ChadOfficial Name: Republic of Chad
Must have at least six months validity remaining
BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:
TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:
Required; including evidence of yellow fever vaccination required upon entry
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:
CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:
Embassies and Consulates
Avenue Felix Eboue
Telephone: +(235) 2251-62-11, 2251-70-09, 2251-77-59, 2251-90-52, 2251-92-18 and 2251-92-33,
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(235) 6662-2100 or +(235) 2251-7009
Fax: +(235) 2251-56-54
Chad is a developing country in north central Africa. Years of war, drought, and regional instability have hampered the development of its institutions. Facilities for tourism are extremely limited. The capital is N'Djamena. French and Arabic are the official languages. Read the Department of State Fact Sheet on Chad for additional information. U.S. citizens are strongly cautioned against traveling to eastern Chad and all border regions. Chad’s historically volatile security environment could deteriorate unexpectedly, particularly along the border areas. The ability of the U.S. embassy to provide consular services is limited in remote and rural areas.
Entry, Exit & Visa Requirements
A passport, visa, and evidence of yellow fever vaccination are required for entry. Visitors must check in with the National Police and obtain a registration stamp within 72 hours of arrival.
Airport visas are not available, and visitors will need to obtain their visas in advance of travel. For visa information, contact the embassy of the Republic of Chad, telephone (202) 652-1312. Overseas inquiries should be made at the nearest Chadian embassy or consulate.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Chad.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Safety and Security
The Department of State has issued a Travel Warning for Chad to advise travelers of the current security situation. Avoid all travel to eastern Chad, the Chad/Sudan border area, the Lake Chad area, and the Chad/Central African Republic border area because of high levels of violent crime, the risk of clashes between Chadian security forces and criminal or other armed groups, and the risk of conflict among populations living in these areas. Boko Haram has been active in the far north and northern Nigeria in the Lake Chad area. Note the U.S. embassy limits and monitors the travel of official government personnel in the country. U.S. citizens residing in Chad should exercise caution throughout the country. U.S. citizens affiliated with humanitarian relief efforts should review security precautions and take measures to mitigate exposure to violent crime. The government of Chad requires a travel authorization (autorisation de circuler) for anyone traveling to a humanitarian zone or refugee camp.
To stay connected:
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program to keep up to date with important safety and security announcements.
- Follow the Bureau of Consular Affairs on Twitter and Facebook.
- Bookmark the Bureau of Consular Affairs website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.
- Follow the U.S. embassy by visiting the embassy’s website.
- In the event of an emergency, contact us at 1-888-407-4747 toll-free within the United States and Canada, or via a regular toll line, 1-202-501-4444, from other countries.
- Take some time before traveling to consider your personal security and checking for useful tips for traveling safely abroad.
CRIME: U.S. citizens traveling to or residing in the country should take steps to mitigate the risk from violent crime, and maintain caution at public gathering spaces and locations frequented by foreigners, including markets, restaurants, bars, and places of worship. Criminals often target individuals based on their dress, actions, and perceived vigilance or lack thereof. Legal recourse is limited in cases involving theft and robbery. Leave valuable items at home. Do not wear conspicuously expensive jewelry or clothing. Keep cameras and cell phones out of sight, and carry only minimal amounts of cash. Do not carry credit cards. Walk outside only during daylight hours and keep car doors locked.
Petty crimes such as purse snatching, pick-pocketing, and theft from vehicles occur, including in areas frequented by foreigners. Residents have been assaulted during armed burglaries. Carjacking, burglary, and vehicle thefts increase during times of political instability.
VICTIMS OF CRIME: In general, response or recourse for victims of crime is extremely limited, if not non-existent. Local authorities, not the U.S. government, are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes against U.S. citizens.
The U.S. embassy can:
- Assist you in seeking medical assistance and provide a list of doctors.
- Assist you in reporting the crime to the police, explain legal processes in general terms, and provide a list of lawyers.
- Contact relatives or friends at your request and with your written consent.
- Replace a stolen passport.
There is no local equivalent to the “911” emergency line.
Please see our information for victims of crime, including possible victim assistance and compensation programs in the United States.
Local Laws & Special Circumstances
CRIMINAL PENALTIES: U.S. citizen travelers are subject to local laws. Persons violating local laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. Travelers may be taken in for questioning if stopped by the police and unable to produce an acceptable form of identification. Keep the original documents in a secure location but carry a copy of the passport and visa at all times to prevent the originals from being taken by police or armed assailants. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol may lead to arrest. If you break local laws, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. The U.S. government cannot get you out of jail.
Photography: It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings and public monuments. All photography requires a government permit. Taking photos of military sites, official buildings, and airports is strictly prohibited, even with a permit. Such sites are not always clearly marked. Film and cameras may be confiscated, often by undercover police.
Satellite Phones: Satellite phones are illegal and no permits are available. Travelers using satellite phones risk seizure of phones and arrest.
Regardless of local law, it is a crime prosecutable in the United States to:
- engage in sexual conduct with children and use or disseminate child pornography in a foreign country
- knowingly take a girl younger than 18 years old outside of the United States for the purpose of performing female genital mutilation/cutting (so-called FGM “vacation cutting”)
- buy pirated goods
While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in that country, others may not. In the event of an arrest or detention, ask the police and prison officials to notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as possible.
WOMEN TRAVELER INFORMATION: If you are a woman traveling abroad, please review our tips for Women Travelers.
LGBT RIGHTS: There are social and cultural strictures against homosexuality. The law prohibits, but does not define, “unnatural acts” and has not been used against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons. No other specific laws apply to LGBT persons. There are no known LGBT organizations in the country.
ACCESSIBILITY: Persons with disabilities face limited access to transportation, communication accommodations, and public buildings. There are few sidewalks and no curb-cuts, and most buildings lack functioning elevators.
Consult the CDC website prior to travel for the most up to date health information. Travelers should consult with their healthcare provider before traveling for applicable vaccinations and malaria prophylaxis. Make sure health insurance provides coverage while overseas. Consider supplemental insurance that includes medical evacuation. The U.S. government cannot pay travelers’ medical bills.
Medical facilities are limited. Medicines are in short supply and often unavailable. Carry a sufficient supply of prescription and over-the-counter medication in its original packaging for the entire trip. International SOS and Europ-Assistance in the capital city N’Djamena offer international standard medical care. These are not walk-in clinics and advance membership is required to access services.
Disease Outbreaks: Mosquito borne illnesses such as malaria and yellow fever are a major problem throughout the country. Prevention of bites and proper immunizations are important for all areas. Use mosquito repellents containing either 20 percent DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon, and eucalyptus or IR3535. Treating clothing and tents with permethrin and sleeping in screened or air conditioned rooms under insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets will help diminish bites from mosquitoes as well ticks, fleas, chiggers, etc., some of which may also carry infections.
Malaria is highly prevalent throughout the country in all seasons. Chemoprophylaxis is recommended for all travelers even for very short stays. Yellow Fever immunization is recommended for travelers over nine months of age who are visiting areas south of the Sahara but not needed for itineraries limited to northern areas of the country. Individuals who become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling and for up to one year after returning home, should seek prompt medical attention. Tell the physician you have traveled into a malarial area and what antimalarial medication you have been taking.
Diarrheal diseases are prevalent throughout the country. Follow scrupulous hygiene and safe food preparation. Wash hands thoroughly before eating, preparing food, and after using sanitation facilities. Avoid cooked food served at room temperature. Avoid raw food, including raw vegetables unless they can be washed thoroughly. Drink only beverages from sealed bottles or cans. Water is safe if it has been boiled or chemically treated. Avoid ice unless made from bottled/disinfected water.
All routinely recommended immunizations for the United States should be up to date as measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus, hepatitis A, and chicken pox are much more common than in the United States, especially among children. Additionally, typhoid immunization is recommended for all travelers.
Rabies immunization is recommended for all travelers staying for more than four weeks or who will have remote, rural travel or expect animal exposure. Even in urban areas dogs may have rabies and bites and scratches from dogs, bats, or other mammals should be immediately cleaned with soap and water and medical evaluation sought to determine if additional rabies immunization is warranted.
Meningococcal meningitis immunizations with the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine should be given to all children and health care workers. Meningococcal vaccine should be considered for all adults especially traveling during the dry season (December through June) and in the southern regions.
Schistosomiasis is caused by a parasitic worm that is spread by fresh water snails. Avoid wading, swimming, bathing, or washing in, or drinking from bodies of fresh water such as canals, lakes, rivers, streams, or springs including Lake Chad.
Tuberculosis is more than 20 times more common than in the United States. Those planning on living in the country longer than a month should consider tuberculin skin testing before travel and then again 6-12 weeks after returning.
Upper respiratory infections are also widespread. HIV/AIDS is becoming a serious problem. Travelers should clearly understand sexually transmitted disease concepts and risks for HIV transmission.
For further health information go to:
Travel & Transportation
TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS: While in Chad, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. The information below is provided for general reference only, and may not fully reflect a particular location or circumstance.
In the capital city of N'Djamena, only the main roads are paved; although the government continues its construction program, hard surface highways are still limited in Chad; other roads are either hard-packed dirt or looser dirt and sand. During the rainy season (mid-June to mid-September) many roads become impassable or are restricted by rain barriers, while during the dry season, clouds of dust rising from the roads reduce visibility.
Visitors should take great care while driving. Both paved and unpaved roads are poorly maintained, and often have large ruts and potholes. All drivers should adjust their speed accordingly. At night, streets are not lit and drivers frequently operate cars or motorcycles without headlights; it is imperative to watch for pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and livestock, as they may not be visible until they are in very close proximity.
In cities, particularly N'Djamena, motorists share the roads with bicycles, motor scooters, pedestrians, and non-motorized wheelchairs. Lanes are not marked, and it is not uncommon for a normally two-lane thoroughfare to become a four-lane road during rush hours (generally 7:00 a.m. - 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. Monday - Thursday; 7:00 a.m. - 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. on Friday). Drivers are urged to be particularly observant at these times because motorists often attempt to overtake slower traffic by moving into oncoming lanes at high speeds. There are only a few traffic lights in N'Djamena, they are often out of service, and drivers frequently do not obey those traffic lights that are in service. Drivers yield to traffic on their right, particularly when entering traffic circles.
In rural areas, drivers should watch for livestock crossing the roads, and for large birds that rest on the roads. Drivers should be alert to older transport trucks traveling between cities, which do not always have functioning headlights.
Emergency services are poor, so drivers should exercise extreme caution. Travelers should always wear seat belts. Seatbelt use is mandatory when traveling in Embassy vehicles. When traveling by car, be sure to carry a spare tire. Professional roadside service is not available. When traveling outside the capital, it is imperative to carry sufficient quantities of drinking water. Drivers should ensure that their gas tanks are at least half-full at all times, as gas stations are not widely available. Gas may be purchased in an emergency in bottles from roadside stands, but it is of poor quality.
Travelers on roads in all areas of the country are subject to attack by armed bandits.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service between the United States and Chad, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Chad’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.