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International Travel

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Country Information

Brunei

Country Information

Brunei
Brunei Darussalam
Last Updated: October 6, 2017
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

6 months beyond arrival date

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

One page required for entry stamp, six blank visa pages.

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Not required for stays under 90 days

VACCINATIONS:

None required.

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

BND 15,000

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

BND 15,000 

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Bandar Seri Begawan

Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Telephone: +(673) 238-4616
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(673) 873-0691
Fax number: +(673) 238-4606
ConsularBrunei@state.gov

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Brunei for information on U.S. - Brunei relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

U.S. passport holders must have at least six months’ validity remaining on their passport before entering Brunei for business or pleasure, and are required to obtain a visa prior to arrival in Brunei for visits of 90 days or longer. Travelers are also required to have at least six blank passport pages. For further information about entry or exit requirements, travelers may consult the Consular Section of the Embassy of Brunei, 3520 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008, tel. (202) 237-1838, or visit the Embassy of Brunei website for the most current visa information.

Additionally:

  • Immigration offenses, including overstay of your visa, are punishable by jail sentence, fines, and caning.
  • Persons associated with violators, such as contractors or employers, are subject to the same penalties if the violator is found guilty.

HIV/AIDS

  • Brunei has imposed HIV/AIDS travel restrictions as part of a ban on communicable diseases. The Ministry of Health (MOH) of Brunei Darussalam requires all travelers entering Brunei to fill out a Health Declaration Card and submit it to the Officer-In-Charge (MOH) upon disembarkation.
  • You may be subjected to a medical examination upon arrival in Brunei Darussalam.
  • Travelers may be quarantined if infected or suspected to be infected with an infectious disease or if travelers have had contact with such a person
  • Please verify this information with the Embassy of Brunei before you travel.

Find information on dual nationality,  prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

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Safety and Security

U.S. citizens in Brunei should be vigilant with regard to their personal security, maintain a low profile, vary times and routes during their daily routines, and report any suspicious activity to the local police and to the U.S. Embassy.

Noting several past anti-Western terrorist bombings in Indonesia, the Department of State continues to be concerned that terrorist groups, such as those claiming affiliation with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), have the capability to carry out terrorist attacks throughout the region.

Crime:  Most crimes that occur in Brunei are non-violent crimes of opportunity, including residential burglaries and vehicle break-ins.

  • While in Brunei, you can generally avoid becoming a victim of a crime of opportunity by practicing good security awareness. For example, secure your valuables (remove them from plain view), avoid secluded locations, properly secure your residence and vehicle, and do not travel alone late at night. 
  • Crime in Brunei peaks in July and December, due to the holidays and schools being out of session. 

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime:

  • U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault should first contact the U.S. Embassy. 
  • Report crimes to the local police at 993 and contact the U.S. Embassy at (673) 238-4616 ext. 2100 Monday – Friday from 7:45 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., or (673) 873-0691 (24 hours). 
  • Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime. See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence:  U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties:  You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be arrested, imprisoned, caned, or expelled. 

  • Criminal penalties for some offenses are harsher than in the United States:
  • Brunei adheres to conservative Islamic social values, and U.S. citizens are advised to learn and respect local customs and traditions.
  • Any public criticism of the Sultan or other members of the Royal Family, Sharia law, or Islam is strongly discouraged.
  • Under the new Sharia criminal code it is also an offence to consume any food, drink, or tobacco in public during the fasting hours of Ramadan.
  • Gambling is illegal in Brunei.
  • Prostitution and pornography are illegal and can result in harsh punishments.
  • Non-Muslims may be arrested for khalwat (close proximity between the sexes) under the Sharia Penal Code provided that the other accused party is Muslim. Khalwat may include activities from holding hands or public displays of affection to sexual activity. U.S. citizens are also subject to khalwat laws.
  • Extramarital relations between a Muslim and non-Muslim may be considered a crime in Brunei.
  • You should consult a guide book or other travel information on Brunei for more information about respecting local cultural norms.
  • Alcohol cannot be purchased legally in Brunei.  However, two liters of spirits/wine and 12 cans of beer may be imported by non-Muslim adults for personal consumption in private.
  • Importation of firearms is prohibited. The illegal possession of firearms or explosives and drug use/possession carry severe penalties, including the possibility of the death penalty.
  • Visit the Brunei Royal Customs and Excise Department’swebsite for further information about Brunei’s Customs laws.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the  U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification:  

  • If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately.
  • See our webpage on arrests and detentions for further information.
  • The Royal Brunei Police Force is generally professional and courteous. Most officers speak English but some, especially from the reserve units, have limited-to-no English speaking capability.
  • You should carry a copy of your passport with you as you will need to produce proof of your identity should an incident occur.

Dual Nationality:  Brunei does not recognize or permit dual nationality. Brunei nationals are expected to enter and exit the country on their Brunei passports. Should Brunei authorities learn that a person is a dual national, they may require immediate renunciation of the citizenship of either the other nation or Brunei.

Customs Regulations:  Brunei customs authorities enforce strict import/export regulations. Contact the Embassy of Brunei in Washington, D.C., for specific information regarding customs requirements. 

Faith-Based Travelers:  See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report.

LGBTI Travelers:  LGBT sex acts are criminalized in Brunei under Civil Law and  also under Brunei’s Sharia Penal Code.

  • Possible punishments include a fine and up to 10 years in prison.
  • Although not yet implemented, penalties for LGBT acts under the Sharia Penal Code include fines, imprisonment, caning and, if fully implemented, death by stoning.
  • Further information may be available from the Embassy of Brunei Darussalam in Washington, D.C. or by contacting an attorney in Brunei

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and our Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance. While in Brunei, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from in the United States.

  • Wheelchair ramps may not be available on all sidewalks, which often have very deep and wide gutters that may not be covered.
  • Buildings may not always have wheelchair-accessible doorways or elevators.
  • Crosswalks, elevators, and buildings do not generally have signage or warnings for the visually or hearing impaired.
  • There is no specific law governing accessibility.

Students:  See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers:  See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

There is adequate care for basic medical conditions in Brunei; however, for certain elective surgery or complicated care the best medical care in the region is obtained in Singapore.

  • Brunei has a number of public hospitals and clinics.
  • Further information about health care facilities in Brunei ican be found on the U.S. Embassy website.
  • Medication and prescriptions are readily available, but may not be the same brands as those found in the United States.
  • We do not pay medical bills.
  • Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website, which contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.

Medical Insurance:

Medication/Prescriptions:

  • If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Embassy of Brunei in Washington, D.C., to ensure the medication is legal in Brunei. 
  • Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription. 

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Brunei has an extensive network of roads comparable to those in most western countries, and they are well maintained.

  • Traffic moves on the left side of the road.
  • Holders of a foreign driver’s license are permitted to drive in Brunei Darussalam for 90 days only.
  • For longer stays, a foreign driver’s license must be endorsed to a Brunei driver’s license, available at any Land Transport Department office.
  • Drivers must obey traffic rules at all times and should take extra caution when approaching traffic signals.
  • The Royal Brunei Police Force routinely sets up checkpoints and traffic stops, particularly at night, normally for license and registration check or DWI and contraband.
  • If you are stopped by police, you will need to show your identification card, vehicle registration, and insurance card.

Traffic Laws  

View the Brunei Land Transport Department office website for information.

Public Transportation:

  • There are six bus routes servicing the Bandar Seri Begawan area. Normal operating hours are from 6:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m. daily. Bus fares start from B$1.00. Buses heading to other towns in Brunei such as Tutong, Kuala Belait, and Seria depart from the bus terminal located at the multi-storey car park on Jalan Cator in Bandar Seri Begawan.
  • Taxis can be found at the airport, hotels, shopping centres, and the central bus station in Bandar Seri Begawan and are metered.
  • See our Road Safety page for more information. 
  • Visit the website of Brunei Land Transport Department and national authority responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Brunei, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Brunei’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Brunei should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website the NGA broadcast warnings website; select “broadcast warnings.

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
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U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
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Learn why the Hague Abduction Convention Matters.
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Bandar Seri Begawan

Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Telephone: +(673) 238-4616
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(673) 873-0691
Fax number: +(673) 238-4606
ConsularBrunei@state.gov

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General Information
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Hague Abduction Convention
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Return
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Visitation/Access
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Retaining an Attorney
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Mediation
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Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
No
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Brunei is not a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention).  Under the Intercountry Adoption Universal Accreditation Act (UAA), which became effective on July 14, 2014, the accreditation requirement and standards, which previously only applied in Convention cases, now also apply in non-Convention or “orphan” cases.  The UAA requires that an accredited or approved adoption service provider acts as a primary provider in every case, and that adoption service providers providing adoption services on behalf of prospective adoptive parents be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider.  Adoption service providers and prospective adoptive parents should review the State Department’s Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 webpage for further information.  Intercountry adoptions of children from non-Convention countries continue to be processed under the Orphan Process with the filing of the Forms I-600A and I-600.  However, adoption service providers should be aware of the information on the USCIS website on the impact on Form I-600A and Form I-600 adjudications under the UAA, including the requirement that all home studies, including home study updates and amendments, comply with the Convention home study requirements, which differ from the orphan home study requirements that were in effect before July 14, 2014.

Adoptions from Brunei are rare; fewer than five adoptions by U.S. citizen parents have taken place over the last decade.  Below is the limited adoption information that the Department has obtained from the adoption authority of Brunei.  U.S. citizens interested in adopting children from Brunei should contact the adoption authority of Brunei to inquire about applicable laws and procedures.  U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Brunei who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact Brunei’s adoption authority.  See contact information below.

Under Bruneian law, only Muslims can adopt a Muslim-born child; when a Muslim applicant adopts a non-Muslim-born child, the child is considered Muslim.  A non-Muslim can adopt only a non-Muslim-born child and cannot adopt a child whose parents are unknown.  A married couple seeking to adopt a child – defined as under 18 years of age – must have a stable economic background and each prospective adoptive parent in the couple must be at least 25 years old and at least 18 years older than the child (if Muslim) or at least 21 years older than the child (if non-Muslim).  If the applicant is a single male, he can adopt only a male child and must meet the other requirements; if the applicant is a single female, she can adopt a child of any gender provided she meets the other requirements. 

Applications by Muslims are processed through shariah courts and, by non-Muslims, through civil courts. 

U.S. IMMIGRATION REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTIONS

To bring an adopted child to the United States from Brunei, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements.  The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) determines who can adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law. 

Additionally, a child must meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States with an IR-3 or IR-4 immigrant visa.

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Who Can Adopt

In addition to being found suitable and eligible to adopt by USCIS, prospective adoptive parents seeking to adopt from Brunei must meet the following requirements: 

  • Residency:  None specified. 
  • Age of Adopting Parents:  Each prospective adoptive parent in the couple must be at least 25 years old and at least 18 years older than the child (if Muslim) or at least 21 years older than the child (if non-Muslim).  
  • Marriage:  Single individuals may adopt. If the applicant is a single male, he can adopt only a male child and must meet the other requirements; if the applicant is a single female, she can adopt a child of any gender provided she meets the other requirements. 
  • Income:  Applicants must have a stable economic background.
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Who Can Be Adopted

In addition to qualifying as an orphan under U.S. immigration law, the child must meet the following requirements of Brunei: 

  • Relinquishment:  None specified. 
  • Abandonment:  None specified. 
  • Age of Adoptive Child:  Children are identified under Bruneian law as under 18 years of age. Please note that for a child to meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law, a Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative, must be filed on the child’s behalf while the child is under the age of 16 (or under the age of 18 if the child is the birth sibling of another adopted child who has immigrated or will immigrate based on adoption by the same adoptive parent(s)). 
  • Sibling Adoptions:  None specified. 
  • Special Needs or Medical Conditions:  None specified. 
  • Waiting Period or Foster Care:  None specified.

Caution:  Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are eligible for adoption.  In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when this becomes possible.  In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to the adoption of their child(ren).

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How to Adopt

Brunei’s Adoption Authority

Community Development Department, Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports

The Process

The process for adopting a child from Brunei generally includes the following steps: 

  1. Choose a U.S. Accredited or Approved Adoption Service Provider
  2. Apply to USCIS to be Found Suitable and Eligible to Adopt (Form I-600A)
  3. Apply to Brunei’s Authorities to Adopt and be Matched with a Child
  4. Adopt the Child in Brunei
  5. Apply for Your Child to be Found Eligible to Immigrate to the United States as an Orphan (Form I-600)
  6. Apply for a U.S. Immigrant Visa for Your Child and Bring Your Child Home 

1.  Choose a U.S. Accredited or Approved Adoption Service Provider

Before taking steps to adopt a child from Brunei, you should select a U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider to be the primary provider in your case.  As of July 14, 2014, a primary provider is required in every intercountry adoption case under the UAA, unless an exception applies.  The primary provider is responsible for:

  • Ensuring that all six adoption services defined at 22 CFR 96.2 are provided;
  • Supervising and being responsible for supervised providers where used (see 22 CFR 96.14); and
  • Developing and implementing a service plan in accordance with 22 CFR 96.44

For more information on primary providers and the UAA, please see Universal Accreditation Act of 2012

2.  Apply to USCIS to be Found Suitable and Eligible to Adopt

In order to adopt a child from Brunei, you will need to meet the requirements of the Government of Brunei and U.S. immigration law.  

To meet U.S. immigration requirements, you may also choose to file a Form I-600A, Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition, with USCIS to be found suitable and eligible to adopt before you identify a child to adopt. You may also choose to file the Form I-600 petition along with all the required Form I-600A application supporting documentation, including an approved home study, once you have been matched with a child and have obtained all the necessary documentation.  Please see the USCIS website for more information about filing options.  Regardless of which approach you take, the home study must meet the same requirements.  As of July 14, 2014, unless an exception applies, the home study must comply with the requirements in 8 CFR 204.311 and 22 CFR Part 96.47

3.  Apply to Brunei’s Authorities to Adopt and be Matched with a Child 

If you are found suitable and eligible to adopt under U.S. law, you must also submit an adoption application to the Community Development Department, Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports of Brunei to be found eligible to adopt by Brunei. 

If a child is eligible for intercountry adoption, the competent adoption authority or other authorized entity in Brunei will review your adoption dossier and, if an appropriate match is found, will provide you with a referral. We encourage families to consult with a medical professional and their adoption service provider to understand the needs of the specific child but each family must decide for itself whether it will be able to meet the needs of, and provide a permanent home for, a specific child, and must conform to the recommendations in the home study for the number of children and capacity to deal with any special needs of an adoptive child. Learn more about Health Considerations

The child must be eligible to be adopted according to Brunei’s requirements, as described in the Who Can Be Adopted section. The child must also meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law. 

4.  Adopt the Child in Brunei 

The process for finalizing the adoption in Brunei generally includes the following: 

  • Role of the Court:  Applications by Muslims are processed through shariah courts and, by non-Muslims, through civil courts.  
  • Role of Adoption Agencies:   

Starting July 14, 2014, unless an exception applies, there must be a U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider acting as the primary provider in every case. Also, any agency or person providing an adoption service on behalf of prospective adoptive parents in any Convention or non-Convention case must be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider.  Adoption service means any one of the following  six services:

o   Identifying a child for adoption and arranging an adoption;

o   Securing the necessary consent to termination of parental rights and to adoption;

o   Performing a background study on a child or a home study on a prospective adoptive parent(s), and reporting on such a study;

o   Making non-judicial determinations of the best interests of a child and the appropriateness of an adoptive placement for the child;

o   Monitoring a case after a child has been placed with prospective adoptive parent(s) until final adoption; or

o   When necessary because of a disruption before final adoption, assuming custody and providing (including facilitating the provision of) child care or any other social service pending an alternative placement.  22 CFR 96.2 Definitions.

  • Adoption Fees:  Prospective adoptive parents are advised to obtain detailed receipts for all fees and donations paid, either by themselves directly or through their U.S. adoption service provider, and to raise any concerns regarding any payment that you believe may be contrary to U.S. law, or the law of Brunei, with your adoption service provider. Please also refer to information concerning the Hague Complaint Registry. Improper payments may have the appearance of buying achild, violate applicable law, and could put all future adoptions in Brunei at risk. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, for instance, makes it unlawful to bribe foreign government officials to obtain or retain business.  Further, the UAA and IAA make it unlawful to improperly influence relinquishment of parental rights, parental consent relating to adoption of a child, or a decision by an entity performing Central Authority functions. 

5.  Apply for Your Child to be Found Eligible for Immigration to the United States as an Orphan

After you finalize the adoption USCIS must determine whether the child meets the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law in order for the child to immigrate to the United States.  You will need to file a Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative.  At the time you file your Form I-600 petition, the adjudicating officer will determine whether the UAA applies or if your case is UAA grandfathered.  For more information on UAA grandfathering and transition cases, please see Universal Accreditation Act of 2012.  Unless an exception applies, you must identify a primary provider in your case and the adjudicating officer may ask for the name and contact information of the primary provider if not provided in your Form I-600 petition.  This information is required and, without it, your Form I-600 petition cannot be approved.  

If you have an approved, valid Form I-600A, Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition, you may file your Form I-600 petition either in the United States with USCIS or  in person at the U.S.Embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei.

When a Form I-600 petition is adjudicated by USCIS in the United States, the consular section in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei must complete a Form I-604, Determination on Child for Adoption (sometimes informally referred to as an orphan determination), to verify the child’s orphan status.  When a Form I-600 petition is adjudicated by an international USCIS office, USCIS generally completes the Form I-604 determination. 

For Form I-600 petitions filed with the Embassy’s consular section, the consular officer must complete the Form I-604 determination after you file your Form I-600 petition.  Conducting the Form I-604 determination is a critical part of the orphan adoption process.  It can take months to complete, depending upon the circumstances of your case.  Consular officers appreciate that families are eager to bring their child home as quickly as possible.  Some of the factors that may contribute to the length of the process include prevailing fraud patterns in the country of origin, civil unrest or security concerns that restrict travel to certain areas of the country, and the number of determinations performed by available staff.  Consular officers make every effort to conduct them as quickly and thoroughly as possible.  You are advised to keep your travel plans flexible while awaiting the results. 

6.  Apply for a U.S. Immigrant Visa for Your Child and Bring Your Child Home

Now that your adoption is complete and the Form I-604 determination has been completed finding that your child meets the legal definition of an orphan for immigration purposes, there are a few more steps to take before you and your child can head home.  Specifically, you need to apply for three documents before your child can travel to the United States:

Birth Certificate

If you have finalized the adoption in Brunei, you will first need to apply for a new birth certificate for your child.  

Brunei Passport

Your child is not yet a U.S. citizen, so he/she will need a travel document or passport from Brunei. 

U.S. Immigrant Visa

After you obtain the new birth certificate and passport for your child and you have filed Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative, you then need to apply for a U.S. immigrant visa for your child from the U.S. Embassy in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei. This immigrant visa allows your child to travel home with you and be admitted to the United States as your child.  As part of this process, you must provide the consular officer the Panel Physician’s medical report on the child. 

Before coming for your child’s immigrant visa interview, please complete an Electronic Immigrant Visa Application (DS-260) online at the Consular Electronic Application Center (CEAC).  If you filed a Form I-600 petition in the United States, you should receive a letter from the National Visa Center (NVC) confirming receipt of the petition and assignment of a case number and an invoice ID number.  You will need this information to log into CEAC to file the DS-260 for your child.  An adoptive parent should fill out these forms in your child's name.  Answer every item on the form.  If information is not applicable, please write “N/A” in the block.  Print and bring the DS-260 form confirmation page to the visa interview.  Please review the DS-260 FAQs, our Online Immigrant Visa Forms page, or contact the NVC at NVCAdoptions@state.gov or +1-603-334-0700 if you have questions about completing the online DS-260 form. 

It is not usually possible to provide the visa to adoptive parents on the same day as the immigrant visa interview. Adoptive parents should verify current processing times with the U.S. Embassy in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei before making final travel arrangements.

Child Citizenship Act

For adoptions finalized abroad prior to the child’s entry into the United States: An adopted child residing in the United States in the legal and physical custody of the U.S. citizen parent pursuant to a lawful admission for permanent residence generally will acquire U.S. citizenship automatically upon entry into the United States if the child otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000, including the child is under the age of eighteen. 

For adoptions finalized after the child’s entry into the United States:  You will need to complete an adoption following your child’s entry into the United States and before the child turns eighteen for the child (if he or she otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000) to automatically acquire U.S. citizenship. 

Read more about the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.

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Traveling Abroad

Applying for Your U.S. Passport

U.S. citizens are required to enter and depart the United States on a valid U.S. passport. Once your child has acquired U.S. citizenship, s/he will need a U.S. passport for any international travel. Only the U.S. Department of State has the authority to grant, issue, or verify U.S. passports. 

Getting or renewing a passport is easy. The Department of State’s Passport Application Wizard will help you determine which passport form you need, help you to complete the form online, estimate your payment, and generate the form for you to print—all in one place.

Obtaining a Visa to Travel to Brunei

In addition to a U.S. passport, you may also need to obtain a visa. Where required, visas are affixed to your passport and allow you to enter a foreign nation. To find information about obtaining a visa for Brunei, see the Department of State’s Country Specific Information.

Staying Safe on Your Trip

Before you travel, it is always a good practice to investigate the local conditions, laws, political landscape, and culture of the country. The Department of State provides Country Specific Information for every country in the world about various issues, including health conditions, crime, currency or entry requirements, and any areas of instability.

Staying in Touch on Your Trip

When traveling during the adoption process, we encourage you to enroll with the Department of State through our Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive important information from the Embassy about safety conditions in your destination country.  Enrollment makes it possible for the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Brunei, to contact you in an emergency, whether natural disaster, civil unrest, or family emergency. 

Enrollment is free and can be done online via the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)

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After Adoption

Post-Adoption Resources

Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and private nonprofit post-adoption services available for children and their families. There are also numerous adoptive family support groups and adoptee organizations active in the United States that provide a network of options for adoptees who seek out other adoptees from the same country of origin.  Take advantage of all the resources available to your family, whether it is another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services.  Your primary provider can provide or point you to post- placement/post-adoption services to help your adopted child and your family transition smoothly and deal effectively with the many adjustments required in an intercountry adoption.  

Here are some places to start your support group search: 

Note:  Inclusion of non-U.S. government links does not imply endorsement of contents.

COMPLAINTS

If you have concerns about your adoption process, we ask that you share this information with the Embassy in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei, particularly if it involves possible fraud or misconduct specific to your child’s case. The Department of State takes all allegations of fraud or misconduct seriously. Our Adoption Comment Page provides several points of contact for adoptive families to comment on their adoption service provider, their experience applying for their child’s visa, or about the Form I-600 petition process. 

The Hague Complaint Registry is an internet based registry for filing complaints about U.S. accredited or approved adoption service providers. If you think your provider's conduct may have been out of substantial compliance with accreditation standards, first submit your complaint in writing directly to your provider. If the complaint is not resolved through the provider's complaint process, you may file the complaint through the Hague Complaint Registry

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Contact Information

U.S. Embassy in Brunei
Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Tel: +(673) 238-4616
Fax: +(673) 238-4606
Email: ConsularBrunei@state.gov

Brunei’s Adoption Authority
Community Development Department
Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports
Simpang 336-17, Jalan Kebangsaan
Bandar Seri Begawan, BB 4310, Brunei Darussalam
Tel: +673.238.0664 / 0667 / 0678
Email: info@japem.gov.bn

Embassy of Brunei
3520 International Ct NW, Washington, DC 20008
Tel: (202) 237-1838
Fax: (202) 885 0560
Email: info@bruneiembassy.org

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20522-1709
Email: Adoption@state.gov
Internet: adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
Internet: uscis.gov

For questions about filing a Form I-600A application or I-600 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
Email: NBC.Adoptions@uscis.dhs.gov

Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 60 Months
A-2 None Multiple 60 Months
A-3 1 None Multiple 24 Months
B-1 None Multiple 120 Months
B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
C-1 None Multiple 60 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 60 Months
C-2 None Multiple 60 Months
C-3 None Multiple 60 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 60 Months
E-1 2 None Multiple 60 Months
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months
F-1 None Multiple 60 Months
F-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-1 None Multiple 60 Months
G-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-3 None Multiple 60 Months
G-4 None Multiple 60 Months
G-5 1 None Multiple 24 Months
H-1B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2A None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2R None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
I None Multiple 60 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 60 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 60 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 60 Months
L-2 None Multiple 60 Months
M-1 None Multiple 60 Months
M-2 None Multiple 60 Months
N-8 None Multiple 60 Months
N-9 None Multiple 60 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3
R-1 $8.00 Multiple 3 Months
R-2 $8.00 Multiple 3 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Please check back for update.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth

Available. Birth certificates may be obtained under the Registration of Birth and Deaths Enactment (Chapter 79) of 1923 and the Births and Deaths (Registration) Rules, 1957. Birth Certificates (certified extracts from a Register of Births and Deaths) are available by applying to the Registrar of Births and Deaths (State Medical Officer, Brunei), Bandar Seri Begawan, or to the Superintendent of Births and Deaths for the registration area in which the birth or death was registered. Records are available from 1948 and in the case of British subjects from 1926.

Death/Burial

Available. Death certificates may be obtained under the Registration of Birth and Deaths Enactment (Chapter 79) of 1923 and the Births and Deaths (Registration) Rules, 1957. Death Certificates (certified extracts from a Register of Births and Deaths) are available by applying to the Registrar of Births and Deaths (State Medical Officer, Brunei), Bandar Seri Begawan, or to the Superintendent of Births and Deaths for the registration area in which the birth or death was registered. Records are available from 1948 and in the case of British subjects from 1926.

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage

Available. Obtained by application to the Registrar of Marriages (Attorney General), Attorney General's Chambers, Bandar Seri Begawan, or to the Registrar of Marriages for the area in which the marriage was solemnized and/or registered. The pertinent legislation is as follows:

  • Marriage Enactment (Chapter 76) of 1948.
  • The Religious and Kathi's Courts Enactment, 1955 (No. 20/1955).
  • Chinese Marriage Enactment, l955 (No. 6/1955).
  • The Registration of Marriage Enactment, 1961 (No. 9/1961).

Certificates are issued under the following Ordinance: The Registration of Marriage Rules (No. 45) of l961.

Same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in Brunei.

Divorce

As Brunei is a Muslim State, there is no civil divorce legislation for non-Muslims, who are therefore unable to obtain a divorce in Brunei. Muslims may obtain divorces in Brunei under Muslim law at the Kadzi Court in each of Brunei's four Districts (Brunei-Muara, Tutong, Belait and Temburong). These would be registered at the Muslim Shariah Court in each District.

Adoption Certificates

Available. A certified copy of an entry in a register of adoptions may be obtained under the Registration of Adoptions Enactment (No. 10) of 1961 and the Registration of Adoptions Rules (No. 546) of l961 on application to the Registrar of Adoptions (State Medical Officer), Bandar Seri Begawan. Records are available from l961.

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Identity Card

Unavailable.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Police certificates can be obtained in Brunei within approximately two weeks. When requesting a police clearance certificate, an applicant must submit the following:

  • Photocopy of his/her current passport.
  • Photocopy of his/her Brunei identity card, if available.
  • Evidence of the duration of the applicant's residency in Brunei.
  • Fee of fifty Brunei dollars.

The above items should be sent to:

The Commissioner
Royal Brunei Police Force
Gadong Headquarters
Bandar Seri Begawan
Attn: Awg Mohammad Abdullah - Translator

If the applicant lives outside of Brunei, a request for a police certificate, along with the required passport and identity card photocopies, may be sent to the Embassy by courier service.

Brunei criminal records are permanently stored in the police computer archives. The records are indexed by family name and identity card numbers.

Court Records

Unavailable.

Prison Records

Unavailable to private individuals. If a police check develops evidence of the existence of a prison record, or if an applicant volunteers such information, then the Embassy can obtain relevant particulars by official application to the Commissioner of Prisons. The name of the applicant, prison number, and name of the prison where sentence was served are necessary information.

Military Records

Brunei has had its own Armed Forces (for which only Brunei citizens of the Malay race are eligible) since 1962. Military records are "privileged documents" which, it is believed, cannot be obtained by residents or former residents of Brunei on personal application. Such information would not, as a matter of routine, be supplied to the Embassy by Brunei military authorities. In special circumstances, however, consideration would be given to applications submitted by the Embassy for such records, each case being decided on its merits.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

Unavailable.

Other Records

Not applicable.

Visa Issuing Posts

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei (Embassy) -- NIV only

Visa Services

NIVs for all of Brunei. IV applications for nationals of Brunei are processed by the U.S. Embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 237-1838 (202) 885-0560

New York, NY (212) 697-3465 (212) 697-9889

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Bandar Seri Begawan
Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Telephone
+(673) 238-4616
Emergency
+(673) 873-0691
Fax
+(673) 238-4606
Brunei Country Map

Learn about your destination
Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

Country Information

Brunei
Brunei Darussalam
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Embassy Messages
Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

6 months beyond arrival date

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

One page required for entry stamp, six blank visa pages.

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

Not required for stays under 90 days

VACCINATIONS:

None required.

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

BND 15,000

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

BND 15,000 

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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Bandar Seri Begawan

Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Telephone: +(673) 238-4616
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(673) 873-0691
Fax number: +(673) 238-4606
ConsularBrunei@state.gov

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Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Brunei for information on U.S. - Brunei relations. 

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Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

U.S. passport holders must have at least six months’ validity remaining on their passport before entering Brunei for business or pleasure, and are required to obtain a visa prior to arrival in Brunei for visits of 90 days or longer. Travelers are also required to have at least six blank passport pages. For further information about entry or exit requirements, travelers may consult the Consular Section of the Embassy of Brunei, 3520 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008, tel. (202) 237-1838, or visit the Embassy of Brunei website for the most current visa information.

Additionally:

  • Immigration offenses, including overstay of your visa, are punishable by jail sentence, fines, and caning.
  • Persons associated with violators, such as contractors or employers, are subject to the same penalties if the violator is found guilty.

HIV/AIDS

  • Brunei has imposed HIV/AIDS travel restrictions as part of a ban on communicable diseases. The Ministry of Health (MOH) of Brunei Darussalam requires all travelers entering Brunei to fill out a Health Declaration Card and submit it to the Officer-In-Charge (MOH) upon disembarkation.
  • You may be subjected to a medical examination upon arrival in Brunei Darussalam.
  • Travelers may be quarantined if infected or suspected to be infected with an infectious disease or if travelers have had contact with such a person
  • Please verify this information with the Embassy of Brunei before you travel.

Find information on dual nationality,  prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

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Safety and Security

U.S. citizens in Brunei should be vigilant with regard to their personal security, maintain a low profile, vary times and routes during their daily routines, and report any suspicious activity to the local police and to the U.S. Embassy.

Noting several past anti-Western terrorist bombings in Indonesia, the Department of State continues to be concerned that terrorist groups, such as those claiming affiliation with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), have the capability to carry out terrorist attacks throughout the region.

Crime:  Most crimes that occur in Brunei are non-violent crimes of opportunity, including residential burglaries and vehicle break-ins.

  • While in Brunei, you can generally avoid becoming a victim of a crime of opportunity by practicing good security awareness. For example, secure your valuables (remove them from plain view), avoid secluded locations, properly secure your residence and vehicle, and do not travel alone late at night. 
  • Crime in Brunei peaks in July and December, due to the holidays and schools being out of session. 

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime:

  • U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault should first contact the U.S. Embassy. 
  • Report crimes to the local police at 993 and contact the U.S. Embassy at (673) 238-4616 ext. 2100 Monday – Friday from 7:45 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., or (673) 873-0691 (24 hours). 
  • Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime. See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence:  U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

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Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties:  You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be arrested, imprisoned, caned, or expelled. 

  • Criminal penalties for some offenses are harsher than in the United States:
  • Brunei adheres to conservative Islamic social values, and U.S. citizens are advised to learn and respect local customs and traditions.
  • Any public criticism of the Sultan or other members of the Royal Family, Sharia law, or Islam is strongly discouraged.
  • Under the new Sharia criminal code it is also an offence to consume any food, drink, or tobacco in public during the fasting hours of Ramadan.
  • Gambling is illegal in Brunei.
  • Prostitution and pornography are illegal and can result in harsh punishments.
  • Non-Muslims may be arrested for khalwat (close proximity between the sexes) under the Sharia Penal Code provided that the other accused party is Muslim. Khalwat may include activities from holding hands or public displays of affection to sexual activity. U.S. citizens are also subject to khalwat laws.
  • Extramarital relations between a Muslim and non-Muslim may be considered a crime in Brunei.
  • You should consult a guide book or other travel information on Brunei for more information about respecting local cultural norms.
  • Alcohol cannot be purchased legally in Brunei.  However, two liters of spirits/wine and 12 cans of beer may be imported by non-Muslim adults for personal consumption in private.
  • Importation of firearms is prohibited. The illegal possession of firearms or explosives and drug use/possession carry severe penalties, including the possibility of the death penalty.
  • Visit the Brunei Royal Customs and Excise Department’swebsite for further information about Brunei’s Customs laws.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the  U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification:  

  • If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately.
  • See our webpage on arrests and detentions for further information.
  • The Royal Brunei Police Force is generally professional and courteous. Most officers speak English but some, especially from the reserve units, have limited-to-no English speaking capability.
  • You should carry a copy of your passport with you as you will need to produce proof of your identity should an incident occur.

Dual Nationality:  Brunei does not recognize or permit dual nationality. Brunei nationals are expected to enter and exit the country on their Brunei passports. Should Brunei authorities learn that a person is a dual national, they may require immediate renunciation of the citizenship of either the other nation or Brunei.

Customs Regulations:  Brunei customs authorities enforce strict import/export regulations. Contact the Embassy of Brunei in Washington, D.C., for specific information regarding customs requirements. 

Faith-Based Travelers:  See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report.

LGBTI Travelers:  LGBT sex acts are criminalized in Brunei under Civil Law and  also under Brunei’s Sharia Penal Code.

  • Possible punishments include a fine and up to 10 years in prison.
  • Although not yet implemented, penalties for LGBT acts under the Sharia Penal Code include fines, imprisonment, caning and, if fully implemented, death by stoning.
  • Further information may be available from the Embassy of Brunei Darussalam in Washington, D.C. or by contacting an attorney in Brunei

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and our Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance. While in Brunei, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from in the United States.

  • Wheelchair ramps may not be available on all sidewalks, which often have very deep and wide gutters that may not be covered.
  • Buildings may not always have wheelchair-accessible doorways or elevators.
  • Crosswalks, elevators, and buildings do not generally have signage or warnings for the visually or hearing impaired.
  • There is no specific law governing accessibility.

Students:  See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers:  See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

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Health

There is adequate care for basic medical conditions in Brunei; however, for certain elective surgery or complicated care the best medical care in the region is obtained in Singapore.

  • Brunei has a number of public hospitals and clinics.
  • Further information about health care facilities in Brunei ican be found on the U.S. Embassy website.
  • Medication and prescriptions are readily available, but may not be the same brands as those found in the United States.
  • We do not pay medical bills.
  • Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website, which contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.

Medical Insurance:

Medication/Prescriptions:

  • If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Embassy of Brunei in Washington, D.C., to ensure the medication is legal in Brunei. 
  • Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription. 

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

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Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Brunei has an extensive network of roads comparable to those in most western countries, and they are well maintained.

  • Traffic moves on the left side of the road.
  • Holders of a foreign driver’s license are permitted to drive in Brunei Darussalam for 90 days only.
  • For longer stays, a foreign driver’s license must be endorsed to a Brunei driver’s license, available at any Land Transport Department office.
  • Drivers must obey traffic rules at all times and should take extra caution when approaching traffic signals.
  • The Royal Brunei Police Force routinely sets up checkpoints and traffic stops, particularly at night, normally for license and registration check or DWI and contraband.
  • If you are stopped by police, you will need to show your identification card, vehicle registration, and insurance card.

Traffic Laws  

View the Brunei Land Transport Department office website for information.

Public Transportation:

  • There are six bus routes servicing the Bandar Seri Begawan area. Normal operating hours are from 6:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m. daily. Bus fares start from B$1.00. Buses heading to other towns in Brunei such as Tutong, Kuala Belait, and Seria depart from the bus terminal located at the multi-storey car park on Jalan Cator in Bandar Seri Begawan.
  • Taxis can be found at the airport, hotels, shopping centres, and the central bus station in Bandar Seri Begawan and are metered.
  • See our Road Safety page for more information. 
  • Visit the website of Brunei Land Transport Department and national authority responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Brunei, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Brunei’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Brunei should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website the NGA broadcast warnings website; select “broadcast warnings.

Hague Convention Participation
Party to the Hague Abduction Convention?
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U.S. Treaty Partner under the Hague Abduction Convention?
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Learn why the Hague Abduction Convention Matters.
What You Can Do
Learn how to respond to abductions FROM the US
Learn how to respond to abductions TO the US
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Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Bandar Seri Begawan

Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Telephone: +(673) 238-4616
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(673) 873-0691
Fax number: +(673) 238-4606
ConsularBrunei@state.gov

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General Information
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Hague Abduction Convention
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Return
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Visitation/Access
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Retaining an Attorney
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Mediation
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Exercising Custody Rights

While travelling in a foreign country, you are subject to the laws of that country. It is important for parents to understand that, although a left-behind parent in the United States may have custody or visitation rights pursuant to a U.S. custody order, that order may not be valid and enforceable in the country in which the child is located.  For this reason, we strongly encourage you to speak to a local attorney if planning to remove a child from a foreign country without the consent of the other parent.  Attempts to remove your child to the United States may:

  • Endanger your child and others;
  • Prejudice any future judicial efforts; and
  • Could result in your arrest and imprisonment.

The U.S. government cannot interfere with another country’s court or law enforcement system.

To understand the legal effect of a U.S. order in a foreign country, a parent should consult with a local attorney in the country in which the child is located.  

For information about hiring an attorney abroad, see our section on Retaining a Foreign Attorney. 

Although we cannot recommend an attorney to you, most U.S. Embassies have lists of attorneys available online. Please visit the local U.S. Embassy or Consulate website for a full listing.

For more information on consular assistance for U.S. citizens arrested abroad, please see our website.

Country officers are available to speak with you Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.  For assistance with an abduction in progress or any emergency situation that occurs after normal business hours, on weekends, or federal holidays, please call toll free at 1-888-407-4747. See all contact information.

DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. 

 

Hague Convention Participation
Hague Adoption Convention Country?
No
Are Intercountry Adoptions between this country and the United States possible?
Is this country a U.S. Hague Partner?
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Hague Convention Information

Brunei is not a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention or Convention).  Under the Intercountry Adoption Universal Accreditation Act (UAA), which became effective on July 14, 2014, the accreditation requirement and standards, which previously only applied in Convention cases, now also apply in non-Convention or “orphan” cases.  The UAA requires that an accredited or approved adoption service provider acts as a primary provider in every case, and that adoption service providers providing adoption services on behalf of prospective adoptive parents be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider.  Adoption service providers and prospective adoptive parents should review the State Department’s Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 webpage for further information.  Intercountry adoptions of children from non-Convention countries continue to be processed under the Orphan Process with the filing of the Forms I-600A and I-600.  However, adoption service providers should be aware of the information on the USCIS website on the impact on Form I-600A and Form I-600 adjudications under the UAA, including the requirement that all home studies, including home study updates and amendments, comply with the Convention home study requirements, which differ from the orphan home study requirements that were in effect before July 14, 2014.

Adoptions from Brunei are rare; fewer than five adoptions by U.S. citizen parents have taken place over the last decade.  Below is the limited adoption information that the Department has obtained from the adoption authority of Brunei.  U.S. citizens interested in adopting children from Brunei should contact the adoption authority of Brunei to inquire about applicable laws and procedures.  U.S. citizen prospective adoptive parents living in Brunei who would like to adopt a child from the United States or from a third country should also contact Brunei’s adoption authority.  See contact information below.

Under Bruneian law, only Muslims can adopt a Muslim-born child; when a Muslim applicant adopts a non-Muslim-born child, the child is considered Muslim.  A non-Muslim can adopt only a non-Muslim-born child and cannot adopt a child whose parents are unknown.  A married couple seeking to adopt a child – defined as under 18 years of age – must have a stable economic background and each prospective adoptive parent in the couple must be at least 25 years old and at least 18 years older than the child (if Muslim) or at least 21 years older than the child (if non-Muslim).  If the applicant is a single male, he can adopt only a male child and must meet the other requirements; if the applicant is a single female, she can adopt a child of any gender provided she meets the other requirements. 

Applications by Muslims are processed through shariah courts and, by non-Muslims, through civil courts. 

U.S. IMMIGRATION REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTIONS

To bring an adopted child to the United States from Brunei, you must meet certain suitability and eligibility requirements.  The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) determines who can adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States under U.S. immigration law. 

Additionally, a child must meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law in order to be eligible to immigrate to the United States with an IR-3 or IR-4 immigrant visa.

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Who Can Adopt

In addition to being found suitable and eligible to adopt by USCIS, prospective adoptive parents seeking to adopt from Brunei must meet the following requirements: 

  • Residency:  None specified. 
  • Age of Adopting Parents:  Each prospective adoptive parent in the couple must be at least 25 years old and at least 18 years older than the child (if Muslim) or at least 21 years older than the child (if non-Muslim).  
  • Marriage:  Single individuals may adopt. If the applicant is a single male, he can adopt only a male child and must meet the other requirements; if the applicant is a single female, she can adopt a child of any gender provided she meets the other requirements. 
  • Income:  Applicants must have a stable economic background.
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Who Can Be Adopted

In addition to qualifying as an orphan under U.S. immigration law, the child must meet the following requirements of Brunei: 

  • Relinquishment:  None specified. 
  • Abandonment:  None specified. 
  • Age of Adoptive Child:  Children are identified under Bruneian law as under 18 years of age. Please note that for a child to meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law, a Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative, must be filed on the child’s behalf while the child is under the age of 16 (or under the age of 18 if the child is the birth sibling of another adopted child who has immigrated or will immigrate based on adoption by the same adoptive parent(s)). 
  • Sibling Adoptions:  None specified. 
  • Special Needs or Medical Conditions:  None specified. 
  • Waiting Period or Foster Care:  None specified.

Caution:  Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are eligible for adoption.  In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when this becomes possible.  In such cases, the birth parent(s) have rarely relinquished their parental rights or consented to the adoption of their child(ren).

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How to Adopt

Brunei’s Adoption Authority

Community Development Department, Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports

The Process

The process for adopting a child from Brunei generally includes the following steps: 

  1. Choose a U.S. Accredited or Approved Adoption Service Provider
  2. Apply to USCIS to be Found Suitable and Eligible to Adopt (Form I-600A)
  3. Apply to Brunei’s Authorities to Adopt and be Matched with a Child
  4. Adopt the Child in Brunei
  5. Apply for Your Child to be Found Eligible to Immigrate to the United States as an Orphan (Form I-600)
  6. Apply for a U.S. Immigrant Visa for Your Child and Bring Your Child Home 

1.  Choose a U.S. Accredited or Approved Adoption Service Provider

Before taking steps to adopt a child from Brunei, you should select a U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider to be the primary provider in your case.  As of July 14, 2014, a primary provider is required in every intercountry adoption case under the UAA, unless an exception applies.  The primary provider is responsible for:

  • Ensuring that all six adoption services defined at 22 CFR 96.2 are provided;
  • Supervising and being responsible for supervised providers where used (see 22 CFR 96.14); and
  • Developing and implementing a service plan in accordance with 22 CFR 96.44

For more information on primary providers and the UAA, please see Universal Accreditation Act of 2012

2.  Apply to USCIS to be Found Suitable and Eligible to Adopt

In order to adopt a child from Brunei, you will need to meet the requirements of the Government of Brunei and U.S. immigration law.  

To meet U.S. immigration requirements, you may also choose to file a Form I-600A, Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition, with USCIS to be found suitable and eligible to adopt before you identify a child to adopt. You may also choose to file the Form I-600 petition along with all the required Form I-600A application supporting documentation, including an approved home study, once you have been matched with a child and have obtained all the necessary documentation.  Please see the USCIS website for more information about filing options.  Regardless of which approach you take, the home study must meet the same requirements.  As of July 14, 2014, unless an exception applies, the home study must comply with the requirements in 8 CFR 204.311 and 22 CFR Part 96.47

3.  Apply to Brunei’s Authorities to Adopt and be Matched with a Child 

If you are found suitable and eligible to adopt under U.S. law, you must also submit an adoption application to the Community Development Department, Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports of Brunei to be found eligible to adopt by Brunei. 

If a child is eligible for intercountry adoption, the competent adoption authority or other authorized entity in Brunei will review your adoption dossier and, if an appropriate match is found, will provide you with a referral. We encourage families to consult with a medical professional and their adoption service provider to understand the needs of the specific child but each family must decide for itself whether it will be able to meet the needs of, and provide a permanent home for, a specific child, and must conform to the recommendations in the home study for the number of children and capacity to deal with any special needs of an adoptive child. Learn more about Health Considerations

The child must be eligible to be adopted according to Brunei’s requirements, as described in the Who Can Be Adopted section. The child must also meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law. 

4.  Adopt the Child in Brunei 

The process for finalizing the adoption in Brunei generally includes the following: 

  • Role of the Court:  Applications by Muslims are processed through shariah courts and, by non-Muslims, through civil courts.  
  • Role of Adoption Agencies:   

Starting July 14, 2014, unless an exception applies, there must be a U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider acting as the primary provider in every case. Also, any agency or person providing an adoption service on behalf of prospective adoptive parents in any Convention or non-Convention case must be accredited or approved, or be a supervised or exempted provider.  Adoption service means any one of the following  six services:

o   Identifying a child for adoption and arranging an adoption;

o   Securing the necessary consent to termination of parental rights and to adoption;

o   Performing a background study on a child or a home study on a prospective adoptive parent(s), and reporting on such a study;

o   Making non-judicial determinations of the best interests of a child and the appropriateness of an adoptive placement for the child;

o   Monitoring a case after a child has been placed with prospective adoptive parent(s) until final adoption; or

o   When necessary because of a disruption before final adoption, assuming custody and providing (including facilitating the provision of) child care or any other social service pending an alternative placement.  22 CFR 96.2 Definitions.

  • Adoption Fees:  Prospective adoptive parents are advised to obtain detailed receipts for all fees and donations paid, either by themselves directly or through their U.S. adoption service provider, and to raise any concerns regarding any payment that you believe may be contrary to U.S. law, or the law of Brunei, with your adoption service provider. Please also refer to information concerning the Hague Complaint Registry. Improper payments may have the appearance of buying achild, violate applicable law, and could put all future adoptions in Brunei at risk. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, for instance, makes it unlawful to bribe foreign government officials to obtain or retain business.  Further, the UAA and IAA make it unlawful to improperly influence relinquishment of parental rights, parental consent relating to adoption of a child, or a decision by an entity performing Central Authority functions. 

5.  Apply for Your Child to be Found Eligible for Immigration to the United States as an Orphan

After you finalize the adoption USCIS must determine whether the child meets the definition of an orphan under U.S. immigration law in order for the child to immigrate to the United States.  You will need to file a Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative.  At the time you file your Form I-600 petition, the adjudicating officer will determine whether the UAA applies or if your case is UAA grandfathered.  For more information on UAA grandfathering and transition cases, please see Universal Accreditation Act of 2012.  Unless an exception applies, you must identify a primary provider in your case and the adjudicating officer may ask for the name and contact information of the primary provider if not provided in your Form I-600 petition.  This information is required and, without it, your Form I-600 petition cannot be approved.  

If you have an approved, valid Form I-600A, Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition, you may file your Form I-600 petition either in the United States with USCIS or  in person at the U.S.Embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei.

When a Form I-600 petition is adjudicated by USCIS in the United States, the consular section in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei must complete a Form I-604, Determination on Child for Adoption (sometimes informally referred to as an orphan determination), to verify the child’s orphan status.  When a Form I-600 petition is adjudicated by an international USCIS office, USCIS generally completes the Form I-604 determination. 

For Form I-600 petitions filed with the Embassy’s consular section, the consular officer must complete the Form I-604 determination after you file your Form I-600 petition.  Conducting the Form I-604 determination is a critical part of the orphan adoption process.  It can take months to complete, depending upon the circumstances of your case.  Consular officers appreciate that families are eager to bring their child home as quickly as possible.  Some of the factors that may contribute to the length of the process include prevailing fraud patterns in the country of origin, civil unrest or security concerns that restrict travel to certain areas of the country, and the number of determinations performed by available staff.  Consular officers make every effort to conduct them as quickly and thoroughly as possible.  You are advised to keep your travel plans flexible while awaiting the results. 

6.  Apply for a U.S. Immigrant Visa for Your Child and Bring Your Child Home

Now that your adoption is complete and the Form I-604 determination has been completed finding that your child meets the legal definition of an orphan for immigration purposes, there are a few more steps to take before you and your child can head home.  Specifically, you need to apply for three documents before your child can travel to the United States:

Birth Certificate

If you have finalized the adoption in Brunei, you will first need to apply for a new birth certificate for your child.  

Brunei Passport

Your child is not yet a U.S. citizen, so he/she will need a travel document or passport from Brunei. 

U.S. Immigrant Visa

After you obtain the new birth certificate and passport for your child and you have filed Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative, you then need to apply for a U.S. immigrant visa for your child from the U.S. Embassy in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei. This immigrant visa allows your child to travel home with you and be admitted to the United States as your child.  As part of this process, you must provide the consular officer the Panel Physician’s medical report on the child. 

Before coming for your child’s immigrant visa interview, please complete an Electronic Immigrant Visa Application (DS-260) online at the Consular Electronic Application Center (CEAC).  If you filed a Form I-600 petition in the United States, you should receive a letter from the National Visa Center (NVC) confirming receipt of the petition and assignment of a case number and an invoice ID number.  You will need this information to log into CEAC to file the DS-260 for your child.  An adoptive parent should fill out these forms in your child's name.  Answer every item on the form.  If information is not applicable, please write “N/A” in the block.  Print and bring the DS-260 form confirmation page to the visa interview.  Please review the DS-260 FAQs, our Online Immigrant Visa Forms page, or contact the NVC at NVCAdoptions@state.gov or +1-603-334-0700 if you have questions about completing the online DS-260 form. 

It is not usually possible to provide the visa to adoptive parents on the same day as the immigrant visa interview. Adoptive parents should verify current processing times with the U.S. Embassy in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei before making final travel arrangements.

Child Citizenship Act

For adoptions finalized abroad prior to the child’s entry into the United States: An adopted child residing in the United States in the legal and physical custody of the U.S. citizen parent pursuant to a lawful admission for permanent residence generally will acquire U.S. citizenship automatically upon entry into the United States if the child otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000, including the child is under the age of eighteen. 

For adoptions finalized after the child’s entry into the United States:  You will need to complete an adoption following your child’s entry into the United States and before the child turns eighteen for the child (if he or she otherwise meets the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000) to automatically acquire U.S. citizenship. 

Read more about the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.

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Traveling Abroad

Applying for Your U.S. Passport

U.S. citizens are required to enter and depart the United States on a valid U.S. passport. Once your child has acquired U.S. citizenship, s/he will need a U.S. passport for any international travel. Only the U.S. Department of State has the authority to grant, issue, or verify U.S. passports. 

Getting or renewing a passport is easy. The Department of State’s Passport Application Wizard will help you determine which passport form you need, help you to complete the form online, estimate your payment, and generate the form for you to print—all in one place.

Obtaining a Visa to Travel to Brunei

In addition to a U.S. passport, you may also need to obtain a visa. Where required, visas are affixed to your passport and allow you to enter a foreign nation. To find information about obtaining a visa for Brunei, see the Department of State’s Country Specific Information.

Staying Safe on Your Trip

Before you travel, it is always a good practice to investigate the local conditions, laws, political landscape, and culture of the country. The Department of State provides Country Specific Information for every country in the world about various issues, including health conditions, crime, currency or entry requirements, and any areas of instability.

Staying in Touch on Your Trip

When traveling during the adoption process, we encourage you to enroll with the Department of State through our Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive important information from the Embassy about safety conditions in your destination country.  Enrollment makes it possible for the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in Brunei, to contact you in an emergency, whether natural disaster, civil unrest, or family emergency. 

Enrollment is free and can be done online via the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)

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After Adoption

Post-Adoption Resources

Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. There are many public and private nonprofit post-adoption services available for children and their families. There are also numerous adoptive family support groups and adoptee organizations active in the United States that provide a network of options for adoptees who seek out other adoptees from the same country of origin.  Take advantage of all the resources available to your family, whether it is another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services.  Your primary provider can provide or point you to post- placement/post-adoption services to help your adopted child and your family transition smoothly and deal effectively with the many adjustments required in an intercountry adoption.  

Here are some places to start your support group search: 

Note:  Inclusion of non-U.S. government links does not imply endorsement of contents.

COMPLAINTS

If you have concerns about your adoption process, we ask that you share this information with the Embassy in Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei, particularly if it involves possible fraud or misconduct specific to your child’s case. The Department of State takes all allegations of fraud or misconduct seriously. Our Adoption Comment Page provides several points of contact for adoptive families to comment on their adoption service provider, their experience applying for their child’s visa, or about the Form I-600 petition process. 

The Hague Complaint Registry is an internet based registry for filing complaints about U.S. accredited or approved adoption service providers. If you think your provider's conduct may have been out of substantial compliance with accreditation standards, first submit your complaint in writing directly to your provider. If the complaint is not resolved through the provider's complaint process, you may file the complaint through the Hague Complaint Registry

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Contact Information

U.S. Embassy in Brunei
Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Tel: +(673) 238-4616
Fax: +(673) 238-4606
Email: ConsularBrunei@state.gov

Brunei’s Adoption Authority
Community Development Department
Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports
Simpang 336-17, Jalan Kebangsaan
Bandar Seri Begawan, BB 4310, Brunei Darussalam
Tel: +673.238.0664 / 0667 / 0678
Email: info@japem.gov.bn

Embassy of Brunei
3520 International Ct NW, Washington, DC 20008
Tel: (202) 237-1838
Fax: (202) 885 0560
Email: info@bruneiembassy.org

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
CA/OCS/CI
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20522-1709
Email: Adoption@state.gov
Internet: adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
USCIS National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
Internet: uscis.gov

For questions about filing a Form I-600A application or I-600 petition:
USCIS National Benefits Center
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
Email: NBC.Adoptions@uscis.dhs.gov

Reciprocity Schedule

Select a visa category below to find the visa issuance fee, number of entries, and validity period for visas issued to applicants from this country*/area of authority.

Explanation of Terms

Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for.

Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. This fee is in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee (MRV fee).

Number of Entries: The number of times you may seek entry into the United States with that visa. "M" means multiple times. If there is a number, such as "One", you may apply for entry one time with that visa.

Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. If your Validity Period is 60 months, your visa will be valid for 60 months from the date it is issued.

Visa Classifications
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Visa
Classification
Fee Number
of Entries
Validity
Period
A-1 None Multiple 60 Months
A-2 None Multiple 60 Months
A-3 1 None Multiple 24 Months
B-1 None Multiple 120 Months
B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
B-1/B-2 None Multiple 120 Months
C-1 None Multiple 60 Months
C-1/D None Multiple 60 Months
C-2 None Multiple 60 Months
C-3 None Multiple 60 Months
CW-1 11 None Multiple 12 Months
CW-2 11 None Multiple 12 Months
D None Multiple 60 Months
E-1 2 None Multiple 60 Months
E-2 2 No Treaty N/A N/A
E-2C 12 None Multiple 24 Months
F-1 None Multiple 60 Months
F-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-1 None Multiple 60 Months
G-2 None Multiple 60 Months
G-3 None Multiple 60 Months
G-4 None Multiple 60 Months
G-5 1 None Multiple 24 Months
H-1B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-1C None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2A None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2B None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-2R None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
H-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
I None Multiple 60 Months
J-1 4 None Multiple 60 Months
J-2 4 None Multiple 60 Months
K-1 None One 6 Months
K-2 None One 6 Months
K-3 None Multiple 24 Months
K-4 None Multiple 24 Months
L-1 None Multiple 60 Months
L-2 None Multiple 60 Months
M-1 None Multiple 60 Months
M-2 None Multiple 60 Months
N-8 None Multiple 60 Months
N-9 None Multiple 60 Months
NATO 1-7 N/A N/A N/A
O-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
O-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-1 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-2 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-3 None Multiple 60 Months 3
P-4 None Multiple 60 Months 3
Q-1 6 None Multiple 15 Months 3
R-1 $8.00 Multiple 3 Months
R-2 $8.00 Multiple 3 Months
S-5 7 None One 1 Month
S-6 7 None One 1 Month
S-7 7 None One 1 Month
T-1 9 N/A N/A N/A
T-2 None One 6 Months
T-3 None One 6 Months
T-4 None One 6 Months
T-5 None One 6 Months
T-6 None One 6 Months
TD 5 N/A N/A N/A
U-1 None Multiple 48 Months
U-2 None Multiple 48 Months
U-3 None Multiple 48 Months
U-4 None Multiple 48 Months
U-5 None Multiple 48 Months
V-1 None Multiple 120 Months
V-2 None Multiple 120 Months 8
V-3 None Multiple 120 Months 8
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Country Specific Footnotes

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.

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Visa Category Footnotes
  1. The validity of A-3, G-5, and NATO 7 visas may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the person who is employing the applicant. The "employer" would have one of the following visa classifications:

    • A-1
    • A-2
    • G-1 through G-4
    • NATO 1 through NATO 6

  2. An E-1 and E-2 visa may be issued only to a principal alien who is a national of a country having a treaty, or its equivalent, with the United States. E-1 and E-2 visas may not be issued to a principal alien if he/she is a stateless resident. The spouse and children of an E-1 or E-2 principal alien are accorded derivative E-1 or E-2 status following the reciprocity schedule, including any reciprocity fees, of the principle alien’s country of nationality.  

    Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. The wife and child would, therefore, be entitled to derivative status and receive the same reciprocity as Mr. Doe, the principal visa holder.  

  3. The validity of H-1 through H-3, O-1 and O-2, P-1 through P-3, and Q visas may not exceed the period of validity of the approved petition or the number of months shown, whichever is less.

    Under 8 CFR §214.2, H-2A and H-2B petitions may generally only be approved for nationals of countries that the Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as participating countries. The current list of eligible countries is available on USCIS's website for both H-2A and H-2B visas. Nationals of countries not on this list may be the beneficiary of an approved H-2A or H2-B petition in limited circumstances at the discretion of the Department of Homeland Security if specifically named on the petition.  

    Derivative H-4, L-2, O-3, and P-4 visas, issued to accompanying or following-to-join spouses and children, may not exceed the validity of the visa issued to the principal alien.

  4. There is no reciprocity fee for the issuance of a J visa if the alien is a United States Government grantee or a participant in an exchange program sponsored by the United States Government.

    Also, there is no reciprocity fee for visa issuance to an accompanying or following-to-join spouse or child (J-2) of an exchange visitor grantee or participant.

    In addition, an applicant is eligible for an exemption from the MRV fee if he or she is participating in a State Department, USAID, or other federally funded educational and cultural exchange program (program serial numbers G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-7).

    However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee.

  5. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian and Mexican nationals coming to engage in certain types of professional employment in the United States may be admitted in a special nonimmigrant category known as the "trade NAFTA" or "TN" category. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.

    Canadian Nationals

    Since Canadian nationals generally are exempt from visa requirement, a Canadian "TN' or "TD" alien does not require a visa to enter the United States. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. The standard reciprocity fee and validity period for all non-Canadian "TD"s is no fee, issued for multiple entries for a period of 36 months, or for the duration of the principal alien's visa and/or authorized period of stay, whichever is less. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality.

    Mexican Nationals

    Mexican nationals are not visa-exempt. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas.

    Applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality, who have a permanent resident or refugee status in Canada/Mexico, may not be accorded Canadian/Mexican reciprocity, even when applying in Canada/Mexico. The reciprocity fee and period for "TD" applicants from Libya is $10.00 for one entry over a period of 3 months. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months.

  6. Q-2 (principal) and Q-3 (dependent) visa categories are in existence as a result of the 'Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998'. However, because the Department anticipates that virtually all applicants for this special program will be either Irish or U.K. nationals, the Q-2 and Q-3 categories have been placed only in the reciprocity schedules for those two countries. Q-2 and Q-3 visas are available only at the Embassy in Dublin and the Consulate General in Belfast.

  7. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization.

  8. V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. Accordingly, the period of validity of a V-2 or V-3 visa must be limited to expire on or before the applicant's twenty-first birthday.

  9. Posts may not issue a T-1 visa. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. The following dependents of a T-1 visa holder, however, may be issued a T visa at a U.S. consular office abroad:

    • T-2 (spouse)
    • T-3 (child)
    • T-4 (parent)
  10. The validity of NATO-5 visas may not exceed the period of validity of the employment contract or 12 months, whichever is less.

  11. The validity of CW-1 and CW-2 visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (12 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

  12. The validity of E-2C visas shall not exceed the maximum initial period of admission allowed by DHS (24 months) or the duration of the transition period ending December 31, 2014, whichever is shortest.

 

 

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General Documents

Please check back for update.

Birth, Death, Burial Certificates

Birth

Available. Birth certificates may be obtained under the Registration of Birth and Deaths Enactment (Chapter 79) of 1923 and the Births and Deaths (Registration) Rules, 1957. Birth Certificates (certified extracts from a Register of Births and Deaths) are available by applying to the Registrar of Births and Deaths (State Medical Officer, Brunei), Bandar Seri Begawan, or to the Superintendent of Births and Deaths for the registration area in which the birth or death was registered. Records are available from 1948 and in the case of British subjects from 1926.

Death/Burial

Available. Death certificates may be obtained under the Registration of Birth and Deaths Enactment (Chapter 79) of 1923 and the Births and Deaths (Registration) Rules, 1957. Death Certificates (certified extracts from a Register of Births and Deaths) are available by applying to the Registrar of Births and Deaths (State Medical Officer, Brunei), Bandar Seri Begawan, or to the Superintendent of Births and Deaths for the registration area in which the birth or death was registered. Records are available from 1948 and in the case of British subjects from 1926.

Marriage, Divorce Certificates

Marriage

Available. Obtained by application to the Registrar of Marriages (Attorney General), Attorney General's Chambers, Bandar Seri Begawan, or to the Registrar of Marriages for the area in which the marriage was solemnized and/or registered. The pertinent legislation is as follows:

  • Marriage Enactment (Chapter 76) of 1948.
  • The Religious and Kathi's Courts Enactment, 1955 (No. 20/1955).
  • Chinese Marriage Enactment, l955 (No. 6/1955).
  • The Registration of Marriage Enactment, 1961 (No. 9/1961).

Certificates are issued under the following Ordinance: The Registration of Marriage Rules (No. 45) of l961.

Same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in Brunei.

Divorce

As Brunei is a Muslim State, there is no civil divorce legislation for non-Muslims, who are therefore unable to obtain a divorce in Brunei. Muslims may obtain divorces in Brunei under Muslim law at the Kadzi Court in each of Brunei's four Districts (Brunei-Muara, Tutong, Belait and Temburong). These would be registered at the Muslim Shariah Court in each District.

Adoption Certificates

Available. A certified copy of an entry in a register of adoptions may be obtained under the Registration of Adoptions Enactment (No. 10) of 1961 and the Registration of Adoptions Rules (No. 546) of l961 on application to the Registrar of Adoptions (State Medical Officer), Bandar Seri Begawan. Records are available from l961.

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Identity Card

Unavailable.

Police, Court, Prison Records

Police Records

Police certificates can be obtained in Brunei within approximately two weeks. When requesting a police clearance certificate, an applicant must submit the following:

  • Photocopy of his/her current passport.
  • Photocopy of his/her Brunei identity card, if available.
  • Evidence of the duration of the applicant's residency in Brunei.
  • Fee of fifty Brunei dollars.

The above items should be sent to:

The Commissioner
Royal Brunei Police Force
Gadong Headquarters
Bandar Seri Begawan
Attn: Awg Mohammad Abdullah - Translator

If the applicant lives outside of Brunei, a request for a police certificate, along with the required passport and identity card photocopies, may be sent to the Embassy by courier service.

Brunei criminal records are permanently stored in the police computer archives. The records are indexed by family name and identity card numbers.

Court Records

Unavailable.

Prison Records

Unavailable to private individuals. If a police check develops evidence of the existence of a prison record, or if an applicant volunteers such information, then the Embassy can obtain relevant particulars by official application to the Commissioner of Prisons. The name of the applicant, prison number, and name of the prison where sentence was served are necessary information.

Military Records

Brunei has had its own Armed Forces (for which only Brunei citizens of the Malay race are eligible) since 1962. Military records are "privileged documents" which, it is believed, cannot be obtained by residents or former residents of Brunei on personal application. Such information would not, as a matter of routine, be supplied to the Embassy by Brunei military authorities. In special circumstances, however, consideration would be given to applications submitted by the Embassy for such records, each case being decided on its merits.

Passports & Other Travel Documents

Unavailable.

Other Records

Not applicable.

Visa Issuing Posts

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei (Embassy) -- NIV only

Visa Services

NIVs for all of Brunei. IV applications for nationals of Brunei are processed by the U.S. Embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Foreign Consular Office Contact Information

Washington, DC (202) 237-1838 (202) 885-0560

New York, NY (212) 697-3465 (212) 697-9889

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Bandar Seri Begawan
Simpang 336-52-16-9
Jalan Duta
Bandar Seri Begawan BC4115, Brunei Darussalam
Telephone
+(673) 238-4616
Emergency
+(673) 873-0691
Fax
+(673) 238-4606
Brunei Country Map

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Additional Information for Reciprocity

Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and reliability of the information provided, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate where you plan to apply if you believe this information is in error or if you have further questions.