International Parental Child Abduction

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Country Information

Peru

Peru
Republic of Peru
Exercise normal precautions in Peru. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.

Exercise normal precautions in Peru. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.

Do not travel to:

  • The Colombian - Peruvian border area in the Loreto Region due to crime.
  • The area in central Peru known as the Valley of the Rivers Apurimac, Ene, and Mantaro (VRAEM) due to crime and terrorism.

Reconsider travel to:

  • Areas outside cities at night by car due to crime.

Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.

If you decide to travel to Peru:

Colombian Border

Except on the Amazon River itself, U.S. government personnel are restricted from traveling within 20 kilometers of the border with Colombia in the Loreto region, without prior permission. This includes travel on the Putumayo River, which forms most of the Peru-Colombia border. Drug trafficking and other criminal activity, combined with poor infrastructure, limit the capability and effectiveness of law enforcement in this area.

Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.

The VRAEM (Valley of the Rivers Apurimac, Ene, and Mantaro)

  • Drug trafficking and other criminal activity, combined with poor infrastructure, limit the capability and effectiveness of law enforcement in this area.
  • Remnants of the Shining Path terrorist group are active in the VRAEM. They may attack with little or no warning, targeting Peruvian government installations.
  • U.S. government personnel are restricted from traveling in the VRAEM. The VRAEM is defined as restricted areas within the regions of Ayacucho, Cusco, Huancavelica, and Junín as follows:

Ayacucho:

  • Permitted: Daylight road travel from Ayacucho City to Huanta city.
  • Staying within the city limits of Huanta.
  • Daylight road travel from Pisco city (Department of Ica) to Ayacucho city.
  • Restricted: Provinces of La Mar and Huanta. Road travel from Ayacucho City to San Francisco city.

Cusco:

  • Permitted: Except as restricted below, most areas, including the Machu Picchu area and city of Cusco.
  • Restricted: 20-kilometer swath of territory contiguous to the Apurimac River and Ayacucho Department (specifically: the districts of Kimbiri, Pichari, Vilcabamba, and Echarate in the Province of La Convencíon).

Huancavelica:

  • Permitted: Train travel from Lima to Huancayo city (Department of Junin) and Huancavelica city.
  • Daylight road travel from Lima to Huancayo city.
  • Daylight road travel from Pisco city (Department of Ica) to Ayacucho city (Department of Ayacucho).
  • Restricted: Provinces of Churcampa, Acobamba, and Tayacaja.

Junín:

  • Permitted: Daylight travel from La Merced city to the Satipo provincial boundary.
  • Restricted: Province of Satipo. In the Province of Concepción, travel east of the cities of San Antonio de Ocopa and Santa Rosa (located northeast of Concepción city). The Districts of Santo Domingo de Acobamba and Pariahuanca in the Province of Huancayo.

Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.

Areas Outside Cities at Night

Criminal gangs are known to use roadblocks and rob passengers in passing cars and buses. Nighttime travel via road outside Lima and other cities is generally not permitted for U.S. government personnel. However, the following travel by U.S. government personnel is permitted at night:

  • Travel by commercial bus on the Pan American Highway, between the Pan American Highway and Huaraz, or between the Pan-American Highway, Arequipa, and Cusco.
  • Travel by car on the Pan-American Highway south from Lima to Paracas or north from Lima to Huacho (approximately three hours north and south of Lima).

Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.

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Hague Convention Participation

Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
Yes

What You Can Do

Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US

Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Lima

Avenida La Encalada cdra. 17 s/n
Surco, Lima 33
Peru
Telephone:
+(51)(1) 618-2000
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(51)(1) 618-2000
Fax: +(51)(1) 618-2724
Emaill: 

Consulates

U.S. Consular Agency - Cusco
Av. El Sol 449, Suite #201
Cusco, Peru
Telephone:
+(51)(84) 231-474
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(51) 984-621-369
Fax: +(51)(84) 245-102
Email: 

General Information

Peru and the United States have been treaty partners under the Hague Abduction Convention since June 1, 2007.

For information concerning travel to Peru, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, health conditions, currency and entry regulations, and crime and security, please see country-specific information for Peru.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA). The report is located here.

 

Hague Abduction Convention

The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention.  In this capacity, the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children's Issues facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Peru.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.

Contact information:

U.S. Department of State 
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's Issues
CA/OCS/CI 
SA-17, 9th Floor 
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Telephone:  1-888-407-4747
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Website

The Peruvian Central Authority for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Ministry for Women and Vulnerable Populations (MIMP).  The MIMP's role is to perform the duties given to central authorities under the Hague Abduction Convention, including processing Hague Abduction Convention applications for return of, or access to, children.  They can be reached at:

Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables (MIMP)
Jr. Camaná 616 - Lima Peru
Telf. (511) 626 - 1600
www.mimp.gob.pe

To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to a child in Peru, the left-behind parent must submit a Hague application to the Peruvian Central Authority either directly or through the USCA.  The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to MIMP, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes. 

There are no fees for filing Hague applications with either the United States or Peruvian central authorities.  Attorney fees, if necessary, are the sole responsibility of the person hiring the attorney.  Additional costs may include airplane tickets for court appearances and for the return of the child, if so ordered.  Additional costs may include airplane tickets for court appearances and for the return of the child, if so ordered.

Return

A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained,  in Peru.  The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.

Visitation/Access

A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Peru.  The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country.  The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.

Retaining an Attorney

Parents are not required to retain an attorney to represent them in a Hague Convention case. However, parents who wish to be represented by an attorney may choose either to hire a private attorney or request that the MIMP provide legal representation. The MIMP provides this representation free of charge through a MIMP legal office that retains public defenders paid by the Peruvian Government regardless of nationality or economic situation. A privately-hired attorney should contact the Peruvian Central Authority as soon as possible after the Hague Abduction Convention application has been filed with the Peruvian Central Authority. 

The U.S. Embassy in Lima, Peru posts a list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

Mediation

The MIMP promotes mediation in abduction cases and they will first attempt to mediate between the parties in Hague Abduction Convention cases before a case is forwarded to a court. MIMP provides mediation services for abduction dispute resolution at no cost to participants.

Information about mediation is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of the information or services contained therein. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms contained on this list.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Last Updated: February 13, 2015

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Lima
Avenida La Encalada cdra. 17 s/n
Surco, Lima 33
Peru
Telephone
+(51)(1) 618-2000
Emergency
+(51)(1) 618-2000
Fax
+(51)(1) 618-2724

Peru Map