FinlandOfficial Name: Republic of Finland
Embassies and Consulates
Itäinen Puistotie 14B
Telephone: (+358) 9-616-250
Emergency Telephone: (+358) 9-616-250 and select 0
Finland and the United States have been treaty partners under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Abduction Convention) since August 1, 1994.
For information concerning travel to Finland, including information about the location of the U.S. Embassy, the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, entry/exit requirements, safety and security, crime, medical facilities and health information, traffic safety, road conditions and aviation safety, please see country-specific information for Finland.
Hague Abduction Convention
The U.S. Department of State serves as the U.S. Central Authority (USCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention. In this capacity, the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate for Overseas Citizen Services, Office of Children's Issues facilitates the submission of applications under the Hague Abduction Convention for the return of, or access to, children located in countries that are U.S. treaty partners, including Finland. Parents are strongly encouraged to contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the foreign Central Authority.
U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Children's Issues
SA-17, 9th Floor
Washington, DC 20522-1709
Outside the United States or Canada: 1-202-501-4444
The Finnish Central Authority (FCA) for the Hague Abduction Convention is the Ministry of Justice (MOJ). The MOJ reviews Hague applications to ensure they are adequately completed. The FCA will confirm receipt of an application with a faxed letter to the USCA and, if necessary, request any additional information or documentation. Once the application is deemed complete, the FCA will forward the application to the applican's Finnish attorney or directly to the appropriate court. If appropriate, the attorney will contact the taking-parent to inform him or her of the pending Hague return application and ask if he or she would agree to return the child voluntarily.
The FCA can be reached at:
Ministry of Justice
Unit for International Judicial Administration
PO Box 25
Telephone: +358 (29) 516001
Fax: +358 (9) 1606 7524
Website: Ministry of Justice
To initiate a Hague case for return of, or access to, a child in Finland, the USCA encourages a parent or guardian to review the eligibility criteria and instructions for completing the Hague application form located at the Department of State website and contact the Department of State for assistance prior to initiating the Hague process directly with the FCA. The USCA is available to answer questions about the Hague application process, to forward a completed application to the FCA, and to subsequently monitor its progress through the foreign administrative and legal processes.
There are no fees for filing Hague applications with either the U.S. or Finnish central authorities.
In Hague proceedings concerning the return of a child, the applicant can request the taking-parent pay the travel and other expenses for the return of the child.
A parent or legal guardian may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for return to the United States of a child abducted to, or wrongfully retained in, Finland. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand whether the Convention is an available civil remedy and can provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
A person may file an application under the Hague Abduction Convention for access to a child living in Finland. The criteria for acceptance of a Hague access application vary from country to country. The U.S. Department of State can assist parents living in the United States to understand country-specific criteria and provide information on the process for submitting a Hague application.
Retaining an Attorney
If the applicant parent decides not to explore a voluntary return, or if such attempts do not succeed, the applicant parent must retain a Finnish attorney to represent him or her in the Hague case. If the applicant parent does not have an attorney, the FCA can suggest an attorney willing to represent the applicant. Applicants are responsible for all legal fees; however, they can apply for legal aid through their attorney.
The U.S. Embassy in Helsinki, Finland, has a link on its website for the Finnish Bar Association's list of attorneys, some of whom specialize in family law.
This list is provided as a courtesy service only and does not constitute an endorsement of any individual attorney. The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or firms. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the lawyers.
The FCA does not offer mediation services in international parental child abduction cases. Typically, the local Finnish Social Office provides mediation services in child custody cases. Parents interested in mediation should submit their request for mediation to their Finnish attorney.
Do not attempt to take back your child
We strongly discourage taking matters into your own hands. The measures could be illegal and may delay your child’s return. Attempts to re-abduct your child from the United States may:
- Endanger your child and others;
- Prejudice any future judicial efforts you might wish to make in the United States; and
- Could even result in your arrest and imprisonment.
Finally, there is no guarantee that the chain of abductions would end with the one committed by you. A parent who has re-abducted a child may have to go to extraordinary lengths to conceal his or her whereabouts, living in permanent fear that the child may be re-abducted yet again.
If you are contemplating such desperate measures, we advise you to consider the emotional trauma inflicted on a child who is a victim of an abduction and a re-abduction. We discourage re-abduction not only because it is illegal, but also because of possible psychological harm to the child.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this flyer is provided for general information only, is not intended to be legal advice, and may change without notice. Questions involving interpretation of law should be addressed to an attorney licensed in the relevant jurisdiction.