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Russia
Official Name:

Russian Federation

Last Updated: October 20, 2017

Embassy Messages

Further Safety and Security Information

Travel Warnings: Issued when Protracted situations make a country dangerous or unstable. Defer or reconsider travel.

Travel Alerts: Issued when short-term conditions pose imminent threats. Defer or reconsider travel.

Embassy Messages: Issued when local security issues arise.

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Moscow

Bolshoy Deviatinsky Pereulok No. 8
(Consular Section located at Novinskiy Bulvar 21)
Moscow 121099, Russian Federation

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Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

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Required six months beyond intended stay

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

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2 pages per stamp

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

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Yes

VACCINATIONS:

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None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

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$10,000 or more must be declared

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

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You may export up to $3,000 (or equivalent) without declaring it.

Country Map

U.S. Embassy Moscow

Bolshoy Deviatinsky Pereulok No. 8
(Consular Section located at Novinskiy Bulvar 21)
Moscow 121099, Russian Federation

Telephone: +(7) (495) 728-5000 or +(7) (495) 728-5577

Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(7) (495) 728-5000

Fax: +(7) (495) 728-5084

Consulates

U.S. Consulate General St. Petersburg
15 Ulitsa Furshtadtskaya,
St. Petersburg 191028
Russian Federation

Telephone: +(7) (812) 331-2600

Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(7) (912) 939-5794

Fax: +(7) (812) 331-2646

U.S. Consulate General Vladivostok
32 Ulitsa Pushkinskaya,
Vladivostok 690001
Russian Federation

Telephone: +(7) (4232) 300-070

Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(7) (914) 791-0067

Fax: +(7) (4232) 300-091

U.S. Consulate General Yekaterinburg
Ulitsa Gogolya 15a,
4th floor, Yekaterinburg 620151
Russian Federation

Telephone: +(7) (343) 379-3001

Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(7) 89-17-56-93-549

Fax: +(7) (343) 379-4515

 

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Russia for information on U.S. - Russia relations.

The Russian authorities strictly enforce all visa and immigration laws. The Embassy of the Russian Federation website provides the most up-to-date information regarding visa regulations and requirements. In accordance with Russia’s Entry-Exit Law, Russian authorities have denied entry or reentry into Russia for five years or more, and have canceled the visas of foreigners who have committed one or more “administrative violations.” Russian visas are issued for a very specific, limited purpose based on the invitation of a Russian “sponsor.”  Foreigners engaging in activities that are not specifically covered by the sponsor’s invitation and the traveler’s visa have been cited with administrative violations and deported.

Important Visa  and Registration Facts:

  • With the exception of some short-term visitors arriving by cruise ship or ferry, you must have a current U.S. passport with the appropriate unexpired visa.  Russian visas in an expired or canceled passport are not valid. U.S. citizens do not qualify for visa-free entry to Vladivostok.
  • Foreigners entering Russia may be fingerprinted.
  • Individuals planning long-term stays in Russia are responsible for complying with local residency registration requirements and should have an emergency departure plan prior to any residency permit renewals.
  • You must obtain a valid Russian visa for your specific purpose of travel before arriving in Russia, unless you are arriving as a cruise ship passenger (see below information for passengers of cruise ships and ferries).  Do not attempt to enter Russia before the date shown on your visa.
  • An “invitation” from a Russian sponsoring organization or individual is required to obtain a Russian visa.
  • You must register your visa and migration card with the General Administrations for Migration Issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs – formerly the Federal Migration Services (FMS) - if you plan to stay in Russia longer than seven business days. Your hotel, hostel, and, in other cases, your host or sponsor should register your visa for you. Please contact the General Administrations for Migration Issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for further details.
  • Do not enter before the date shown on your visa, and do not remain in Russia beyond the date your visa expires. Violations of even an hour have led to severe penalties, including detention, fines, and deportation.
  • You must list the specific areas in Russia that you intend to visit on your visa application. Visa holders who have entered a “restricted” area have been arrested and/or deported.  Therefore, it is vital that you include all destinations on your visa application. There is no centralized list or database of restricted areas, so check with your sponsor, hotel, or the nearest office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs migration service before traveling to unfamiliar cities and towns.
  • You must carry your migration card at all times while in Russia. A “migration card” is the white paper document given by the border police on first entry to Russia. If you lose your migration card, ask your sponsor to assist you in reporting it to the migration authorities to request a replacement.
  • You must carry your passport with you at all times. Russian police have the authority to stop people and request identity and travel documents at any time.

Under a U.S.-Russia bilateral agreement signed in 2012, qualified U.S. applicants for humanitarian, private, tourist, and business visas are entitled to request and receive multiple-entry visas with a validity of three years. Visas issued under the Agreement permit stays in the territory of the Russian Federation for up to six consecutive months. Other types of visas are not part of the agreement. Those visa holders should pay close attention to the terms of their visas.

World Cup: Passport Registration During the 2018 World Cup: (May 25 – July 25, 2018). Russian authorities will issue “fan passports” to those who have purchased tickets to the World Cup matches. Individuals bearing “fan passports” must meet the following requirements: Fans must register with the Russian migration authorities within 24 hours of their arrival in a city where matches are to be held (instead of the normal seven business days. Normally your hotel or hostel will register you.) Travelers on “fan passports” staying somewhere other than an official hotel or hostel in a city hosting games  -- Volgograd, Yekaterinburg, Kazan, Kaliningrad, Nizhniy Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Moscow, Saransk, St. Petersburg, and Sochi -- are required to register with Federal Migration Service Office within 24 hours.

Dual Nationals: U.S.-Russian dual nationals who return to Russia on a “Repatriation Certificate” are only permitted to enter Russia; you will not be permitted to depart Russia until you obtain a valid Russian passport.

  • If you have a claim to Russian citizenship, regardless of any other citizenship held, you are fully accountable to the Russian authorities for all obligations of a citizen, including required Russian military service.
  • U.S.-Russian dual nationals and Russian citizens who are Legal Permanent Residents of the United States are required under Russian law to register their dual nationality/foreign residency. Registration forms and further information (in Russian only) can be found on the website of the General Administration for Migration Issues of the Interior Ministry of Russia.
  • U.S.-Russian dual nationals must both enter and exit Russia on a Russian passport. You will not be permitted to depart on an expired Russian passport. Applying for a new Russian passport can take several months.

Travelers in Transit: We recommend that all passengers transiting through Russia obtain a Russian transit visa.

  • With the exceptions noted below, travelers will not require a transit visa if they are transiting through an international airport in Russia, do not leave the Customs zone, and depart from the same airport within 24 hours.
    • Sheremetyevo Airport terminals D, E, and F include transit zones and do not require transit visas.  If, however, a passenger arrives at D, E, or F but departs from Sheremetyevo terminal C, a transit visa is required. Sheremetyevo terminal C is located six kilometers away from the other terminals.
    • Travelers must have a Russian transit visa if they plan to transit through Russia by land en route to a third country or if they transfer to another airport.
    • Travelers must possess a Russian transit visa in addition to a Belarusian visa if their travel route either to or from Belarus goes through Russia.

Students and English teachers must be certain that their activities comply fully with their visa type. Students must never teach or coach English, whether for pay or not. The Russian authorities have held that teaching English without a specific visa that permits it is a violation of status. They have detained and deported U.S. citizens who have done this. 

Passengers of Cruise Ships and Ferries in St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, and other ports are permitted to stay in Russia for 72 hours without a visa when accompanied by a tour operator licensed by Russian authorities.

  • Visa free entrants, such as those arriving on cruise ships, are closely scrutinized.
  • U.S. citizens entering Russia without visas under the 72 hour visa-free entry provision who have lost or had their passports stolen will not be permitted to leave Russia until they receive new passports and exit visas from the Russian migration authorities.
  • It may take several days to obtain a replacement passport and Russian exit visa. During this time, you may not be allowed to register in a hotel.  Travelers in this situation have encountered severe difficulties in finding lodging.
  • Ferry schedules may not permit visitors to stay more than two nights without exceeding the 72 hour limit.
  • If you plan to sightsee on your own, you must obtain a Russian tourist visa in advance.
  • A visa is also required if you plan to depart Russia by another mode of transportation.  
  • Riverboat cruise passengers must have a tourist visa, and must follow all entry/exit requirements.  

Active Duty and Retired U.S. Military: Active duty, reserve, and retired U.S. military members have experienced targeted harassment by Russian authorities because of their military service. This occurs frequently with U.S. military personnel disembarking cruise ships in Saint Petersburg.

Travelers Who Have Recently Undergone Nuclear Medical Therapy: If you have recently undergone nuclear medical therapy, such as radioactive iodine treatment for Graves’ disease, you should carry a letter of explanation from your physician translated into Russian. This is because radiation detection devices used at ports of entry can detect small radiation levels and positive results may result in detention of the traveler.

Faith-Based Travelers: Russian authorities have detained, fined, and, in some cases, deported travelers for engaging in what they consider to be impermissible “religious activities.”  Russia recognizes four “historic” religions: Orthodox Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism.  

  • Activities of the Jehovah’s Witnesses were banned by an April 2017 ruling by the Russian Supreme Court that criminalized their activity. The Russian government restricts “missionary activity,” and defines it broadly. 
  • Travelers have been harassed, detained, fined, or deported for what the Russian authorities have determined to be unauthorized religious activities or activities that are not specifically permitted by the traveler’s Russian visa. 
  • Speaking at a religious service, traditional or non-traditional, has resulted in immigration violations. See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report.

LGBTI Travelers: Russian law bans providing "the propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations" to minors. Violators face fines, up to 15 days in jail, and deportation. The law is vague as to what Russia considers propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations.

  • Discrimination based on sexual orientation is widespread in Russia. Acts of violence and harassment targeting LGBTI individuals occur.
  • Government officials have made derogatory comments about LGBTI persons.
  • Violence against the LGBTI community has increased sharply since the law banning propaganda was passed, including entrapment and torture of young gay men by neo-Nazi gangs and the murder of multiple individuals due to their sexual orientation.
  • There have been credible reports of arrest, torture, and extrajudicial killing of gay men in Chechnya allegedly conducted by Chechen regional authorities.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.

Documentary Requirements: Review the Embassy of the Russian Federation or the Russian Consulates General websites for detailed explanations of documentary requirements. The following are the most frequently requested documents:

  • Tourist Visas: Visa application form, hotel reservation confirmation, contract for provision of tourist services with a tourist organization registered with the Russian Federal Tourism Agency. Although a tourist visa is comparatively easy to obtain, U.S. citizens have been fined for traveling for private or business purposes – such as marriage to a Russian national – on a tourist visa.  
  • Business and Humanitarian Visas: Visa application form and written statement from the host organization in Russian, including the following information:
    • Organization's full name, official address, and contact information
    • Full name of the person signing the written statement
    • If the organization is established in the territory of the Russian Federation, the organization's individual taxpayer number
    • Visa applicant's name, date of birth, citizenship, gender, passport number, number of entries sought, purpose of travel, requested period of entry, location of intended residence in Russia, and cities to be visited. 
  • Private Visas: Visa application form and written statement from the hosting individual, notarized by a Russian notary, including the following information:
    • Hosting individual's full name, date of birth, citizenship, gender, passport number, address of registration, and individual's actual residence
    • Visa applicant's name, date of birth, citizenship, gender, passport number, number of entries sought, purpose of travel, requested period of entry, location of intended residence in Russia, and cities to be visited.
    • The Russian Embassy or Consulate receiving the visa application may ask for additional documentation, including:
      • Bank statement from the applicant
      • Statement from the applicant's employer regarding the applicant's salary for the preceding year, half year, or month
      • Medical insurance valid in Russia and fully covering the period of the first trip
      • Documents regarding the applicant's ownership of property in the United States
      • Certificates verifying family membership (i.e., marriage certificate and children's birth certificates).

HIV/AIDS Entry Restrictions: Some HIV/AIDS entry restrictions exist for visitors to and foreign residents of Russia. Applicants for longer-term tourist and work visas or residence permits are required to undergo an HIV/AIDS test. The Russian government may also ask these applicants to undergo tests for tuberculosis and leprosy. Travelers who believe they may be subject to these requirements should verify this information with the Embassy of the Russian Federation.

Find information on dual nationality,  prevention of international child abduction and customs regulations on our websites.

Do not travel to Chechnya or any other areas in the North Caucasus region.

  • If you reside in these areas, depart immediately.
  • U.S. Government officials cannot assist U.S. citizens in the North Caucasus Region because we are prohibited from traveling there.

Do not travel to Crimea:

  • The United States does not recognize Russia’s annexation of Crimea.
  • Follow the guidance in the Travel Warning for Ukraine.
  • U.S. Embassy Kyiv’s Consular Section is responsible for all services to U.S. citizens in Crimea.
  • The Embassy has severely restricted the travel of U.S. government personnel to Crimea, and their ability to provide consular services is extremely limited to U.S. citizens who enter or reside on the Crimean peninsula.

Terrorism: Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks; however, all European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.

Persons visiting or living in Russia are vulnerable to attacks by transnational and local terrorist organizations. 

  • Moscow, St. Petersburg, and other Russian cities have been the targets of terrorist attacks. Bombings have occurred at Russian government buildings, airports, hotels, tourist sites, markets, entertainment venues, schools, residential complexes, and on public transportation (subways, buses, trains, and scheduled commercial flights).
  • Bomb threats against public venues are common. If you are at a location that receives a bomb threat, follow all instructions from the local police and security services.
  • ISIL has claimed responsibility for a recent knife attack in Surgut , which left eight wounded.

North Caucasus Region: Civil and political unrest continues throughout the North Caucasus region, including Chechnya, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Stavropol, Karachayevo-Cherkessiya, and Kabardino-Balkariya. Local criminal gangs have kidnapped foreigners, including U.S. citizens, for ransom.

Mt. Elbrus:

  • Do not attempt to climb Mt. Elbrus, as individuals must pass close to volatile and insecure areas of the North Caucasus region.
  • A number of climbers and skiers have died on Mt. Elbrus due to rapidly changing weather conditions, physiological effects of high altitude, and lack of nearby rescue services.
  • The dangers of climbing Mt. Elbrus are frequently underestimated by climbers, with fatal consequences.
  • The U.S. Embassy and Consulates do not have funding, equipment, or personnel to carry out mountain rescues.

Harassment: Foreigners have been victims of harassment, mistreatment, and extortion by law-enforcement and other officials.

  • Police have no obligation to show probable cause to stop, question, or detain individuals.
  • If stopped, you must provide all requested information. If you fail to do so, you may be arrested.
  • If possible, obtain the officer's name, badge number, and patrol car number, and note where the stop happened, as this information assists local officials in identifying the perpetrators.
  • Report harassment or crimes to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow or the nearest U.S. Consulate General.

Demonstrations: 

Crime:

  • Crimes against tourists have occurred at popular tourist sites and on public transportation.
  • Be cautious and be aware of your surroundings. U.S. citizens have been victims of serious crimes when visiting Russia.
  • Exercise caution when large crowds have gathered.
  • Deaths of U.S. citizens in Russia have not always been investigated thoroughly or competently by local authorities. Criminal gangs sometimes collude with local police, allowing them to operate with near impunity. Family members of victims have contended that Russian findings of death by natural causes have covered up homicides.
  • Be vigilant. Pickpocketing is prevalent in larger cities.
  • Never leave bags unattended. Thieves are active on public transportation, underground walkways, the subway, overnight trains, train stations, airports, markets, tourist attractions, and restaurants.
  • Never leave your drink unattended in a bar or club. Drink alcohol in moderation and stay in control.
  • Never agree to go to a bar or club with someone you have just met on the street. Criminals have drugged some travelers at bars, while others have taken strangers back to their lodgings, where they drugged, robbed, and/or assaulted them.
  • Do Not Use ATM Cards. Report credit card or ATM card theft to the credit card company or issuing bank immediately.
  • Avoid carrying large sums of cash. High-profile armed robberies are an almost daily occurrence. Attacks often take place while the victims are either entering or exiting banks. Travelers have also had cash stolen from hotel safes.  

Be alert to other criminal schemes, such as:

  • “Turkey Drop” Scams: a street scam in which an individual "accidentally" drops money on the ground in front of an intended victim, while an accomplice either waits for the money to be picked up, or picks up the money him/herself and offers to split it with the pedestrian. Then the victim is accused of stealing the money. Do not pick up the money. Walk quickly away from the scene.

Internet Dating Scams: U.S. citizens have lost thousands of dollars to romantic “partners” met online who feign distress to persuade U.S. citizens to send money. Never send money to anyone you have not met in person. Please review our information on International Financial Scams.

Airport Scams: Con artists ask individuals to watch their bags, then extorts money or other valuables to avoid hassle with the police. Never agree to watch a stranger’s bag.

Crimes Involving Businesses: Extortion and corruption are common in the business environment. Business disputes may involve threats of or even acts of violence. Organized criminal groups, and occasionally even local police, target foreign businesses in many cities and have been known to demand protection money.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for additional information on scams.

Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police at 02 or 102, or 112 if using a mobile phone, and the U.S. Embassy at +7 495 728-5000, or the nearest consulate at the telephone numbers listed above in the Embassies and Consulates section. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime. United States law enforcement agencies do not have jurisdiction to investigate crimes against U.S. citizens that occur on Russian territory.

See our webpage: help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport.

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence should contact the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate for assistance.

For further information:

Medical care in most areas of Russia is below Western standards. Recent Russian budget cuts have resulted in poor access to medical care and a persistent shortage of doctors. Moscow and St. Petersburg facilities have higher standards but do not accept all cases and require cash or credit card payment at Western rates.

  • Elderly travelers and those with preexisting health conditions are at risk.
  • Disposable IV supplies, syringes, and needles are standard practice in urban area hospitals. However, if you plan to travel in remote areas, bring a supply of sterile, disposable syringes and corresponding IV supplies.
  • Do not visit tattoo parlors or piercing services due to the risk of HIV and hepatitis infection.
  • You should not undertake non-essential (elective) surgeries given the uncertainties in local blood supply.

Medical Insurance:

  • See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
  • Payment is required at the time of service.
  • The Embassy cannot pay the medical bills of private U.S. citizens.
  • U.S. Medicare and Medicaid cannot cover medical expenses outside the United States.
  • Make sure your health insurance plan provides full coverage, including medical evacuation coverage, outside the United States. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments.

Prescription Medication:

  • Russia prohibits some prescription and over-the-counter drugs that are legal and commonly used in the United States.
  • Carry a valid U.S. prescription or doctor’s letter which contains the name of the patient, the prescribed medication and quantity, and a notarized Russian translation when entering Russia with permitted prescription medications. 
  • Prescription medication must be in its original packaging.
  • Please contact the Russian Federal Customs Service or Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation for more information regarding specific medications.

The following diseases are prevalent:

  • HIV/AIDS has reached epidemic proportions
  • Sexually transmitted diseases: syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Tick-borne encephalitis
  • Rabies

Vaccinations: Be prepared to show documentation that all travelers are fully up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the “yellow book).”

Further health information:

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be arrested, fined, imprisoned, or expelled and may be banned from re-entering Russia.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested, ask the police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy or Consulate immediately.  See our webpage for further information.

  • You can be arrested, detained, fined, or deported and banned for 5 years or more if you are found to have violated Russian immigration law. 
  • Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Russia are severe. Convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
  • You can be detained for not carrying your passport.
  • You can be jailed immediately for driving under the influence of alcohol.
  • It is illegal to pay for goods and services in U.S. dollars, except at authorized retail establishments.
  • You can be arrested for attempting to leave the country with antiques, even if they were legally purchased from licensed vendors. Cultural value items like artwork, icons, samovars, rugs, military medals, and antiques must have certificates indicating they do not have historical or cultural value. You may obtain certificates from the Russian Ministry of Culture. For further information, please contact the Russian Customs Committee.
  • Retain all receipts for high-value items, including caviar.
  • You must have advance approval to bring in satellite telephones
  • Global Positioning System (GPS) and other radio electronic devices, and their use, are subject to special rules and regulations in Russia. Contact the Russian Customs Service for required permissions.
  • You must have advance permission to bring guns or ammunitions into Russia. Contact Customs Service for required permissions.

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Getting around in Russia is often difficult for persons with mobility issues. In general, public transportation is not accommodating to people with disabilities. The Moscow Metro is generally not accessible to persons with disabilities.

  • Many sidewalks are narrow and uneven.
  • Mobility is usually easier in major cities such as Moscow and St. Petersburg.  
  • Crossing streets in large cities can be difficult, since it usually requires the use of a pedestrian underpass which includes stairs, steep ramps, and no elevators.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.

Road Conditions and Safety: Road conditions and driver safety customs differ significantly from those in the United States.

  • In some areas of Russia, roads are practically nonexistent or have poor or nonexistent shoulders.
  • Many roads are one-way or do not permit left turns.
  • Exercise caution near traffic. Drivers frequently fail to yield to pedestrians.
  • Vehicles regularly drive and park on sidewalks or pedestrian walkways.
  • Do not drive outside the major cities at night.
  • Livestock crossing roadways is common in rural areas.
  • Construction sites and road hazards are often unmarked and/or unlighted. 
  • Food, hotel, and auto service facilities are rare along roadways.
  • Do not drive alone at night or sleep in your vehicle on the side of the road.
  • Do not pick up hitchhikers. You may be assaulted or arrested for unknowingly transporting narcotics.

Public Transportation:

  • Do not use unmarked taxis. Passengers have been victims of robbery, kidnapping, extortion, and theft.
  • Robberies may occur in taxis shared with strangers.

Traffic Laws: Russian authorities consider traffic or parking infractions as “administrative violations” that can result in deportation and denial of entry back to Russia at a later date. This is an increasingly frequent occurrence.

  • Drivers MUST carry third-party liability insurance under a policy valid in Russia.
  • You may drive for 60 days using your U.S. driver’s license, with a notarized Russian translation.
  • Tourists may also use International Driving Permits issued by the American Automobile Association or the American Automobile Touring Alliance to drive in Russia.
  • Russian law requires foreigners on business or employment visas or with permanent residence status to have a Russian driver's license.
  • Driving regulations are strictly enforced and violators are subject to severe legal penalties.
  • Russia practices a zero-tolerance policy for driving under the influence of alcohol. Authorities have detained intoxicated drivers and suspended driver’s licenses for up to two years.
  • If you are involved in an accident, DO NOT move your vehicle from the accident site. You may be held liable if you move your car even if you are not at fault.
  • Police and ambulance response to accidents is slow.
  • Roadside police checkpoints are commonplace and are ostensibly in place to detect narcotics, alien smuggling, and firearms violations.

See our Road Safety page for more information.

Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed that the Government of Russia's Civil Aviation Authority is in compliance with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Russia's air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA's safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Russia should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at www.marad.dot.gov/msci. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website (https:homeport.uscg.mil, and the NGA broadcast warnings website; select “broadcast warnings.”

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