Information for U.S. Citizens in Russia – Travel Options Out of Russia

We are providing the information below to assist U.S. Citizens planning to depart Russia given the uncertainty surrounding circumstances there following ongoing Russian military actions in Ukraine. This page is updated once monthly.

U.S. citizens should depart Russia immediately via one of the limited commercial options still available. U.S. Citizens wishing to depart Russia have several options listed below. The situation on Russian borders is constantly evolving, and this page will be updated regularly to reflect these changes.

When considering departure options, please note that The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently downgraded the air safety rating for Russia, restricting any expansion of service or partnerships as a result of Russia’s Federal Agency for Air Transport not complying with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) safety standards. For more information on this matter, click here.

Per U.S. Embassy Moscow’s February 28, 2022, Message to U.S. Citizens, those seeking to depart Russia should consider taking the following steps to facilitate their travel.

  • Tickets for next-day flights out of Russia have recently been extremely limited. If you are considering an imminent departure, please review flight information carefully and contact the airlines directly to ensure sufficient ticket availability for your party.
  • Explore commercial air routing through non-European destinations. Contacting the airlines directly is currently the most effective way to book travel. Flight dates and availability vary significantly by airline.
  • Please note that Turkish Airlines has reduced the number of flights on its Moscow – Istanbul route. Flights remain available through Middle East and/or Asian transit points on other major airlines including:

    o Qatar Airways

    o Gulf Air

    o  Fly Dubai

    o Etihad

    o Air Serbia

Fly Dubai reports that it has increased flights from St. Petersburg, and Mineralnye Vody in addition to Moscow, in response to demand, and to compensate for flight cancelations from Rostov and Krasnodar. Flights from Mineralnye Vody to Dubai operate Wednesdays and Saturdays and offer direct flight options for U.S. citizens in Southern Russia. Fly Dubai also offers flights four days a week from Yekaterinburg to Dubai, as well as twice-weekly flights from Novosibirsk on Tuesdays and Fridays.

Etihad and Emirates airlines likewise have both confirmed that they have not reduced flight routes with Russia at this time. 

Major Russian carriers such as Aeroflot and S7 have ceased most international flights. There are flights available on multiple carriers to Armenia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and other countries in the region, including flights departing from Yekaterinburg.

  • Travelers should also explore flights out of Russia on smaller carriers to a third country and then look to book onward flights to the United States through a separate reservation originating in the third country.
  • Family/friends outside of Russia may be able to assist in securing an airline ticket for the traveler in Russia and provide the flight/ticket information electronically, especially if credit/debit cards are not working, as described below.
  • Private global travel agencies may be able to assist in securing onward travel through commercial airlines, although many are no longer offering flight options originating in Russia. Major travel agencies include: American Express Global  , Expedia Group  , Booking Holding  , BCD Travel  , Flight Centre  , Travel Leaders Group  and Direct Travel .

Travelers may also depart via some of Russia’s land borders. More information is below.

Use of Credit/Debit Cards & Access to Foreign Currency: As a result of sanctions imposed on Russian banks in response to the Russian military actions in Ukraine, U.S. issued credit and debit cards do not work in Russia. Travelers may consider using local credit cards, cash, or other forms of payment, or request that family/friends outside of Russia purchase their ticket. U.S. citizens should take this into account when making their plans.

The Bank of Russia has announced that non-residents from “both friendly and unfriendly countries” may transfer funds abroad in the amount of wages, but there remains a ban on transferring funds abroad for non-residents from “unfriendly countries” that do not work in Russia, as well as legal entities from such states. This ban has been extended through September 30, 2023. U.S. citizens should be aware that even though the Bank of Russia may allow the transfer of funds from wages, the exclusion of Russia from the SWIFT system have made transfers to the United States impossible as a practical matter.

We encourage U.S. citizens to enroll in the Department of State’s Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP). STEP enrollment gives you the latest security updates and makes it easier for the U.S. Embassy to contact you in an emergency. U.S. Citizens in Russia can email for assistance.

Click here for additional updates from the U.S. Embassy in Russia.


Latest Travel Advisory and Alerts

Departing Russia by air:

U.S. citizens wishing to depart Russia by land should be prepared to comply with country-specific entry requirements. Direct flights are currently operating from Moscow and other major Russian cities to Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Thailand, India, and other destinations. European and North American airspace remains closed. Please consult airlines and travel websites for schedules and availability.

Security Alert

Departing Russia by land:

U.S. citizens wishing to depart Russia by land should be prepared to comply with country-specific entry requirements, which may differ from the entry requirements for travelers arriving by plane. See the webpage of the U.S. Embassy in the country you wish to enter for COVID requirements. For a list of embassies, click here.

Departing Russia by sea:

Some ferries from Russia to other countries may be operating.

Visa Requirements for Families with American and Russian Citizen Family Members

The following information may be of use to those families with both American and Russian citizen family members that are considering departure options:

No Visa Required for Russian Citizens

Azerbaijan:  Russians do not need a visa to enter Azerbaijan and can stay for up to 90 days. 

Bahrain: Russians can get visas on arrival.

Georgia: Russian citizens do not need a visa to enter Georgia.

Kazakhstan: Russian citizens can enter Kazakhstan without a visa by air for up to 90 days, but not more than 90 days within a 180-day period. 

Mongolia:  Mongolia does not require a visa for temporary (30 day) stays of Russian nationals, just a passport with at least six months validity.

Qatar:  Russian citizens can enter Qatar visa free for an initial 30 day stay and the possibility to extend 30 additional days. 

Serbia: Russians do not need visas to enter Serbia and can stay for up to 30 days.

UAE:  UAE does visas on arrival for Russian tourists, with authorization for a 30 day stay, extendable to 90 with application.

Visa Required for Russian Citizens

Estonia: As of September 19, 2022 the Estonian government will not allow Russian citizens with short-term Schengen visas to enter Estonia for tourism, sports, or culture. The entry restrictions do not apply to Russian citizens who are long-term residents of Estonia or to individuals traveling to Estonia to visit family members, workers involved in transportation of goods and passengers, and in certain humanitarian circumstances. The Estonian Police and Border Guard website provides more information. 

Finland: Russian citizens require a visa to enter Finland. Starting September 2022, Finland will reduce significantly the acceptance of Russian tourist visas. Priority is given to those applying for a visa due to family reasons, work or study. In extreme circumstances the Finnish Border Patrol will consider parole entry if the person is transiting Finland or has other extraordinary circumstances.

Latvia:  Visas are required for Russians to enter Latvia. They are currently not being issued except for some specific funerals. For more information, please contact the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Lithuania:  Russian citizens need a visa to enter Lithuania. Lithuania has suspended issuing most visas to Russian nationals in light of Russia’s war against Ukraine. As of September 19, the Lithuanian government joined Estonia, Latvia, and Poland in restricting the entrance of Russian citizens with short-term Schengen visas who seek to enter for tourism, sports, or culture. Exceptions apply for family members of EU nationals, seafarers, people transiting Kaliningrad, and in other humanitarian situations. 

The following link provides information on countries to which Russian citizens can travel without requiring a visa. Please note that this website is not affiliated with the United States Department of State, which cannot vouch for the accuracy of its data, and is provided purely for informational purposes.



To reach the U.S. Embassy in Baku, call +994 12 488-3300, or email the American Citizens Services unit at

Click here to see all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan’s national air carrier, AZAL (Azerbaijan Airlines), operates daily flights to Moscow's Domodedovo and Vnukovo airports. Azerbaijan Airlines operates flights from Baku to St. Petersburg (Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays), Novosibirsk (Mondays and Thursdays), and Yekaterinburg (Wednesdays and Sundays).

The low-cost airline Buta Airways operates flights to Astrakhan (Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays), Mineralniye Vody (Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays), Kazan (Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays), Volgograd (Tuesdays and Saturdays), and Samara (Wednesdays and Saturdays).


Do not travel to Belarus due to the arbitrary enforcement of laws, the risk of detention, the Russian military attack on neighboring Ukraine, and the buildup of Russian military in Belarus along the border with Ukraine. U.S. citizens in Belarus should depart immediately via commercial or private means. Read the travel advisory for Belarus here .


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Estonia, call 372-668-8128, or email

Click here to read all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Estonia.

  • Estonia is not allowing air traffic from Russia due to EU sanctions. U.S. citizens are allowed to cross into Estonia. U.S. citizens’ family members of other nationalities may require Estonian visas to enter.
  • Dual U.S. Russian citizens have reported difficulties entering Estonia. U.S. citizens with other nationalities should be prepared to present all of their citizenship information and their purpose of travel to Estonian border authorities.
  • Lux Express continues to offer bus service between St. Petersburg and Tallinn: Tallinn - St. Petersburg buses and tickets - Lux Express. U.S. citizens traveling by bus from Russia to Estonia should expect longer than normal wait times to cross the border.
  • There are currently no ferries operating from Russia to Estonia. Onward ferries are currently operating from Tallinn to Stockholm and Helsinki.
  • It is possible to cross the border on foot. Crossing by taxi is not possible, but there are buses that cross over into Estonia, as noted above.


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Finland, call +358-9-616-250, or email

Click here to read all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Finland.

  • Finland's national railway operator suspended services between Helsinki and Saint Petersburg, Russia effective Monday, March 28.
  • No air travel is possible.
  • There are currently no ferries operating from Russia to Finland.
  • There are still some bus companies operating from St. Peterburg to Finland. There are no citizenship restrictions when travelling to Finland by bus. Here are the links to the bus companies:

o HH-Kuriiri

o Skandinavia

o Lux Express

o Ecolines

o Sovavto

  • The land border crossing points between Finland and Russia are operating normally:
    •  Niirala border crossing point is open for passenger traffic from 9:00−20:00 Finnish time.  
    • Nuijamaa and Vaalimaa border crossing points are open for passenger traffic from 7:00−21:30 Finnish time.
    • Imatra border crossing point is closed for passenger traffic.
    • Raja-Jooseppi and Salla border crossing points are open for passenger traffic Monday−Friday 8:00−18:00 and Saturday−Sunday 9:00−17:00 Finnish time.
    • Vartius border crossing point is open for passenger traffic from 8:00−19:00 Finnish time.
  • Travelers may not cross the land border on foot.
  • U.S. Citizens with expired passports may transit Finland en route the United States, but must contact the U.S. Embassy in Helsinki at in advance and provide the traveler’s name, arrival time, vehicle information, and U.S. airline ticket information.
  • Passengers transiting Finland may cross the border outside regular opening hours in order to make connecting flights/ferries. Passengers must show proof of onward travel and meet all entry requirements. You can find requirements for entry from the Finnish Border Guards website.


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Georgia, call +(995 32) 227-70-00, or email the American Citizens Services unit at

Click here to see all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Georgia.

Information about the Georgian border from the Georgian State Commission on Migration Issues can be found here.


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Kazakhstan, call +7 (7172) 70-21-00, or email the American Citizens Services unit at Contact Consul.

Click here to see all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Kazakhstan.

  • Air Astana and FlyArystan have temporarily suspended flights between Russia and Kazakhstan. While other airlines may continue to operate routes between Russia and Kazakhstan, it is important to note that U.S. government personnel are prohibited from traveling for official duties on Kazakhstani airlines without prior approval, except for Air Astana and FlyArystan, due to safety concerns. For more information about travel, see Kazakhstan’s Country Information Page.
  • As of June 8, 2022 a negative PCR test/vaccination is not required to enter Kazakhstan. 
  • U.S. Citizens with expired passports will not be admitted to Kazakhstan, including for transit.


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Latvia, call +371 6710 7000, or email

Click here to read all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Latvia.

  • The Russia-Latvia border remains open, and there is direct bus service from Moscow and St. Petersburg to Riga via the Ecolines buses, which depart daily. Latvia permits U.S. citizens to cross into Latvia from Belarus through the land border up through Daugavpils.
  • There is no train or ferry service which travels directly from Russia or Belarus to Latvia. There is direct bus service from Moscow's Bitsia station, Minsk, and St. Petersburg to Riga via the Ecolines buses, which are currently scheduled to depart daily.
  • The Russia-Latvia border remains open. The Latvian Border Police have stated that U.S. citizens will be allowed to cross with valid passports and the required passport validity is at least 6 months.
  • Latvia is not issuing visas for Russian citizens to enter the country at this time, including for accompanying Russian family members of U.S. citizen minors. 
  • When crossing the land border from Russia to Latvia, please be prepared for extended waits. Wait time can be as long as 72-96 hours at times, with limited or no access to food, water or sanitary facilities.


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Lithuania, call +370 5 266 5600, or email

Click here to read all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Lithuania.

There are currently no restrictions on individuals (who are in possession of required visas/entry docs, etc.) entering Lithuania from Kaliningrad.


To reach the U.S. Embassy in Ulaanbaatar, call +976-7007-6001, or email the American Citizens Services unit at

Click here to see all Messages and Alerts for U.S. Visitors to Mongolia.

  • There are no reports of any border/Point of Entry closures.
  • The Mongolian government requires those entering to be in possession a passport with at least six months’ validity.
  • U.S. and Russian nationals can travel and enter Mongolia visa-free, but may be required to register after arrival depending on the length of stay.
  • There are several flights each month operating on Hunnu Air from Ulan Ude to Ulaanbaatar and on Aero Mongolia from Erkhuu to Ulaanbaatar.
  • For more information about travel to Mongolia, including entry and exit requirements for U.S. citizens, see Mongolia’s Country Information Page.
  • See the U.S. Embassy’s webpage for Covid-19 information specific to Mongolia. 

Last Updated: August 30, 2023