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Belgium
Official Name:

Kingdom of Belgium

Last Updated: March 17, 2017

Embassy Messages

Further Safety and Security Information

Travel Warnings: Issued when Protracted situations make a country dangerous or unstable. Defer or reconsider travel.

Travel Alerts: Issued when short-term conditions pose imminent threats. Defer or reconsider travel.

Embassy Messages: Issued when local security issues arise.

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Brussels

27 Boulevard du Régent (the Consular Section is at 25 Boulevard du Régent)
B-1000 Brussels
Belgium

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Quick Facts
PASSPORT VALIDITY:

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Must be valid for at least 6 months beyond your planned date of departure from the Schengen area.

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:

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2 pages minimum

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:

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Not required for stays under 90 days

VACCINATIONS:

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None

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:

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10,000 Euros or equivalent

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:

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10,000 Euros or equivalent

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U.S. Embassy Brussels

27 Boulevard du Régent (the Consular Section is at 25 Boulevard du Régent)
B-1000 Brussels
Belgium

Telephone:+(32) (2) 811-4000

Emergency After-Hours Telephone:+(32) (0) 2-811-4000

Fax: +(32) (2) 811-4546

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Belgium for information on U.S.–Belgium relations. 

Belgium is a party to the Schengen Agreement. Visit the Embassy of Belgium website for the most current visa information.

  • Passport should be valid for at least six months beyond your stay. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet.
  • You may enter for Belgium for up to 90 days for tourist purposes without a visa.

HIV/AIDS RESTRICITONS: The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Belgium.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our customs information page

Terrorism: Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks; however, all European countries remain vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations. 

Demonstrations occur regularly. Large, public demonstrations take place for a variety of political and economic issues. Demonstrations tend to take place on politically significant holidays and during international summits hosted in the country. 

  • Demonstration organizers must obtain prior police approval, and police routinely oversee participants.
  • Even demonstrations intended to be peaceful can turn confrontational and possibly escalate into violence. 
  • Avoid areas around protests and demonstrations. 
  • Check local media for updates on the situation and traffic advisories.  
  • Security messages issued regarding demonstrations are now posted on the U.S. Mission’s website.  

Crime:

  • Low-level street crime including robberies, smash and grab car robberies, purse snatchings, and pickpocketing is common, particularly in major cities, in public areas such as restaurants, the Brussels metro at night, and the Gare du Midi. Thieves often operate in teams, by bumping into or shoving the target, especially in crowds. Be alert to distractions.
  • Theft from vehicles is a common problem. Always drive with your windows up and the doors locked, as thieves sometimes target cars stopped at traffic lights. Thieves may smash the window and grab valuables. Use parking garages when possible, and if you must use street parking, look for a spot near a street light. 
  • Carry only a minimum amount of cash, credit cards, and necessary personal identification. 
  • Avoid wearing expensive jewelry and watches.

U.S. citizens have lost tens of thousands of dollars in scams, in Belgium. See our website on international financial scams to protect yourself while traveling. A common internet scam is for friends, family, or others receive a message that a U.S. citizen traveler is stranded in Belgium and in need of funds to pay for customs fees. These are confidence schemes. Funds transferred in response to such offers are rarely recovered. U.S. citizens in the United States who have been victimized by Internet crime should report it to the Internet Crime Complaint Center. U.S. citizens present in Belgium who have been victimized should contact the Regional Security Office at the U.S. Embassy in Brussels (Telephone 011-32-2-811-4057). Depending on the circumstances, the Regional Security Office can then direct you to the appropriate Belgian, U.S., or international law enforcement agency.

See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime:

Report crimes to the local police at 101. For all other emergencies, please dial 112. Contact the U.S. Embassy at +(32) (2) 811-4000. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.

The Belgian Commission for Financial Assistance to Victims of Intentional Acts of Violence provides financial compensation, under specific circumstances, for victims of crime and for those who have suffered injuries and consequent losses caused by such incidents. The Commission also provides for dependents or immediate family members of homicide victims. For more information, contact the Commission by phone at 32 2 542-7208; 32 2 542-7218; 32 2 542-7224; 32 2 542-7229, or 32 2 542-7244; by e-mail at commission.victimes@just.fgov.be or commissie.slachtoffers@just.fgov.be; or visit the Ministry of Justice website (French, Dutch, and German only).

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the United States
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical
  • support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

For further information:

High-quality medical facilities and services are widely available in Belgium. The large university hospitals can handle almost every medical problem. The Embassy's Consular Section maintains a list of English-speaking doctors. Equivalents for most, but not all, U.S. medications are available through local pharmacies with a prescription from a Belgian physician. The responsiveness of emergency services is also generally excellent.

  • Emergency medical treatment is free of charge, however, the patient is charged for follow-up care.
  • We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that the U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas.
  • Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
  • Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments.
  • Obtain supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
  • Carry prescriptions medication in its original packing, along with your doctor’s prescription.
  • Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Obtain travel insurance that covers illness, injury, death, and medical evacuations.

For further health information, go to:

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.  Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Belgium are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our webpageon crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Belgium.

See our LGBTI travel information page and section 6 of the Department of State's Human Rights Report for further details.

Persons with Mobility Issues: While in Belgium, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from in the United States. Although Belgian law requires that any new building with public or community space must be accessible for persons with disabilities, many existing buildings as well as public transportation systems are less adapted to individuals with disabilities. General information on the accessibility of tourist accommodations, public transportation, museums, and other tourist facilities can be found on the Belgian Tourist Office's website.

Students: See our students abroad page.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for women travelers.

Road Conditions and Safety: 

  • Belgium’s road network is generally well built and maintained.
  • Sufficient lighting exists on major highways, but on rural roads it is often insufficient or nonexistent.
  • Roadside assistance and information on road conditions are available in English from Touring Mobilis, telephone 02 286-3040. Belgian police will also provide information on road conditions, telephone 02-642-6666.
  • Emergency services are efficient and responsive. For police emergencies, dial 101 by phone within Belgium. For all other emergencies, dial 112.

Traffic Laws:   

  • Traffic coming from the right generally has priority at uncontrolled intersections, even if coming from a smaller street.
  • The maximum speed limit on Belgian highways is 120 kilometers (72 miles) per hour, but is not always posted.
  • The maximum speed in urban areas is 50 km (30 miles) per hour, but in central Brussels it is 30 km (19 miles) per hour.
  • While Belgian authorities strictly enforce speed limits, many Belgians still drive significantly faster than the posted limit. Claiming ignorance of the speed limit may not prevent you from getting a significant fine for speeding, and your vehicle may be impounded if you can’t pay the fine on the spot. Automated radars with cameras are common and violators are issued citations through the mail.
  • Belgian police also conduct breath analysis checks for alcohol use, particularly at night and during major holidays. The legal limit for operating a motor vehicle is .05 percent blood alcohol content.
  • You must use your seat belt while driving in a vehicle.
  • Bicycling is very common in Belgium, for both recreational and more traditional transportation purposes. It is strongly advised to wear helmets at all times.

Public Transportation: Brussels and most major cities of Belgium have extensive and efficient public transportation systems. Trains, buses, and ferries connect Brussels with other major cities in Belgium and with the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands. Traveling by train is considered to be safer than driving.

Please refer to our road safety page for more information. Also, we suggest that you visit the website of the country’s national tourist office and the Belgian national authority responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the Government of Belgium’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Belgium’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Belgium should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts at www.marad.dot.gov/msci.  Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website (https:homeport.uscg.mil, and the NGA broadcast warnings website and select “broadcast warnings.”

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