the CAR authorities. Police or other government authorities can provide information and grant permission for photographing a particular subject or location.
Corruption: Corruption remains a serious problem among the CAR security forces, some members of which have harassed travelers for bribes. At night, the roads in the capital are often manned with impromptu checkpoints, at which police or soldiers ask motorists and travelers for money.
Banking: Banking infrastructure remains limited in the CAR, and facilities for monetary exchange exist only in the capital. Banking services were further limited following looting in Bangui in March and April 2013. There are no ATMs in the CAR. Exchange bureaus and banks normally accept dollars and euros, but not West African Francs (CFA). Credit cards are not used in the CAR, and purchases of goods and services, including hotel rooms and airline tickets, are cash transactions.
WOMEN TRAVELER INFORMATION: If you are a woman traveling abroad, please review our travel tips for Women Travelers.
LGBT RIGHTS: Same-gender sexual relations are illegal in the CAR and the penal code criminalizes consensual same-gender sexual activity. The penalty for "public expression of love" between persons of the same gender is imprisonment for six months to two years or a fine of between 150,000 to 600,000 CFA francs ($295 to $1,185). When one of the participants is under age, the adult may be sentenced to two to five years' imprisonment or a fine of 100,000 to 800,000 CFA francs ($200 to $1,600). Although there have been no recent reports that police arrested or detained persons under these provisions, they remain illegal. LGBT travelers should review the LGBT Travel Information page.
ACCESSIBILITY: While in the CAR, individuals with disabilities will find accessibility and accommodation very different from what you find in the United States. Public infrastructure is generally in poor condition and sidewalks, buildings, and public transportation do not cater to special accessibility needs.
Medical facilities are extremely limited in the CAR, and the quality of care is unreliable. Sanitation levels are low. Many medicines are not available; you should carry properly labeled prescription drugs and other medications with you that will suffice for your entire visit.
Routine U.S. immunizations should be up to date prior to traveling to the CAR. A Yellow Fever certificate is a requirement for entry for all travelers over nine months of age. Additionally, all travelers should have hepatitis A, influenza, and typhoid immunizations. The CAR is in a region with high levels of meningococcal meningitis, and all travelers during the dry season (December through June) should receive the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine, especially if prolonged contact with the local populace is anticipated. Children and health care workers should receive meningococcal vaccine regardless of the season of travel. Hepatitis B vaccination should be considered. An adult polio booster is recommended, but is not currently required for travel to CAR. Rabies is endemic throughout the CAR and travelers are advised to avoid contact with animals, especially dogs, and consider rabies immunization prior to arrival if they plan remote travel, animal contact, or a visit of more than four weeks.
Malaria (predominantly P. falciparum) exists nationwide year-round. Use of topical repellants such as DEET or Picaridin, permethrin-treated clothing, and bed nets along with antimalarial chemoprophylaxis is strongly recommended. There is a major problem with counterfeit antimalarial drugs in Africa. Travelers are encouraged to bring mefloquine, atovaquone-proguanil, or doxycycline with them from home and not rely on locally acquired drugs. The CDC’s Malaria webpage has an excellent review of malaria prevention.
Diarrheal diseases are common throughout the CAR, even in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions are essential to reduce the likelihood of illness. Travelers should consider bringing loperamide and/or a quinolone antibiotic (such as ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin) for presumptive self-treatment of diarrhea if it occurs.
HIV is present in six percent of the adult population and sexually transmitted infections are common.
Schistosomiasis is a parasite that can penetrate intact skin of those swimming or bathing in fresh water from lakes, rivers and streams. It is recommended to avoid contact with untreated fresh water to prevent schistosomiasis infection.
Tuberculosis is also common in the local population and those with stays more than four weeks and extensive interaction with local populations should consider TB skin testing before and after their visit to the CAR. For further information, please consult the CDC's information on TB.
All routinely recommended immunizations for the US should be up to date. Measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus, pertussis and chickenpox are much more common than in the US, especially among children. Meningococcal meningitis vaccine should be considered for travel during December through June and hepatitis A and typhoid immunization is recommended for all travelers.
Information on vaccinations and other health precautions, such as safe food and water precautions and insect bite protection, may be obtained from the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website. The WHO website also contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
Travel & Transportation
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: While in a foreign country, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. The information below concerning the CAR is provided for general reference only, and may not be totally accurate in a particular location or circumstance.
In Bangui, road conditions vary, and many roads have large holes and degraded areas that prevent the normal flow of traffic. Only a small portion of the roads in the country, including in the capital, are paved, and many of the compacted dirt roads have been degraded. Drivers tend to prefer to drive on the smoothest portion of the road and ignore basic traffic laws, thus slowing the flow of traffic and increasing the risk of collision. The city of Bangui does have a public transportation system consisting of green buses and yellow taxis, though these vehicles are often dangerously overcrowded and very badly maintained.
Due to the risk of armed attacks on motorists in the northern, eastern, and western regions of the country, overland travel in these areas should be avoided. Any driving outside the capital should be only during daylight hours. Most remote areas in the CAR that are frequented by tourists are accessible only by four-wheel drive vehicles, although some roads are not passable at all during the rainy season, from May to October.
There are currently no distracted driving laws in effect in the Central African Republic, but police may pull over drivers who talk or text while driving for not following unspecific safe driving procedures.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in the CAR, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of the CAR's Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page