Emergency Alert
September 17, 2017
Hurricanes Irma and Jose
Emergency Alert
October 2, 2017
Hurricane Maria

Travel Advisories

English

Alerts and Warnings

Haiti Travel Warning

Travel Warning
December 7, 2017
Haiti Travel Warning
O E N H U T C

The Department of State warns U.S. citizens to carefully consider the risks of traveling to Haiti due to its current security environment and lack of adequate medical facilities and response. This is an update to the Travel Warning issued on September 12, 2017.  

Kidnapping remains a threat, and armed robberies and violent assaults reported by U.S. citizens have risen in recent years. Do not share specific travel plans with strangers. Be aware that newly arrived travelers are targeted. Arrange to have your host or organization meet you at the airport upon arrival or pre-arranged airport to hotel transfers. Embassy personnel are prohibited from visiting public banks and ATMs, which are often targeted by criminals. Fewer incidents of crime are reported outside of Port-au-Prince, but Haitian authorities' ability to respond to emergencies is limited and in some areas nonexistent.  U.S. Embassy employees are discouraged from walking in city neighborhoods, including in Petionville, during daylight, and are prohibited from walking in city neighborhoods, including Petionville, after dark. Visit only establishments with secured parking lots. U.S. Embassy personnel are under a curfew from 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m. Embassy personnel must receive permission from the Embassy security officer to travel to some areas of Port-au-Prince, thus limiting the Embassy’s ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens. 

Protests, including tire burning and road blockages, are frequent and often spontaneous. Avoid all demonstrations. The Haitian National Police's ability to assist U.S. citizens during disturbances is limited. Have your own plans for quickly exiting the country if necessary. 

Medical care infrastructure, ambulances, and other emergency services are limited throughout Haiti. Check that your organization has reliable infrastructure, evacuation, and medical support in place. Comprehensive medical evacuation insurance is strongly advised for all travelers. 

For further information:

Country Information

Haiti
Republic of Haiti
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

6months

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

1 page per stamp

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Yes, for stays over 90 days

VACCINATIONS:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

None

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Port-au-Prince

Boulevard du 15 October,
Tabarre 41, Route de Tabarre
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: +(509) 2229-8000 / 2229-8900
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(509) 2229-8000
Fax: +(509) 2229-8027

American Citizens Services Unit office hours are 7:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. The Consular Section is closed on U.S. and local holidays.

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Haiti for information on U.S. – Haiti relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

Visit the Embassy of Haiti website for the most current visa information.

Requirement for Entry: Passport valid for at least six months from date of arrival. For further details see the Embassy of the Republic of Haiti website.

HIV/AIDS restrictions: The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors or foreign residents of Haiti.

Information about dual nationalityprevention of international child abduction and customs information can be found on our websites.

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Safety and Security

See the Department of State’s Travel Warning for Haiti. Embassy employees are prohibited from using public transportation going to certain areas due to high levels of criminal activity. Contact the U.S. Embassy for details. 

Crime: Political violence and violent crime are of significant concern. Violent crime is common in Haiti, including robberies, assaults, vehicle break-ins, and home invasions. 

Safety Precautions:

  • Be extremely cautious when using an ATM, since ATM robberies frequently occur.
  • If an armed individual demands your vehicle or money, give it to them.  Criminals may kill those who resist.
  • Arrange airport transfers and hotels in advance or have your host meet you upon arrival. 
  • If a situation makes you feel uncomfortable, leave immediately.
  • Be aware: drug traffickers have duped travelers into transporting narcotics aboard commercial airlines.
  • Crime rates go up during holidays, particularly in crowded street festivities.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police at (+509) 3838-11 / (+509) 3733-3640, then call the U.S. Embassy at (+509) 2229-8900 during business hours and (+509) 2229-8122 after hours.

Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes. Police investigations may not meet U.S. standards and forensic medical services are basic.

Local police are at (+509) 3838-11 / (+509) 3733-3640; contact the Embassy at

  • Phone: +(509) 2229-8000 / +(509) 2229-8900
  • Emergency After-Hours Phone: +(509) 2229-8000

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Victims of Domestic Violence or Sexual Assault: Contact the Embassy for assistance after contacting local autorities.

Hurricanes: Hurricane season runs from June - November. Roads and bridges may become impassible. Poor rescue services and weak infrastructure hamper the government’s ability to respond to storms.  

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be deported, arrested, or imprisoned. 

Some acts committed in Haiti may be prosecuted in the U.S., even if there is no prosecution in Haiti. See  our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Release on bond is not typically available to those arrested for serious crimes.

Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs are severe.  If convicted, expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

The judicial process in Haiti is extremely slow for both private business disputes and criminal cases. Progress in a case is often dependent on unrelated factors, such as political connections.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Real estate investments: Be highly cautious. Property rights are irregularly enforced. Clear title to land is difficult or impossible to obtain. 

Consult a reputable attorney before signing documents or closing on any real estate transactions. Undeveloped land is vulnerable to legal and physical takeover. Absentee owners may be assaulted by squatters when trying to reclaim their property. Litigation and eviction proceedings can take years. The Embassy does not generally attend property dispute hearings.

U.S. citizens involved in business/property disputes are sometimes arrested without charge and can spend months or years in pre-trial detention, waiting for their cases to be heard.  Sometimes U.S. citizens  have also faced lawsuits based on false documentation.

For information on hurricanes:

Faith-Based Travelers: See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report.

LGBTI Travelers: While there are no laws in Haiti restricting the rights of LGBTI individuals or advocacy groups, anti-LGBTI sentiment exists. Persons identified as LGBTI may be targeted for harassment, discrimination, or physical attacks.

See our LGBTI travel information page and section 6 of the Department of State's Human Rights report for further details.

Mobility Issues: Businesses rarely accommodate persons with disabilities. Haitian authorities do not enforce laws mandating public access for the disabled. Sidewalks, when present, are frequently congested by sidewalk commerce and parked cars, and often end abruptly.

Students: See our Students Abroad page. 

Women Travelers: Domestic violence and sexual assault are unfortunately common and not consistently or always vigorously investigated and prosecuted in Haiti reflecting engrained cultural norms concerning gender roles. 

See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

Medical facilities, including ambulance services, are scarce and generally sub-standard, especially outside the capital. 

Life-threatening emergencies often require evacuation to a point outside of Haiti by air ambulance at the patient's expense. We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation. A list of air ambulance or charter flight services is available at the Embassy website.

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage

Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. 

The following diseases are prevelant:

  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • Chikungunya
  • Cholera
  • Zika – for additional information about this mosquito-borne illness that can spread from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby, see the CDC website.

Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For further health information, go to:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Traffic is extremely chaotic throughout the country and is frequently congested in urban areas. Lanes are not marked, and signs indicating the flow of traffic seldom exist. Roads are generally unmarked, and detailed, accurate maps are not widely available. Those lacking knowledge of Haitian roads and traffic customs should hire a driver through a tour company or hotel.

A few roads remain impassable due to damage from the earthquake in 2010. Heavy rains can cause mudslides and flooding that can quickly make conditions perilous. Keep abreast of weather conditions that affect Haiti at Haiti Meteo

Pedestrians regularly walk on the side of the road, and animals often dart into traffic. Even though driving is on the right side of the road, huge potholes may cause drivers to swerve  unpredictably and dangerously into the opposite lane of traffic.

Traffic Accidents: You are advised to contact local authorities in the event of a traffic accident. Local authorities will coordinate with available medical response. 

Traffic accidents are a major cause of death and injury, and extreme caution should be exercised. 

Speeding, aggressive driving, lack of traffic lights and signs, lack of right of way, unlit vechicles, and poor maintenance are the cause of many fatal traffic accidents in Haiti, as are overloaded vehicles on winding, mountainous and degraded roads. Motorcycles weave through traffic at high speeds. Driving under the influence is common at night.

The Haitian government lacks adequate resources to assist drivers in distress or to clear the road of accidents or broken-down vehicles. If you are involved in an accident do not expect medical or law enforcement assistance.

Public Transportation: Embassy personnel are prohibited from using any public transportation and U.S. citizens are advised to avoid them due to robberies and kidnappings. Public transportation consists of “tap-taps” trucks, private motorcycles for hire, and a few public buses and taxis. There is a significant risk of ejection due to lack of passenger restraints in any accident or even rough driving.

See our Road Safety page for more informationAlso, we suggest that you visit the website of the country’s national tourist office and national authority responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Haiti, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Haiti’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Haiti should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts on the Maritime Administration website. Information may also be posted to the websites of the U.S. Coast Guard and the National Geospace Intelligence Agency (select “broadcast warnings”).

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
No
U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
No
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Port-au-Prince

Boulevard du 15 October,
Tabarre 41, Route de Tabarre
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: +(509) 2229-8000 / 2229-8900
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(509) 2229-8000
Fax: +(509) 2229-8027

American Citizens Services Unit office hours are 7:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. The Consular Section is closed on U.S. and local holidays.

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General Information

For information concerning travel to Haiti, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Haiti.

The U.S. Department of State reports statistics and compliance information for individual countries in the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA).  The report is located here.

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Hague Abduction Convention

Haiti is not a signatory to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention), nor are there any bilateral agreements in force between Haiti and the United States concerning international parental child abduction.

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Return

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Haiti and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances

The Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizens Services, Office of Children’s Issues provides assistance in cases of international parental child abduction.  For U.S. citizen parents whose children have been wrongfully removed to or retained in countries that are not U.S. partners under the Hague Abduction Convention, the Office of Children’s Issues can provide information and resources about country-specific options for pursuing the return of or access to an abducted child.  The Office of Children’s Issues may also coordinate with appropriate foreign and U.S. government authorities about the welfare of abducted U.S. citizen children.  Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance.

Contact information:

U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Website: travel.state.gov
Email: AskCI@state.gov

Parental child abduction is not a crime in Haiti.

Parents may wish to consult with an attorney in the United States and in the country to which the child has been removed or retained to learn more about how filing criminal charges may impact a custody case in the foreign court.  Please see Pressing Criminal Charges for more information. 

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Visitation/Access

Legal systems and laws pertaining to custody, divorce, and parental abduction vary widely from country to country.  Parents are encouraged to consult with an attorney who specializes in family law in Haiti and who can provide accurate legal guidance that is specific to their circumstances.

The Office of Children’s Issues may be able to assist parents seeking access to children who have been wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States.  Parents who are seeking access to children who were not wrongfully removed from or retained outside the United States should contact the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Haiti for information and possible assistance.

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Retaining an Attorney

Neither the Office of Children’s Issues nor consular officials at the U.S. Embassy or Consulates in Haiti are authorized to provide legal advice.

The U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince posts a list of attorneys, including those who specialize in family law.

This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the persons or firms included in this list. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.

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Mediation

U.S. Department of State is not aware of any government agencies or non-governmental organizations that offer mediation programs.

Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country.  It is important for parents to understand that, although a left behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.   For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney when planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
Yes
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Both adoptions to the United States from Haiti and from the United States to Haiti are possible.
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Please see our section on Adoptions from the United States for more information on the process for adopting a child from the United States. 

Haiti is a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention). Intercountry adoption processing in Convention countries must be done in accordance with the requirements of the Hague Adoption Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations; as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Haiti.

Identifying an agency: Haiti’s 2013 adoption law prohibits independent and private adoptions. U.S. prospective adoptive parents seeking to adopt from Haiti are required to contract one of the accredited or approved U.S. adoption service providers authorized to operate in Haiti. A list of these agencies is available in the Department’s April 30, 2015 Adoption Alert. Please note that as of October 1, 2016, each U.S. adoption service provider will be allowed to present no more than one (1) dossier/application to adopt from Haiti to Haiti’s central authority, the Institut du Bien-Être Social et de Recherches (IBESR), each month (for a non-special needs or non-relative adoption), plus up to 10 dossiers/applications to adopt from Haiti per year for families seeking to adopt relatives or children with special needs. 

In addition, prospective adoptive parents who are not adopting relatives must adopt from a crèche/orphanage that IBESR has licensed and rated a “green light” facility. Your adoption service provider should be able to confirm the status of any crèche/orphanage with which it works in Haiti. 

Matching: Haiti’s adoption law prohibits birth parent(s) or other guardian(s) from identifying who will adopt a Haitian child, unless the prospective adoptive parents are relatives. In addition, neither adoption service providers nor crèche/orphanage directors are allowed to match prospective adoptive parents with specific Haitian children. They are also prohibited under Haiti’s adoption procedures from disclosing information about a proposed match to prospective adoptive parents before IBESR formally makes a match. IBESR may take a proposal from a crèche director under advisement, but this does not guarantee that any such matching proposals will be approved by IBESR. Exerting pressure on IBESR to approve a proposed match may result in the proposal being denied. Under Haiti’s law, only IBESR may officially match prospective adoptive parents with Haitian children.

Prospective adoptive parents are strongly cautioned against having any contact with a child’s crèche director or employees, birth parent(s), other guardian(s), or other caregiver(s) until the PAPs have been found suitable and eligible to adopt by USCIS (Form I-800A approval) and IBESR has reviewed the necessary consents to the adoption and determined the child is available for adoption. Such contact may constitute “prior contact” as defined in the Convention, U.S. law, and/or Haitian law, and may cause IBESR to delay making an official a match or to decide against allowing a case to proceed under the Convention process. Prior contact may also constitute grounds to deny a Form I-800 petition. Prospective adoptive parents should also not complete an adoption or take legal custody of a child until after USCIS provisionally approves the Form I-800 petition, and the U.S. Embassy issues the Article 5/17 letter to IBESR, and IBESR in turn issues the authorization to adopt (autorisation d’adoption).

Plenary adoptions: Under the 2013 Haitian adoption law, all intercountry adoptions of Haitian children completed on or after November 15, 2013, must be completed as full (pleniere or plenary) adoptions. Plenary adoptions cannot be nullified, revoked, or revised. Additional guidance on obtaining consents to adoption in plenary adoptions and requirements related to children’s names after adoption is available in the Department’s October 22, 2015 Adoption Alert

Moving children before and after adoption: Adoptive parents, adoption service providers, and other individuals are prohibited from moving children from the crèches or orphanages in which they were residing before the match was made by IBESR until after the exit letter is issued by IBESR at the end of the Convention adoption process (after the U.S. Embassy issues an immigrant visa).

Domestic adoptions in Haiti: Under Haiti’s 2013 adoption law, individuals seeking to complete a domestic adoption in Haiti must have resided in Haiti for at least five (5) years prior to starting the adoption process in order to be considered habitually resident in Haiti (regardless of citizenship). In addition, under Haiti’s 2013 adoption law, prospective adoptive parents must demonstrate that they intend to continue living in Haiti and have professional and personal ties to the country. Additionally, the Department of State and USCIS caution that, under U.S. law and regulations, prospective adoptive parents who adopted Haitian children under the Haitian domestic process will not be eligible to immigrate to the United States as adopted children until they meet the criteria for a Form I-130 petition as an immediate relative. More specifically, children adopted through the Haitian domestic process may not be eligible for U.S. immigrant visas on the basis of the adoption until the adoptive parents accrue two years’ legal custody and joint residence with the child outside the United States, among other requirements. Please see the USCIS website for additional information on this process. The information provided in the remainder of this webpage is intended for intercountry adoptions.

Note: If any of the following occurred prior to April 1, 2014 (the date on which the Hague Adoption Convention entered into force for Haiti), the Hague Adoption Convention may not apply to your adoption: 1) you filed a Form I-600A, Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition, identifying Haiti as the country where you intended to adopt and the approval is still valid; 2) you filed a Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative, on behalf of a child from Haiti, or 3) the adoption was completed. Under these circumstances, your adopted child’s case could continue to be processed as a non-Convention intercountry adoption, provided the child’s country of origin agrees. For more information, read about Hague Transition Cases.  Please contact adoption@state.gov with the details of the case if this situation applies to you.

Additional requirements apply to Haiti transition cases that meet exception 1 or 2 listed above. IBESR has agreed to process as a transition (non-Convention) case, any case in which a Form I-600 or I-600A was filed before April 1, 2014, as long as IBESR completes the matching by April 1, 2016.  More information on the definition of transition cases as applied to adoptions from Haiti is available on the USCIS website.

U.S. Immigration Requirements for Intercountry Adoptions

To bring an adopted child to the United States from Haiti, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), determines who is suitable and eligible to adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law.

Additionally, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee under U.S. immigration law in order to immigrate to the United States with an IH-3 or IH-4 immigrant visa.

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Who Can Adopt

In addition to being found suitable and eligible to adopt by USCIS, prospective adoptive parents seeking to adopt a child from Haiti must meet the following requirements imposed by Haiti:

  • Residency: Under Haitian law, prospective adoptive parents seeking to complete an intercountry adoption from Haiti need to be habitually resident in another country, such as the United States.  
  • Age of Adopting Parents: If married or a couple living together, one of the prospective adoptive parents must be at least 30 years old; if single, a prospective adoptive parent must be at least 35 years old. No prospective adoptive parents may be over age 50 when their application to adopt (dossier) is submitted to IBESR, unless the prospective adoptive parents are adopting a relative.

    In addition, prospective adoptive parents must be at least 14 years older than the child(ren) they seek to adopt. When adopting relatives, prospective adoptive parents must be at least nine (9) years older than the child(ren) they seek to adopt.
  • Marriage: Prospective adoptive parents may be unmarried, married, or in common law relationships, although Haitian procedures do not allow adoptions by same-sex couples regardless of their marital status. Married couples must be living together and be able to provide proof that they have been married for at least five (5) years before seeking to adopt from Haiti. Couples in common-law relationships must provide proof of at least five (5) years’ co-residence.
  • Income: Haitian law and procedures do not specify any income requirements for adoptions, although prospective adoptive parents must be able to provide proof of employment and financial stability.
  • Other: Prospective adoptive parents may not submit an application to adopt again from Haiti until at least two years after a previous adoption was finalized in a Haitian court.  

    Any biological or adopted children age eight (8) years or older who are already in the prospective adoptive parents’ home must state their opinion regarding an adoption from Haiti.

    Haitian law bars adoptions by any prospective adoptive parents who have been convicted of a felony or ever lost their parental rights over a child.  
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Who Can Be Adopted

Because Haiti is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, intercountry adoptions from Haiti must meet the requirements of the Convention in order for the child to be eligible to immigrate to the United States. This means the adoption may take place only if the competent authorities of Haiti have determined that placement of the child within Haiti has been given due consideration and that an intercountry adoption is in the child’s best interests.

Note: Under Haiti’s 2013 adoption law, the birth parents’ economic status is not considered sufficient grounds for a child to be placed for adoption. Only IBESR has the authority to determine whether a Haitian child is adoptable under Haitian law (regardless of whether the child will be placed domestically or through an intercountry adoption).

In addition to qualifying as a Convention adoptee under U.S. immigration law, a child must meet the following requirements of Haiti:

  • Relinquishment: Children may be relinquished for intercountry adoption by their birth parents or, in instances where both birth parents are deceased, by the local Family Council.  The consent of only one birth parent is needed if the second birth parent is unknown, deceased, legally missing, or has had his/her parental rights terminated in a Haitian court.  

    Children may also be placed for intercountry adoption if a court determines that terminating the birth parents’ parental rights is in the child’s best interests. In these situations, consent to a plenary adoption must be provided by a legal guardian.

    Consent to a child being considered for adoption may only be provided by a child’s birth parent(s) or legal guardian(s) after IBESR conducts a social evaluation. Any consent provided without this evaluation is invalid under Haitian law.
  • Abandonment: Children whose birth mothers and birth fathers are unknown may be eligible for intercountry adoption, if a Tribunal of First Instance declares the child to have been abandoned. IBESR must first conduct a six-week search for the child’s family and extended relatives, and should not begin the search until after the child has resided at the orphanage for six months. Once an abandoned child is deemed a ward of the state, IBESR may propose that the child be placed for adoption. Consent to a plenary adoption would be provided by the mayor of the locality (commune) where the child was found.
  • Age of Adoptive Child: Haitian children must be younger than 16 years old when the application for the child to be found eligible for intercountry adoption is submitted to IBESR.  Children may not be placed for adoption, nor any consents to adoption provided by birth parents or other legal guardians, until a child is at least three (3) months old. 

    Please note that in order for a child to meet the definition of Convention adoptee under U.S. immigration law, a Form I-800, Petition to Classify Convention Adoptee as an Immediate Relative, must be filed on the child’s behalf while the child is under the age of 16 (or under the age of 18 if the child is the birth sibling of another adopted child who has immigrated or will immigrate based on adoption by the same adoptive parent(s)). Please see the USCIS website for special rules on filing dates for children aged 15-16 or siblings aged 17-18.  
  • Sibling Adoptions: Haiti’s adoption law requires that siblings be placed with the same prospective adoptive parents, unless a competent authority determines that this is not in their best interests.
  • Special Needs or Medical Conditions: IBESR defines children with special needs as children who suffer from behavior disorders or trauma, physical or mental disabilities, are age six (6) or older, and/or members of a sibling group.
  • Waiting Period or Foster Care: None.
  • Other: In intercountry adoptions, all known birth parent(s) or legal guardian(s) must give their informed and written consent to a plenary adoption in person to a Children’s Court judge. The consent may only be provided after the birth parents or legal guardians are counselled by IBESR as to the effect of a plenary adoption, IBESR conducts a family interview, and the child’s legal guardians undergo a physical, psychological, and socioeconomic assessment.

    Children ages eight (8) years and older must be provided counselling by IBESR, and children ages 12 and older must consent to a plenary adoption in person to a Children’s Court judge.

    Consent to an adoption may be retracted at any point during the first month after the consenting individual appears before the Children’s Court judge. The consent becomes final after one month. At this point, IBESR becomes the adoptable child’s legal guardian.

    Crèches and orphanages are required to inform IBESR of the arrival of a child at their facilities within 48 hours. The person informing IBESR must be accompanied by the child’s birth parent(s) or legal guardian(s), and must provide IBESR with the child’s birth certificate.

    Caution: Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are available for adoption. In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when possible. In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to the adoption of their child(ren).
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How to Adopt

Warning:  Do not adopt or obtain legal custody of a child in Haiti before:  1) USCIS has approved your Form I-800A, Application for Determination of Suitability to Adopt a Child from a Convention Country, 2) the Central Authority of Haiti has determined the child is available for intercountry adoption, 3) USCIS has provisionally approved your Form I-800, Petition to Classify Convention Adoptee as an Immediate Relative, and 4) a U.S. consular officer has issued an “Article 5/17 Letter” in the case.  Read on for more information.

Haiti’s Central Adoption Authority

Institut du Bien-Être Social et de Recherches (IBESR)

Note: Special transition provisions may apply to adoptions initiated before April 1, 2014. Read about Hague Transition Cases.

The Process

Because Haiti is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, adoptions from Haiti must follow a specific process designed to meet the Convention’s requirements. A brief summary of the Convention adoption process is provided below. You must complete these steps in the following order to meet all necessary legal requirements. Adoptions completed out of order may result in the child not being eligible for an immigrant visa to the United States.

  1. Choose a U.S. Accredited or Approved Adoption Service Provider to Act as Your Primary Provider That Has Been Authorized by Haiti’s Central Authority to Operate in Haiti
  2. Apply to USCIS to be Found Suitable and Eligible to Adopt (Form I-800A)
  3. Apply to Haiti’s Authorities to Adopt and Be Matched with a Child
  4. Apply to USCIS for the Child to be Found Provisionally Eligible for Immigration to the United States as a Convention Adoptee (Form I-800) and Receive U.S. Agreement to Proceed with the Adoption (Art. 5/17 letter)
  5. Adopt the Child in Haiti
  6. Obtain a U.S. Immigrant Visa for Your Child and Bring Your Child Home

1. Choose a U.S. Accredited or Approved Adoption Service Provider to Act as Your Primary Provider That Has Been Authorized by Haiti’s Central Authority to Operate in Haiti

The first step in adopting a child from Haiti is to select an adoption service provider in the United States that has been accredited or approved to provide services to U.S. citizens in Convention cases and that has been authorized by IBESR to operate in Haiti. A primary provider must be identified in each Convention case and only accredited or approved adoption service providers may act as the primary provider in your case.  Your primary provider is responsible for:

  • Ensuring that all six adoption services defined at 22 CFR 96.2 are provided consistent with applicable laws and regulations;
  • Supervising and being responsible for supervised providers where used (see 22 CFR 96.14); and
  • Developing and implementing a service plan in accordance with 22 CFR 96.44.

Learn more about Agency Accreditation.

2.  Apply to USCIS to be Found Suitable and Eligible to Adopt

After you choose an accredited or approved adoption service provider, you must be found suitable and eligible to adopt by USCIS by submitting Form I-800A, Application for Determination of Suitability to Adopt a Child from a Convention Country. You will need to submit a home study, fingerprints, and a background check as part of this application. Read more about Suitability and Eligibility Requirements.

3.  Apply to Haiti’s Authorities to Adopt and be Matched with a Child

Submit Your Dossier to the Central Authority 

After USCIS determines that you are suitable and eligible to adopt and approves the Form I-800A application, your adoption service provider will provide your approval notice, home study, and any other required information to the adoption authority in Haiti as part of your adoption application. Haiti’s adoption authority will review your application to determine whether you are also suitable and eligible to adopt under Haiti’s law.

Haiti’s adoption procedures require IBESR to review an application to adopt from Haiti, and determine if the dossier is complete and acceptable for receipt. Prospective adoptive parents or their adoption service provider should not pay the IBESR initiation fee until the dossier is officially received, and are strongly encouraged to obtain receipts for all fees associated with an adoption and paid in Haiti.

Receive a Referral for a Child from the Central Authority 

If both the United States and Haiti determine that you are suitable and eligible to adopt, and Haiti’s Central Authority for Convention adoptions has determined that a child is available for adoption and that intercountry adoption is in that child’s best interests, the Central Authority for Convention adoptions in Haiti may provide you with a referral for a child. The referral is a proposed match between you and a specific child based on a review of your dossier and the needs of the child. The adoption authority in Haiti will provide a background study and other information, if available, about the child to help you decide whether to accept the referral or not. We encourage families to consult with a medical professional and their adoption service provider to understand the needs of the specific child but family must decide for itself whether or not it will be able to meet the needs of, and provide a permanent home for, a specific child and must conform to the recommendations in the home study submitted to USCIS for the number of children and capacity to deal with any special needs of an adoptive child. Learn more about Health Considerations. If you accept the referral, the adoption service provider communicates that to the central authority in Haiti.  Learn more about this critical decision

Haiti’s adoption law and procedures place no time limits on IBESR between its receipt of a family’s dossier and when it may make a referral for a particular child. However, prospective adoptive parents must inform IBESR in writing whether they will accept or refuse a proposed match within 15 days of the referral letter being issued. This acceptance of a match must be communicated to IBESR through the U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider that is serving as the primary provider for the adoption and is authorized by IBESR to operate in Haiti.

4.  Apply to USCIS for the Child to be Found Provisionally Eligible for Immigration to the United States as a Convention Adoptee and Receive U.S. Agreement to Proceed with the Adoption

Submit a Petition for a Determination on the Child’s Immigration Eligibility 

After you accept being matched with a particular child, you will apply to USCIS for provisional approval for the child to immigrate to the United States by filing the Form I-800, Petition to Classify Convention Adoptee as an Immediate Relative. USCIS will make a provisional determination as to whether the child appears to meet the definition of a Convention adoptee and will likely be eligible to enter and remain in the United States.

Submit an Immigrant Visa Application 

After provisional approval of Form I-800 petition, you or your adoption service provider will submit a visa application to the consular section of the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince responsible for issuing immigrant visas to children from Haiti. 

You should receive a letter from the National Visa Center (NVC) confirming receipt of the provisionally approved Form I-800 petition and assigning a case number and an invoice ID number. Use this information to log into the Consular Electronic Application Center (CEAC) to file the Electronic Immigrant Visa Application (DS-260) for your child. An adoptive parent should fill out these forms in your child's name. Answer every item on the form. If information is not applicable, please write “N/A” in the block. Please review the DS-260 FAQs, our Online Immigrant Visa Forms page, or contact the NVC at NVCAdoptions@state.gov or +1-603-334-0700 if you have questions about completing the online DS-260 form. A consular officer will review the provisionally approved Form I-800 petition and the visa application and, if applicable, advises you of options for the waiver of any ineligibilities related to the visa application.

In order for the U.S. Embassy’s consular officer to review the petition and visa application, you will need to pay the immigrant visa application fee after filing the DS-260 online immigrant visa application. The fee can be paid to the cashier at the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, in U.S. dollars, Haitian Gourdes, or by credit card. Prospective adoptive parents should not pay this fee or any other “visa fees” to anyone outside the U.S. Embassy. Any requests for Embassy “document” fees or processing fees should be reported to the U.S. Embassy’s consular staff.

The consular officer will send a letter (referred to as an “Article 5/17 Letter”) to Haiti’s Central Authority in any intercountry adoption involving U.S. citizen parents and a child from Haiti if all Convention requirements are met and the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States. This letter will inform Haiti’s Central Authority that the parents are suitable and eligible to adopt, that the child appears eligible to enter and reside permanently in the United States, and that the U.S. Central Authority agrees that the adoption may proceed.

Warning: Do not attempt to adopt of a child in Haiti before you receive provisional approval of your Form I-800 petition AND a U.S. consular officer issues the “Article 5/17 Letter” for your adoption case.

Remember: The consular officer will make a final decision about a child’s eligibility for an immigrant visa later in the adoption process.

5.  Adopt the Child in Haiti

Remember: Before you adopt a child in Haiti, you must have completed the above four steps.  Only after completing these steps can you proceed to finalize the adoption.

The process for finalizing the adoption in Haiti generally includes the following:

Role of Adoption Authority: IBESR, as the Haitian Central Authority for adoptions, is responsible for all child welfare issues in Haiti. IBESR works with birth families to provide support so that children may remain with their families, authorizes foreign adoption service providers to facilitate adoptions from Haiti, and accredits Haitian crèches and orphanages to house children. It also promotes cooperation among the relevant child protection authorities and takes all appropriate measures to prevent illegal behavior and improper financial gain during the child’s placement.

IBESR provides counselling and support to a child’s legal guardians. If the child cannot remain with his or her family, IBESR ensures that the legal guardians (who may include birth parents) understand the consequences of consenting to a plenary adoption before IBESR issues the pre-consent form (preconsentement) confirming the counselling occurred. IBESR also provides counselling to children ages eight (8) and older. Haitian courts will not proceed with an intercountry adoption without this form.

IBESR is also responsible for:

  • Making decisions about the temporary placement of children in crèches, orphanages, or foster homes;
  • Proposing that children who are wards of the State be placed for adoption;
  • Conducting family interviews and the physical, psychological, and socioeconomic assessment of children whose families or legal guardians are considering consenting to adoptions;
  • Maintaining a physical and electronic record of all children who receive IBESR services, including adoption processing;
  • Reviewing prospective adoptive parents’ applications to adopt from Haiti and determining if they meet Haitian criteria to adopt;
  • Making the match between prospective adoptive parents and a proposed adoptee (in both domestic and intercountry adoptions);
  • Issuing the official referral letter, with the child’s background report (Article 16 letter);
  • Authorizing and supervising the 15-day familiarization period in Haiti, and then issuing a report on the familiarization period;
  • Issuing the authorization to move forward with an adoption (autorisation d’adoption) within 10 days of receiving the familiarization period report;
  • Issuing a “certificate of conformity” (certificat de conformité) under Article 23 of the Convention, certifying that a Convention adoption complied with the Convention and Haitian adoption laws and procedures, within 10 business days of receiving a request for the certificate; and
  • Issuing the exit letter authorizing an adopted child to depart Haiti, after the child receives his/her U.S. immigrant visa.

Note: Only the IBESR office in Port-au-Prince can authorize an adoption. IBESR regional offices do not have this authority. This step is often the most time-consuming in the overall adoption process. Each case is unique, and some are more complicated than others. The Immigrant Visa/Adoptions Unit of the U.S. Embassy has no authority over, or ability to influence, how quickly or in what order IBESR processes its caseload.

  • Role of the Court: Several Haitian courts have a role in the intercountry adoption process:

The Justice of the Peace (Tribunal de Paix) has jurisdiction over the place where an abandoned child was found and issues the declaration of abandonment.

The Judge of the Children’s Court (Tribunal pour Enfants) is responsible for receiving birth parents’ or legal guardians’ consents to plenary adoptions and issuing a record of the consent.  Children’s Court judges also oversee cases where a child’s birth parents are stripped of their parental rights and the child is made a ward of the State. They also issue temporary placement orders confirming temporary placements authorized by IBESR.

The Tribunal of First Instance (Tribunal de Premier Instance) deliberates and issues a decision granting or denying an adoption following a review by the court’s Chief Prosecutor (Commissaire du Gouvernement); if approved, the court will issue an adoption judgment (homologue).  If approval is denied due to a procedural error, the file is sent back to IBESR for correction. If the adoption is denied on its merits, the prospective adoptive parents have 30 days from the date of the judgment to file an appeal. Birth family members and other parties have 30 days after an adoption is approved to file an appeal. 

If there is no appeal and the judgment was stamped by the Director General of Taxation, the Tribunal of First Instance will enforce (exequatur) the judgment and issue the adoption order (acte d’adoption). Then, the Dean (Doyen) of the Tribunal serves notice on the Civil Registrar’s Office / Vital Statistics Office (Officier d’Etat Civil) of the adoption approval. After the Civil Registrar’s Office issues and signs the adoption decree, the Tribunal of First Instance will legalize the decree.

In situations where U.S. adoptive parents previously completed a simple adoption, did not add their surname to the child’s name, or did not remove a child’s original surname, the Tribunal of First Instance will need to take additional steps. Please see our past Adoption Alert for guidance on how to correct or convert the case.

  • Role of Other Haitian Ministries: Several additional Haitian ministries have roles in the adoption process:

The local mayor is responsible for obtaining the birth certificates for children whom IBESR has deemed to be abandoned and for providing any necessary consents to adoption for abandoned children. No fees should be charged for the consent.

The local Family Council provides consent to adoptions in situations where a Haitian child’s birth parents are unable to consent themselves.

The Office of the Civil Registrar Vital Statistics (Officier d’Etat Civil) has jurisdiction over where the child is from and issues children’s birth certificates, issues and signs the final adoption decree (certificate of the acte d’adoption) after the Tribunal of First Instance approves an adoption, and with regards to birth family members, would have previously issued all relevant birth, death, and marriage certificates. The Office is required to issue the adoption decree within five (5) days of receiving the application.

The National Archives (Les Archives Nationales d'Haiti) maintains records of all birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates previously issued by the Civil Registrar. It also attests the adoption decree after the Ministry of Foreign Affairs legalizes the document.

The Director General of Taxation (Direction Générale des Impôts) must stamp the adoption judgement (homologue) before it can be enforced by the Tribunal of First Instance.

The Ministry of Justice (Ministère de la Justice et de la Sécurité Publique) must legalize the adoption order (acte d’adoption) after the Tribunal of First Instance legalizes the document.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministère des Affaires Etrangères) must legalize the adoption order (acte d’adoption) after the Ministry of Justice legalizes the document.

The Ministry of Interior (Ministère de l’Intérieur et des Collectivites Territoriales) issues an adopted child’s Haitian passport, after the adoption decree is legalized by the Tribunal of First Instance, and the adoption order (acte d’adoption) is legalized by the Ministries of Justice and Foreign Affairs.

Role of Adoption Agencies: The U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider facilitates adoptions by U.S. prospective adoptive parents in Haiti. The U.S. adoption service provider conducts or oversees the prospective adoptive parents’ home study to ensure that it complies with both U.S. and state laws where the prospective adoptive parents reside. After the approval of the Form I-800A and provisional approval of the Form I-800, the adoption service provider coordinates with the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince for issuance of an Article 5/17 letter.

U.S. adoption service providers facilitate intercountry adoptions to the United States by:

  • Submitting the prospective adoptive parents’ application to IBESR to adopt from Haiti;
  • Receiving from IBESR and forwarding to prospective adoptive parents a proposed match;
  • Conveying the prospective adoptive parents’ acceptance or refusal of a match, in writing, to IBESR;
  • Hiring a legal representative, or working with the prospective adoptive parents’ legal representative, to represent the family in court;
  • Applying, via the legal representative, to the Dean of the Tribunal of First Instance for a hearing after IBESR issues the authorization to adopt;
  • Requesting, via the legal representative, that the Tribunal of First Instance enforce (exequatur) the initial adoption judgment (homologue) after the 30-day appeal period ends;
  • Obtaining the adoption decree from the Civil Registrar and moving it through the legalization process;
  • Applying for and obtaining the adopted child’s Haitian passport;
  • Requesting the final certificate of conformity (certificat de conformité) of the Convention adoption;
  • Paying all authorized required fees on the family’s behalf during the Haitian parts of the intercountry adoption process; and
  • Completing and providing to IBESR at least the first four (4) of the seven (7) required post-adoption reports. (See information on post-adoption reporting below for details.)

Under Haitian laws and procedures, in order to operate in Haiti, the U.S. adoption service provider must:

  • Be officially accredited or approved by a U.S. Accrediting Entity to provide services in Convention adoptions involving the United States;
  • Be authorized by IBESR to work in Haiti;
  • Have sufficient resources and staff to carry out its mission;
  • Work only for non-profit purposes;
  • Acquire no improper financial gain or unreasonably high remuneration for services provided;
  • Provide IBESR with every required post-adoption report related to an adoption the adoption service provider facilitated from Haiti;
  • Send IBESR an annual report, including a financial report, on its activities in Haiti; and
  • Avoid any contact with the birth parents, legal guardians, or persons responsible for child’s care before IBESR makes the match.

Time Frame: Intercountry adoptions in Haiti generally take more than 18 months, and can take as long as three (3) years, to complete. 

Several known timeframes in the adoption process are:

  • It normally takes six (6) to eight (8) months for qualifying prospective adoptive parents to receive a proposed match from IBESR, although there is no specified or required timeframe in which IBESR must make a match;
  • Prospective adoptive parents are allowed up to 15 days to decide whether to accept or refuse a proposed match;
  • The familiarization period lasts 15 days (or more) and must be completed in Haiti;
  • It normally takes another six (6) to eight (8) months for IBESR to issue the authorization to adopt (autorisation d’adoption) after the familiarization period finishes, though there is no specified to required time frame in which such authorization must be issued;
  • There is a mandatory 30-day appeal period after an adoption is granted in the Tribunal of First Instance;
  • Obtaining the required legalizations of the adoption decree can take several months;
  • IBESR has 10 business days to review a request for a certificate  of conformity (certificat de conformité) and potentially issue the certificate; and
  • Obtaining an adopted child’s Haitian passport can take an additional two (2) to three (3) months.

Adoption Application: Prospective adoptive parents must submit the documents noted below in the “Documents Required” bullet to IBESR via their adoption service provider. IBESR will review each application before deciding if it can be officially received. 

Adoption Fees: Prospective adoptive parents are advised to obtain detailed receipts for all fees and donations paid, either directly or through your U.S. adoption service provider, and to raise any concerns regarding any payment that you believe may be contrary to the Convention, U.S. law, or the law of Haiti with your adoption service provider, or, when appropriate, the Hague Complaint Registry. For more information in this regard, please refer to information concerning the Hague Complaint Registry. Improper payments may violate applicable law or create the appearance of child buying, and could put all future adoptions in Haiti at risk. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, for instance, makes it unlawful to bribe foreign government officials to obtain or retain business.  Further, the IAA makes certain actions relating to intercountry adoptions unlawful, and subject to civil and criminal penalties.  These include offering, giving, soliciting, or accepting inducement intended to influence or affect the relinquishment of parental rights, parental consent relating to adoption of a child, or a decision by an entity performing a central authority function, or to engage another person as an agent to take any such action.

In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your agency will itemize the fees and estimated expenses related to your adoption process.

Some of the fees specifically associated with adopting from Haiti include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Child’s original documents (birth certificate, etc.) from Office of Civil Registrar:  5,700 Gourdes (~ $95 at mid-February 2016 exchange rates)
  • IBESR counselling to child’s legal guardian (psychologist fee):  12,500 Gourdes (~ $210)

Fees due with the prospective adoptive parents’ application to adopt from Haiti:

  1. Application to IBESR (initiation fee): 15,000 Gourdes (~ $250)
  2. Orphanage fee: 276,000 Gourdes (~ $4,618)
  3. Medical insurance fee, per child: 46,000 Gourdes (~ $770)
  4. IBESR processing fee: 46,000 Gourdes (~ $770)
  • Social worker’s report on the child: 18,000 Gourdes (~ $ 301)
  • Request for Tribunal of First Instance hearing: 1,500 Gourdes (~ $25)
  • Adoption judgment (homologue) from Tribunal of First Instance: 1,000 Gourdes (~ $17)
  • Stamp by Director General of Taxation: 1,400 Gourdes (~ $23)
  • Adoption decree (certificate) from Office of Civil Registrar: 2,000 Gourdes (~ $33) or more
  • Ministry of Interior passport fee: at least 500 Gourdes (~ $8)
  • IBESR exit letter (issued by the Office of Social Defense): 3,000-5,000 Gourdes (~ $49-82)

No fees are charged for a crèche/orphanage’s application to IBESR for a child to be found eligible for adoption or for IBESR’s certificate of conformity (certificat de conformité). There should also be no fees charged in abandonment cases to get the commune mayor to appear in court to provide consents to adoption.

Documents Required: All documents submitted to IBESR in your application to adopt must be translated into French by a sworn translator and authenticated. The following documents are required by IBESR to process an adoption application:

  • A request letter addressed to the President of IBESR, personally signed by the prospective adoptive parent(s), outlining the reasons for requesting an adoption from Haiti and providing the prospective adoptive parent’s status and profile, sex, age, and number;
  • The home study provided to USCIS with the Form I-800A application, translated into French, including the social evaluation report and physical and psychological status report;
  • A copy of the Form I-800A application submitted to USCIS, as completed by the prospective adoptive parent(s) or the adoption service provider;
  • The Form I-800A approval notice from USCIS, conveying that the prospective adoptive parent(s) is(are) suitable and eligible to adopt;
  • Certified copies of the prospective adoptive parent(s) birth certificate(s);
  • A certified copy of the prospective adoptive parents’ marriage certificate, if applicable;
  • Proof of a common-law union/relationship approved by the appropriate body in their place of residence, if applicable;
  • A copy of a criminal record issued by the appropriate judicial unit;
  • Proof of employment, specifying the duties performed, the start date, and the salary;
  • Documents showing financial stability (bank statement, notarized instruments, documents that prove the existence of movable and immovable property, etc.);
  • Two (2) notarized letters of reference;
  • Three (3) recent identity photos of each prospective adoptive parent; and
  • A copy of the identification page from each prospective adoptive parent’s passport.
  • If the adoption involves a match proposed to IBESR by the crèche/orphanage director, then the adoption service provider must also provide the following documents to IBESR:
  • A timeline of all decisions related to the child, his/her placement at the crèche/orphanage, his/her being found eligible for adoption, etc.;
  • Documentation of all fees associated with acquiring the child’s documents, including who paid for the documents and whether the adoption service provider or prospective adoptive parents provided the funds to the crèche/orphanage;
  • Evidence that the crèche/orphanage director does not work or receive any salary or other benefits from the adoption service provider, and is not making matching proposals in coordination with the adoption service provider or prospective adoptive parent(s), though we do not yet have clarity on how this would be documented; and
  • A letter from the crèche/orphanage director to IBESR explaining why he/she wishes to propose a match between a Haitian child at the crèche/orphanage and a particular prospective adoptive parent.

Adoptive parents or adoption service providers seeking to obtain the certificate of conformity (certificat de conformité) from IBESR must submit:

  • A cover letter to the President of IBESR requesting the certificate and noting the attached documents;
  • The IBESR authorization to adopt (autorisation d’adoption);
  • The adoption judgement (homologue);
  • The final adoption order (acte d’adoption);
  • The consent document(s) written in front of the Judge of the Children’s Court; and
  • A copy of the Article 5/17 letter issued by the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince.

IBESR must also receive the following documents from the crèche/orphanage on the child to make a determination of eligibility for adoption:

  • A copy of the crèche or orphanage’s authorization to operate from 2014-2016;
  • A certified copy from the Office of the Civil Registrar of the:
    • Child’s birth certificate;
    • Birth parents’ birth certificates, if the parents are known;
    • Birth parents’ death certificate(s), if applicable;
    • Birth parents’ marriage certificate, if applicable;

In the case of abandoned children:

  1. The declaration of abandonment issued by the Justice of the Peace, and
  2. A court decision certifying the child as an abandoned child;
  • In the case of orphaned children (as defined by Haitian law, both parents deceased), the record of the Family Council formation and the court decision approving the decision to place the child for adoption;
  • In the case of children placed by IBESR in temporary living situations, a placement order issued by the judge (original + 1 copy);
  • In the situation where the birth parents are under 18 years old, the certificate issued by a judge authorizing consent to the adoption;
  • The IBESR temporary placement decision, if applicable;
  • Reports on the child:
  1. Detailed medical report,
  2. Psychological report, and
  3. Social evaluation report;
  • Three recent photos of the child;
  • A copy of the Haitian National Identification Card (CIN) or passport photo page of the child’s birth parent(s) or legal guardian(s); and
  • A record of the consent to adoption issued by the Children’s Court judge (original + 1 copy).

Note: Additional documents may be requested.

Authentication of Documents: You may be asked to provide proof that a document from the United States is authentic. If so, the Department of State, Authentications Office has information on the subject.

6.  Obtain a U.S. Immigrant Visa for Your Child and Bring Your Child Home

Now that your adoption is complete, there are a few more steps to take before your child can head home. Specifically, you need to apply for three documents before your child can travel to the United States:

Birth Certificate

If you have finalized the adoption in Haiti, you will first need to apply for a birth certificate for your child so that you can later apply for a passport.

Haitian birth certificates are issued by the Office of the Civil Registrar / Vital Statistics (Etat Civil) with jurisdiction over the child’s place of origin. Adoptive parents’ adoption service provider or legal representatives should apply to the Office of the Civil Registrar for the child’s new birth certificate. In general, birth certificates should cost 5,700 Gourdes (~ $95 at mid-February 2016 exchange rates).

Note: Under Haitian law, an adopted child must take on the surname of his/her adoptive parents. In addition, a child’s birth surname must be removed as part of the adoption process and should not appear on the new birth certificate (even as a middle name).

Haitian Passport

Your child is not yet a U.S. citizen, so he/she will need a travel document or passport from Haiti.

Haitian passports are issued by the Ministry of Interior, Bureau of Immigration (Bureau d'Immigration et d'Emmigration). Adoptive parents’ adoption service provider or legal representatives should apply to the Ministry of Interior for the child’s passport. In general, passports should cost at least 500 Gourdes. You will likely need the following documents:

  • Adoption decree (certificate showing the acte d’adoption);
  • Birth certificate or extract;
  • IBESR-issued authorization to adopt (autorisation d’adoption);
  • Notarized authorization for passport issuance form (if passport requested by a non-parent); and
  • Identity card of the adult applying on behalf of the minor.

U.S. Immigrant Visa

After you obtain the new birth certificate and passport for your child, you also need to finalize your application for a U.S. visa for your child from the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. After the adoption for a final review of the case, and if applicable, the issuance of a U.S. Hague Adoption Certificate, the final approval of the Form I-800 petition, and to obtain your child’s immigrant visa.  This immigrant visa allows your child to travel home with you and be admitted to the United States as your child. Please contact the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince by email at PAPadoptions@state.gov to schedule your child’s immigrant visa appointment. As part of this process, you must provide the consular officer with the Panel Physician’s medical report on the child if you did not provide it during the provisional approval stage. Read more about the Medical Examination.

Before coming for your child’s immigrant visa interview, please be sure to complete an Electronic Immigrant Visa Application (DS-260) online at the Consular Electronic Application Center (CEAC). You should receive a letter from the National Visa Center (NVC) confirming receipt of the provisionally approved Form I-800 petition and assigning a case number and an invoice ID number. You will need this information to log into CEAC to file the DS-260 for your child. An adoptive parent should fill out these forms in your child's name. Answer every item on the form. If information is not applicable, please write “N/A” in the block.  Print and bring the DS-260 form confirmation page to the visa interview. Please review the DS-260 FAQs, our Online Immigrant Visa Forms page, or contact the NVC at NVCAdoptions@state.gov or +1-603-334-0700 if you have questions about completing the online DS-260 form.

Visa issuance after the final interview generally occurs in two work days. Intercountry adoptions are the highest priority immigrant visa category and the U.S. Embassy’s Consular Section will make every effort to issue the visa promptly within its regular workweek. However, system constraints, local holidays, and other circumstances may cause delays. Adoptive parents should verify current processing times with the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince before making final travel arrangements.

Haitian Travel Authorization Letter

You will also need to obtain a travel authorization, called an exit letter, from IBESR in order to depart Haiti with a minor child. To obtain this, you will need to bring the following documents to IBESR:

  • A letter from the director of the crèche where the child resides explaining that the adoption has occurred in accordance with Haiti’s procedures, noting the child resided at the crèche/orphanage from first arrival or placement;
  • The adoption judgment (homologue);
  • The final adoption order (acte d’adoption); and
  • A copy of the child’s passport identification page and the receiving country’s visa.

You may also need to provide any or all of the following:

  • Minutes from the Tribunal of First Instance (2 copies);
  • Adoption decree (certificate showing the acte d’adoption; 2 copies);
  • IBESR-issued authorization to adopt (autorisation d’adoption; 2 copies);
  • The biographic information passport page(s) of the adoptive parent(s) (2 copies);
  • Child’s passport photos (2); and
  • Identity card of the crèche/orphanage manager (2 copies).

Normal processing time for this letter is three (3) business days, although it is possible to request an expedited letter. Adoptive parents can begin this process after they receive their adopted child’s U.S. immigrant visa. The cost is 3,000-5,000 Gourdes (~ $49-82 at mid-February 2016 exchange rates). For questions on this, please contact your adoption service provider or IBESR.

Child Citizenship Act

For adoptions finalized abroad prior to the child’s entry into the United States: An adopted child residing in the United States in the legal and physical custody of the U.S. citizen parent pursuant to a lawful admission for permanent residence generally will acquire U.S. citizenship automatically upon entry into the United States if the child otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000, including the child is under the age of eighteen.

For adoptions finalized after the child’s entry into the United States: You will need to complete an adoption following your child’s entry into the United States and before the child turns eighteen for the child (if he or she otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000) to automatically acquire U.S. citizenship.

Read more about the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.

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Traveling Abroad

Applying for Your U.S. Passport

U.S. citizens are required by law to enter and depart the United States on a valid U.S. passport. Once your child has acquired U.S. citizenship, s/he will need a U.S. passport for any international travel. Only the U.S. Department of State has the authority to grant, issue, or verify U.S. passports.

Getting or renewing a passport is easy. The Department of State’s Passport Application Wizard will help you determine which passport form you need, help you to complete the form online, estimate your payment, and generate the form for you to print—all in one place.

Obtaining a Visa to Travel to Haiti

In addition to a U.S. passport, you may also need to obtain a visa to travel abroad. Where required, visas are affixed to a traveler’s passport and allow him or her to enter a foreign nation. To find information about obtaining a visa for Haiti, see the Department of State’s Country Specific Information.

Staying Safe on Your Trip

Before you travel, it is always a good practice to investigate the local conditions, laws, political landscape, and culture of the country. The Department of State provides Country Specific Information for every country in the world about various issues, including health conditions, crime, unusual currency or entry requirements, and any areas of instability.

Staying in Touch on Your Trip

When traveling during the adoption process, we encourage you to enroll with the Department of State through our Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive important information from the Embassy about safety conditions in your destination country. Enrollment makes it possible for the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Haiti, to contact you in an emergency, whether natural disaster, civil unrest, or family emergency. Whether there is a family emergency in the United States or a crisis in Haiti, enrollment assists the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in reaching you.

Enrollment is free and can be done online via the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).

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After Adoption

Post-Adoption/Post-Placement Reporting Requirements

Haiti requires that adoptive parents provide post-adoption reports on the status of children adopted from Haiti for a period of eight years. This series of up to nine (9) reports is designed to show the evolution and integration of the child within his/her adoptive family and environment. They are due at the following time intervals: six (6) months after the child’s arrival with his/her adoptive family, then following at the 12 month/1 year mark, then once a year for 7 consecutive years. The reporting requirements end when the child turns 18. The last five reports may be completed by an entity other than your authorized adoption service provider, and can be submitted directly to IBESR by the adoptive parents. 

Your authorized adoption service provider is responsible for transmitting at least the first four (4) reports to IBESR. The post-adoption report must include a cover letter, a psychological report on the child, a medical evaluation of the child, school results, and a social evaluation. All documents must be in French or include certified translations into French.

We urge you to comply with Haiti’s post-adoption/post-placement requirements in a timely manner. Your adoption service provider may be able to help you with this process. Your cooperation will contribute to that Haiti’s history of positive experiences with U.S. citizen adoptive parents.

Post-Adoption Resources

Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and private nonprofit post-adoption services available for children and their families. There are also numerous adoptive family support groups and adoptee organizations active in the United States that provide a network of options for adoptees who seek out other adoptees from the same country of origin. You may wish to take advantage of all the resources available to your family, whether it is another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services. Your primary provider can provide or point you to post- placement/post-adoption services to help your adopted child and your family transition smoothly and deal effectively with the many adjustments required in an intercountry adoption. 

Here are some places to start your support group search:

Note:  Inclusion of non-U.S. government links does not imply endorsement of content.

COMPLAINTS

If you have concerns about your adoption process, we ask that you share this information with the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince, particularly if it involves possible fraud or misconduct specific to your child’s case. The Department of State takes all allegations of fraud or misconduct seriously. Our Adoption Comment Page provides several points of contact for adoptive families to comment on their adoption service provider, their experience applying for their child’s visa, or about the Form I-800 petition process.

The Hague Complaint Registry is an internet based registry for filing complaints about the compliance of U.S. accredited or approved adoption service providers with U.S. accreditation standards. If you think your provider's conduct may have been out of substantial compliance with accreditation standards, first submit your complaint in writing directly to your provider. If the complaint is not resolved through the provider's complaint process, you may file the complaint through the Hague Complaint Registry

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Contact Information

U.S. Embassy in Haiti
Consular Section (Adoptions Unit)
Boulevard du 15 Octobre
Tabarre 41
Tabarre, Haiti
Tel: +509-2229-8000 (within Haiti); 1-866-829-2482 (from the United States)
Email: PAPadoptions@state.gov
Internet: ht.usembassy.gov

Haiti’s Adoption Authority
Institut du Bien Etre Social et de Recherches (IBESR)
13 Rue des Marguerites
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Tel: +509 2816-1559
Email: ibesr01@gmail.com
Internet: http://ibesr.com/

Embassy of Haiti
2311 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20008
Tel: (202) 332-4090
Fax: (202) 745-7215
Email: embassy@haiti.org
Internet: http://www.haiti.org/

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, D.C.  20522-1709
Tel: 1-888-407-4747
Email: Adoption@state.gov
Internet: adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
Internet: uscis.gov

For questions about filing a Form I-800A application or a Form I-800 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center (NBC)
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
Email: NBC.Hague@uscis.dhs.gov

For questions about transition cases and cases that do not fall under the Convention:
USCIS Port-au-Prince Field Office

U.S. Embassy
Boulevard du 15 Octobre
Tabarre 41
Tabarre, Haiti
Tel: +509-2229-8000, extension 8600 or 8184 (within Haiti); 011-509-2229-8000, extension 8600 or 8184 (from the United States)
Email: Haiti.USCIS@uscis.dhs.gov

Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 24 Months
A-2 None Multiple 24 Months
A-3 1 None Multiple 24 Months
B-1 None Multiple 60 Months
B-2 None Multiple 60 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 60 Months
C-1 None Multiple 60 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 60 Months
C-2 None Multiple 12 Months
C-3 None Multiple 60 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 60 Months
E-1 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months
F-1 None Multiple 60 Months
F-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-1 None Multiple 24 Months
G-2 None Multiple 24 Months
G-3 None Multiple 24 Months
G-4 None Multiple 24 Months
G-5 1 None Multiple 24 Months
H-1B None Multiple 36 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 36 Months 3
H-2A None Multiple 36 Months 3
H-2B None Multiple 36 Months 3
H-2R None Multiple 36 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 36 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 36 Months 3
I None Multiple 24 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 60 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 60 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 36 Months
L-2 None Multiple 36 Months
M-1 None Multiple 60 Months
M-2 None Multiple 60 Months
N-8 None Multiple 24 Months
N-9 None Multiple 24 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 36 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 36 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 36 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 36 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 36 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 36 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 36 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3
R-1 None Multiple 36 Months
R-2 None Multiple 36 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

All Haitian documents must be obtained personally by a representative of the interested party. Archives documents can be requested through some authorized agencies or by mail. In this case, the US dollar charge applies for requests from overseas parties.

General Information Regarding Civil Registry

The following civil records are available in two forms. At the time of registration, a hand-written certificate on official, stamped paper is issued by the registrar of the section in which registration takes place. The record is also entered into an official register, which is transferred to the National Archives in Port-au-Prince, usually after one year. Once this transfer occurs, a transcript of the record, known as an extrait, can be obtained from the National Archives.. The National Archives prepares requested “extraits” on the official paper according to the fees specified below. The interested party must have an original certificate or must know the year and place of registry. An extrait usually takes  about two weeks to process. Same day service is available for an additional fee.

Original certificates are extremely difficult to verify. When there is doubt about the identity or the relationship in question, an extrait should be requested as well as secondary evidence. All extraits should bear two different seals, the signature of the Archives Director and a dry seal. All alterations to the original text are authorized by judgment of the Tribunal Civil and are recorded on the reverse of the front page of every extrait. Such alterations are usually based only on the statements made to an Attorney by the interested party and have frequently proven fraudulent. Any questionable documents may be sent to Port-au-Prince for verification and/or investigation.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth Certificates

Available. Births can be registered by either the father or the mother, if she is married to the father. If the child is born out of wedlock and is registered by the mother, the father is not specified and the child is registered with the surname of the mother. Extraits can be obtained from the National Archives as specified above. There may be a fee for this service. If no record exists or cannot be found, the National Archives can prepare an extrait stating that the birth record could not be located and including the text of a baptismal certificate. These negative extraits are considered unreliable as proof of relationship. There may be a fee for this service. US dollar fee applies only to requests by mail from overseas.

Death Certificates

Available. Extraits can be obtained from the National Archives as specified above. There may be a fee for this service. US dollar fee applies only to requests by mail from overseas.

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage Certificates

Available. Marriage certificates specify whether the ceremony was civil or religious. Extraits can be obtained from the National Archives as specified above. There may be a fee for this service. US dollar fee applies only to requests by mail from overseas.

Divorce Certificates

Available. For divorces involving Haitian citizens, extraits can be obtained from the National Archives as specified above. There may be a fee for this service. US dollar fee applies only to requests by mail from overseas. Divorces between non-Haitians are documented at the Office du Divorce des Etrangers, which can also provide extraits.

Adoption Certificates

Available. An adoption is first decreed by court in the form of an official court decree. The original decree is recorded by a registrar on the reverse of the child's birth certificate. Extraits can be obtained from the National Archives as specified above. There may be a fee for this service. US dollar fee applies only to requests by mail from overseas.

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Identity Card

Now called a voting card, it can be obtained free of charge from the National Office of Identification. The applicant must submit his/her original birth certificate or an extrait in order to obtain this identity card.


Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Haiti Police records are not required for initial application for an immigrant visa. When/if requested at the time of interview, police records may be obtained from the Central Bureau of the Judicial Police (Direction Centrale De la Police Judiciaire). Court records may also be obtained from the Courthouse.

Prison Records

Available. For persons imprisoned in the Port-au-Prince area, from the commandant of the penitentiary of Port-au-Prince. The certificate is an informal document issued without charge under the seal of the penitentiary. There are also prisons in other, larger towns of Haiti, from which prison records may be obtained.

Military Records

Unavailable.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

Diplomatic, regular and service passports are issued. In December 1999, the Haitian Immigration started issuing new machine readable passports. 

Other Records

Recognition Certificates

Available. Filed by father of child born out of wedlock in cases in which the child was already registered at birth by the mother. This does not constitute legitimization. Extraits can be obtained from the National Archives as specified above. There may be a fee for this service. US dollar fee applies only to requests by mail from overseas.


Visa Issuing Posts

Port-au-Prince (Embassy)

Street Address:
Tabarre 41
Route de Tabarre
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Tel: 011-509-2229-8000

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 1634
Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Mailing Address from Abroad:
3400 Port-au-Prince
Department of State
Washington, DC  20521-3400

 

Email: papniv@state.gov

Visa Services

All visa categories for all of Haiti.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 332-4090 (202) 745- 7215

Atlanta, GA (404) 228-5373 (404) 748-1513

Boston, MA (617) 266-3660 (617) 778-6898

Chicago, IL (312) 922-4004 (312) 922-7122

Orlando, FL (407) 897-1262 (407) 897-8163

Miami, FL (305) 859-2003 (305) 859-2004 (305) 854-7441

New York, NY (212) 697-9767 (212) 681-6991

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Port-au-Prince
Boulevard du 15 October,
Tabarre 41, Route de Tabarre
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone
+(509) 2229-8000
Emergency
+(509) 2229-8000
Fax
+(509) 2229-8027
Haiti Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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