Kingdom of Spain
Travel Warnings: Issued when Protracted situations make a country dangerous or unstable. Defer or reconsider travel.
Travel Alerts: Issued when short-term conditions pose imminent threats. Defer or reconsider travel.
Embassy Messages: Issued when local security issues arise.
6 months recommended, 3 months beyond your departure is required.
1 page per stamp
Not required for stays less than 90 days
Spain is a party to the Schengen Agreement. Entry into any of the 26 European countries in the Schengen area for short-term tourism, a business trip, or in transit to a non-Schengen destination requires that your passport be valid for at least three months beyond your intended date of departure. You need sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet. Visit the Embassy of Spain website for the most current visa and entry requirement information.
Prospective residents or those wishing to stay in Spain longer than 90 days must obtain prior information about the procedures from the relevant bodies, namely the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Employment and Social Security. You will need an official criminal records check from the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS). These documents carry the Apostille of the Hague from the Department of State for the FBI records. HIV/AIDS RESTRICTIONS. The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Spain.
Spain’s open borders with its western European neighbors allow possible terrorist groups to enter and exit the country with anonymity. Like other foreign governments, Spain has taken actions to guard against terrorist attacks, including arrests of suspected extremists allegedly involved in terrorist plots. Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. All European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations. U.S. citizens are reminded to remain vigilant with regard to their personal security.
Crime: Street crimes against tourists occur in the principal tourist areas. In particular, Madrid and Barcelona report frequent incidents of pickpocketing, mugging, as well as occasional violent attacks, some of which require the victim to seek medical attention.
Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police at 112 and contact the U.S. Embassy at (34) 91 587 2240 or the Emergency after-hours telephone: (34) 91 587 2200. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance. The emergency number 016 should be used in instances of domestic violence. For more information see http://www.violenciagenero.msssi.gob.es/
For further information:
Good medical care is available in Spain. However, regulations regarding medications vary from those in the United States. Spanish regulations do not permit the international shipment of medication, so please do not ship medication from the United States to Spain. Spanish customs authorities have the legal right to retain medication shipped from the United States.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Government of Spain to ensure the mediation is legal in Spain. Always carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
For further health information, go to:
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Spain. Spain welcomes LGBTI travelers. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of the Department of State's Human Rights report for further details.
Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance. Spanish law mandates access to buildings for persons with disabilities. The government generally enforces these provisions; levels of assistance and accessibility differ between regions.
Women Travelers: While the incidence of sexual assault is statistically low, attacks do occur.
See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Road Conditions and Safety: Road conditions in Spain can differ significantly from those in the United States. Traffic in Madrid and Barcelona is faster paced than in the United States and can be unnerving because of unfamiliar signs or motorbikes weaving between traffic lanes.
Public Transportation: Public transportation in large Spanish cities is generally excellent.
Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the Government of Spain’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Spain’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.