MexicoOfficial Name: United Mexican States
THE INFORMATION RELATING TO THE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN COUNTRIES IS PROVIDED FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY AND MAY NOT BE TOTALLY ACCURATE IN A PARTICULAR CASE. QUESTIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN LAWS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO FOREIGN ATTORNEYS. THIS CIRCULAR SEEKS ONLY TO PROVIDE INFORMATION; IT IS NOT AN OPINION ON ANY ASPECT OF U.S., FOREIGN, OR INTERNATIONAL LAW. THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DOES NOT INTEND BY THE CONTENTS OF THIS CIRCULAR TO TAKE A POSITION ON ANY ASPECT OF ANY PENDING LITIGATION.
Embassies and Consulates
Visit U.S. Embassy Mexico City’s website for contact information for the Embassy and Consulates.
Emergency after-hours Telephone:
U.S. Embassy Mexico City: 011-52-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from the U.S.); 01-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from Mexico)
U.S. Consulate Ciudad Juarez: 656-227-3000; 011-52-656-227-3000 (from the U.S.)
U.S. Consulate Guadalajara: 011-52-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from the U.S.); 01-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from Mexico)
U.S. Consulate Hermosillo: 044-662-256-0741 (local calls); 045-662-256-0741 (from Mexico); 011-52-1-662-256-0741 (from the U.S.)
U.S. Consulate Matamoros: 011-52-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (From the U.S.); 01-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from Mexico)
U.S. Consulate Merida: 011-52-999-942-5700 (from the U.S.); 01-999-942-5700 (from Mexico); 942-5700 (from Merida)
U.S. Consulate Monterrey: 011-52-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from the U.S.); 01-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from Mexico)
U.S. Consulate Nogales: 001-619-841-3203 (from Mexico); 619-841-3203 (from the U.S.)
U.S. Consulate Nuevo Laredo: 011-52-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from the U.S.); 01-55-5080-2000, ext. 0 (from Mexico)
U.S. Consulate Tijuana: 664-977-2000 (from Mexico); 619-692-2154 (from the U.S.)
Consular Agency Acapulco: 52-744-481-0100
Consular Agency Cancun: 011-52-998-883-0272
Consular Agency Playa del Carmen: 011-52-984-873-0303
Consular Agency Mazatlan: 045-662-256-0741
Consular Agency Los Cabos: 001-619-692-2154; 619-692-2154 (from the U.S.)
Consular Agency Vallarta: 33-3268-2145
Consular Agency Oaxaca: 52-951-514-3054, 516-2853
Consular Agency Puerto Vallarta: 52-322-222-0069
Consular Agency Piedras Negras: 01-55-5080-2000 (from Nuevo Laredo); 011-52-55-5080-2000 (from the U.S.)
Consular Agency San Miguel de Allende: 52-415-152-2357
List of Attorneys
U.S. Embassy Mexico City
U.S. Consulate General Ciudad Juarez
U.S. Consulate General Guadalajara
U.S. Consulate General Hermosillo
U.S. Consulate General Matamoros
U.S. Consulate General Merida
U.S. Consulate General Monterrey
U.S. Consulate General Nogales
U.S. Consulate General Nuevo Laredo
U.S. Consulate Tijuana
U.S. Consular Agency Puerto Vallarta
U.S. Consular Agency Mazatlan
Service of Process
Mexico is a party to the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extra Judicial Documents in Civil and Commercial Matters. Complete information on the operation of the Convention, including an interactive online request form are available on the Hague Conference website. Requests should be completed in duplicate and submitted with two sets of the documents to be served, and translations, directly to Mexico’s Central Authority for the Hague Service Convention. The person in the United States executing the request form should be either an attorney or clerk of court. The applicant should include the titles attorney at law or clerk of court on the identity and address of applicant and signature/stamp fields . In its Declarations and Reservations to the Convention, Mexico formally objected to service under Article 10 of the Hague Service Convention, and does not permit service via postal channels. While cases have been reported where U.S. courts have accepted alternative methods of service, Mexico's accession to the Hague Service Convention indicates that service through the Mexico Central Authority is the exclusive method available. For additional information see the Hague Conference Service Convention web page and the Hague Conference Practical Handbook on the Operation of the Hague Service Convention. See also Mexico’s response to the 2008 Hague Conference questionnaire on the practical operation of the Service Convention.
The United States and Mexico are also parties to the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory and Additional Protocol. The U.S. Central Authority for the treaty is the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division, Office of Foreign Litigation, Washington, D.C. Requests for service under the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory and Additional Protocol may be sent to the U.S. Department of Justice's contractor, Process Forwarding International (PFI), for transmittal to the Mexican Central Authority.
Service on a Foreign State: See also our Service Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) feature and FSIA Checklist for questions about service on a foreign state, agency or instrumentality.
Service of Documents from Mexico in the United States: See information about service in the United States on the U.S. Central Authority for the Service Convention page of the Hague Conference on Private International Law Service Convention site and Process Forwarding International (PFI)’s website for service under the Inter-American Convention and Additional Protocol.
Prosecution Requests: U.S. federal or state prosecutors should also contact the Office of International Affairs, Criminal Division, Department of Justice for guidance.
Defense Requests in Criminal Matters: Criminal defendants or their defense counsel seeking judicial assistance in obtaining evidence or in effecting service of documents abroad in connection with criminal matters may do so via the letters rogatory process.
Obtaining Evidence in Civil and Commercial Matters
Obtaining Evidence in Civil and Commercial Matters: Mexico is a party to the Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil and Commercial Matters. See the Hague Evidence Convention Model Letters of Request for guidance on preparation of the letter of request. Requests for the compulsion of evidence under the Hague Evidence Convention are transmitted directly from the requesting court or person in the United States to the Mexican Central Authority and do not require transmittal via diplomatic channels. Letters of Request and accompanying documents should be prepared in duplicate and translated into Spanish. See Mexico’s Declarations and Reservations regarding the Hague Evidence Convention. Mexico objected to the methods of obtaining evidence in article 17 and 18 of the Convention. See also Mexico’s response to the 2008 Hague Conference questionnaire on the practical operation of the Hague Evidence Convention.
Requests from Mexico to Obtain Evidence in the United States: The U.S. Central Authority for the Hague Evidence Convention is the Office of International Judicial Assistance, Civil Division, Department of Justice, 1100 L St., N.W., Room 11006, Washington, D.C. 20530.
Taking Voluntary Depositions of Willing Witnesses
Voluntary depositions may be conducted in Mexico regardless of the nationality of the witness, provided no compulsion is used. Oral depositions or depositions on written questions may be taken by U.S. consular officers or by private attorneys from the United States or Mexico at the U.S. Embassy, one of the U.S. Consulates or at another location such as a hotel or office, either on notice or pursuant to a commission. If the services of a U.S. consular officer are required to administer an oath to the witness, interpreter and stenographer, such arrangements must be made in advance with the U.S. embassy directly.
Authentication of Documents
Mexico is a party to the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement for Legalization of Foreign Public Documents. Mexico’s competent authority for the Hague Apostille Conventionwill authenticate Mexcian public documents with Apostilles. For information about authenticating U.S. public documents for use in Mexico, see the list of U.S. Competent Authorities. To obtain an Apostille for a U.S. Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America, contact the U.S. Department of State, Passport Services, Vital Records Office.