|Party to Hague Service Convention?||No|
|Party to Hague Evidence Convention?||No|
|Party to Hague Apostille Convention?||No|
|Party to Inter-American Convention?||No|
|Service of Process by Mail?||N/A|
THE INFORMATION RELATING TO THE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN COUNTRIES IS PROVIDED FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY
AND MAY NOT BE TOTALLY ACCURATE IN A PARTICULAR CASE. QUESTIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN LAWS SHOULD BE
ADDRESSED TO FOREIGN ATTORNEYS. THIS CIRCULAR SEEKS ONLY TO PROVIDE INFORMATION; IT IS NOT AN OPINION ON ANY ASPECT OF U.S.,
FOREIGN, OR INTERNATIONAL LAW. THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DOES NOT INTEND BY THE CONTENTS OF THIS CIRCULAR TO TAKE A POSITION
ON ANY ASPECT OF ANY PENDING LITIGATION.
Nigeria is not a party to the Hague Service Convention. In the absence of any prohibition against it, service of process in Nigeria may be effected by mail, by agent, such as a local attorney, or through letters rogatory. Litigants may wish to consult an attorney in Nigeria before pursuing a particular method of service of process, particularly if enforcement of a U.S. judgment is contemplated in the future.
Service on a Foreign State: See also our Service Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) feature and FSIA Checklist for questions about service on a foreign state, agency or instrumentality.
Prosecution Requests: U.S. federal or state prosecutors should also contact the Office of International Affairs, Criminal Division, Department of Justice for guidance.
Defense Requests in Criminal Matters: Criminal defendants or their defense counsel seeking judicial assistance in obtaining evidence or in effecting service of documents abroad in connection with criminal matters may do so via the letters rogatory process.
Nigerian authorities have advised the U.S. Embassy that voluntary depositions of willing witnesses in civil and commercial matters may be taken before U.S. consular officers in Nigeria pursuant to the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. Nigeria is not a party to the Hague Evidence Convention. Voluntary depositions may be conducted in Nigeria regardless of the nationality of the witness, provided no compulsion is used. Oral depositions or depositions on written questions may be taken by U.S. consular officers or by private attorneys from the U.S. or Nigeria at the U.S. Embassy or at another location such as a hotel or office, either on notice or pursuant to a commission. If the services of a U.S. consular officer are required to administer an oath to the witness, interpreter and stenographer, such arrangements must be made in advance with the U.S. Embassy directly.
Compulsion of Evidence: The Nigerian Federal High Court may compel any other party to allow an applicant to inspect all or any documents in the custody or under the control of that party relative to a lawsuit, and if necessary, to take examined copies of the same. If an application is submitted via letters rogatory the court may issue an order compelling the examination of witnesses. A court will give directions as to time, place and manner of such examination, and all other matters connected as may appear reasonable and just.