COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: The Principality of Liechtenstein is a hereditary monarchy based on democratic and parliamentary foundations. The country lies between Austria and Switzerland on the eastern bank of the Rhine River, which forms the border with Switzerland. Read the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on U.S.-Liechtenstein relations for further information.
SMART TRAVELER ENROLLMENT PROGRAM (STEP) EMBASSY LOCATION: If you are going to live in or visit Liechtenstein, please take the time to tell our Embassy in Switzerland about your trip. If you enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, we can keep you up to date with important safety and security announcements. It will also help your friends and family get in touch with you in an emergency.
There is no U.S. embassy or consulate in Liechtenstein. For assistance and information on travel and security in Liechtenstein, U.S. citizens may contact or register with the U.S. Embassy Bern, Switzerland.
United States Embassy Bern
Sulgeneckstrasse 19, 3007 Bern, Switzerland
Telephone: (41) (31) 357-7011 (2 p.m. – 4 p.m.)
Emergency phone: after-hours/weekends: (41) (31) 357-7777
Facsimile: (41) (31) 357-7280
United States Consular Agency Zurich
Dufourstrasse 101, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
Telephone: (41) (43) 499-2960 (10 a.m. – 1 p.m.)
Facsimile: (41) (43) 499-2961
United States Consular Agency Geneva
Rue Versonnex 7, 1207 Geneva, Switzerland
Telephone: (41) (22) 840 -5160 (10 a.m. – 1 p.m.)
Facsimile: (41) (22) 840-5162.
Mailing address: U.S. Consular Agency, c/o U.S. Mission, 11, Rte.de Pregny, 1292 Chambesy, Switzerland
ENTRY / EXIT REQUIREMENTS FOR U.S. CITIZENS: Liechtenstein is part of the Schengen area, and extends visa-free entry to U.S. citizens for up to 90 days (consecutive or combined, within any six-month period) for tourist or business purposes. Your passport should be valid for at least six months beyond your period of stay. You need sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. For additional details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet.
Liechtenstein does not have a bilateral agreement with the United States that would allow a U.S. citizen to stay longer than 90 days within the Schengen area in any 180-day period. Thus, when you travel to Liechtenstein, you should make sure that you have not yet exhausted the 90 days within a 180-day period of legal stay in the Schengen area since your first entry into the Schengen area, regardless of other bilateral agreements. If you exceed the 90-day stay, you risk being fined or even banned from entering the entire Schengen area again for six months or longer.
If you are planning to stay longer than the 90 days in Liechtenstein, make sure to obtain a visa from the Liechtenstein Embassy before you leave the United States. This will assist you in avoiding any problems when departing Liechtenstein.
There are no HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Liechtenstein.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
THREATS TO SAFETY AND SECURITY: Liechtenstein remains largely free of terrorist incidents; however, like other countries in the Schengen area, Liechtenstein’s open borders with Western Europe allow for the possibility of terrorist groups entering/exiting the country anonymously. You should remain vigilant with regard to your personal security and keep abreast with local events.
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CRIME: Liechtenstein has a low rate of violent crime. However, crimes of all types which may include violence do occur. Pick-pocketing and purse snatching are the most common and frequently occur in the vicinity of train and bus stations, airports close to Liechtenstein and some public parks, especially during peak tourist periods (such as summer and Christmas). Take sensible precautions to protect your passport and money. Be especially vigilant in regional airports and railway stations, as these locations experience multiple incidents of petty theft almost every day.
You should be careful on trains, especially on overnight trains to neighboring countries. Thieves, who steal from passengers while they sleep, can enter even locked sleeping compartments. Thieves have been known to work in pairs to target train passengers; while one member of the pair creates a diversion at a train window or on a platform, the other steals items you have left briefly unattended.
In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law. In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines.
VICTIMS OF CRIME: If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and nearest U.S. embassy (in Switzerland). We can help you:
The local equivalent to “911” emergency line in Liechtenstein is “144.” Dial 112 for health emergencies, dial 117 for the police, dial 118 for fire /oil or chemical accidents.
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: While you are traveling in Liechtenstein, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you do not have your passport with you. Driving under the influence of alcohol is a criminal offense; the legal tolerance for driving is 0.05% blood alcohol content (whereas the legal limit in the United States is 0.08%).
Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. In Liechtenstein, this is a serious criminal offense, and offenders will be placed directly in police custody. If you break local laws in Liechtenstein, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It is very important to know what is legal and what is not, wherever you go.
Persons violating Liechtenstein laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Liechtenstein are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
Arrest notifications in Liechtenstein: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the U.S. Embassy in Bern as soon as you are arrested or detained in Liechtenstein.
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES: If you are going to participate in mountain activities (summer and winter) we strongly urge you to buy mountain search and rescue insurance. Alpine hazards such as avalanches and snow drifts, landslides and flooding, glacial crevasses, falling rocks, sun exposure, and sudden weather changes exist throughout the year. Follow the advice given by local authorities and guides, take note of weather forecasts and conditions, if possible, be in a team of two and inform someone of your plans.
Costs of search and rescue operations are your, and/or your family’s responsibility. Search and rescue insurance coverage is available in Liechtenstein and Switzerland and a membership can be purchased at any Swiss or Liechtenstein post office. The Swiss National Rescue organization (REGA) coordinates search and rescue operations throughout Europe. You may also purchase a membership by visiting their website for further information. (An iphone app is even available.) Search and Rescue coverage must not be confused with your travel insurance. REGA membership will not medevac you back to the United States (this insurance is solely for search and rescue operations within Europe).
LGBT RIGHTS: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals enjoy full rights in Liechtenstein. The LGBT community is protected by anti-discrimination laws, and there are no legal or governmental impediments to the organization of LGBT events. For further information on LGBT travel, please read our Information for LGBT Travelers page.
ACCESSIBILITY: While in Liechtenstein, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from what you find in the United States. Certain difficulties may be encountered for people with disabilities, and Liechtenstein is in the process of improving its facilities. Most cantons have already implemented some provisions for persons with disabilities, but there is no country-wide standard. A new law in Liechtenstein states that all new buildings and restaurants must be made wheelchair accessible. To date, experts estimate that 50% percent of public buildings are now wheelchair accessible.
MEDICAL FACILITIES AND HEALTH INFORMATION: Medical care in Liechtenstein is good. For serious illnesses or complicated bone fractures, patients are transferred to the appropriate specialized hospitals in Switzerland and Austria. Over-the-counter medicine is available at pharmacies, and a pharmacist is on call 24/7. Information regarding the pharmacy and pharmacist on duty is given over the medical emergency telephone line by dialing 144.
Good information on vaccinations and other health precautions may be obtained via the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the infectious diseases section of the World Health Organization (WHO) website, which alsocontains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
MEDICAL INSURANCE: You can’t assume your insurance will go with you when you travel. It is very important to find out BEFORE you leave the United States. You need to ask your insurance company two questions:
In many places, doctors and hospitals still expect payment in cash at the time of service (this is where your insurance policy will be of assistance). Your regular U.S. health insurance may not cover doctor and hospital visits in other countries. If your policy is not valid when you travel outside of the U.S., it’s a very good idea to take out another one for your trip. For more information, please see our medical insurance overseas page.
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: While in Liechtenstein, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. Although many roads are mountainous and winding, Liechtenstein road-safety standards are high. Public transportation in Liechtenstein is excellent. There is an extensive bus network that connects the capital, Vaduz with the bus and railway stations in Sargans and Buchs (St. Gallen), Switzerland, and Feldkirch, Austria. In some mountain areas, vehicle snow chains are required in winter. Road travel can be more dangerous during summer, winter holidays, the Easter break, and Whitsunday weekend (late spring) because of increased traffic. If you plan to travel to Liechtenstein via the motorways in Switzerland and Austria, you must purchase and display a motorway sticker (“vignette”) or encounter large on-the-spot fines in these countries. Travel on expressways (indicated by green signs with a white expressway symbol) requires purchase of a vignette, which must be affixed to the car’s windshield.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Liechtenstein, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Liechtenstein’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
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This replaces the Country Specific Information for Liechtenstein dated September 7, 2011 to update all sections.