ChadOfficial Name: Republic of Chad
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
Required - Yellow Fever
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Embassies and Consulates
Avenue Felix Eboue
Telephone: +(235) 2251-62-11, 2251-70-09, 2251-77-59, 2251-90-52, 2251-92-18 and 2251-92-33,
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(235) 6662-2100 or +(235) 2251-7009
Fax: +(235) 2251-56-54
Chad is a developing country in north central Africa and has historically faced challenges of political stability and economic development. Years of war, drought, and regional instability have hampered the development of its institutions. Facilities for tourism are limited. The capital is N'Djamena. French and Arabic are official languages. Read the Department of State Fact Sheet on Chad for additional information.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
A valid passport and visa are required to enter Chad. The Government of Chad requires proof of yellow fever vaccination or a medical waiver on entry for those arriving from countries with endemic Yellow Fever. Despite Chad’s published declaration that proof of Yellow Fever vaccine is not required for travelers coming from non-risk countries, authorities often require evidence of vaccination.[EF1] According to Chadian law, visitors must check in with the National Police and obtain a registration stamp within 72 hours of arrival. You may obtain further entry information from the Embassy of the Republic of Chad at 2401 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 652-1312. If you are overseas, you should inquire at the nearest Chadian embassy or consulate. The Government of Chad does not grant airport visas for tourists or business visitors.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Chad.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
U.S. citizens planning travel to Chad should read the current Worldwide Caution and the Travel Warning for Chad, which warns U.S. citizens of the risks of traveling to Chad. U.S. citizens are specifically cautioned against all travel to eastern Chad, the Chad/Sudan border area, and the Chad/Central African Republic border area because of the insecurity caused by high levels of violent crime, the risk of clashes between Chadian security forces and criminal or other armed groups, and the risk of conflict among populations living in these areas. The U.S. Embassy in Chad reviews each request for official government travel outside the capital, and prohibits travel to eastern Chad and most border regions without expressed authorization. If you are affiliated with humanitarian relief efforts, you should review security precautions and consider measures to mitigate your exposure to violent crime. The Government of Chad requires a travel authorization (autorisation de circuler) for anyone traveling to a humanitarian zone or refugee camp. If you are residing in Chad, you should exercise caution throughout the country.
To stay connected:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program so we can keep you up to date with important safety and security announcements.
- Follow the Bureau of Consular Affairs on Twitter and Facebook.
- Bookmark the Bureau of Consular Affairs website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.
- Follow the U.S. Embassy in Chad by visiting the Embassy’s website.
- In the event of an emergency, contact us at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free within the United States and Canada, or via a regular toll line, 1-202-501-4444, from other countries.
- Take some time before traveling to consider your personal security and checking for useful tips for traveling safely abroad.
CRIME: U.S. citizens should take precautions to avoid becoming crime victims. You should not leave cash or valuables unsecured in your hotel room, nor should you wear expensive jewelry or show large amounts of cash. You should dress modestly, walk outside only during daylight hours, and lock your car doors. Petty crimes such as purse snatching, pick-pocketing and theft from vehicles occur, particularly in areas frequented by expatriates. Carjacking, burglary, and vehicle thefts increase during times of political instability. Expatriate residences have been targeted for armed robbery, and some foreigners have been assaulted in the process.
VICTIMS OF CRIME: If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime abroad, you should contact the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. We can:
- Replace a stolen passport.
- Help you find appropriate medical care if you are the victim of violent crimes such as assault or rape.
- Put you in contact with the appropriate police authorities, and if you want us to, contact family members or friends.
- Help you understand the local criminal justice process and direct you to local attorneys, although it is important to remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
There is no local equivalent to the “911” emergency line in Chad.
Please see our information on victims of crime, including possible victim compensation programs in the United States.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: While you are traveling in Chad, you are subject to its laws. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. Persons violating Chad’s laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Chad are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. In some places in Chad you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings and public monuments. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol may lead to arrest. If you break local laws in Chad, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution.
There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. You can be prosecuted in the United States for engaging in sexual conduct with children or for using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country regardless of the legality of these activities under that country’s laws. Counterfeit and pirated goods are illegal in the United States and if you purchase them in a foreign country, you may be breaking local law as well.
While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in that country, others may not. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.
Photography: All photography requires a government permit. Taking photos of military sites, official buildings, and airports is strictly prohibited, even with a permit. Such sites are not always clearly marked. Film and cameras may be confiscated, often by undercover police.
Satellite Phones: Satellite phones are illegal in Chad and no permits are available. Travelers using satellite phones in Chad risk seizure of phones and arrest.
LGBT RIGHTS: Chadian law prohibits “unnatural acts.” The law has not been used against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons. No specific laws apply to LGBT persons. There are no known LGBT organizations in the country.
ACCESSIBILITY: While in Chad, individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation more challenging than what you find in the United States.
Medical facilities in Chad are limited. Medicines are in short supply and often unavailable, including over-the-counter medicines and products sold in the United States. Travelers should carry any needed, properly labeled, medicines with them. In the event of major injury or illness, visitors generally will require medical evacuation and medical insurance to cover evacuation is recommended.
There are two medical clinics in the capital of N’Djamena which offer international standard medical care: International SOS and Europ-Assistance. These are not walk-in clinics and advance membership is required to access services. This information is provided for informational purposes only and in no way constitutes an endorsement, expressed or implied, by the United States Department of State.
The Centers for Disease Control has a comprehensive, updated review of infectious disease issues and overall health recommendations for international traveling with specific recommendations by country.
Malaria and Yellow Fever are mosquito borne illnesses for which prevention of mosquito bites is very important. Travelers should carry and use insect repellents containing either 20 percent DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon, eucalyptus or IR3535. Treating clothing and tents with permethrin and sleeping in screened or air conditioned rooms under insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets will help diminish bites from mosquitoes as well ticks, fleas, chiggers, etc, some of which may also carry infections. Yellow Fever immunization is recommended for travelers over nine months of age who are visiting areas south of the Sahara but not needed for itineraries limited to northern areas of the country.[EF1]
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease that is highly prevalent throughout Chad in all seasons. Chemoprophylaxis is recommended for all travelers to all areas south of the Sahara, including all cities and towns, even for very short stays. Malaria is less common in northern Chad but those with extended stays, especially outdoors should consider prophylaxis.
Atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone), doxycycline or mefloquine (Lariam) are appropriate antimalarials for this region. Chloroquine can no longer be recommended due to the high incidence of resistance. For information that can help you and your doctor decide which of these drugs would be best for you, please see CDC’s “Choosing a Drug to Prevent Malaria.” If you become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in Chad, or for up to one year after returning home, you should seek prompt medical attention, tell the physician your travel history and what antimalarials you have been taking.
Diarrheal illness is very common among travelers even in large cities and luxury accommodations. Travelers can diminish diarrhea risk through scrupulous washing of hands and use of hand sanitizers, especially before food preparation and eating. The greatest risk of traveler’s diarrhea is from contaminated food. Choose foods and beverages carefully to lower your risk (see Food & Water Safety). Eat only food that is cooked and served hot, avoid food that has been sitting on a buffet. Eat raw fruits and vegetables only if you have washed them in clean water or peeled them. Drink only beverages from factory-sealed containers, and avoid ice (because it may have been made from unclean water).
All routinely recommended immunizations for the United States should be up to date as measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus, hepatitis A, and chicken pox are much more common than in the United States, especially among children. Additionally, typhoid immunization is recommended for all travelers.
Rabies immunization is recommended for all travelers staying for more than four weeks or who will have remote, rural travel or expect animal exposure. Even in urban areas dogs may have rabies and bites and scratches from dogs, bats, or other mammals should be immediately cleaned with soap and water and medical evaluation sought to determine if additional rabies immunization is warranted.
Meningococcal meningitis is much more common than in the United States and immunization with the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine should be given to all children and health care workers. Meningococcal vaccine should be considered for all adults especially traveling during the dry season (December through June) and in southern regions of Chad.
Schistosomiasis is caused by a parasitic worm that is spread by fresh water snails. The larval stage of the worm can burrow through your skin when in contact with contaminated fresh water. Avoid wading, swimming, bathing, or washing in, or drinking from bodies of fresh water such as canals, lakes, rivers, streams, or springs including Lake Chad.
Tuberculosis is more than 20 times more common in Chad than in the United States. Those planning on living in Chad longer than a month should consider tuberculin skin testing before travel and then again 6-12 weeks after returning from Chad.
Other widespread illnesses in Chad include diarrhea and upper respiratory infections. HIV/AIDS is becoming an increasingly serious problem. Meningitis outbreaks occur annually, and several other diseases (cholera, diphtheria, chicken pox, typhoid) periodically appear.
You can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website, which contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
Travel & Transportation
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: While in Chad, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. The information below is provided for general reference only, and may not fully reflect a particular location or circumstance.
In the capital city of N'Djamena, only the main roads are paved; although the government continues its construction program, hard surface highways are still limited in Chad; other roads are either hard-packed dirt or looser dirt and sand. During the rainy season (mid-June to mid-September) many roads become impassable or are restricted by rain barriers, while during the dry season, clouds of dust rising from the roads reduce visibility.
Visitors should take great care while driving. Both paved and unpaved roads are poorly maintained, and often have large ruts and potholes. All drivers should adjust their speed accordingly. At night, streets are not lit and drivers frequently operate cars or motorcycles without headlights; it is imperative to watch for pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and livestock, as they may not be visible until they are in very close proximity.
In cities, particularly N'Djamena, motorists share the roads with bicycles, motor scooters, pedestrians, and non-motorized wheelchairs. Lanes are not marked, and it is not uncommon for a normally two-lane thoroughfare to become a four-lane road during rush hours (generally 7:00 a.m. - 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. Monday - Thursday; 7:00 a.m. - 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. on Friday). Drivers are urged to be particularly observant at these times because motorists often attempt to overtake slower traffic by moving into oncoming lanes at high speeds. There are only a few traffic lights in N'Djamena, they are often out of service, and drivers frequently do not obey those traffic lights that are in service. Drivers yield to traffic on their right, particularly when entering traffic circles.
In rural areas, drivers should watch for livestock crossing the roads, and for large birds that rest on the roads. Drivers should be alert to older transport trucks traveling between cities, which do not always have functioning headlights.
Emergency services are poor, so drivers should exercise extreme caution. Travelers should always wear seat belts. Seatbelt use is mandatory when traveling in Embassy vehicles. When traveling by car, be sure to carry a spare tire. Professional roadside service is not available. When traveling outside the capital, it is imperative to carry sufficient quantities of drinking water. Drivers should ensure that their gas tanks are at least half-full at all times, as gas stations are not widely available. Gas may be purchased in an emergency in bottles from roadside stands, but it is of poor quality.
Travelers on roads in all areas of the country are subject to attack by armed bandits.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service between the United States and Chad, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Chad’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.