The U.S. Department of State warns U.S. citizens of the risks of travel to Sudan. U.S. citizens should avoid all travel to the Darfur states, Blue Nile state, and Southern Kordofan state and consider carefully before planning travel to other areas of Sudan due to the risks of terrorism, armed conflict, and violent crime. The U.S. Embassy's ability to provide services outside of Khartoum is extremely limited. This replaces the Travel Warning issued on March 30, 2017.
Terrorist groups are present in Sudan and have stated their intent to harm Westerners and Western interests through suicide operations, bombings, shootings, and kidnappings. Violent crimes targeting Westerners, including kidnappings, armed robberies, home invasions, and carjacking can occur anywhere in Sudan, but are particularly prevalent in the Darfur states. Several aid workers and private citizens have been kidnapped and held hostage for ransom in the Darfur states over the last year.
U.S. citizens who choose to travel to Sudan should be vigilant and aware of their surroundings at all times, especially when at public gatherings and locations frequented by foreigners. Exercise extreme caution, monitor reliable news sources for information on the local security situation, and follow the instructions of local authorities. All U.S. citizens in Sudan should periodically assess their personal security and have evacuation plans that do not rely on U.S. government assistance.
Despite a significant reduction in the past year in military conflict between the Government of Sudan and opposition forces in Darfur, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states, tensions in the Darfur states, along the border between Chad and Sudan, and in areas that border South Sudan, including the disputed area of Abyei remain high and violence continues. In addition to risking injury or death, U.S. citizens who go to these areas without the permission of the Sudanese government may be detained by security forces.
The U.S. Embassy requires U.S. government personnel in Sudan to use armored vehicles for official travel, and prohibits most travel outside of Khartoum without advance permission and extra security precautions. Family members of U.S. government employees assigned to Sudan must be at least 21 years old in order to live there.
For further information:
See our Fact Sheet on Sudan for information on U.S. - Sudanese relations.
Requirements for Entry:
The Government of Sudan requires U.S. citizens to:
There are two exceptions to this requirement: U.S. citizens possessing a Sudanese national identification document (such as a Sudanese passport or national identification card), and travelers with a sponsor (a business or organization) that has obtained an entry permit for them in advance from the Sudanese Ministry of Interior may apply for an entry visa at Khartoum International Airport.
Visit the Embassy of Sudan website for the most current visa information. Overseas inquiries should be made at the nearest Sudanese Embassy or Consulate.
Travel permits: A permit from the Ministry of Tourism is required for travel more than 16 miles (25 km) outside of Khartoum and can be obtained by your hotel or travel agent. A separate travel permit is required for travel to Darfur. Travel outside of Khartoum for any other purpose must be approved by the Aliens Department at the Ministry of Interior.
Our ability to provide consular services outside of Khartoum, including emergency assistance, is severely limited. Travelers without permits have been detained and arrested (carry multiple copies). You must register with the police within 24 hours of arrival anywhere outside Khartoum.
There are no currency restrictions for entry or exit, but travelers carrying large amounts of U.S. currency have been detained.
Previous travel to Israel: If your passport has an Israeli visa or Israeli entry/exit stamps you will not be permitted to enter.
Exit Visas: You must obtain an exit visa at the Aliens Department before departing the country and pay any airport departure tax, which is not included in your airline ticket fee.
Women and Children: Women and their children, regardless of their nationality, must have the father's consent to enter and exit Sudan - despite the custodial rights granted to the mother by any Sudanese, U.S., or other court. The husbands of women often use this law to prevent their wives and children from returning to the United States. Contact the Sudanese Embassy for more information.
HIV/AIDS Restrictions: Some HIV/AIDS entry restrictions exist for visitors and foreign residents of Sudan. Sudanese law requires a negative HIV test result in order to obtain a work or residence visa.
See the Travel Warning for Sudan.
The possibility of violent civil unrest, armed conflict, and criminal activity are present in the contested regions in Darfur and in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Violent crimes targeting Westerners, including kidnappings, armed robberies, home invasions, and carjacking occur everywhere in Sudan but are particularly prevalent in the Darfur region. Intercommunal violence targets civilians in opposing villages and towns. Government and security facilities have been attacked. There are landmines in rural areas; Southern Kordofan and the Eastern States including along the Eritrean border are the most affected. Border closures may occur without notice.
Terrorist groups are active in Sudan and have stated their intent to harm Westerners and Western interests through suicide operations, bombings, shootings, and kidnappings.
Blue Nile region (Blue Nile, Sennar, and White Nile states) and Southern Kordofan region (includes Abyei region, and the states of North Kordofan, South Kordofan, and West Kordofan): In January 2017 the government of Sudan announced it would continue its unilateral cessation of hostilities with armed rebels throughout the areas in question until July 2017. While the incidence of violence has reduced significantly from previous years, tensions remain high.
Darfur (all five states): The government of Sudan in January 2017 announced it would continue its unilateral cessation of hostilities with armed rebels throughout the areas in question until July 2017. However, humanitarian workers and UN peacekeepers have been killed, kidnapped, car-jacked, robbed, and their homes have been burgled. Deadly intercommunal conflict continues, as does violence perpetrated by bandits and government-supported militias. Conflict over economic resources (including land and gold) also is common. Tensions within camps for internally displaced people have resulted in fatalities and violence.
Kassala region (Kassala, Al Qadarif/Gedaref, and Red Sea states): Humanitarian workers have been the target of attacks. There is cross-border militant activity. Human traffickers operate in the Kassala area near the Eritrean border - stay on major roads if you are traveling by road.
State of Emergency: A state of emergency, which gives security forces greater powers of arrest, remains in place. Arbitrary detentions in different parts of the country, including of foreigners, have been reported. Curfews may be imposed with little or no warning.
Demonstrations, including anti-West rallies, can occur on short notice. Foreigners could be targeted in reaction to national and international events. Take particular care in the period surrounding Friday prayers.
Piracy: The threat of piracy exists in the southern Red Sea. See the International Maritime Bureau's Live Piracy Report.
Khartoum: There is a risk of kidnapping. Pickpockets, purse snatching, and theft from vehicles are common.
Elsewhere: Violent crime is rampant throughout western Sudan, particularly in the Darfur and Chad–Sudan border regions, where several incidents have resulted in deaths. Rape is a serious problem throughout the country and sexual assault is more prevalent in areas of armed conflict. Westerners face a high risk of kidnapping. Car jackings and armed robberies occur in western and eastern Sudan.
Victims of Crime:
U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault or domestic violence should first contact the U.S. Embassy.
Report crimes to the local police at 999, and contact the U.S. Embassy at +249-1-870-22000. Dial 777 to contact the police in an emergency throughout Sudan 998 for fire and 333 for medical emergencies. Emergency services and the telephone network are unreliable.
Local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
For further information:
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. You may be taken in for questioning by the police if unable to produce an acceptable form of identification. Convictions for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs result in long jail sentences and heavy fines. Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.
Photography: Photography requires a permit from the External Information Centre in Khartoum (part of the Ministry of Information). Even with a permit, it is illegal to take pictures of military installations, public utilities, infrastructure (e.g., bridges, airports), slum areas, or beggars. Do not take photographs or use equipment with cameras (including cell phone camera and laptops) close to government buildings. You could be fined, have your photographic equipment confiscated without notice, and risk detention and arrest. Do not take photos of Sudanese without their permission.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Sudanese law enforcement officials routinely block consular access to foreign nationals in detention. The U.S. Embassy may not receive notification or be allowed to visit you in prison. Moreover, dual U.S.-Sudanese nationals may be treated as solely Sudanese citizens, impeding our ability to visit you or provide consular services.
Sharia Law/Customs: Personal status laws govern legal procedures pertaining to family relations, including marriage, divorce, child custody, maintenance (financial support), and inheritance. We strongly advise that you seek local legal counsel if you must engage in local legal matters and make certain you are aware of your rights and responsibilities.
National laws reflect a sharia system of jurisprudence. Other criminal and civil laws, including public order laws, based largely on the government’s interpretation of Islamic law, are determined at the state level. Non-Muslims are sometimes held to the same laws. Flogging is a common sentence for various crimes and may be summarily carried out.
Non-Muslim women are not expected to wear a veil or cover their heads, but both women and men should dress modestly. Shorts are not appropriate. Public displays of affection are discouraged. Alcohol and pornography are not permitted. Government offices and businesses follow an Islamic workweek (Sunday to Thursday).
Phone Service: Cellular phones are the norm, as other telephone service is unreliable and landlines are nearly non-existent. It may be possible to purchase a SIM card locally and use a U.S.-compatible cell phone.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: There was at least one confirmed case of an individual detained, beaten, and harassed by authorities because of his suspected affiliation with LGBTI-friendly groups. LGBTI organizations have felt pressured to suspend or alter their activities due to threat of harm. Several LGBTI persons have felt compelled to leave the country due to fear of persecution, intimidation, or harassment. Those complicit in discrimination or abuses are not investigated or punished.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Access to transportation, lodging, and public buildings is limited. There are few sidewalks and no curb-cuts, and most buildings lack functioning elevators.
Women Travelers: Early and forced marriage of children continues in Sudan. The national prevalence rate of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting is 88 percent. Prevalence varies from 99.4 per cent in Northern State to 68.4 per cent in Western Darfur. Spousal abuse is common.
Women who file claims of domestic violence are subjected to accusations of lying or spreading false information, harassment, and detention. Police normally do not intervene in domestic disputes. Rape is a serious problem throughout the country, especially in conflict areas. Investigative and prosecuting authorities often obstruct access to justice for rape victims. A woman who accuses a man of rape and fails to prove her case may be tried for adultery or arrested for “illegal pregnancy”.
See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Consult the CDC website for Sudan prior to travel.
Medical facilities in Khartoum are adequate but the hospitals are not suitable for more serious medical problems. Outside the capital, few facilities exist, hospitals and clinics are poorly equipped and ambulance services are not available. Medicines are available only intermittently. Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. Be sure to verify with Sudanese customs your medications are legal before you travel.
You are responsible for all medical costs. U.S. Medicare does not cover you overseas.
Emergency medical treatment is provided for 24 hours before payment is required. All other care providers expect payment in Sudanese pounds in full before treatment is performed.
Medical Insurance: If your health insurance plan does not provide coverage overseas, we strongly recommend supplemental medical insurance and medical evacuation plans.
Malaria is widespread throughout the country. Use mosquito repellents containing at least 20 percent DEET. Sleep under insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets. Chemoprophylaxis is strongly recommended prior to arriving in Sudan and for the duration of your stay.
The following diseases are prevalent:
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Road Conditions and Safety:
Landmines: Exercise caution in remote areas or off main roads outside of Khartoum. Landmines are most common in the Eastern states and Southern Kordofan. Stay on main roads marked as cleared by a competent de-mining authority.
An international driving permit or Sudanese license and third-party liability insurance from the government is required. You may use a U.S. driver's license for up to 90 days. You can get a local driving license from the police traffic department. It is illegal to use a cell phone while driving.
Comprehensive insurance is recommended because many local drivers carry no insurance.
Accidents: In the event of an automobile accident, remain inside the vehicle and wait for police. If a hostile mob forms or you feel your safety is in danger, leave the scene and proceed directly to the nearest police station. Do not stop at the scene of an accident or at intersections where people have gathered, as mobs can develop quickly.
Avoid travel by public transportation. Any form of public transportation is unregulated, unreliable, and generally unsafe.
Taxis: Taxis are unsafe and you should not use them. Hire private transport from a reliable source: your company’s in-country staff, travel agencies, and local hotels may be able to arrange private transport on your behalf.
Trains: There is weekly passenger train service from Khartoum to Wadi Halfa and to Port Sudan. Trains are dilapidated.
See our Road Safety page for more information
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Sudan, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Sudan’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
DISCLAIMER: THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY AND MAY NOT BE TOTALLY ACCURATE IN A SPECIFIC CASE. QUESTIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN LAWS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE APPROPRIATE FOREIGN AUTHORITIES OR FOREIGN COUNSEL.
For information concerning travel to Sudan including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Sudan.
The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA). The report is located here.
Sudan is not a signatory to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention), nor are there any bilateral agreements in force between Sudan and the United States concerning international parental child abduction.
Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country. The government of Sudan maintains information about custody, visitation, and family law on the Internet on the Sudanese Ministry of Justice website. Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Sudan and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.
The Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues provides assistance in cases of international parental child abduction. For U.S. citizen parents whose children have been wrongfully removed to or retained in countries that are not U.S. partners under the Hague Abduction Convention, the Office of Children’s Issues can provide information and resources about country-specific options for pursuing the return of or access to an abducted child. The Office of Children’s Issues may also coordinate with appropriate foreign and U.S. government authorities about the welfare of abducted U.S. citizen children. Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance.
United States Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's Issues
SA-17, Floor 9
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
Parental child abduction is a crime in Sudan.
Parents may wish to consult with an attorney in the United States and in the country to which the child has been removed or retained to learn more about how filing criminal charges may impact a custody case in the foreign court. Please see Possible Solutions - Pressing Criminal Charges for more information.
Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country. Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Sudan and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.
The Office of Children’s Issues may be able to assist parents seeking access to children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States. Parents who are seeking access to children who were not wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States should contact the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Sudan for information and possible assistance.
Neither the Office of Children’s Issues nor consular officials at the U.S. Embassy in Sudan are authorized to provide legal advice.
The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, posts list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.
This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.
Mediation is a possible remedy for abduction and access cases. Mediation in cases about children is done by the Personal Status Court in Sudan, which always considers the child’s best interest. In most cases that do not go through this court, mediation can be done by family or tribal elders.
While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located. For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent. Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:
The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.
To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.
For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney.
Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.
For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.
Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction.
Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.
Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.
Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).
Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.
Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.
NOTE: There is currently on-going conflict in the states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile. Civilians in rebel-controlled areas of these states do not receive or have access to government services. Accordingly, birth, marriage, divorce, and military records may not be available to certain residents in these states.
Available. Birth certificates are available through the Department of Statistics, Ministry of Social Affairs. When official records are not available, persons born in the Southern Sudan can often obtain birth certificates issued by various mission authorities.
Available. Marriages in Sudan are conducted by religious authorities and those certificates may be authenticated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for submission to foreign government authorities. Certificates of Divorce may be obtained from the court that granted the divorce.
Please check back for update.
Please check back for update.
Available. Each person discharged from the Sudan Defense Force or from the Sudan Police is issued a discharge certificate. Duplicates can be obtained by applying to the appropriate headquarters.
Sudanese machine readable passports do not always provide a full English translation of Arabic names. Post may issue visas in the new passports if the consular officer is satisfied that the passport accurately reflects the bearer's identity. When the passport does not contain a full English translation of the bearer's name and the consular officer cannot determine the applicant's true identity, post should request the applicant, if otherwise qualified, return with a passport containing the appropriate amendment, i.e. providing a translation of the entire name of the bearer from Arabic to English.
Khartoum, Sudan (Embassy) -- All categories of NIV and IV
Kilo 10, off Wad Medani Highway, Soba
P.O. Box 699, Kilo 10, Soba, Khartoum, Sudan
Tel: (249) 1-870-22000
Hours of Operation: 8 am to 4:30 pm, Sunday through Thursday.
The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum currently processes NIV and IV applications in all categories for all of Sudan.