Petitions (Forms I-130 and Forms I-140) approved by USCIS in the United States are sent to the Department of State's National Visa Center (NVC) for pre-processing. When your petition becomes current, or is likely to become current within one year, the NVC initiates immigrant visa pre-processing, including collecting visa fees, forms, and documents from sponsors (petitioners) and immigrant visa applicant(s).
United States laws limit the number of immigrant visa numbers available each year in certain visa categories. This means that even if USCIS approves an immigrant visa petition for you, you may not get an immigrant visa number immediately. In addition, U.S. law also limits the number of visas available in certain categories by country. For limited categories, the availability of immigrant visa numbers depends on the date your petition was filed. This is called your priority date.
The next steps in the process for family and employment based petitions varies by immigrant category, as explained below:
|If a petition was filed on your behalf as:||Then:|
|Spouse of a U.S. citizen||Number is not limited.
Next: Begin NVC Processing
|Unmarried child (under age 21) of a U.S. citizen|
|Parent of a U.S. citizen who is age 21 or older|
|Adult sons and daughters of U.S. citizens||Number is limited each year.
Next: Check Priority Dates
|Brothers and sisters of adult U.S. citizens|
|Spouses and children of U.S. lawful permanent residents|
|Employment based, except for certain special immigrants|
The NVC performs immigrant visa pre-processing, including collecting visa fees, forms, and documents from sponsors (petitioners) and immigrant visa applicant(s). Therefore, it is important to await contact from the NVC for next step instructions before you pay fees or submit any forms or documents.
NVC will notify you when your case becomes current or is likely to become current within a year, and will ask you to begin next steps in processing your approved petition.