Exercise normal precautions in Uruguay.
Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Uruguay:
See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Uruguay for information on U.S. - Uruguay relations.
You do not need a visa for a visit of less than 90 days if you are traveling on a tourist passport. You must have a valid visa if you are traveling on a diplomatic or official passport. Visit the Embassy of Uruguay website for the most current visa information.
There is an airport tax “boarding fee” for departure. This fee is part of the airfare for international travel – contact your travel agency or airline to confirm. This fee is not included in airfare if you are transiting Uruguay for another country. You may pay the fee, $44.00, at the airport with an international credit card or in U.S. dollars.
Travel with Minors: There are strict exit requirements for children under the age of 18 who remain in Uruguay for more than 365 days, regardless of citizenship or nationality. When a child remains in Uruguay for more than 365 days, and is traveling with only one parent, traveling alone or traveling with someone other than the parents, the minor child is required to have a Permiso de Menor (permission for a minor) issued by the Uruguayan National Immigration Directorate prior to departing Uruguay. If the minor child does not have a Permiso de Menor, the minor child will be prohibited from leaving Uruguay.
Instructions on obtaining a Permiso de Menor can be found on the Government of Uruguay’s website (Spanish only). The U.S. Embassy strongly advises all parents of minor children to be in possession of U.S. documentation needed to apply for a Permiso de Menor prior to initiating their travel to Uruguay. Please note that all U.S. documents used to apply for a Permiso de Menor must be apostilled by the U.S. state in which the document was issued to be considered valid by Uruguayan authorities. The process to apostille a document varies from state to state. Failing to apostille the necessary documents prior to entering Uruguay will delay the process of obtaining a Permiso de Menor. The Uruguayan government also requires documents to be translated into Spanish by a certified, Uruguayan translator (traductor público).
Contact the Uruguayan National Immigration Directorate in Uruguay or the Embassy of Uruguay in the United States with questions about required documentation.
The Permiso de Menor requirement does not apply to children assigned to Uruguay on official U.S. government orders who are traveling on diplomatic or official passports.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to, or foreign residents of, Uruguay.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Crime: There is a high level of crime in Montevideo, and street crime in particular is common throughout the capital city. Maintain situational awareness and practice good personal security at all times. Even in areas with large numbers of tourists, such as Ciudad Vieja, the Rambla, and areas around the U.S. Embassy, armed robberies of both individuals and businesses occur, along with carjackings and auto thefts.
Thefts, burglaries and robberies are common in upscale residential neighborhoods as well, including Punta Carretas, Pocitos, and Carrasco. Montevideo continues to experience armed robberies at business establishments, and criminals may use improvised explosives to conduct robberies or to steal from ATMs. Criminals break car windows to steal valuables from vehicles that are parked or stuck in traffic. Sometimes, robbers approach their victims on motorcycles to rob them. The following Montevideo neighborhoods have higher crime rates and it is recommended that official U.S. government personnel avoid or limit travel to these areas:
During the summer months (December-March), many cities in Uruguay experience an increase in the number of petty street crimes, residential burglaries, and robberies, especially in beach towns such as Punta del Este, la Paloma, Cabo Polonio, la Pedrera, and Punta del Diablo.
Police cars are clearly marked and equipped with cellular phones. Most police officers do not speak English.
Demonstrations: Demonstrations, some expressing anti-U.S. sentiment, regularly occur in Uruguay, particularly near the Legislative Palace, City Hall, Parque Batlle and the universities in Montevideo. Additionally, some protests directed toward the U.S. government, usually small in size, can occur around the U.S. Embassy. U.S. citizens visiting or residing in Uruguay should avoid large gatherings or events where crowds have congregated to demonstrate, protest, or cause damage as a byproduct of celebrating an event, such as after soccer matches.
Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police at 911 and contact the U.S. Embassy at (598) (2) 1770-2000. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance. If you are in immediate danger, call the police at 911.
For further information:
Criminal Penalties: While in Uruguay you are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.
Customs Requirements: Uruguay's Customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation or exportation of certain items. These include precious jewels, gold, firearms, pornography, inflammable articles, acids, prohibited drugs, plants, seeds, and foodstuffs as well as antiquities and business equipment. Uruguayan Customs also prohibits the importation of subversive materials aimed at overthrowing the government or promoting anarchy, genocide, or other globally condemned practices. Contact the Embassy of Uruguay in Washington, D.C., or one of Uruguay's consulates in the United States for specific information regarding customs requirements.
Tourists are permitted to import personal effects, including jewelry, cameras, computers, sporting goods, etc., free of duty or taxes. Travelers bringing commercial goods into Uruguay must declare them to customs officers at the port of entry or face possible detention or seizure of the goods and criminal charges. Please see our customs webpage for more information.
Marijuana Policy: Recent changes in legislation allow Uruguayan citizens and permanent residents of Uruguay to purchase limited amounts of marijuana at government-monitored pharmacies, join a registered marijuana club or grow a limited amount of marijuana for personal use. Please note it remains illegal for tourists and other foreign visitors in Uruguay to purchase marijuana. Anyone who purchases marijuana, and who does not fit into a legal category, may be arrested and prosecuted under Uruguayan law.
Faith-Based Travelers: Faith-based travel includes a wide variety of activities, including pilgrimages, service projects, missionary work, and cruises, among others. See the following webpages for details:
International Religious Freedom Report – see country reports
Human Rights Report – see country reports
LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on adult same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Uruguay. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Uruguayan law prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities, but the government does not effectively enforce these provisions. Transportation services are generally not equipped for access by persons with disabilities. Sidewalks and crosswalks are often in need of maintenance and/or accessibility ramps and can present challenges to persons with disabilities.
Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Medical care facilities in Uruguay are considered adequate and most meet U.S. standards. The responsiveness of emergency personnel ambulance service is generally within U.S. standards. Ambulances are staffed with a medical doctor, enabling advanced treatment/care en route to the local hospital.
The U.S. Government does not pay medical bills and U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost tens of thousands of dollars.
Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most health care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
Carry prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription. There is no restriction on types of medication that can be imported for personal use. Some medications may not be available in Uruguay, so bring a sufficient supply for your stay.
While rare, the Uruguayan summer can bring about an increase in diarrheal illness and mosquito-borne diseases, so the use of insect repellent is advisable.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are no special vaccination requirements for Uruguay.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety: Traffic fatalities are among the most common causes of death in Uruguay. According to the World Health Organization, Uruguay’s rate of traffic deaths per 100,000 people is 50 percent higher than that of the United States. According to the Uruguayan National Road Safety Unit, motorcyclists and bicyclists account for 70 percent of transit-related fatalities.
Illumination, pavement markings, and road surfaces for secondary roads can be poor. Several of the main highways are particularly accident-ridden because of heavy tourist traffic speed-related accidents including: Route 1 (between Montevideo and Colonia), the Ruta Interbalnearia (between Montevideo and Punta del Este), and Route 2 (between Rosario and Fray Bentos). The frequency of road accidents rises during the summer beach season (December to March), Carnaval (mid-to-late February), and Easter week.
If you are in an accident involving injury, stay in place until a police officer arrives. The insurance company will generally respond to the scene as well. Some major roads are centrally monitored via live camera feeds and emergency response may arrive quickly. You should contact 911 immediately to report an emergency, and notify your rental company if in a rental car.
Uruguayan law requires your vehicle to be equipped with a specific road safety kit (hazard cones, flares, reflective vest, fire extinguisher, etc.), which you can find at most grocery stores or gas stations. Rental vehicles should have these basic kits.
Dial 911 in an emergency. For emergency roadside assistance, call the Automobile Club of Uruguay at 1707 or "Car Up" at 2628 1555. Even if you are not a member, tourists can use this fee-based service.
You may drive using your foreign driver’s license in Uruguay.
Driving is on the right-hand side of the road.
Seat belts are mandatory.
Headlights must be on at all times, day and night.
Children under 12 years must ride in the back seat.
Drivers must keep a first aid kit in the car, which can be purchased at local grocery stores or gas stations.
Motorcyclists must wear helmets and reflective vests.
The use of cellular phones, as well as texting, while driving is prohibited.
Right turns at red lights are prohibited.
Drivers approaching an intersection from the right generally have the right of way, but this right is not always respected.
Drivers already in traffic circles generally have the right of way,.
Flashing high beams indicates intent to pass or to continue through unmarked intersections.
Drivers often ignore lane markers, change lanes and make turns without signaling, ignore speed limits and disregard traffic signs.
Motorists may make frequent and sudden stops on any road, especially when driving along the riverfront (Rambla).
Motorcyclists often drive the wrong way down one-way streets, use sidewalks to avoid lengthier routes, or drive between vehicles when traffic is stopped.
If you plan to drive, use caution and drive defensively.
Cycling outside the capital or small towns is hazardous due to a scarcity of bike paths, narrow road shoulders, and unsafe driving practices.
Public Transportation: Ride sharing services are monitored to ensure that they comply with safety standards at least equal to those applied to the taxi system. Taxis can be hailed from the street, by phone (141), or by using one of several apps. Most taxis do not have functioning seat belts in the back seat. Public buses can be crowded and patrons are sometimes targeted by pickpockets and bag snatchers. The public bus system utilizes pre-determined routes and is generally dependable.
Regular labor strikes can halt public transportation with minimal advance notice. Travelers should have alternative plans, such as ride sharing apps, or consider hiring a private executive car (remise). All of these options are usually reliable during mass shutdowns of public transportation.
Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Uruguay’s Civil Aviation Authority as not being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Uruguay’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
DISCLAIMER: THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY AND MAY NOT BE TOTALLY ACCURATE IN A SPECIFIC CASE. QUESTIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN LAWS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE APPROPRIATE FOREIGN AUTHORITIES OR FOREIGN COUNSEL.
Uruguay is not a party to the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extra Judicial Documents in Civil and Commercial Matters. The United States and Uruguay are parties to the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory and Additional Protocol. The U.S. Central Authority for the treaty is the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division, Office of Foreign Litigation, Washington, D.C. Requests for service under the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory and Additional Protocol may be sent to the U.S. Department of Justice's contractor, Process Forwarding International (PFI), for transmittal to the Uruguayian Central Authority.
Service on a Foreign State: See also our Service Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) feature and FSIA Checklist for questions about service on a foreign state, agency or instrumentality.
Prosecution Requests: U.S. federal or state prosecutors should also contact the Office of International Affairs, Criminal Division, Department of Justice for guidance.
Defense Requests in Criminal Matters: Criminal defendants or their defense counsel seeking judicial assistance in obtaining evidence or in effecting service of documents abroad in connection with criminal matters may do so via the letters rogatory process.
Uruguay is not a party to the Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil and Commercial Matters.
Depositions of willing witnesses before U.S. consular officers are permitted in Uruguay. Attorneys from the United States may wish to consult a local Uruguayan attorney to determine if other procedures are available under Uruguayan law. Contact the U.S. Embassy directly to make arrangements to schedule the availability of U.S. consular premises for the taking of a deposition before a U.S. consular officer. For the current U.S. consular schedule of fees see 22 CFR 22.1 and the federal register.
The Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement for Legalization of Foreign Public Documents, enters into force for Uruguay October 14, 2012. For information about how to authenticate a U.S. document issued by a U.S. federal agency for use in Uruguay or to obtain an apostille when the Convention enters into force, see the U.S. Department of State Authentication Office page. For information about authenticating public documents issued by a state agency or state court in the United States, contact the state Secretary of State’s office or other designated state authority. To obtain an authenticated or apostilled copy of a U.S. Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America, contact the U.S. Department of State, Passport Services, Vital Records Office.
Uruguay and the United States have been treaty partners under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Convention (Hague Abduction Convention) since September 1, 2004.
For information concerning travel to Uruguay, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Uruguay.
The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA). The report is located here.
The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention. In this capacity, the Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizen Services, Office of Children’s Issues facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Uruguay. Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.
United States Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
The Uruguayan Central Authority for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC). MEC’s role is to carry out Uruguay’s obligations under the Convention and process Hague Abduction Convention applications that it receives. They can be reached at:
Ministry of Education and Culture
Attn: Dr. Daniel Trecca, Dra. Adriana FernÃƒÂ¡ndez
Reconquista 585, Piso 5
Fax: + 598-2915-9780
To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to, a child in Uruguay, the left-behind parent must submit a Hague application to the Uruguayan Central Authority. The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to the Uruguayan Central Authority, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes.
There are not fees for filing Hague applications with either the United States or Uruguayan central authorities. Attorney fees, if necessary, are the responsibility of the applicant parent. Additional costs may include airplane tickets for court appearances and for the return of the child, if so ordered.
A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained in Uruguay. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Uruguay. The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
Retaining a private attorney is not required in order to submit Hague Convention applications to a court in Uruguay. However, parents should consider hiring a private attorney to follow up on the case, to provide direct information to the court, and to generally advise as to the best course of action for their individual circumstances. A privately-hired attorney should contact the Uruguayan Central Authority as soon as possible after the Hague Abduction Convention application has been filed. For parents who do not have the financial resources to hire a private attorney, Uruguay has public defenders who may be available to assist. Information on pro bono legal assistance through a public defender can be found on the website of the Public Defender’s Office in Family Matters. Parents may wish to contact the Legal Aid Clinic of the University of the Republic, which also provides pro bono legal assistance. Information on the University’s Legal Aid Clinic can be found here.
The U.S. Embassy in Montevideo, Uruguay posts list of attorneys including those who specialize in family law.
This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.
Mediation in Uruguay is only available through Uruguay’s Courts of Justice. There are no non-governmental mediation services available. The Courts of Justice may be contacted here or through e-mail.
While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located. For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent. Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:
The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.
To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.
For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney.
Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.
For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.
Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction.
Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.
Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.
Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).
Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.
Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.
Please check back for update
Available. Birth certificates (Partida de Nacimiento) may be obtained from the Civil Registry (Direccion General del Registro de Estado Civil). There may be a fee for this service plus an additional fee if the document is to be issued immediately.
Available. Death Certificates (Partida de Defuncion) may be obtained from the Civil Registry (Direccion General del Registro del Estado Civil). There may be a fee for this service plus an additional fee if the document is to be issued immediately.
Available. Marriage certificates (Partida de Matrimonio) may be obtained from the Civil Registry (Direccion General del Registro de Estado Civil. There may be a fee for this service plus an additional fee if the document is to be issued immediately.
As of August 5, 2013 same-sex marriage is legal in Uruguay. Same-sex civil unions have been legal since 2008. The marriage certificate will look like any marriage certificate registered at the civil registry. Same-sex couples can legally adopt children as of 2009 and the adoption documents will be the same as for heterosexual couples. Transgender Uruguayans can legally change their name and gender on all civil documents including National ID (Cedula) and passports.
Available. Divorce decrees (Sentencia de Divorcio) may appear as a footnote to the marriage certificates issued by the Civil Registry (Direccion General del Registro de Estado Civil) or as a document issued by the Justice of the Peace Office (Juzgado de Paz) of the district where the divorce took place. There is a fee for normal processing time (48 hours), plus an additional fee if processing is to take place while you wait. There is no fee from the Justice of the Peace Office.
Document Name: Certificado de Antecedentes Judiciales, previously known as Certificado de Buena Conducta.
Issuing Authority: Direccion Nacional de Policia Cientifica in Montevideo or the Jefatura Departamental de Policia of each of the nineteen departments of Uruguay.
Special Seal(s) / Color / Format: N/A
Issuing Authority Personnel Title: N/A
Registration Criteria: N/A
Procedure for Obtaining: N/A
Certified Copies Available: N/A
Alternate Documents: N/A
Exceptions: Police certificates are not issued for minors under the age of 18 years old.
Available only through the applicant's attorney from the Court Office (Juzgado) where the trial took place.
Available. Military records (Antecedentes Militares) are issued by the Chief of Staff, Uruguayan Army, Navy, Air Force or Police Force to persons who have served in the armed forces. Discharge certificates are issued to all persons who have served in the armed forces upon termination of service. There is no compulsory military service in Uruguay.
Diplomatic passports are black; official passports are red; tourist passports are blue; special passports/travel documents are brown. Emergency passports, issued abroad, consist of a single trifold document with an MRZ located along the bottom – this document is valid for regular travel for a period of one year. As of October 16, 2015, all new Uruguayan passports contain an e-chip.
Montevideo, Uruguay (Embassy)
DPO AA 34035
All visa categories for all of Uruguay.