Norway and the United States have been treaty partners under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) since April 1, 1989.
For information concerning travel to Norway, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Norway.
The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on Internation Parental Child Abduction (IPCA). The report is located here.
The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention. In this capacity, the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children's Issues facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Norway. Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.
U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
The Norwegian Central Authority (NCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Ministry of Justice and Police (MOJ). Immediately upon receiving an application from the central authority of another contracting state, the MOJ will review the application to ensure that it meets the conditions of the Hague Abduction Convention and that the required documents are enclosed. Being an administrative authority, the MOJ cannot make a decision on whether the child should be returned or not. This jurisdiction belongs entirely to the courts. The NCA can be reached at:
Norway's Adoption Authority
The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs
Ministry of Children and Equality
Barne- ungdoms- og familiedirektoratet
Postboks 8113 Dep
Universitetsgata 7, 0032 Oslo
Web sites: www.bufdir.no and
To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to, a child in Norway, the USCA encourages a parent or legal guardian to review the eligibility criteria and instructions for completing the Hague application form located at the Department of State's website and contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the NCA. The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to the NCA, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes.
There are no fees for filing Hague applications with either the U.S. or Norwegian central authorities. Norway offers legal assistance for eligible applicant parents covering the costs of legal fees, court costs, translations and interpreters, and service of documents. Additional costs may include airplane tickets for court appearances and for the return of the child, if so ordered.
A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained in, Norway. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Norway. The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
Retaining a private attorney is not required for filing a Hague case in Norway. If a parent or legal guardian elects to hire a private attorney in Norway, the attorney should contact the NCA as soon as possible. The U.S. Embassy in Oslo, Norway, posts a list of attorneys including those who specialize in family law.
This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.
Mediation services can be provided by the courts under the supervision of the judge. Mediation can also be sought outside of the court through the Family Counseling Service of the Directorate of Children, Youth, and Family Affairs. There are no costs associated with these services, though the cost for outside legal counsel must be paid by the party employing them.
While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located. For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent. Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:
The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.
To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.
For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney.
Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.
For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.
Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction.