The Exchange Visitor Skills List contains fields of specialized knowledge and skills. They are necessary for the development of an exchange visitor's home country. You are subject to the two-year home-country physical presence requirement when you complete your exchange visitor program - if your skill is on your country’s Skills List. This requires you to return to your home country for two years at the end of your exchange visitor program. This requirement is in Section 212(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended.
Note: What if your country is not on this list? You are not required to return to your home country for two years at the end of your program, based on the skills list.
The 2009 Skills List applies to exchange visitors who receive J-1 visa on or after June 28, 2009. It applies only to countries on the 2009 Skills List.
Did you enter the United States before June 28, 2009? Look at the skills list that was in effect when you received your J-1 visa. Is that country still on the 2009 Skills List? If it is not, you are not subject to the two-year home-country physical presence requirement, based on the Skills List.