Côte d'IvoireOfficial Name: Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
Six months remaining validity upon entry.
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
One page required for entry stamp
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
Required. See below.
Required. See below.
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
May not leave with more than $1,000.
Embassies and Consulates
Cocody Riviera Golf,
01 BP 1712 Abidjan 01
Telephone: +(225) 22-49-40-00
Emergency After-HoursTelephone: +(225) 22-49-44-50
Fax: +(225) 22-49-42-02
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is a developing country on the western coast of Africa. The official capital is Yamoussoukro, but Abidjan is the largest city, the main commercial center, and the location of the Ivoirian government and the U.S. Embassy. The official language is French; English is not widely used. Côte d’Ivoire is a republic whose constitution provides for separate branches of government under a strong president.
Under the direction of President Alassane Ouattara since his inauguration in May 2011, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire continues to move forward with a broad range of programs that have increased the country’s security and improved the economic climate. Over a decade of political unrest and violence began in 1999, culminating in the 2010-11 post-electoral crisis that was precipitated by former President Laurent Gbagbo’s refusal to accept the outcome of the 2010 election. Since the Ouattara administration assumed office, the country has largely returned to stability. However, the government continues to have limited capacity to provide basic services to the Ivoirian population, particularly those related to safety and security issues. Police and gendarmes are not always able to fulfill their public security mandates due to inadequate training and an acute lack of resources, such as weapons, transportation, and communications equipment. Despite numerous positive developments across virtually all sectors, anti-government elements continue to pose a threat, and attacked government installations several times in 2012 and 2013.
Tourist facilities in and near Abidjan, the commercial capital, are good; accommodations in many other locations are limited in quality and availability. Read the Department of State's Fact Sheet on Côte d'Ivoire for additional information on U.S.-Côte d’Ivoire relations.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
The Ivoirian government requires U.S. citizens to have a valid visa for entry into Côte d'Ivoire, as well as a passport with more than six months of remaining validity. U.S. citizens traveling to Côte d'Ivoire should check with the nearest Ivoirian embassy or consulate for details regarding the latest visa procedures and fees. A new e-visa system went into effect in February 2014. Although these e-visas are now available at the airport upon arrival, they must be requested online prior to arrival in Côte d’Ivoire. You can obtain more information by accessing the following website: http://www.snedai.com/fr/. In addition to visa and passport requirements, an international health certificate showing current yellow fever immunization is required for entry into Côte d’Ivoire. Without proof of yellow fever immunization, the traveler may be required to submit to vaccination at entry before clearing immigration, at a cost of 7,000 CFA (approximately 14 USD).
An exit permit is required for all high-value pieces of art being removed from Côte d'Ivoire. The export permit costs 2,000 CFA plus 500 CFA per object (approximately 1.00 USD to 4.00 USD). Only the National Museum has the authority to issue the permits.
Foreign travelers are sometimes approached at ports of entry by individuals with offers to expedite passport control and customs, and are then asked to pay an exorbitant fee, both for the service and for the passport and customs officers. Travelers to Côte d’Ivoire are advised that there is no need to pay a police officer or customs officer for any service rendered during an arrival or departure, and that they should not surrender their passports or other important documents to anyone except easily identifiable government officials in uniform.
U.S. citizens intending to establish a residence in Côte d’Ivoire must apply for a residency permit “carte de séjour” at the Office d’Identification Nationale. (Note: "Cartes de séjour" are not issued to children under the age of 16 who are documented on their parents' visas.)
Travelers may obtain the latest information and details on entry requirements from the Embassy of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, 2424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007, tel. (202) 797-0317. If you are currently overseas, you should inquire at the nearest Ivoirian embassy or consulate.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Côte d'Ivoire.
Due to the outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in neighboring countries, the government of Côte D’Ivoire has enacted several travel-related measures. They have cancelled flights to and from affected countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria as of August 2014), and airport personnel are using remote scanner to scan passengers for fever.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
Since President Ouattara assumed office in May 2011, incidents of political violence have gradually decreased, but some political tensions still persist with violent attacks occurring intermittently on the Liberian border. Côte d’Ivoire supported the French military intervention in Mali in 2013 against Islamist extremists and there has been concern that extremists might target Côte d’Ivoire. In March 2013, the Ivoirian government reported the arrests of foreign jihadists in the planning stages of attacks against western targets in Côte d’Ivoire. Although there have been no indications of terrorist attack planning in Côte d’Ivoire since 2013, in July 2014, the French reported that they were expanding their counter-terrorism mission in Africa’s Sahel region and establishing a larger permanent base in country.
Separately, Côte d’Ivoire has undertaken security sector reform and, as a result, its national police and gendarmerie are in a transitional period. The military often performs what might be considered as traditional civilian law enforcement functions for which is it not properly trained. Military, gendarme, and police forces were killed in attacks by both anti-government and criminal elements in 2013 and 2014.
The U.S. Embassy in Abidjan continues to monitor the security situation in Côte d’Ivoire closely. U.S. citizens are reminded that even demonstrations and/or political events intended to be peaceful can turn confrontational and possibly escalate into violence. U.S. citizens are urged to avoid the areas of demonstrations and crowds, and to exercise caution if within the vicinity of any demonstrations or political events. U.S. citizens in Côte d’Ivoire are advised to stay abreast of media coverage of local events and to remain aware of their surroundings at all times.
The staff of the U.S. Embassy are required to inform the Regional Security Office (RSO) of proposed travel outside the aforementioned cities; to Abidjan’s Abobo and Yopougon neighborhoods; and to the Banco Forest in order to assess current security situations. Embassy personnel are also prohibited from driving outside of major cities after dark, including between Abidjan, Grand Bassam, and Assinie.The Embassy’s ability to provide consular services outside of the Abidjan area, including emergency assistance, is limited. Many areas of Côte d’Ivoire are difficult to access, and travel in these areas is hazardous. Outside the major cities, infrastructure is poor, medical care is limited, and there are few facilities for tourists. If you are planning travel to Cote d’Ivoire, U.S. citizens traveling outside of Abidjan are advised to contact the Embassy for the latest security update on their destination remain alert, ensure that their destination is known to others, and exercise the same level of caution that they would in any major city.
Swimming in coastal waters is dangerous and strongly discouraged, even for excellent swimmers. The ocean currents along the coast are powerful and treacherous, and several people drown each year.
Stay up to date by:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program so we can keep you up to date with important safety and security announcements.
- Follow the Bureau of Consular Affairs on Twitter and Facebook.
- Bookmark the Bureau of Consular Affairs website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.
- In the event of an emergency, contact us at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free within the United States and Canada, or via a regular toll line, 1-202-501-4444, from other countries.
- Take some time before traveling to consider your personal security and checking for useful tips for traveling safely abroad.
CRIME: Crime continues to be a major public security concern in Côte d’Ivoire. Armed carjackings, robberies of businesses, and home invasions occur regularly, targeting residents, including expatriates, who are perceived as wealthy. U.S. citizens, either visiting or residing in Côte d’Ivoire, are strongly encouraged to remain alert and aware of their surroundings to prevent becoming a victim of crime. The general guidance for travel to Côte d’Ivoire is exercise the same prudence and caution that you would in any metropolitan area in the United States; refrain conspicuous displays of wealth such as jewelry and other valuables, carry limited amounts of cash, and only photocopies of key documents. Always carry identification and be discreet about your transactions, especially on the street. Normal spending habits of Westerners may appear extravagant to Ivoirians, making U.S. citizens targets of crime. When moving about the city, stay in well-lit areas and walk confidently at a steady pace on the side of the street facing traffic close to the curb. Avoid crowds, mass transit, alleys, and sparsely populated areas. Take caution when walking past concealed areas such as doorways and bushes. Whenever possible, travel in pairs or small groups. If you go out at night and need transportation, orange taxis are an option as they are typically metered. However, be cognizant that there have been reports of muggings and robbery scams even in metered taxis. Home and car doors should be locked at all times.
Be particularly alert when visiting Abidjan’s Koumassi, Angre, Adjame, Yopougon, Marcory and Abobo districts. Popular neighborhoods for nighttime entertainment, such as Zone 4, Treichville, and Plateau, often attract crime. When traveling outside of Abidjan, avoid traveling after dark and be aware that rogue police, security forces, and criminals often use vehicular checkpoints to extort money from drivers and passengers. There have been few reported cases of sexual assault against foreigners, but there are no available statistics or other reliable reporting on this issue.
U.S. citizens who are stopped by police/security forces are urged to be polite and cooperate. If you are ticketed, you should ask the officer for a receipt for any items confiscated by the police, such as a driver’s license or other identification. Drivers issued a ticket should note, however, that it is legal to pay the police officer money by the side of the road, but the amount paid should not exceed the amount printed on the ticket itself. The fee is generally2,000 CFA $4.00).
U.S. citizens detained by the police should ask that the U.S. Embassy be notified immediately at +225 2249-4000/4450.
Contact information for local authorities includes:
Abidjan Police Prefecture /Emergency Number: +225- 20- 25-87-88 and National Police General Command Post +225-20-22-16-33 and +225-20-22-16-87
Ministry of Interior and Security: +225-20-25-20-03 and +225 -20-25-00-40
Credit card use in Côte d’Ivoire is limited, particularly outside Abidjan, and credit card fraud is an increasing problem. Business fraud is common and the perpetrators often target foreigners. Schemes previously associated with Nigeria are now prevalent in Côte d’Ivoire, and pose a risk of grave financial loss. Typically these scams begin with unsolicited communication (usually by e-mail) from strangers who promise quick financial gain, often by transferring large sums of money or valuables out of the country, but then require a series of "advance fees" to be paid, such as fees for legal documents or taxes. A common variation is the scammer’s claim to be a refugee or émigré of a prominent West African family, who needs assistance transferring large sums of cash. Another common scam involves alleged victims of a serious accident or injury in need of money for life-saving medical care. Still other variations appear to be legitimate business deals that require advance payments on contracts or large purchases of merchandise using fraudulent credit cards. Sometimes victims are convinced to provide bank account and credit card information, and authorize financial transactions that drain their accounts, causing them to incur large debts.
The best way to avoid becoming a victim of advance-fee fraud is common sense: if a proposition looks too good to be true it probably is a scam, particularly if you have never met the correspondent. You should carefully check and research any unsolicited business proposal before committing funds, providing goods or services, or undertaking travel. A good clue to a scam is the phone number given to the victim; legitimate businesses and offices provide fixed line numbers, while scams typically use only cellular (cell) phones. In Côte d’Ivoire, most cell phone numbers start with 04, 05, 06, 44, 45, 46, 48, 58, 60, 66, or 67. It is virtually impossible to recover money lost through these scams. For additional information, please consult the Department of State's brochure on international financial scams.
VICTIMS OF CRIME: If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. We can:
- Replace a stolen passport.
- Help you find appropriate medical care if you are the victim of violent crimes such as assault or rape.
- Put you in contact with the appropriate police authorities, and if you want us to, contact family members or friends.
- Help you understand the local criminal justice process and direct you to local attorneys, although it is important to remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
The local equivalent to the “911” emergency line in Côte d’Ivoire is 111.
Please see our information for victims of crime, including possible victim compensation programs in the United States.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: While traveling in Côte d'Ivoire, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. It is illegal to take pictures of certain sensitive installations, including military sites, government buildings such as radio and television stations, the Presidency building, the airport, and the DeGaulle and Houphouet-Boigny bridges in Abidjan. In some places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country.
There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. You can be prosecuted in the United States for engaging in sexual conduct with children or for using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country regardless of the legality of these activities under that country’s laws. Counterfeit and pirated goods are illegal in the United States and if you purchase them in a foreign country, you may be breaking local law as well. If you break local laws in Côte d'Ivoire, your U.S. citizenship will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. Persons violating Ivoirian laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Côte d'Ivoire are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
Arrest notifications in host country: While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in that country, others may not. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.
Under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, if you are arrested in Côte d'Ivoire, you may request that police, prison officials, and other authorities alert the U.S. embassy of your arrest. You may also ask that they forward communications to the U.S. embassy on your behalf.
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES: Ivoirian customs authorities encourage the use of an ATA (Admission Temporaire/Temporary Admission) Carnet for the temporary admission of professional equipment, commercial samples, and/or goods for exhibitions and fair purposes. ATA Carnet Headquarters, at the U.S. Council for International Business, 1212 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036, issues and guarantees the ATA Carnet in the United States. For additional information, call (212) 354-4480 or e-mail ATA Carnet Headquarters.
If traveling to another West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) country, expatriate residents leaving Côte d’Ivoire must declare the amount of currency being taken out of the country. Residents traveling to countries that use the CFA franc currency, but are not WAEMU members, are prohibited from taking CFA francs out of Côte d’Ivoire and are authorized to carry up to the equivalent of 2,000,000 CFA francs (approximately $4,000) in any other currency. You can take funds in excess of that amount out of the country in the form of travelers or bank checks. If going to any other non-WAEMU country, tourists are prohibited from taking more than 500,000 CFA francs (approximately $1,000) and business operators are prohibited from taking more than 2,000,000 CFA francs (approximately $4,000) without government approval.
Carry a photocopy of your U.S. passport, visa, and entry stamps. You should also carry an international driver’s license, especially if you plan to drive anywhere in Côte d’Ivoire. U.S. driver’s licenses are not valid in Côte d’Ivoire. Government corruption remains a serious problem in Côte d’Ivoire, and has an impact on judicial proceedings, contract awards, customs, and tax issues. Uniformed security forces (police, military, and gendarmes) routinely stop vehicles for traffic violations and security checks. If you are stopped, politely present your identification. Police and security officials rarely speak English. If you are stopped at one of these checkpoints and asked to pay a bribe, politely refuse and present your photocopy of your U.S. passport, visa, and entry stamp.
Please see our Customs Information sheet.
If you are a woman traveling abroad, please review our travel tips for Women Travelers.
LGBTRIGHTS: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) events in Côte d’Ivoire. However, societal stigmatization of the LGBT community is widespread, and police, gendarmes, and members of the armed forces reportedly beat, imprison, verbally abuse, extort, and humiliate members of the LGBT community, particularly gays. The few LGBT organizations in the country operate freely, but with caution. For more detailed information about LGBT rights in Côte d’Ivoire, you may review the State Department’s annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. For further information on (LGBT travel, please read our LGBT Travel Information page.
ACCESSIBILITY: Individuals with disabilities should be aware that there are almost no accommodations made for individuals with disabilities in Côte d’Ivoire.
Abidjan has privately-run medical and dental facilities that are adequate, but do not fully meet U.S. standards. Good physician specialists can be found, although few speak English. While pharmacies are well-stocked with medications produced in Europe, newer drugs may not be available. If you plan a lengthy trip to Côte d’Ivoire, you should bring enough medication to last the entire stay, not just a prescription, in your carry-on luggage. Medical care outside of Abidjan is extremely limited.
Malaria is a serious health problem in Côte d’Ivoire. All of the following antimalarial drugs are effective options for preventing malaria in Côte d'Ivoire: Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. Note: Chloroquine is NOT an effective antimalarial drug in Côte d'Ivoire and should not be taken to prevent malaria in this region. Remember to start malaria prophylaxis treatment prior to arriving in country. Bring enough medications with you for the duration of your stay since you might not readily find the medications locally. For more information on malaria, including protective measures, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) web site.
Travelers should carry and use CDC recommended insect repellents containing either 20 percent DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus or IR3535 to help diminish bites from mosquitoes as well ticks, fleas, and chiggers, some of which may also carry infectious diseases.
Diarrheal illness is very common among travelers even in large cities and luxury accommodations. Travelers can diminish diarrhea risk through scrupulous washing of hands and use of hand sanitizers, especially before food preparation and eating. The greatest risk of traveler’s diarrhea is from contaminated food. Choose foods and beverages carefully to lower your risk (see Food & Water Safety). Eat only food that is cooked and served hot; avoid food that has been sitting on a buffet. Eat raw fruits and vegetables only if you have washed them in clean water or peeled them. Drink only beverages from factory-sealed containers, and avoid ice (because it may have been made from unclean water). Talk to your doctor about short course antibiotics and loperamide to take with you in case of diarrhea while traveling.
Meningococcal meningitis occurs during the dry season (December through June), the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine is recommended for all travelers especially if prolonged contact with the local populace is anticipated, and for all children and health care workers throughout the year. Epidemic activity has been reported primarily in the northern region of the country
Rabies immunization is recommended for all travelers staying for more than four weeks or who will have remote, rural travel or expect animal exposure. Even in urban areas dogs may have rabies and bites and scratches from dogs, bats or other mammals, and should be immediately cleaned with soap and water and medical evaluation sought to determine if additional rabies immunization is warranted.
Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, onchocerciasis (river blindness), African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), are other diseases carried by insects also occur in Côte d’Ivoire. Protecting yourself against insect bites will help to prevent these diseases. There are yearly cholera outbreaks. The risk of contracting acute watery diarrhea or cholera can be significantly reduced by drinking purified water, bleaching produce, and eating meat and seafood that are thoroughly cooked and hot.
HIV/AIDS: 28 percent of sex workers in the capital city are estimated to be HIV positive. Travelers should clearly understand STD concepts and risks for HIV transmission.
Tuberculosis (TB) is common in all developing countries. However, Côte d’Ivoire has an incidence of over 100 cases per 100,000 population, the highest risk category. Travelers planning to stay more than one month should have pre-departure tuberculin skin test status documented. Travelers should avoid crowded public places and public transportation whenever possible. Domestic help should be screened for TB.
West Africa has experienced an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) that has affected other countries in the region, but there have been no reported cases in Cote d’Ivoire. Nevertheless, local authorities are taking steps to prevent an outbreak. For more information concerning EVD, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. You can find good information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website. The WHO website also contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
Travel & Transportation
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: Côte d'Ivoire’s road conditions differ significantly from those in the United States. The information below concerning Côte d’Ivoire is provided for general reference only. Serious traffic accidents, one of the greatest threats to U.S. citizens in Côte d’Ivoire, occur regularly in Abidjan and throughout the country. Unsafe road conditions, unskilled drivers, and poorly maintained and overloaded vehicles create hazardous driving conditions. Speed limits, lane markings, and signals are not respected, and drivers do not yield for pedestrians or bicyclists. Drive defensively, watch out for public transportation vehicles that stop and start without warning, and be especially cautious at intersections because traffic lights often malfunction. If you drive at night, beware of vehicles without headlights or taillights, and pedestrians and bicycles along the roadside. In case of an accident, do not move your vehicle until a police officer tells you to do so. However, if there is no other vehicle to take the injured to a hospital, or if you believe your life is in danger from others at the site of the accident, go to the nearest hospital or police station.
Abidjan has a poor public transportation system; if you choose to travel by bus despite the risks, the “Express” line is believed to be the safest and most reliable. In Abidjan, taxis are readily available, inexpensive (metered), but poorly maintained and notorious for not respecting the rules of the road. There have been reports of robberies in metered or orange taxis, though widely thought to be the most secure form of public transportation. Communal taxis (“woro-woros”), used only within the limits of each commune, are not metered and are dangerous. Do not use local vans ("Gbaka") because they are frequently involved in accidents.
While carjacking incidents are not as frequent as in other high-crime cities, they do occur, including vehicles with diplomatic plates. The Embassy recommends that motorists drive with doors locked and windows closed at all times. While stopped in traffic, allow enough room between your car and the one in front to maneuver out if needed. Before getting into your car, look around to see if there is anyone paying unusual attention and, if someone appears to be watching do not go to your vehicle, get assistance instead. If confronted, remain courteous and calm and, if threatened, do not resist. Please report any incident to the U.S. Embassy in Abidjan.
Emergency services such as ambulance service (SAMU) exist in Abidjan and larger towns, but such service is unreliable. Call 185 or 2244-5553. In smaller towns there is usually no ambulance service available, but ambulances may be dispatched from larger towns.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Côte d'Ivoire, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Côte d'Ivoire’s Civil Aviation Authority. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.